Q3. The Reward-Need Satisfaction Theory
states that relationships are formed if
a. Have the same
needs which are
b. Have unmet needs
which are fulfilled.
c. Meet each
d. Both b & c
Q4. Which psychological approach is the
Reward-Need theory based on?
Q5. what is the difference between exchange
r’ships and communal r’ships in regards to the
types of rewards they provide? (Clark and
Q6. What did Festinger (1950) find when
investigating formation of r’ships?
Q7. Synoptic points for the Reward-need
satisfaction theory are …….
a. Reductionist b. Deterministic
c. Ethical issues d. Culturally biased
f. a, b & de. b, c & d
Q8. What are the 4 stages to social exchange
theory according to Thibaut and Kelley (1959)
Q9. Social Exchange Theory and Equity Theory
are also called ……………. theories.
Q10. Explain the following terms
a. Comparison Level
b. Comparison Level for alternatives
Q11. Which theory can be said to have
extended the Social Exchange Theory?
Bonus point if you can name two…..
Q12. Which of the following criticisms are
relevant to the Social Exchange Theory
a. Ethical issues b. Culture bias
c. Nature-nurture d. Both a & b
Q13. Name the six phases in Rollie & Duck’s
Model of Breakdown of relationships.
Q14. Briefly describe one study which backs up
Rollie & Duck’s Model.
Q17. Western relationships are more
likely to be
a. Voluntary &
b. Voluntary &
d. Non-voluntary &
Q18. The voluntary nature of relationships
may be related to
c. The media d. All of the
Q19. People in arranged marriages are
a. Less likely to
b. Likely to report
they have fallen
c. Both a & b d. Neither a nor b
Q21. What is intrasexual selection?
Q22. According to Evolution, what is physically
Q23 What do men look for in a partner
according to evolutionary explanation?
Q24. What is the parental investment theory
Q25. what is the difference between men and
women’s parental investment?
Q26. what is Cuckoldry?
Q29. Describe Bowlby’s continuity theory.
(influence of childhood experiences in adult
Q30. What were the findings of Hazen and
Shaver’s research into attachment styles and
And the answers are……
• Swap your answers with the person next to
• The Reward-Need Satisfaction Theory states that
relationships are formed if people ....
– D. Both b & c – have unmet needs which are fulfilled and
meet each other’s needs.
• Social Exchange Theory and Equity Theory are
also called economic theories
• Comparison Level:
– Comparing current relationship to previous
relationships and general expectation of how
rewarding relationships are.
• Comparison Level for alternatives:
– Comparing current relationship to what else is on
• Which theory can be said to have extended
– Rusbult’s Investment Model
– Walster’s Equity Theory
• Relevant criticisms to SET:
– D. Both a & b: Ethical issues, culture bias
• One study backing up Rollie & Duck:
– Tashiro & Frazier:
– Surveyed undergraduates who had recently broken up
– Students reported having experienced both emotional
distress and personal growth.
– Breaking up taught them important insights.
– Grave dressing allowed them to put original relationship to
– Support for phase 5-6.
• Western relationships are more likely to be
– B. Voluntary and temporary
• The voluntary nature of relationships may be
– D. All of the above (Social mobility, urbanization
and the media)
• People in arranged marriages are
– C. Both a & b: Less likely to divorce, likely to
report they have fallen in love.
• Males produce a lot of high mobile sperm
• Fertilise many women
• Favour behaviours that maximise number of
• Male competition
• Males seek partners who display signs of