Ecological Restoration in the Lower Prut Floodplain Natural Park9-11 May, 2012 - LIFE05NAT/RO/000155-
The Lower Prut Floodplain Natural Park– 8247 ha Represents a gate to the It covers the administrativeBiosphere Reserve Danube territory of nine settlements;Delta; Forms the frontier with the It is part of the route of Republic of Moldavia;three major migration It is an area of 8247 hacorridors of the birds surface and a length of abouthatching on the Eurasian 145 km;territory; Includes more types of The Lower Prut was natural or improved aquaticproposed to be included in the ecosystems:program the Lower Danube -4925 ha ponds, lakes,Green Corridor, carried out swampswith the support of WWF; -2627 ha forests and wet It is a potential Ramsar pasturesSite -other small areas.2
Ecological restoration of the Lower Prut Floodplain Natural Park (LIFE05NAT/RO/000155)Name of applicant: Regional Environmental Protection Agency GalaţiName of partners:(1): University of Bucharest – Centre for Environmental Reserach and Impact Studies (CERIS)(2): Romanian Ornithological Society (ROS)(3): Galaţi Forestry District (GFD)Co-financiar: County Council GalaţiProject start date:01/11/2005Project end date:30/10/2010
PROJECT OBJECTIVE (LIFE05NAT/RO/000155) The project’s objective was to improve the conservation status of aquatic bird species in the Lower Prut Floodplain Natural Park, through a series of strategic interventions involving:• scientific inventory,• monitoring activities,• sites restoration,• raising awareness activities,• implementation of the park management plan and• designating Special Protected Areas - Romanian Natura 2000 sites.
MAIN THREATS TO THE HABITATS/SPECIES TARGETED WITHIN THE SITES INVOLVED IN THE PROJECTThe lack of adequate measures for species conservation as a result ofpoor data existing related to the habitats, plant and animal species in thearea,Lack of a unitary administration of the Lower Prut Floodplain NaturalParkLack of Parck zoning,Extensive use of biocides and fertilizers in agriculture and wastes fromagriculture,Human disturbances during birds breeding season,Degradation of hydrotechnical structures,Lack of public awareness regarding the importance of NATURA2000sites,Ineffective control of the economic activities (fishing, agriculture,tourism),Inappropriate management of the water resources
The project’s major objective was accomplished by: Inventorying the ecological potential of the LPFN ParkResults:o Inventorying Report of non-biota resources from the LPFN Park,o Inventorying Report of the flora and vegetation from the Lower LPFN Park,o Inventorying Report of the birds population from the LPFN Park,o Inventorying Report of the fauna from LPFN Park,o Identifying the sites possible to be included in the NATURA 2000 Network, according to the Format standards of the European Commission (NATURA 2000 Standard Data Form),o Report on the support and regeneration capacity of the natural systems,o Red List of the plant and animal species from LPFN Park Establishment and implementing a Geographic Information System for the Lower Prut FloodplainResults:o training courses for the Geographic Information Systems (GIS) system using the Manifold productso GIS was designed to ensure the spatial unitary representation of the ecological elements from the Lower Prut Floodplain
The project’s major objective was accomplished by: Socio-economic evaluation of Lower Prut Floodplain Natural Park of the Prut and environment impact assessment of activities achieved in this areao Report regarding socio-economic assessment of the rural settlements from the Lower Prut Floodplain Natural Park,o Report on the environmental impact assessment of the activities / arrangements from the wetland area or its proximity Establishment an integrated management plan in Lower Prut Floodplain Natural Park, in accordance with requirements of the Romanian legislation, Habitat Directive and Birds Directive. Restoration of aquatic birds sites in the natural protected area located in Lower Prut Floodplain Natural Park (Vlăşcuţa Lake, Pochina Lake and Maţa Lake)
MAŢA LAKE Restoration of aquatic birds sites in the natural protected area located in Lower Prut Floodplain Natural Park (Vlăşcuţa Lake, Pochina Lake and Maţa Lake) POCHINA LAKE Site 1: Vlăşcuţa Lake The two channels for Vlăşcuţa Lake (in total length of about 542 m) were reshaped and consolidated, so that they assure the supply and the evacuation from/to lake/river Prut, subject to necessary water level of the lake. The channels were provided with gates for VLĂŞCUŢA LAKE water retention or evacuation, so that to be 366m activated when the level water of the lake is required. Small bridges to pass from one side of the channel to other ones were mounted on each channel. 176m
Restoration of aquatic birds sites in the natural protected area located in Lower Prut Floodplain Natural Park (Vlăscuţa Lake)Vlăscuţa Lake channels – before works Vlăscuţa Lake channels –during works
MAŢA LAKE Restoration of aquatic birds sites in the natural protected area located in Lower Prut Floodplain Natural Park (Pochina Lake) 365m The ecological reconstruction POCHINA LAKE works made in 2009 consisted of the rehabilitation of the two channels, witch connect Pochina Lake and Prut River, respectively the water supply channel (362 m) 235m and evacuation channel (235 m) and removal of mud the lake. In order to maintain water levels VLĂŞCUŢA LAKE have been achieved water gate for lake’s water level maintenance and one small Pochina Lake channels bridge for pedestrians. – before works During the works Completed works
q protected area located in Lower Prut Floodplain Natural Park (Mata Lake)MAŢA LAKE The rehabilitation works of Maţa Lake, consisted of POCHINA LAKE filling with soil and gravel and compacting the gaps that appeared in the dykes, was VLĂŞCUŢA LAKE done for the separation dyke (1800 m) between Maţa area and Cârja pond (Vaslui County), and the dyke from east Maţa area, (3600 During the works m).
Results of the restoration works The restoration works provided in the project for Maţa, Pochina and Vlăşcuţa lakes allows enlarging of the water surface necessary for feeding and nesting of birds for a long period of the year. The main results achieved are: better conditions for the birds population, increasing the number for aquatic bird species (especially those listed in Annex I of Birds Directive, Bern Convention and in ORNIS lists), improve the trophic state and saprobity of the target aquatic systems, allowing the water oxygenation of the lakes through the input of the fresh water from the Prut River, including the monitoring birds’ protocols in the adaptive Management Plan of Lower Prut Floodplain Natural Park. www.luncaprut.ro12
LOWER PRUT FLOODPLAIN NATURAL PARK – in Natura 2000 Network Gomphus flavipes Callimorpha quadripunctaria Emys orbicularis
LOWER PRUT FLOODPLAIN NATURAL PARK – in Natura 2000 Network „Habitat” Directive „Birds”Directive Annex 1: Natural habitat types of Community interest whose conservation requires the designation of special areas of conservation 8 habitat types Annex 2: Species of Community Annex 2: Species subject to special interest whose conservation conservation measures concerning requires the designation of special their habitat to ensure survival areas of habitat and reproduction in their area of 1 mammlian species distribution 3 amphibian and reptile species 65 bird species 9 fish species 1 invertebrate species14
Success factors of LIFE project – LIFE05NAT/RO/000155 Highly engaged key actors: mayors of the villages fromLPFN Park vicinity, county council president,representatives of interest groups, consulting offices,working groups, Increasing interest shown by local authorities for the areaLower Prut Floodplain Natural Park, Forming a positive attitude to children and residents onthe environment (although the area is relatively poor, theinformation panels and watch towers, made in the frame ofthe project were not damaged or destroyed by the localpeople), Encouraging the involvement of local people in theenvironmental conservation activities carried out in thetarget area.
Potential and expectation Priorities for socio- economic development of the localities from the vicinity of Park Lower Prut Floodplain are: supply the potential of fisherie resources, using the potential of providing services for turism and recreation in a sustainable16 manner that will not www.luncaprut.ro ff i d
Prut River - RAMSAR SITELOCALIZATION:Iasi, Vaslui, GalatiSURFACE: 20370ha The micro delta features, with inner lakes, canals and dead river branches support high diversity of plant and animal species. Being a component of the East-Elbic migration route, the Prut Floodplain represents an important staging area for most of migratory species. during migration in spring and autumn, over 20000 birds can be recorded. 227 bird species, from the total of about 500 European bird species, inhabit in the site, breeding, nesting, wintering or in migration.
Benefits of Ramsar DesignationIncreased Funding Opportunities - Ramsar designation helps with grantapplications and other funding requests for land acquisition, restoration, andeducation initiatives.Support for Protection of the Site and Surrounding Area - Ramsardesignation can make acquisition of surrounding lands easier, can encouragepartnerships that focus on watershed conservation efforts, and can be useful indealing with off-site development that could threaten the site.Increased Science and Tourism - Ramsar designation typically leads toincreased attention to a site, which can lead to increased interest by thescientific community. Public awareness of a site’s Ramsar designation canhighlight the site’s importance, leading to an increase in tourism.