Your SlideShare is downloading. ×
ANOMALISTIC
PSYCHOLOGY
Study of Paranormal events and experiences under controlled conditions
LEARNING OBJECTIVES
Understand the nature of pseudoscience and scientific
fraud
Explain methodical and theoretical issue...
WHAT IS ANOMALISTIC
PSYCHOLOGY?
Study of paranormal events through
psychological and physical factors
Unique subject wit...
PARANORMAL
Phenomena that cannot be explained using
conventional scientific theories, although aspects of
scientific thou...
PSYCHOKINESIS
PK
An ability to control objects with one’s mind, e.g.
moving a vase using the power of though alone.
PARANORMAL EVENTS
 http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-2547224/EXCLUSIVE-
A-portal-hell-Police-chief-priest-examined-...
EXTRASENSORY
PERCEPTION
ESP
The showing of knowledge of an event without
being told about the event or experiencing it. ...
ANOMALOUS EXPERIENCE
Out of body experience
Near death experience
Spontaneous psychic ability (PSI)
Past life experien...
SCIENTIFIC FRAUD &
PSEUDOSCIENTIFIC
 Science and Pseudoscience have developed as opposites
however the methods and simila...
SCIENTIFIC
 Filippo (1991) Science might be thought of as a quest for
understanding that usually creates laws and princip...
FALSIFICATION
 A term first introduced by Sir Karl Popper (1902-94) who
argued that falsification related to the process ...
SCIENTIFIC APPROACH
 General characteristics would include objectivity, reliability
and the following of the philosophica...
METHODOLOGICAL
COMPARISON
 Some areas of pseudoscientific research use similar methods to
scientific research. Both gathe...
 Similar experimental methodologies are used to generate data.
 Different research methods can be used in the acquisitio...
 Pseudoscience researchers may pick and chose what they study
whereas science based researchers are dictated by their kno...
PSYCHICS
 http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=K55d3azcJ80
 http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=flw_xLqS3UE
 Empiricism
 Hypothetico-deductive
method
 Methodological pluralism
 Falsified
 Replicability
 Objectivity
KEY TERMS...
RADNER AND RADNER
(1982)
 Please read the article from 1982
 What other comparisons did they make between science and
ps...
REALITY OR FRAUD
Who did the study? What was it about? Fraud ? Why?
Sylvia Browne (1999)
Edgar Cayce (1967)
Uri Geller (20...
WHAT IS ESP?
Range of skills – telepathy (mind reading)
clairvoyance (contact with non-living), precognition
( predicting...
WALTER J. LEVY JR (1974)
 Precognition ability of rats to create physical changes using will
power ( psychokenesis).
 Im...
SYLVIA BROWNE
 Psychic power
 http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=j_sdyTZU_nI
 http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=upB2-0jY00Q
SUMMARY
 Boundaries between pseudoscience and science are not clear
 Anomalistic lacks methodological rigour
 Radner an...
HOMEWORK
What is the difference between
anomalistic psychology and parapsychology?
What is the difference between scienc...
Resourcd File
Resourcd File
Resourcd File
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×

Resourcd File

111

Published on

Published in: Technology, Spiritual
0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total Views
111
On Slideshare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
0
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
0
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide
  • 1991 stats from America
    3 out of 4 people read their horoscope
    1 in 4 have a firm belief in astrology
    1 in 4 claim to have experienced telepathy
    1 in 4 believe in ghosts
    1 in 6 claim to have seen a UFO
  • Watch both clips of 2 different psychics and discuss
  • Article is in Psy photo folder – to print!
  • Soal – card guessing, results statistically above that of chance
    Years later data was analysed to pick up that the number system could have been manipulated ad therefore fraudulent.
    This affected the credibility of anomalous research.
  • First clip is about mother who asked about her son dying of cancer.

    The second is a response fro Randi calling her out about Amanda Barry
  • Transcript of "Resourcd File"

    1. 1. ANOMALISTIC PSYCHOLOGY Study of Paranormal events and experiences under controlled conditions
    2. 2. LEARNING OBJECTIVES Understand the nature of pseudoscience and scientific fraud Explain methodical and theoretical issues in anomalous experience Draw conclusions from the current research into anomalous experience
    3. 3. WHAT IS ANOMALISTIC PSYCHOLOGY? Study of paranormal events through psychological and physical factors Unique subject within psychology and has a very different group of researchers. Belief is at the center of anomalistic psychology
    4. 4. PARANORMAL Phenomena that cannot be explained using conventional scientific theories, although aspects of scientific though may be relevant to provide a basis for explanation.
    5. 5. PSYCHOKINESIS PK An ability to control objects with one’s mind, e.g. moving a vase using the power of though alone.
    6. 6. PARANORMAL EVENTS  http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-2547224/EXCLUSIVE- A-portal-hell-Police-chief-priest-examined-possessed-children- haunted-Indiana-home-official-reports-saying-no-hoax.html  http://paranormal.about.com/od/poltergeists/a/Poltergeists- Three-Famous-Cases.htm  http://www.independent.co.uk/sport/football/news-and- comment/footballers-bizarre-injury-treatments- 1822967.html?action=gallery&ino=9
    7. 7. EXTRASENSORY PERCEPTION ESP The showing of knowledge of an event without being told about the event or experiencing it. ESP could be seen to include Telepathy.
    8. 8. ANOMALOUS EXPERIENCE Out of body experience Near death experience Spontaneous psychic ability (PSI) Past life experience Anomalous healing (prayer, spiritual healer)
    9. 9. SCIENTIFIC FRAUD & PSEUDOSCIENTIFIC  Science and Pseudoscience have developed as opposites however the methods and similarities are similar.  Bauer (2004) boundaries between science and pseudoscience are not clear.  To understand pseudoscience we need to look at what being scientific is.
    10. 10. SCIENTIFIC  Filippo (1991) Science might be thought of as a quest for understanding that usually creates laws and principles that can be tested experimentally.  Pseudoscientific information may be seen as a mistaken belief and not scientific due to its lack of testability and inability to stand up to critical analysis and falsification.  Science means ‘knowledge’
    11. 11. FALSIFICATION  A term first introduced by Sir Karl Popper (1902-94) who argued that falsification related to the process of proving a hypothesis incorrect. He argued that this way was the only way for scientific knowledge to be built up.
    12. 12. SCIENTIFIC APPROACH  General characteristics would include objectivity, reliability and the following of the philosophical doctrine of empiricism.  Empiricism = a view that suggest that experience is central to the development and formation of knowledge, and thus central to the scientific method. Experience or evidence arises our of experiments not intuition or revelation.
    13. 13. METHODOLOGICAL COMPARISON  Some areas of pseudoscientific research use similar methods to scientific research. Both gather data , both have a research question upon which the hypotheses are based, the investigation tests the hypothesis, and the results are then published.  Both scientists and pseudoscientists pick and choose their areas of study . There are cases in which pride, greed and hunger for fame have got the better of scientists and pseudoscientists and facts have been chosen effectively.
    14. 14.  Similar experimental methodologies are used to generate data.  Different research methods can be used in the acquisition of knowledge  Results are interpreted and communicated differently. Pseudoscience research can be communicated direct to the public where as science ensure peer reviews. METHODOLOGICAL COMPARISON
    15. 15.  Pseudoscience researchers may pick and chose what they study whereas science based researchers are dictated by their knowledge.  Science formulates hypotheses, gathers information and data, pseudoscience they formulate the hypotheses to support the data gathered.  Scientific analysis can be ensured through methodological pluralism and can be falsified. METHODOLOGICAL COMPARISON
    16. 16. PSYCHICS  http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=K55d3azcJ80  http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=flw_xLqS3UE
    17. 17.  Empiricism  Hypothetico-deductive method  Methodological pluralism  Falsified  Replicability  Objectivity KEY TERMS  Monozygotic  Positive correlation  Psi phenomena  Telepathy  Clairvoyance  Precognition
    18. 18. RADNER AND RADNER (1982)  Please read the article from 1982  What other comparisons did they make between science and pseudoscience?  Homework / Task  Write up a short piece that compares two approaches from the point of view of Radner & Radner
    19. 19. REALITY OR FRAUD Who did the study? What was it about? Fraud ? Why? Sylvia Browne (1999) Edgar Cayce (1967) Uri Geller (2000) Ellen Greve (2000) Mother Shipton (1641) S. G. Soal (1941)
    20. 20. WHAT IS ESP? Range of skills – telepathy (mind reading) clairvoyance (contact with non-living), precognition ( predicting future events) Soal-Goldney (1938-41) 160 participants took part in card guessing tasks. ESP.
    21. 21. WALTER J. LEVY JR (1974)  Precognition ability of rats to create physical changes using will power ( psychokenesis).  Impalnted brains fo rats with electrodes  Electrical impulses (shock) of the pleasure centres of the brains for 50% of the time  54% results suggests Rats have some anomalous behaviour  Issues- tampered with equipment. Animal rights.
    22. 22. SYLVIA BROWNE  Psychic power  http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=j_sdyTZU_nI  http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=upB2-0jY00Q
    23. 23. SUMMARY  Boundaries between pseudoscience and science are not clear  Anomalistic lacks methodological rigour  Radner and Radner reinforce point the greater differences between science and pseudoscience  Fraudulent activity has had an adverse effect on academics trying to establish anomalistic activity.  Controls on fraud are now a lot tighter.
    24. 24. HOMEWORK What is the difference between anomalistic psychology and parapsychology? What is the difference between science and pseudoscience?

    ×