LEARNING CHECK STATION 2
True or False
1. Official statistics are published annually by the home office.
2. Official statistics are a cheap and easily available secondary form
3. Official statistics show the whole picture.
4. All crime is reported to the police.
5. All crime is recorded by the police.
6. The best example of a victim survey is the British crime survey.
7. A victim survey has no ethical issues.
8. A victim survey may uncover hidden crimes.
9. Self report surveys may lack validity.
10. Self report studies are anonymously.
LEARNING CHECK STATION 3
Who am I? Read each statement and decide who the theory is
1) I believe the nuclear family is best as it socialises children properly,
teaching the norms and values and helps prepare them for wider
society. Crime exists to act as a role model for the wrong way to
behave. If others see a criminal punished it reinforces socialisation and
2) I believe that single parent families and benefit dependency are causing
problems in our society. A lack of male role model mean more anti
social boys are being created, which is the cause of crime in our society.
A return to traditional values will reduce crime.
3) I believe that the family is a tool for exploitation. It means workers work
hard for little money as they have to earn money to provide for their
family and families teach values of hard work. People commit crimes
when they are frustrated they cannot achieve goals legitimately.
4) I believe crime is a tool used by men to dominate women, for example
domestic violence. I believe that when women do commit crime they
are treated harshly as it is seen as double deviance as they are seen as
LEARNING CHECK STATION 4
Match up the speech bubbles to
show the argument of to what
extent are criminal born or
made. (1mark for each correct
Some people are naturally more likely
to be criminals.
They inherit a gene from their parents.
Steve Jones a geneticist believes genes
help to shape our behaviour.
Laws can change from culture to culture and time to
So people are only criminal because society has
labelled their actions a crime.
Lombroso studied prisoners in Italian prisons I in
He said that criminals were a separate species and
did not have any morals.
He distinguished different types of criminals
murderers were said to have:
Cold, glassy, blood-shot eyes, curly, abundant hair,
strong jaws, long ears and thin lips
Sociologists believe crimes
are socially constructed.
Mobley robbed Domino’s pizza store
and shot John C. Collin, the store
manager, in the back of the head. Over
the next three weeks, Mobley
committed six additional armed
robberies. His lawyer claimed he had a
Labelling an lead to a self
fulfilling prophecy. If
someone is labelled criminal
this can cause them to
The media can influence behaviours. By deciding
groups of people are criminal it can create deviance
A lack of correct norms and values is
argued to be the cause by many.
Functionalists believe that those who
have criminal role models will therefore
Research has shown that early
childhood deprivation, lack of
attachment in childhood could
also lead to a person developing
a criminal personality as they are
looking for attention and affection
PMS: abdominal Bloating, Cramps, including leg
cramps, Swelling of body parts, hypoglycaemia
Depression, anxiety, Anger , Guilt, Fatigue,
Intolerance, Irritability, Restlessness, Sugar and Salt
Craving, Increased intake of Alcohol, Hysteria
It has been found that around 80% of female crime
happens around the time of their period, due to
stress caused by their hormones.
On November 9th 1981 a London barmaid walked out of
the Old Bailey a free woman.
She had threatened to kill a policeman when she was
already on probation for another crime- a stabbing.
Her lawyer argued she suffered severe PMT which had a
Jekyll and Hyde effect on her life. It was seen as a
defence. Peers are influential. Peer group
pressure means people do things
to fit in. Subcultures can develop.
LEARNING CHECK STATION 5
Formal or informal?
Agents of social control:
LEARNING CHECK STATION 6
What are the following methods
of social control and how does it
LEARNING CHECK STATION 7
Who commits crime? For each
state which group commits
4. Social class
LEARNING CHECK STATION 8
True or false:
1. Boys are more likely to be socialised to be tough and aggressive.
2. Girls have more opportunity to commit crime.
3. Boys are more closely watched by their family.
4. The chivalry thesis states girls are treated more harshly by the courts.
5. The difference in statistics between female and males could be due to
6. Ladette culture means these trends could change.
7. Crime is more likely to be in inner city areas.
8. Crime is more likely to be committed by those aged 14-24
9. Chinese people are most likely to commit crime.
10. Institutional racism is to blame for high ethnic prison populations.
11. White collar crimes are crimes of the working class
12. Anomie is a situation of agreement in society
Exam questions- Explain what
Sociologists mean by…
• Criminal stereotype
• White collar crime
• Peer pressure
Define + Example + Explanation/ Effect