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  • Caring for Children and Young People Unit 10
  • Unit Outcomes By the end of this unit all students will be able to: • 1:- Know why children and young people might need to be looked after • 2 :- Know how care is provided for looked after children and young people • 3:- Understand the risks to children and young people of abusive and exploitative behaviour • 4:- Understand the strategies used to safeguard children and young people from abusive and exploitative behaviour
  • Lesson Objectives By the end of the lesson all students will be able to: • Define the term care order • Describe potential reasons why children are removed from their family home
  • Some Stats • Approximately 46,700 children in the UK are known to be at risk of abuse right now. • One in four young adults were severely maltreated during childhood. • One in 14 children have experienced severe physical violence at the hands of an adult. • One in 20 children have experienced contact sexual abuse. • One in 10 children have experienced severe neglect (NSPCC, 2011)
  • Care Order • A care order is a court order that places a child under the care of a local authority • When a care order is made, it places responsibility on the local authority to look after the child, and to provide them with accommodation and care. • The authority is responsible for the child's welfare while the care order is in place. • A care order can only be made for children under 17 years of age (or 16 if the child is married). • A care order stops if the child is adopted, and can only last until their 18th birthday.
  • Bereavement • Parent/guardian bereavement can lead to a care order. • If possible the local authority will try to place the child with family, but this is not always possible.
  • Parental Illness • A care order due to parental illness can vary significantly depending on the severity of the illness. • Some circumstances will only require a short period other times it will be permanently.
  • Family Breakdown • Families can breakdown for a number of reasons: • Addiction • Domestic abuse • Learning difficulties • A child may need to be removed from the situation depending on the severity of the situation.
  • Health Problems (Child) • If a child has a health problem which requires specialist treatment this might make it difficult for the child to live at the family home
  • Behavioural Problems (Child) • There are many different reasons why children can develop behavioural problems
  • Causes of Behavioural Problems • Stress Academic performance, financial worries, instability at home • Depression If depression is not diagnosed behaviour can become erratic • Emotional problems Physical/sexual/emotional abuse, neglect • Different values If a child is not learnt the difference between right and wrong will not follow the same values as others who have
  • Learning Difficulties/ Disability • Having a child with profound learning difficulties or a physical disability places immense pressure on the family • Temporary respite care Child is given care by specialists whilst family has time to relax • Sometimes families will be unable to cope, rejecting their child. Then respite care may become permanent
  • Juvenile Offender • If a child commits offences depending on the number of offences or severity of the crime a child may be sent to a youth offending institute
  • Mental Health Problems • Drug rehabilitation If a child has become addicted to drugs/alcohol they may require treatment at a residential rehabilitation centre • Eating disorder clinic If a child has an eating disorder they may require treatment at a residential eating disorder clinic • Mental health hospital If a child is suffering mental health problems they may require in patient treatment at a mental health hospital