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Resourcd File Resourcd File Presentation Transcript

  • Learning Approach – Unit 2 Defining the approach Methodology Observations Structured observations Naturalistic observations Non-participant observations Participant observations Covert Overt Tallying Qualitative data Quantitative data Evaluating the methodology Ethical guidelines for the use of human participants Bandura Little Albert Milgram Key terminology classical conditioning operant conditioning social learning stimulus and response observations structured observations naturalistic observations non-participant observations participant observations covert overt tallying qualitative data quantitative data observed value critical value one-trial learning positive reinforcement negative reinforcement punishment primary reinforcer secondary reinforce modelling vicarious reinforcement Laboratory experiments Features Evaluation Additional features of laboratory experiments using animals
  • Practical Hypothesis IV DV Participant design Ethics Gathering data Results and conclusions Inferential testing Using critical value tables Chui-Squared test Classical conditioning Pavlov UCS UCR CS CR NS Stimulus generalisation Discrimination Extinction Spontaneous recovery Fear as a conditioned response Key Issue: The influence of role models on anorexia Describing the issue using the learning approach Explaining the issue using the learning approach Operant conditioning Skinner Box ABC model Positive reinforcement Negative reinforcement Punishment Primary reinforcer Secondary reinforcer Behaviour shaping Social Learning theory (SLT) Attention Retention Reproduction Motivation Role models Vicarious reinforcement
  • Treatments/therapies used in the Learning Approach Aversion therapy CC Emetic drug How it was/is used Evaluation Systematic desensitisation CC Reciprocal inhibition Hierarchy of fears Evaluation Biological Learning Learning theory as an explanation of gender development Studies in detail: Transmission of aggression through imitation of aggressive role models (Bandura, Ross and Ross, 1961) (APRC, SW) Studies in detail: Conditioned emotional response (Watson and Raynor, 1920) (APRC, SW)