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Resourcd File

  1. 1. Masculinity and Crime Why do men commit more crime than women? Make a list of reasons
  2. 2. Men as criminals “Men as males have not been the subject of the criminological gaze. Yet the most consistent and dramatic finding of criminology is not that most criminals are working class- a fact which has received continuous theoretical attention- but that most criminals are, and always have been- men.” Cain, 1989
  3. 3. ‘Masculinity’- what does this word make you think of? Make a list
  4. 4. • masculinity - the trait of behaving in ways considered typical for men. • Can you add any other words to the list? • Then…how might this be linked to crime?
  5. 5. James Messerschmidt (1993) Men, masculinities and crime Apply Messerschmidt’s theories to the types of men. How can we evaluate his ideas?
  6. 6. What about the metrosexual? A term coined in 1994 describing a man (especially one living in an urban, post-industrial, capitalist culture) who is especially meticulous about his grooming and appearance, typically spending a significant amount of time and money on shopping as part of this. How can you use this to evaluate the idea that masculinity is linked with crime?
  7. 7. Winlow’s Study in And… Instead… Leads to… Winlow looked at… This job provided them with…
  8. 8. Winlow’s Study • Globalisation has led to the loss of many traditional manual jobs. • In the past, men were able to express their masculinity by hard physical labour and providing for their families • To replace this, a night time leisure industry has been created, where men can work as security in clubs, bars and pubs. • This has provided a combination of legal employment, criminal opportunities and a means of expressing masculinity. • Winlow used bouncers in Sunderland to demonstrate this idea. High levels of deprivation. Working as bouncers in pubs and clubs provided young men with paid work, as well as the opportunity for illegal business ventures in drugs and alcohol. • They were also able to demonstrate their masculinity through the use of violence.
  9. 9. Miami Mega Jail • Whilst you are watching the clip, think about: • Ethnicity and crime- what do you notice? • Masculinity- what do you notice? • Control of offenders • Innocent until proven guilty?