Ecological Landscaping: for Communities, Small to Large - Ontario, Canada

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Ecological Landscaping: for Communities, Small to Large - Ontario, Canada

Ecological Landscaping: for Communities, Small to Large - Ontario, Canada

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  • 1. ECOLOGICAL LANDSCAPINGCITY OF WOODSTOCK PUBLIC WORKS  For CommunitiesXERISCAPE GARDEN small to LARGE Mathis Natvik H.B.Sc., LEED AP
  • 2. ECOLOGICAL LANDSCAPING For Communities small to LARGEPrinciples of Ecological Landscaping • Solves or mitigates current  environmental problems. • Does not require excessive  resources for long term  maintenance. • Helps maintain or create a  healthy ecosystem (i.e. contributes to biological  diversity) • Respects local conditions such  as topography, hydrology and  soil conditions. • Accomplishes all of the above,  while also adding beauty and  functional space for humans.
  • 3. ECOLOGICAL LANDSCAPING For Communities small to LARGEPrinciples of Sustainability • Development  which meets the needs of the present  without compromising the ability of future generations  to meet their own needs (Brundtland 1987) • Near constancy of natural resources • Equilibrium relationship between human activities and  the physical environment • Intergenerational fairness
  • 4. ECOLOGICAL LANDSCAPING For Communities small to LARGEApplications of Ecological Landscaping • Green Roofs, Meadows, Xeriscapes, Urban Forests, Rain Gardens
  • 5. ECOLOGICAL LANDSCAPING For Communities small to LARGEGREEN ROOFS Quick Facts • Modern building materials allow greening of almost all  roofs.   • They are not “new.” Green roofs are common practice  in Norway, Sweden, Germany, and Switzerland and have  been for decades. • Habitat for pollinators, songbirds, plant biodiversity. • Reduced lifecycle costs for buildings. • Valuable source of green space in dense urban or  agricultural settings. • TIP: Don’t think of them as “green roofs.” Consider  them yet another place to design for gardens and spaces  for humans.   AUGUSTENBORG’S BOTANICAL ROOF GARDEN,  Sweden
  • 6. ECOLOGICAL LANDSCAPING For Communities small to LARGEGREEN ROOFS North American Examples www.greenroofs.com www.greenroofs.com Life Expression Chiropractic Centre Mountain Equipment Co‐op, Toronto Sugar Loaf, PA www.greenroofs.com www.asla.org The American Society of City Hall, Chicago Landscape Architects, Washington
  • 7. ECOLOGICAL LANDSCAPING For Communities small to LARGEGREEN ROOFS Examples from Natvik Design Inc. METRO‐CENTRAL YMCA, Toronto  – September 2009
  • 8. ECOLOGICAL LANDSCAPING For Communities small to LARGEGREEN ROOFS Examples from Natvik Design Inc. ACTIVIA SPORTS COMPLEX, Kitchener – August 2008
  • 9. ECOLOGICAL LANDSCAPING For Communities small to LARGEMEADOWS and PERENNIAL GARDENS Quick Facts • Source of biodiversity and pollinator habitat.  • Higher up front costs but reduced life cycle costs. • High quality native meadows establishment  distinct from "just stop mowing“ commonly seen in  naturalization areas. • True naturalization involves removing exotic sod,  and actively planting wildflowers and native grasses. • Meadows in dense urban areas require more  planting design to remain publicly acceptable. 
  • 10. ECOLOGICAL LANDSCAPING For Communities small to LARGEMEADOW GARDEN European Examples PIET OUDOLF www.oudolf.com
  • 11. ECOLOGICAL LANDSCAPING For Communities small to LARGEMEADOW GARDEN North American Examples: Lurie Park, Chicago PIET OUDOLF www.oudolf.com
  • 12. ECOLOGICAL LANDSCAPING For Communities small to LARGEMEADOWS Natvik Design Inc. Examples ETYMONICS OAK SAVANNA FAIRFIELD ROADSIDE PRAIRIE
  • 13. ECOLOGICAL LANDSCAPING For Communities small to LARGEXERISCAPES Quick Facts • Uses engineered growing medium designed for low weed pressure  and excellent drainage. • Allows for demonstration of responsible water use of  municipalities. • Establishment requires care and  attention to preparation of site,  but is as lowest in annual input there after. • Designed for zero irrigation with long‐lived plants.
  • 14. ECOLOGICAL LANDSCAPING For Communities small to LARGEXERISCAPES European Examples BETH CHATTO, Essex, England MAINTENANCE FREE CURB Malmo, Sweden www.ferncreekdesign.org
  • 15. ECOLOGICAL LANDSCAPING For Communities small to LARGEXERISCAPES Natvik Design Inc. Examples
  • 16. ECOLOGICAL LANDSCAPING For Communities small to LARGEURBAN FORESTRY Quick Facts • Associated with increased property values and greater community care. • Engineered soil is absolutely necessary in dense hard‐scapes.  Trees  live short lives in downtown cores. • Tree selection of paramount importance • Long term human care and use should be integrated.  . Cornell University Homewood Forest, Guelph
  • 17. ECOLOGICAL LANDSCAPING For Communities small to LARGEURBAN FORESTRY Natvik Design Inc. Examples PHOTO: BCCA PHOTO: Cornell University
  • 18. ECOLOGICAL LANDSCAPING For Communities small to LARGERAIN GARDENS Quick Facts • Aesthetic approach to storm water management. • Can mitigate some of the challenge associated with parking lots, abundant hard surfaces. • Thereby can contribute to water quality. PHOTO: Iowa Department of Natural Resources City of Portland City of Detroit
  • 19. ECOLOGICAL LANDSCAPING For Communities small to LARGERAIN GARDENS Natvik Design Inc. Examples CITY OF WOODSTOCK, Woodstock  – September 2009
  • 20. ECOLOGICAL LANDSCAPING For Communities small to LARGERAIN GARDENS Natvik Design Inc. Examples 241 METCALFE STREET, Guelph  
  • 21. ECOLOGICAL LANDSCAPING For Communities small to LARGEChallenges of Ecological Landscaping • Misperceptions that naturalization is simply not mowing the grass. • Up front costs. • Different from traditional aesthetic, although these can be mostly mitigated. • Lack of standards, knowledge of practices within landscape industries. • Shortage of products needed for these projects in Canada.
  • 22. ECOLOGICAL LANDSCAPING For Communities small to LARGEHow to Mitigate Challenges • Demonstration projects in city parks and streetscapes. • Corporate sponsors willing to pioneer techniques or fund municipal projects; education regarding lifecycle costs. • Education regarding lifecycle costs, water use for traditional gardens. • Research standards and practices from other countries.
  • 23. ECOLOGICAL LANDSCAPING For Communities small to LARGEEcological Landscaping Opportunities for Small Communities William Aberhart High School Calgary, Alberta Viscount Alexander Public School Ottawa, Ontario
  • 24. ECOLOGICAL LANDSCAPING For Communities small to LARGEEcological Landscaping Opportunities for Mid-sized Communities McMaster Children’s Hospital Hamilton, Ontario
  • 25. ECOLOGICAL LANDSCAPING For Communities small to LARGEEcological Landscaping Opportunities for Mid-sized Communities Bellevue Manor Vaughan, Ontario
  • 26. ECOLOGICAL LANDSCAPING For Communities small to LARGEEcological Landscaping Opportunities for Large Communities GO TRANSIT,  Toronto
  • 27. ECOLOGICAL LANDSCAPING For Communities small to LARGEEcological Landscaping Opportunities for Large Communities DUNDAS SQUARE,  Toronto Dundas Square image
  • 28. ECOLOGICAL LANDSCAPING For Communities small to LARGE Integrated Ecological Design – truly sustainable! ….but what does it look like?PHOTO: City of Anderson, Indiana
  • 29. THANK YOU 201-143 Wyndam St. N Guelph, Ontario N1H 4E9 Tel 519.822.5263 Fax 519.822.5266 www.roofgarden.ca mathis@roofgarden.ca
  • 30. This document is complimentary and is provided from the Appropriate UseNational Recreation Database by theLifestyle Information Network (LIN) www.lin.ca