1
1. The Monster Study
Aim: To see whether positive or negative reinforcement
affects the learning of speech.
Method: Afte...
2
2. Stanford Prison Experiment
Aim: To see how people behave when placed into roles
of either prisoner or guard and the n...
3
3. Monkey Drug Trials
Aim: To observe the effect of unlimited access to drug
supplies on monkeys.
Method: A large group ...
4
4. Facial Expressions Experiment
Aim: The aim of this experiment was to see if all people
have a common expression when ...
5
5. Fear Conditioning
Aim: To test the idea of whether fear was innate or a
conditioned response.
Method: A baby will be ...
6
6. Learned Helplessness
Aim: To see whether “learned helplessness” is a
conditioned response.
Method: Three groups of do...
7
inevitable, causing “learned helplessness.” The dogs will
assume that nothing can be done about the shocks.
Later, group...
8
7. The Well of Despair
Aim: To see how isolation, away from the primary
caregiver, affects baby rhesus monkeys
Method: A...
9
8. Gender Reassignment
Aim: To see whether gender is due to nature or nurture.
Method: The psychologist will order a sex...
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  1. 1. 1 1. The Monster Study Aim: To see whether positive or negative reinforcement affects the learning of speech. Method: After placing the children in control and experimental groups, the psychologist will give positive speech therapy to half of the children, praising the fluency of their speech, and negative speech therapy to the other half, belittling the children for every speech imperfection and telling them are stutterers. They will look to see how this affects the learning of speech.
  2. 2. 2 2. Stanford Prison Experiment Aim: To see how people behave when placed into roles of either prisoner or guard and the norms these individuals display. Method: Participants will be randomly assigned to one of two groups: guards or prisoners. ‘Prisoners’ will be arrested at their homes by a real police officer unexpectedly and put into a situation purposely meant to cause disorientation, degradation, and depersonalization. Guards will not given any specific directions or training on how to carry out their roles. The psychologist will observe the participants to see what behaviours they display over time.
  3. 3. 3 3. Monkey Drug Trials Aim: To observe the effect of unlimited access to drug supplies on monkeys. Method: A large group of monkeys and rats will be trained to inject themselves with an assortment of drugs, including morphine, alcohol, codeine, cocaine, and amphetamines. Once the animals were capable of self- injecting, they were left to their own devices with a large supply of each drug. The effects will be observed by a psychologist.
  4. 4. 4 4. Facial Expressions Experiment Aim: The aim of this experiment was to see if all people have a common expression when feeling disgust, shock, joy, etc. Method: Participants will be taken to a lab and their faces were painted with black lines, in order to study the movements of their facial muscles. They will then be exposed to a variety of stimuli designed to create a strong reaction and photographed by the psychologist. Subjects will be made to smell ammonia, to look at pornography, and to put their hands into a bucket of frogs. Finally they will be shown live rat and given instructions to behead it.
  5. 5. 5 5. Fear Conditioning Aim: To test the idea of whether fear was innate or a conditioned response. Method: A baby will be exposed to a white rabbit, a white rat, a monkey, masks with and without hair, cotton wool, burning newspaper, and a miscellanea of other things for two months without any sort of conditioning. Then the experiment will begin by placing the baby on a mattress in the middle of a room. A white laboratory rat will be placed near the baby and he will be allowed to play with it. Then the psychologist will make a loud sound behind the baby’s back by striking a suspended steel bar with a hammer when the baby touched the rat. The psychologist will determine whether the baby subsequently becomes afraid of the rat or other white/fluffy animals/objects.
  6. 6. 6 6. Learned Helplessness Aim: To see whether “learned helplessness” is a conditioned response. Method: Three groups of dogs will be placed in harnesses. Dogs from group one will be released after a certain amount of time, with no harm done. Dogs from group two will be paired up and leashed together, and one from each pair was given electrical shocks that can be ended by pressing a lever. Dogs from group three will also be paired up and leashed together, one receiving shocks, but the shocks won’t end when the lever is pressed. Shocks will come randomly and seem
  7. 7. 7 inevitable, causing “learned helplessness.” The dogs will assume that nothing can be done about the shocks. Later, group three dogs will be placed in a box with by themselves. Again they will be shocked, but they can easily end the shocks by jumping out of the box. The psychologist will look to see whether these dogs try to escape. 3
  8. 8. 8 7. The Well of Despair Aim: To see how isolation, away from the primary caregiver, affects baby rhesus monkeys Method: A psychologist will take infant rhesus monkeys who have already bonded with their mothers and place them in a stainless steel vertical chamber device alone with no contact in order to sever those bonds. They will be kept in the chambers for up to one year. The psychologist will then observe how such isolation affects the behavior of the monkeys.
  9. 9. 9 8. Gender Reassignment Aim: To see whether gender is due to nature or nurture. Method: The psychologist will order a sex change operation to be performed on an individual whose circumcision has gone wrong. They will then observe whether it is possible for the boy to be brought up as a girl, if treated like one throughout their lifetime.

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