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    Resourcd File Resourcd File Document Transcript

    • Past exam questions on Health and illness 2 markers  Explain what is meant by ‘morbidity’.  Explain what is meant by ‘medicalisation of society’.  Explain what is meant by ‘social construct’  Explain what is meant by ‘social selection’.  Explain what is meant by ‘Infant mortality rate’.  Explain what is meant by ‘self- fulfilling prophecy’.  Explain what is meant by ‘iatrogenesis’.  Explain what is meant by ‘disease of affluence’.  Explain what is meant by ‘total institutions’.  Explain what is meant by ‘epidemiology’.  Explain what is meant by ‘medicalisation of childbirth’.  Explain what is meant by ‘social selection’.  Explain what is meant by ‘impairment’. 6 mark questions  Suggest three examples of ways in which illness or disability could be seen as ‘socially defined and constructed’.  Suggest three reasons why women on average live longer than men.  Identify and briefly explain three reasons why some ethnic groups receive poorer health care than others.  Suggest three cultural and or behavioural differences between social classes that may cause differences in health and illness.  Identify three changes since industrialisation that may have improved the health of the population, apart from improved medical knowledge and practice.  Identify and briefly explain three functions that medicine and the medical profession may perform for capitalism.  Suggest three reasons why men make less use than women of health care provision.  Suggest three reasons why women on average live longer than men apart from more frequent visits to the GP surgery.  Identify and briefly explain three reasons why there are ‘class differences in the uptake of health care services’.
    •  Identify and explain three features of the medical model of health and illness.  Suggest three cultural and or behavioural factors that may result in class differences in life expectancy, apart from access to health care.  Identify and briefly explain three reasons why health statistics such as those referred to in Item 2A may not provide an accurate picture of the patterns of health and illness in society.  Suggest three reasons for gender differences in life expectancy apart from those referred to in item 2A.  Suggest three reasons for ethnic differences in health or health care apart from those referred to in item 2A.  Identify and briefly explain three reasons for gender differences in health care.  Suggest three reasons why women are more likely than men to visit their doctor.  Suggest three reasons why some minority ethnic groups make less use than the general population of some health care services.  Identify three features of the biomedical model of health and illness.  Suggest three reasons for international differences in health and illness.  Suggest three reasons why women on average live longer than men.  Identify three features of the functionalist view of the sick role.  Suggest three examples of ways in which regional differences in the united kingdom affect health chances  Suggest three reasons why women seem to have higher rates of illness than men. 12 mark questions  Outline some of the criticisms sociologists make of the biomedical model of health.  Outline some of the reasons for the superior power and status of doctors.  Outline some of the ways in which cultural and behavioural factors may affect social class differences in health chances.  Outline some of the reasons for gender differences in health care.  Outline some of the ways in which both the body and disability may be socially constructed.
    •  Outline some of the reasons for international differences in the patterns of health and illness.  Outline some of the ways in which health and illness are socially constructed.  Outline some of the cultural and material factors causing social class differences in health chances. 20 mark questions  Examine reasons for unequal health chances experienced by different social classes.  Assess the view that doctors enjoy high status, income and power because of their altruism and technical expertise.  Examine the reasons for differences in access to health care by different social groups.  Assess the usefulness of the labelling approach to our understanding of mental illness.  Examine the reasons for differences in the health chances and health care of different ethnic groups.  Assess sociological explanations of the role of medicine and the medical profession.  Examine the reasons for the patterns of mental illness found in society.  Assess sociological explanations for differences in access to health care experienced by different social groups.  Examine the extent of and the reasons for, social class differences in health chances.  Assess the extent to which medicine and the medical profession have been responsible for the improvements in health and life expectancy.  Assess sociological explanations of social class differences in health chances.  Assess the claim that differences in rates of mental illness among different social groups are the result of labelling.  Assess sociological explanations of differences in the use of health care services between different ethnic groups and between males and females.  Assess the view that the main function of the medical profession is social control of the population.  Assess the materialist explanation of social class differences in health chances.  Assess the usefulness of interactionist contributions to our understanding of mental illness.  Assess sociological explanations of gender differences in health chances and health care.  Assess the view that the medical profession is more concerned with serving the interests of the powerful than those of patients or of wider society.