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  • Q3. The Reward-Need Satisfaction Theory states that relationships are formed if people .... a. Have the same needs which are fulfilled b. Have unmet needs which are fulfilled. c. Meet each other’s needs d. Both b & c
  • Q4. Which psychological approach is the Reward-Need theory based on?
  • Q5. what is the difference between exchange r’ships and communal r’ships in regards to the types of rewards they provide? (Clark and Mills. 1979)
  • Q6. What did Festinger (1950) find when investigating formation of r’ships?
  • Q7. Synoptic points for the Reward-need satisfaction theory are ……. a. Reductionist b. Deterministic c. Ethical issues d. Culturally biased f. a, b & de. b, c & d
  • Q8. What are the 4 stages to social exchange theory according to Thibaut and Kelley (1959)
  • Q9. Social Exchange Theory and Equity Theory are also called ……………. theories.
  • Q10. Explain the following terms a. Comparison Level b. Comparison Level for alternatives
  • Q11. Which theory can be said to have extended the Social Exchange Theory? Bonus point if you can name two…..
  • Q12. Which of the following criticisms are relevant to the Social Exchange Theory a. Ethical issues b. Culture bias c. Nature-nurture d. Both a & b
  • Q13. Name the six phases in Rollie & Duck’s Model of Breakdown of relationships. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6.
  • Q14. Briefly describe one study which backs up Rollie & Duck’s Model.
  • Q17. Western relationships are more likely to be a. Voluntary & permanent b. Voluntary & temporary c. Non-voluntary & permanent d. Non-voluntary & temporary
  • Q18. The voluntary nature of relationships may be related to a. Social mobility b. Urbanization c. The media d. All of the above
  • Q19. People in arranged marriages are a. Less likely to divorce b. Likely to report they have fallen in love c. Both a & b d. Neither a nor b
  • Q21. What is intrasexual selection?
  • Q22. According to Evolution, what is physically attractive?
  • Q23 What do men look for in a partner according to evolutionary explanation?
  • Q24. What is the parental investment theory (Trivers 1972)?
  • Q25. what is the difference between men and women’s parental investment?
  • Q26. what is Cuckoldry?
  • Q29. Describe Bowlby’s continuity theory. (influence of childhood experiences in adult r’ships)
  • Q30. What were the findings of Hazen and Shaver’s research into attachment styles and adult r’ships?
  • And the answers are…… • Swap your answers with the person next to you.
  • Question 3 • The Reward-Need Satisfaction Theory states that relationships are formed if people .... – D. Both b & c – have unmet needs which are fulfilled and meet each other’s needs.
  • Question 4 • The Behaviourist approach – Classical conditioning – Operant conditioning
  • Question 5 • Communal r’ships= as r’ship progresses, rewards given as desire to please than the desire for payback • Exchange r’ships= new r’ship, exchange rewards on a tit for tat basis
  • Question 6 • Festinger= proximity as a factor which affects formation • Liking people who are nearby • Close friends= 41% next door neighbour • 22%= two doors down • 10%= opposite end of hallway
  • Question 7 • Synoptic points for the RNS theory: – E: b, c, d: Deterministic, reductionist, culturally biased.
  • Question 8 Sampling Bargaining Commitment Instiutionalisation
  • Question 9 • Social Exchange Theory and Equity Theory are also called economic theories
  • Question 10 • Comparison Level: – Comparing current relationship to previous relationships and general expectation of how rewarding relationships are. • Comparison Level for alternatives: – Comparing current relationship to what else is on offer.
  • Question 11 • Which theory can be said to have extended the SET? – Rusbult’s Investment Model – Walster’s Equity Theory
  • Question 12 • Relevant criticisms to SET: – D. Both a & b: Ethical issues, culture bias
  • Question 13 • Rollie & Duck’s six phases: – Breakdown – Intra-psychic phase – Dyadic phase – Social phase – Grave dressing phase – Resurrection phase
  • Question 14 • One study backing up Rollie & Duck: – Tashiro & Frazier: – Surveyed undergraduates who had recently broken up with partner – Students reported having experienced both emotional distress and personal growth. – Breaking up taught them important insights. – Grave dressing allowed them to put original relationship to rest. – Support for phase 5-6.
  • Question 17 • Western relationships are more likely to be – B. Voluntary and temporary
  • Question 18 • The voluntary nature of relationships may be related to: – D. All of the above (Social mobility, urbanization and the media)
  • Question 19 • People in arranged marriages are – C. Both a & b: Less likely to divorce, likely to report they have fallen in love.
  • Question 21 • Males produce a lot of high mobile sperm • Fertilise many women • Favour behaviours that maximise number of pregnancies • Male competition • Males seek partners who display signs of fertility
  • Question 22 • Women= hour glass figure, youthful looks, symmetrical face, • men= v shape, symmetrical face, strong jaw line,
  • Question 23 • Sought youthful partners, physically attractive, health,
  • Question 25 • Women= large investment, breast feeding, childbirth, carry baby for 9 months • Men= don’t invest as much, risk of cuckoldry, invest more in terms of money and protection
  • Question 26 • Investing in offspring that are not their own • Don’t want to waste resources • Concern for males
  • Question 29 • Type and quality of r’ship that an individual has with their primary caregiver provides the foundation for adult r’ships
  • Question 30 • Strong r’ship between childhood attachment type and adulthood attachment type • If you were securely attached you more likely to establish trusting, stable r’ships
  • Revision Stations 1. Essay planning 2. Poster power You have 25 mins On each station Pick areas of the topic which you are least confident with!!