Your SlideShare is downloading. ×
Resourcd File
Resourcd File
Resourcd File
Resourcd File
Resourcd File
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×

Thanks for flagging this SlideShare!

Oops! An error has occurred.

×
Saving this for later? Get the SlideShare app to save on your phone or tablet. Read anywhere, anytime – even offline.
Text the download link to your phone
Standard text messaging rates apply

Resourcd File

243

Published on

Published in: Technology, Health & Medicine
0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total Views
243
On Slideshare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
0
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
0
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

Report content
Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel
No notes for slide

Transcript

  • 1. Evolutionary explanations of relationship breakdown (Socio-biological approach) According to evolutionary theorists, women prefer mates with resources. However this assumes that men are willing to share these resources with them. As these resources are very important to females, female rejectees will experience higher costs associated with losing the emotional investment of their partner. What does the evolutionary theory assume about the reason we form relationships? Why therefore may women place a higher value than men on emotional commitment ? As females value emotional commitment, males threatened by a break-up might increase commitment as a strategy to maintain sexual access. What strategies may a male faced with rejection adopt?
  • 2. Buss (1993) shows that males prefer sexual variety, so sexual infidelity is more likely in males, and can be used as a tactic to end the relationship or to find a replacement prior to the break-up. According to the evolutionary theory what characteristics are new partners likely to possess compared with ex-partners? Men want new partners who…. Women want new partners who…. Reputational damage Those who end the relationship might be perceived negatively by their peers, and any damage to their reputation might affect their chances of mating in the future. This might motivate individuals to behave sympathetically towards their partner during the break-up!
  • 3. Perilloux&Buss(1998) Adaptive nature of coping behaviour following break-up (break-up, get on the Buss) Aim Methods Findings Conclusion Evaluation of methodology
  • 4. Feminist perspective -Historically, women have had lower social status and less economic resources than men. Today across all cultures women earn less than men. If a woman wishes to improve her position in society by seeking a wealthy partner can we put this down to evolution or are these the effects of culture? (can the two concepts be separated?) -Nichols (1985) argues that evolutionary explanations focus solely on ultimate causes (biological differences between the sexes) and neglect important contemporary causes, such as cultural factors and impact of tradition Evaluation of evolutionary theory- Explain / elaborate on each of the following points -Post- hoc  -Genome lag  -Does not account for gay relationships  - Does not account for straight couples who choose not to have children.  -/+Can’t be verified or tested  -Explanation for all behaviour - therefore non-falsifiable. (e.g. promiscuous males / monogamous males ….  -Assumes ultimate causes of behaviour (ignores proximate causes)  -reductionist (all relationship behaviour reduced to one set of causes) -determinist  +Evidence of universality (e.g. Buss 1989) (see extra hand-out as extension work) 
  • 5. How do you think evolutionary theory would explain;  Women/men who choose to leave a relationship which has produced children  Women/men who choose to leave a relationship which has not produced children  Couples who don’t want children  Gay couples who adopt children

×