Your SlideShare is downloading. ×
Resourcd File
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×

Thanks for flagging this SlideShare!

Oops! An error has occurred.

×

Saving this for later?

Get the SlideShare app to save on your phone or tablet. Read anywhere, anytime - even offline.

Text the download link to your phone

Standard text messaging rates apply

Resourcd File

29
views

Published on


0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total Views
29
On Slideshare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
0
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
0
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

Report content
Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel
No notes for slide

Transcript

  • 1. Jan 2009 Memory keywords Outline the main features of the MSM of memory (6) Application Why is this scenario a criticism of MSM (4) Outline how one research study investigated the accuracy of EWT (4) Methods IV (2) DV (2) Design(1) One strength (2) Check for reliability (2) Outline one strategy a teacher could use to remember names (4) Explain how cognitive interview differs from standard interview. (4) One ethical issue in interview research is harm. How could this be dealt with. (3) June 2009 Identify and explain two techniques of cognitive interviews (3+3) Scenario How does this relate to working memory model (4) Scenario Give an example of a verbal and visual task that could be used. (1+1) Method scenario Identify a central tendency measure (2) Method Suggest one way to obtain a volunteer sample (2) Method scenario Identify possible extraneous variables (1) Explain how it could be controlled. (2) Method Suggest a strategy of improvement. (2) Method Suggest a design (1) Operationalise IV and DV (2) Outline and evaluate the effects of anxiety on the accuracy of eyewitness testimony (12) Jan 2010 Keywords features of WMM (2) Explain one strength and one weakness of WMM (4) Scenario How is Peters STM different to most adults (2) Scenario Does this case study support WMM (4) Identify one ethical issue and how it could be dealt with (4) Method scenario What is a field experiment (2) Identify one weakness (2) Why include the question about glasses (2) Method Suggest a behaviour category for analysis (1) How would you do a content analysis of answers (3) Describe what research has shown about the effect of the age of witnesses on the accuracy of eyewitness testimony (6) Outline one or more ways to improve memory (4) June 2010 Label diagram of MSM (3) Describe strategies for memory improvement (5) Method/scenario Write a hypothesis (2) Explain why independent groups were used. (2) Methods Interpretation of a graph (2) What does frequency distribution show (2) Do they support MSM(2) Describe one way in which psychologists have researched duration of STM (4) Scenario Outline use of cognitive interview (4) Explain how anxiety could affect EWT. (6) Explain why it might be better to carry out research into EWT in the real world rather than a laboratory. (3) Jan 2011 Methods Keywords and sampling techniques in a table (3) Describe two strategies for memory improvement (3+3) Method/scenario Description of experiment, identify the design used (1) What are investigator effects, identify in this study (4) Method/scenario One limitation of this design (2) Methods Explain results in graph (2) Methods Suggest one way in which participants in the cognitive interview could have been asked to recall (2) What are investigator effects, explain possible effects in this study (4) Application/scenario Use your knowledge of MSM to explain why Jamie can not remember the doctors number (4) Outline and evaluate the working memory model (12) June 2011 Keywords into table. STM and LTM (2) Outline the working memory model (4) Explain one limitation (2) Method scenario Write a directional hypothesis (2) Methods Explain what is meant by independent groups design (1) Methods Explain one strength and one weakness of independent group designs (4) Method Explain why the psychologist did a pilot study (3) Methods tables What do standard deviations tell us (2) Outline one strategy for memory improvement (4) Outline and eval research into the effects of age of witness on accuracy of eye witness testimony (12)
  • 2. Jan 2012 Scenario Why is question A misleading (2) Method Name an experimental design and explain why it would be appropriate (1+3) Why would it be appropriate to use a pilot study (4) Scenario Explain one strength and one weakness of using photos rather than live people (2+2) Describe one study into misleading information (6) Scenario Explain how cognitive interview could be used in this case (4) Outline and evaluate the multi store model of memory (12) June 2012 Explain two differences between STM and LTM in multi store model (2+2) Outline the features of the working memory model (4) Outline one strength and one weakness of the WMM (2+2) Method scenario Identify one aim (2) Suggest one reason why they used a field rather than lab experiment (2) Method scenario Name the sampling method and evaluate the choice. (1+3) Method scenario Identify one possible extraneous variable and explain how it could be controlled (1+3) Describe what research has shown about age of witness and EWT (4) Outline one study that has investigated the effect of anxiety on EWT (4) Explain how a student could use knowledge of strategies to help revise for an exam (4) Jan 2013 Explain what is meant by encoding (2) Outline difference in capacity of STM and LTM (2) Briefly outline three components of WMM, central executive, phonological loop and visuo-spatial sketchpad (2+2+2) Scenario Description of dual task study Use your knowledge of WMM to explain this finding. (3) Method Name sampling technique (1) Suggest one limitation of this technique (2) Method Identify IV and DV (2) One advantage of using independent groups (2) Method Discuss whether researchers showed awareness BPS guidelines on ethical issues (3) Method scenario Identify one technique of cognitive interview and write an instruction to read to participants. (1+2) What could researchers conclude from results in table (2) Outline and evaluate research into the effects of misleading information on eyewitness testimony (8) June 2013 Explain how findings of one or more studies show STM and LTM are different (4) Briefly describe the WMM (4) Method scenario Explain why a pilot study was necessary (4) Method scenario State a non- directional hypothesis (2) Explain two reasons why it was appropriate to use independent groups rather than repeated measures design (2+2) Method What do the scores in table one show (2) Identify a memory improvement strategy and explain how it could be used to learn a list of 20 words. (1+3) Outline and evaluate research into how age can affect the accuracy of EWT (8) Outline how a cognitive interview can be used to improve the accuracy of EWT (4)
  • 3. Jan 2009 How does behaviour of secure and insecure child differ(2+2) Explain why children show secure or insecure behaviour (2) Methods Suggest two behaviour categories (2) Method to record behaviour in an observation (2) Why a pilot study (2) Outline what research has shown about the effects of day care on children’s aggressive behaviour. (6) Methods – tables Outline what results show of cultural variations. (3) Explain one criticism of investigating cultural variations using strange situation.(3) Outline and evaluate one or more explanations of attachment. (12) June 2009 Methods Direction of correlation (1) One strength and one weakness of correlation (2+2) Outline two characteristics of high quality day care (2+2) What have studies shown about the effects of day care on peer relations. (4) What is meant by the term attachment (2) Multiple choice, keywords of Bowlby (2) Scenario Outline negative effects of institutionalisation (4) Methods One strength and one weakness of case study method (2+2) Outline one study on the effects of disruption of attachment (4) Strange situation possible demand characteristics.(3) Differences between secure and insecure infant (4) Jan 2010 Explain what is meant by the term attachment (2) Multiple choice Keywords for secure infant (2) Outline how Ainsworth studied types of attachment (3) Methods Identify one sampling technique for use with children and how it could be carried out. (1+2) Explain what is meant by children’s social behaviour. (2) Method Write a question to get qualitative and quantitative data (2+2) Weakness of questionnaire (2) Scenario Explain how behaviour changes as a result of disruption (4) One way to improve (2) Outline and evaluate research into privation. (12) June 2010 Characteristics of insecure infant (2) Scenario/method Identify sampling technique and one weakness. (3) Identify ethical issue and how to deal with it (3) Methods Explain one advantage and one disadvantage of questionnaire rather than interview. (4) Method One advantage of observations (2) Outline what research has shown about cultural variations (4) Scenario Name two types of day care that could be used. (2) Application What advice to parents to help choose day care. (4) Outline and evaluate research into the effects of institutionalisation (12) Jan 2011 Describe how Ainsworth studied types of attachment (5) Explain the criticism that Ainsworth studies lack validity (4) Explain the difference between privation and disruption (4) Explain how childcare has been influenced by findings of research into attachment (4) Outline research findings that challenge learning theory of attachment (4) Outline an evolutionary explanation of attachment (5) Method/scenario Why is this an example of a natural experiment (2) Suggest one way the aggressive behaviour be measured (2) Explain two ethical issues that should be considered in this research (4) Explain what is meant by peer relations. (2)
  • 4. June 2011 Scenario What type of attachment is being shown. (3) Explain how this attachment type could be investigated using the strange situation. (3) Outline what research has shown about cultural variations in attachment (4) Method One technique that could be used in a case study (2) How could confidentiality be maintained (2) Methods Apart from ethical issues explain one or more limitations of using case studies. (4) Methods scenario How many children in scattergram (1) Suggest one way aggressive behaviour could be measured. (2) Application The media claims day care causes aggression. Explain why this claim might be true. (3) Describe one or more studies of the effects of day care on peer relations. (4) Outline and evaluate learning theory as an explanation of attachment (8) Jan 2012 Method scenario Identify the operationalised IV and DV (2+2) What do the scores in the table suggest about the effect of age at which children started day care. (2) Name one measure of dispersion the could be used to describe the data (1) Draw an appropriate bar chart of results. (3) State an appropriate directional hypothesis (2) Outline two characteristics of high quality day care (2+2) Scenario Description of two children identify type of attachment (2) What would you see when mum returned for each child (2) Apart from ethical issues outline one or more limitations of using strange situation to assess attachment (4) Outline and evaluate Bowlby’s explanation of attachment (8) Explain what is meant by institutional care and privation. (2+2) June 2012 Outline Bowlby’s theory of attachment (6) Scenario Description of two infants, how would they differ in strange situation. (4) Give one limitation of the strange situation (2) Method scenario Give one advantage of collecting information using a questionnaire (3) Explain what is meant by qualitative data (2) Write a suitable question to produce qualitative data (2) Identify two ethical issues that would need to be considered in this research and explain how one would be dealt with(1+1+3) Outline and evaluate research into the effects of day care on children’s social development(12) Jan 2013 Method How could researchers use content analysis to analyse diary entries (4) Method scenario Explain one or more limitations of this investigation (4) Outline one characteristic of high quality day care for nine month old children(2) Explain difference between insecure avoidant and resistant (4) Evaluate the strange situation as a means of investigating types of attachment (4) Outline one or more studies that have investigated cultural variations (6) Outline and evaluate research into the effects of failure to form attachments (12) June 2013 What is meant by the term attachment (2) Scenario Use learning theory to explain how Max became attached to his mother rather than his father. (6) Outline and evaluate research into cultural variations in attachment (12) Methods Suggest two operationalised behaviour categories for observation and explain how obs could be carried out. (2+2) Explain one ethical issue that would need to be considered in observation. How could this be dealt with. (4) Scenario Explain why using interviews might be better than using questionnaires in this research. (4) Outline one research study into the effects of day care on peer relations (4)