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  • 1. Starter activity Working in pairs: 1. One person is to fold a piece of paper into some form of shape or object whilst the other watches. 2. Once they have finished the person who was watching has to copy the paper folding exercise. 3. What does this show?
  • 2. Social learning theory and phobias
  • 3. SO Far you have learnt SUCCESS - I will learn how to: STRETCH - even more and I will be able to: PURPLE Target C How phobias can develop through classical conditioning Show an understanding of the process of social learning theory in relation to phobias. I will use some terms appropriately. Demonstrate a detailed understanding of the process of social learning theory in relation to phobias. I will apply most key terms accurately I will show this by: Completing exam style questions to show how social learning theory has explained phobias in the case of Mineka’s study of monkey’s I will show this by: Completing exam style questions to show how social learning theory has explained phobias in the case of Mineka’s study of monkey’s BLUE Target B How phobias can develop through classical conditioning Demonstrate a detailed understanding of the process of social learning theory in relation to phobias. I will apply most key terms accurately Show precise understanding of the process of social learning theory in relation to phobias. I will apply key terms accurately I will show this by: Completing exam style questions to show how social learning theory has explained phobias in the case of Mineka’s study of monkey’s I will show this by: Completing exam style questions to show how social learning theory has explained phobias in the case of Mineka’s study of monkey’s
  • 4. What is social learning theory? • In topic C we saw that social learning involves gaining new behaviours by watching and imitating a role model. • Some role models, such as same-sex ones, are more likely to be imitated. • Another factor that affects imitation is the reaction the model gets to the behaviour. • If the role model is rewarded then the observer is more likely to imitate them. This is called vicarious learning. For example Ben is a toddler in a nursery. He bites other children and gets their toys. Other children see Ben getting extra toys and start biting too. This is more likely to happen because they see that Ben gains. If they saw Ben being punished and having the toys taken away, the other children would be less likely to copy his behaviour
  • 5. Activity • Do you have any same fears as your parents? • Write them down and explain why you think you may have the same fears, thinking back to the social learning theory explanation.
  • 6. Role models and learning  Some research into social learning uses animals. Birds can learn to eat or avoid foods by observing the behaviour of other birds e.g. you might have seen young birds watching older ones before taking peanuts from a feeder.
  • 7. Coombes et al (1980) • In his experiment he let 2 rats drink from a spout. • 1 rat had been given an injection to make it sick. • Later both rats avoided the drinking spout. Why do you think this occurred? • The rat which hadn’t been sick learned not to drink from the spout because it had seen the other rat being sick. • Learning to avoid something unpleasant is similar to learning a fear.
  • 8. Social learning and phobias in animals • Social learning applies to emotions as well as behaviours. For example, people will imitate the anger or sadness of a role model. Can fear be learned by observing others?
  • 9. Read through Mineka’s study of monkeys (pg 133) and answer the following questions: 1. What was the aim of the study? 2. What was the procedure of Mineka’s study (how did he carry it out)? 3. What did he conclude from his experiment? 4. Does this show that social learning theory offers a good explanation for phobias? Explain your answer.
  • 10. Read through Mineka’s study of monkeys (pg 133) and answer the following questions: 1. What was the aim of the study? • To find out whether a fear of snakes in monkeys could be learned by observing others 2. What was the procedure of Mineka’s study (how did he carry it out)? • Wild born monkeys were afraid of snakes, but lab-born monkeys were not, as they had not been in contact with snakes • They tested the monkeys’ reactions to snakes and other objects. • The wild-born monkeys were afraid of snakes, the lab-born monkeys weren’t afraid of any objects • But when the lab born monkeys saw the wild born monkeys reacting to the snakes, they then learned that fear and began to fear snakes too 3. What did he conclude from his experiment? • This study shows that the monkeys could learn to be afraid of snakes through social learning. 4. Does this show that social learning theory offers a good explanation for phobias? Explain your answer. • This study does provide evidence for social learning theory, because the monkeys born in the lab did not originally fear snakes, but they did learn to fear them by observing the wild monkeys reacting in fear to the snakes.

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