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  1. 1. © Pearson Education Ltd 2010. Copying permitted for purchasing institution only. This material is not copyright free. 1 Unit 2 Equality, diversity and rights in health and social care BTEC Level 3 National Health and Social Care Individual rights Abraham Maslow, a humanist, suggests that we all have needs that must be met if we are to achieve self- actualisation, i.e. become all we are capable of becoming. His hierarchy demonstrates how some needs are more important than others. We must meet the lower-level needs before we can move up the hierarchy. We all have the right to have these needs met. See if you can relate each of the following basic human rights to one of Maslow’s needs in the diagram. ● The right of an individual to be allowed access to information about themselves ● The right to be allowed privacy ● The right to be protected from danger and harm ● The right to be respected ● The right to be treated equally and not discriminated against ● The right to be treated in a dignified way ● The right to be treated as an individual ● The right to be cared for in a way that meets needs, takes account of choices and protects ● The right to communicate using an individual’s preferred methods of communication and language Stretch You can read about Maslow’s theory in any good psychology textbook. AS5 Self- actualisation Aesthetic needs: beauty, goodness, truth, justice Cognitive needs: Knowledge, learning Self-esteem needs: competence, affection, approval and recognition Belongingness and love: acceptance, affection, group membership Safety: physical security, psychological safety, freedom from abuse, economic well-being Physiological needs: food, drink, sleep, warmth, health and exercise

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