BA – Cognitive Model of Abnormality
• Koster et al (2005)
• Aim: Investigate the role of attention to negative stimuli in
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Resourcd File

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  1. 1. BA – Cognitive Model of Abnormality • Koster et al (2005) • Aim: Investigate the role of attention to negative stimuli in depression. • Procedure: 15 depressed and 15 matched non-depressed students were identified and given selective attention task. • They were presented with: Positive (successful, powerful), Negative (loser, failure) OR Neutral words (crane, paper) for 1.5 seconds each on a computer screen. Half a second after each word they saw a square on either the left or right of the screen. Task was press Q square if on the left and 5 square if on the right. How long they took to identify where the square appeared was a measure of attention to words. • SO: The longer they took to find the square the harder they found to disengage with the word. • FOUND: depressed participants took an average 12 milliseconds to disengage from negative words than non- depressed who took only 2 milliseconds. • CONCLUSION: findings show depressed people attend to negative stimuli as Beck suggested. •

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