Komatina D. ISRBC, Integrated RBM The case of Sava River RBM

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1. Introduction on the Sava river basin
2. Framework Agreement on the Sava River Basin (FASRB)
3. International Sava River Basin Commission (ISRBC)
4. Approach of the ISRBC

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Komatina D. ISRBC, Integrated RBM The case of Sava River RBM

  1. 1. Integrated RBM and River Restoration – The Case of the Sava River Basin Dejan Komatina, Ph.D. Civ. Eng., Secretary, ISRBC
  2. 2. Overview• Introduction on the Sava river basin• Framework Agreement on the Sava River Basin (FASRB) and International Sava River Basin Commission (ISRBC)• Approach of the ISRBC• Conclusion• Contact informationRiver Restoration Seminar, Ljubljana, 16-18 Nov 2011 2
  3. 3. Sava river basinRiver Restoration Seminar, Ljubljana, 16-18 Nov 2011 3
  4. 4. River Restoration Seminar, Ljubljana, 16-18 Nov 2011 4
  5. 5. Sava river basin – Area: 97 713 km2 (the second largest Danube sub-basin; share: 12%) – Average flow at the mouth: 1722 m3/s (the largest Danube tributary; contribution: 25%) – River length: 940 km (594 km of which is the waterway) – Population: approx. 8.5 million Country Share of the Share of the basin (%) territory (%) Albania 0.2 0.6 Bosnia & Herzegovina 39.2 75.8 Croatia 26.0 45.2 Montenegro 7.1 49.6 Serbia 15.5 17.4 Slovenia 12.0 52.8River Restoration Seminar, Ljubljana, 16-18 Nov 2011 5
  6. 6. Sava river basin• High environmental and socio-economic value – Natural beautyRiver Restoration Seminar, Ljubljana, 16-18 Nov 2011 6
  7. 7. Sava river basin• High environmental and socio-economic value – High landscape diversityRiver Restoration Seminar, Ljubljana, 16-18 Nov 2011 7
  8. 8. Sava river basin• High environmental and socio-economic value – High biological diversity (natural wetlands, parks, protected areas)River Restoration Seminar, Ljubljana, 16-18 Nov 2011 8
  9. 9. Sava river basin• High environmental and socio-economic value – Large retention areasRiver Restoration Seminar, Ljubljana, 16-18 Nov 2011 9
  10. 10. Sava river basin• High environmental and socio-economic value – Large retention areas 7 A 6 B Discharge (1000 m3/s) 5 C 4 3 2 1 0 1000 900 800 700 600 500 400 300 200 100 0 River station (km)River Restoration Seminar, Ljubljana, 16-18 Nov 2011 10
  11. 11. Sava river basin• High environmental and socio-economic value – High potential for transport of cargo and passengersRiver Restoration Seminar, Ljubljana, 16-18 Nov 2011 11
  12. 12. Sava river basin• High environmental and socio-economic value – High potential for tourism and recreationRiver Restoration Seminar, Ljubljana, 16-18 Nov 2011 12
  13. 13. FASRB background• “Low share” of the engineered parts of the rivers• There is “not much” to restore• There is “much” to preserve• Strong need for economic development• A balanced approach needed to use the potential and preserve the values simultaneouslyRiver Restoration Seminar, Ljubljana, 16-18 Nov 2011 13
  14. 14. FASRB• Decay of Yugoslavia – a substantial challenge to WRM in the Sava river basin – Sava river turned from the biggest national river of the former country into an international river – Appropriate institutional framework for WRM ceased to exist – WRM restricted to a national level – New, international framework required for (T)WRM• Framework Agreement on the Sava River Basin (FASRB) – Signed in 2002, ratified in 2004 – The first development-oriented multilateral agreement in the region signed after the Agreement on Succession – Implemented by the ISRBC (B&H, Croatia, Serbia and Slovenia)River Restoration Seminar, Ljubljana, 16-18 Nov 2011 14
  15. 15. FASRB• Key objective: Transboundary cooperation for sustainable development of the region• Particular objectives – to establish: – International regime of navigation – Sustainable water management – Sustainable management of hazards (floods, droughts, accidents, etc.)• Provides the ISRBC with the broadest scope of work among European basin organizations (i.e. river/lake commissions)River Restoration Seminar, Ljubljana, 16-18 Nov 2011 15
  16. 16. ISRBC• Coordination of: – Development of joint / integrated plans for the SRB • River Basin Management Plan (according to EU WFD) • Flood Risk Management Plan (according to EU Flood Directive) – Establishment of integrated systems for the SRB • GIS (according to EU INSPIRE Directive and WISE) • RIS (according to EU RIS Directive) • Meteorological and Hydrological Data Exchange System • Flood Forecasting and Warning System • Accident Emergency Warning System (use of the ICDPR’s system) – Preparation of development programs for the SRB • Navigation • River tourism • Other water usesRiver Restoration Seminar, Ljubljana, 16-18 Nov 2011 16
  17. 17. ISRBC• Coordination of (cont.): – Harmonization of regulation (national  EU) – Creation of additional protocols to the FASRB • Navigation regime • Prevention of water pollution caused by navigation • Flood protection • Emergency situations • Sediment management • Transboundary impacts• Cooperation / stakeholder involvement / public participationRiver Restoration Seminar, Ljubljana, 16-18 Nov 2011 17
  18. 18. ISRBC projects• Majority of the ISRBC activities performed through implementation of projects• All the projects agreed by the four countries – New Strategy on Implementation of the FASRB – Action Plan for the Period 2011-2015• Full conformity with the EU directives and strategies – EU directives (WFD, Flood Directive, INSPIRE, RIS) – EU strategies (EU Strategy for the Danube Region, EU 2020 Strategy)• Share of internationally funded projects increased to 80%River Restoration Seminar, Ljubljana, 16-18 Nov 2011 18
  19. 19. River basin management• Current activities – First Sava RBM Plan (EU WFD) – Protocol on Sediment Management – Protocol on Transboundary Impact – Climate Adaptation Plan for the Sava River BasinRiver Restoration Seminar, Ljubljana, 16-18 Nov 2011 19
  20. 20. River basin management• Planned projects – Preparation and implementation of the Sava RBM Plan • Implementation of the 1st Sava RBM Plan and its Programme of Measures • Preparation of the 2nd Sava RBM Plan – Examination of environmental status of sediment, water and biota in the Sava river basin – Implementation of the Climate adaptation plan for the Sava river basin• Period of implementation: 2012 – 2015 and beyond• All the projects included into the Action Plan of the EU Danube Strategy as examples of projectsRiver Restoration Seminar, Ljubljana, 16-18 Nov 2011 20
  21. 21. Flood management• Preparation of the Sava FRM Plan (EU Flood Directive) – Protocol on flood protection to the FASRB (signed in 2010) – Hydrological model of the SRB and the hydraulic model of the SR – Linking FRM and the climate change assessment in the SRB• Period of implementation: 2013 – 2015 and beyondRiver Restoration Seminar, Ljubljana, 16-18 Nov 2011 21
  22. 22. Accident prevention and control• Accident Emergency Warning System – Participation in testing of the existing system of the ICPDR – Efforts to improve the work of PIACs in the Sava countries• Draft Protocol on Emergency Situations to the FASRB• Water Pollution Contingency Management Plan – Project included into the Action Plan of the EU Danube Strategy – Period of implementation: 2012 – 2014River Restoration Seminar, Ljubljana, 16-18 Nov 2011 22
  23. 23. Sava GIS• Initial phase of the Sava GIS establishment – Performed in accordance with the Sava GIS Strategy – To be finalized in 2012 – Funding for the initial phase secured • EC grant • Contributions of the Parties• Completion of the Sava GIS – Included in the Action Plan of EU Danube Strategy – Implementation period: 2012 – 2015 and beyondRiver Restoration Seminar, Ljubljana, 16-18 Nov 2011 23
  24. 24. Hydro-meteorological issues• Hydro-meteorological data exchange system• Hydrological Yearbook of the Sava River Basin (the first since 1986)• Planned projects (2012 – 2015) – Development of the Flood Forecasting and Warning System for the Sava River Basin – Hydrological Study for the Sava River Basin (the first since 1976)River Restoration Seminar, Ljubljana, 16-18 Nov 2011 24
  25. 25. Navigation development• Rehabilitation of the waterway infrastructure – Planning phase under finalization (studies, design) – Waterway marking system restoration Sisak Bosanski Brod Brcko Belgrade 3.5 – 9.6 million tonnes 5.8 – 15.5 million tonnes 7.8 – 20.8 million tonnes 3-8 millionRiver Restoration Seminar, Ljubljana, 16-18 Nov 2011 25
  26. 26. Navigation development• Improvement of navigation safety and technical standards (reduction of the risk of water pollution caused by navigation) – Rules harmonized with the EU and UNECE regulation – Protocol on prevention of water pollution caused by navigation to the FASRB – Development of RISRiver Restoration Seminar, Ljubljana, 16-18 Nov 2011 26
  27. 27. Navigation development• Integration with environmental protection – Involvement in processes / projects on Danube and EU level – Involvement in the ISRBC activities • Sava RBM Plan • Climate Adaptation Plan • Sediment Management PlanRiver Restoration Seminar, Ljubljana, 16-18 Nov 2011 27
  28. 28. Navigation development• Activities planned – Rehabilitation of the Waterway on the Sava River • Detailed design (Belgrade – Sisak) • EIA study (Belgrade – Račinovci) • Execution of river training works • Period of implementation: 5-6 years – Further Development of the Sava RIS • Period of implementation: 2012 – 2015 and beyond – Establ. of the Ship Waste Management System on the Sava River • Period of implementation: 5 years (2014 – 2019)River Restoration Seminar, Ljubljana, 16-18 Nov 2011 28
  29. 29. Hydropower development• Joint Statement on guiding principles for hydropower development and env. protection to be developed – Process launched by the ICPDR (ISRBC involved) – Replication of the Joint Statement process on navigation (ICPDR, DC, ISRBC)River Restoration Seminar, Ljubljana, 16-18 Nov 2011 29
  30. 30. Tourism development• Nautical and Tourism Guide of the Sava RiverRiver Restoration Seminar, Ljubljana, 16-18 Nov 2011 30
  31. 31. Tourism development• Activities planned – Preparation of the Master Plan for Development of River Tourism in the Sava River Basin • Period of implementation: 2011 – 2013 – Development of the infrastructure for river tourism • Period of implementation: 2013 – 2015 and beyondRiver Restoration Seminar, Ljubljana, 16-18 Nov 2011 31
  32. 32. Other developments• Planned project – Fostering contribution of the SME sector to sustainable development of the Sava River Basin • Development of the infrastructure and facilities for river tourism (e.g. nautical tourism, recreation, fishing) in the Sava river basin • Development of projects related to food production and fish farming in the Sava river basin • Development of small hydropower plants in the Sava river basin • Contribution of the SME sector to waste water and manure treatment in the Sava river basin • Development of small shipyards and ports in the Sava river basin • Period of implementation: 2012 – 2015 and beyondRiver Restoration Seminar, Ljubljana, 16-18 Nov 2011 32
  33. 33. Public participation• “Sava NewsFlash” bulletin (bilingual publication in English and an official language of the ISRBC)• Brochures and publications• ISRBC web-site• Press-releases• Press-conferences & media briefings• Consultation workshops• Public presentationsRiver Restoration Seminar, Ljubljana, 16-18 Nov 2011 33
  34. 34. Public participation• Sava Day (1 June)River Restoration Seminar, Ljubljana, 16-18 Nov 2011 34
  35. 35. Public participation• Photo-exhibition “Sava river – nature, people and culture”River Restoration Seminar, Ljubljana, 16-18 Nov 2011 35
  36. 36. Public participation• Project “Our beautiful Sava”River Restoration Seminar, Ljubljana, 16-18 Nov 2011 36
  37. 37. Public participation• Sava FairsRiver Restoration Seminar, Ljubljana, 16-18 Nov 2011 37
  38. 38. Public Participation• A number of mechanisms established so far• A top-down approach dominated in the initial phase of work• The existing top-down approach to be enriched by introducing a bottom-up component (according to the new Strategy on Implementation of the FASRB)• Establishment of the Sava Water Partnership – platform to involve the governmental, non-governmental, academic and business sector (feasibility study under development)River Restoration Seminar, Ljubljana, 16-18 Nov 2011 38
  39. 39. Commitment of the Parties• Sessions of the ISRBC• Meetings of the Parties• Other high-level meetingsRiver Restoration Seminar, Ljubljana, 16-18 Nov 2011 39
  40. 40. Added value• Key features of the approach – Cohesive, providing conditions for: • Cooperation of the countries after the conflict • Implementation of joint, mutually agreed, basin-wide projects • Harmonization of national regulation, methodologies, procedures, … – Integrated (whole basin; sustainability and development) – Transparent (public participation) – Aligned with the EU and UNECE regulation (EU directives, UNECE conventions) – Subregional (“finer resolution” and complementarity of results with those on the regional scale) – Pragmatic and practical (offering concrete “products” to the Parties)River Restoration Seminar, Ljubljana, 16-18 Nov 2011 40
  41. 41. Added value• Relevance to EU strategies – EU Danube Strategy – EU 2020 Strategy• Interest of other regions – Other parts of South-Eastern Europe – Mediterannean region – Western Europe – Central AsiaRiver Restoration Seminar, Ljubljana, 16-18 Nov 2011 41
  42. 42. Challenges• Differences between the countries – EU membership status – Eligibility for approaching funds – Level of economic development (financial resources) – Organizational structure in decision-making process – Environmental awareness of the public• Financing priority projects / strategic studies, establishment of integrated systems• Resolving conflicts of interests of different users of water (transboundary level / national level / climate change)River Restoration Seminar, Ljubljana, 16-18 Nov 2011 42
  43. 43. Challenges• Lack of human and financial resources of the Parties• Limited access to basic data (topographic, hydrologic, etc.)• Twofold legal capacity of the ISRBC – Making decisions (obligatory for the countries) in the field of navigation – Providing recommendations in the field of water management• In some countries – Lack of appropriate institutional arrangements – Lack of harmonization of the legislation with the EU acquisRiver Restoration Seminar, Ljubljana, 16-18 Nov 2011 43
  44. 44. Conclusion• The FASRB implementation is: – demanding, in terms of • need for resources of the Parties • need for continuous, joint efforts of the Parties – perceived by the Parties as a process providing multiple benefits – making a steady progress toward the key objective – sustainable development of the region within the basin – an interesting example of the integrated RBM and river restoration ? – a good practice example ???River Restoration Seminar, Ljubljana, 16-18 Nov 2011 44
  45. 45. Contact informationInternational Sava River Basin CommissionKneza Branimira 2910000 ZagrebCroatiawww.savacommission.orgRiver Restoration Seminar, Ljubljana, 16-18 Nov 2011 45

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