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  • 1. Consider all these statements. Which approach do they support and which approach do they challenge? 1. Beck has indicated that compared to non-depressed people, depressed individuals are more negative in terms of themselves, the world, and the future. 2. Bad things actually do happen. Maybe people are right to think this (‘depressive realism’) 3. The patient may feel to blame in this approach which may make them worse 4. The parents may feel to blame in this approach which may mean that they are not able to offer useful support to the patient. 5. It is difficult to tell if this is the cause of the abnormal behaviour or the effect of the abnormal behaviour, we don’t know what came first 6. Becker did a study in Fiji before and after TV was introduced. He assessed 63 girls on their eating habits and found more disordered eating once TV had been introduced. 7. Gottesman and Shield conducted a twin study on Schizophrenia and found a concordance rate in MZ twins of 75% and in DZ twins 25% 8. If this approach were true patients may feel that there is no chance of changing which may make them worse 9. If this approach were true it may make people feel like it is not their fault that they have a disorder which may be useful in helping them to come to terms with the disorder. 10. We are often phobic of similar things. It is entirely possible that phobias may have evolved through natural selection and it is instinctive to be afraid of things like heights and spiders as this may have helped our ancestors survive. 11. This approach gives rise to useful treatments 12. This approach focuses on the experiences in childhood and ignores what is happening for the adult 13. It is very difficult to test what is happening in the subconscious mind so this approach is unscientific 14. In a case study of Little Hans, a boy who had a phobia of horses, it was suggested that initially he had a fear of his father which was displaced on to the horse 15. This approach ignores thought processes that happen and suggests that we are simply learn our abnormal behaviour by our experiences with the environment EXTENSION: 16. This approach can be studied scientifically
  • 2. Consider all these statements. Which approach do they support and which approach do they challenge? 1. Beck has indicated that compared to non-depressed people, depressed individuals are more negative in terms of themselves, the world, and the future. 2. Bad things actually do happen. Maybe people are right to think this (‘depressive realism’) 3. The patient may feel to blame in this approach which may make them worse 4. The parents may feel to blame in this approach which may mean that they are not able to offer useful support to the patient. 5. It is difficult to tell if this is the cause of the abnormal behaviour or the effect of the abnormal behaviour, we don’t know what came first 6. Becker did a study in Fiji before and after TV was introduced. He assessed 63 girls on their eating habits and found more disordered eating once TV had been introduced. 7. Gottesman and Shield conducted a twin study on Schizophrenia and found a concordance rate in MZ twins of 75% and in DZ twins 25% 8. If this approach were true patients may feel that there is no chance of changing which may make them worse 9. If this approach were true it may make people feel like it is not their fault that they have a disorder which may be useful in helping them to come to terms with the disorder. 10. We are often phobic of similar things. It is entirely possible that phobias may have evolved through natural selection and it is instinctive to be afraid of things like heights and spiders as this may have helped our ancestors survive. 11. This approach gives rise to useful treatments 12. This approach focuses on the experiences in childhood and ignores what is happening for the adult 13. It is very difficult to test what is happening in the subconscious mind so this approach is unscientific 14. In a case study of Little Hans, a boy who had a phobia of horses, it was suggested that initially he had a fear of his father which was displaced on to the horse 15. This approach ignores thought processes that happen and suggests that we are simply learn our abnormal behaviour by our experiences with the environment EXTENSION: 16. This approach can be studied scientifically