STARTER
Using your knowledge from AS (and maybe some educated
guesswork) match up the theory with the explanation
Men have...
HOMEWORK
Take notes on Walby and patriarchy. Collect evidence for
each of the six forms of stratification.
Type up your no...
SOCIOLOGICAL
EXPLANATIONS
OF GENDER
STRATIFICATION
TO UNDERSTAND AND MEMORISE SOCIOLOGICAL
EXPLANATIONS FOR GENDER STRATIF...
SOCIOLOGICAL
EXPLANATIONS
The six theoretical approaches that we recapped for the starter
are key when answering 40 mark q...
WONDER WOMEN!
Feminism personified. Read over the article for five minutes.
Pick out any interesting bits, consider any qu...
ACTIVITY
In pairs, you will be given a sociological approach. You will
become experts in this approach by completing the
w...
DUAL SYSTEMS
APPROACH
Dual systems approach. Delphy (1977) argues that housework is highly important to
society and that m...
STARTER
Write down a three-sentence summary of the sociological
approach that you were studying last lesson.
Liberal
femin...
LIBERAL FEMINISM
We are socialised through the family, the media, education and so forth into
gender roles. Women are seen...
RADICAL FEMINISM
Gender inequality is more important than class inequality. All aspects
of our society (culture, the media...
MARXIST FEMINISM
Summary and key sociologists
Key concepts
Evidence
Criticisms
Women provide vital services to capitalist ...
POSTMODERN FEMINISM
Summary and key sociologists
Key concepts
Evidence
Criticisms
There are two strands. One argues that f...
FUNCTIONALISM & HUMAN CAPITAL
Summary and key sociologists
Key concepts
Evidence
Criticisms
There are gendered roles withi...
DUAL SYSTEMS
Summary and key sociologists
Key concepts
Evidence
Criticisms
The household is an important and underrated pl...
EXAM QUESTION –
CIRCLE TIME!
Outline and assess sociological explanations for gender
inequality. [40]
You will plan this a...
EXAM QUESTION
• Outline and assess feminist explanations of gender
inequality in the workplace. [40]
PLENARY
Look back at your questions form the beginning of the
lesson. Have you answered them? If not let me know and we
ca...
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×

Resourcd File

239

Published on

0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total Views
239
On Slideshare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
0
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
0
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Resourcd File

  1. 1. STARTER Using your knowledge from AS (and maybe some educated guesswork) match up the theory with the explanation Men have more human capital as they do not have to care for children. They are more useful to employers. There is gender inequality in areas such as the media, family and education although this is improving. A women’s level of subordination is linked to their position in capitalist society. Women are a reserve army of labour. Gender inequality is the most pressing issue of our times, and men and women have opposing interests. Modern society is heavily patriarchal. The household is as an important place of production as the workplace. However, men dominate the in the home due to economic power. Feminism is not so important anymore due to increased equality. The ideas of ‘women’ and ‘patriarchy’ are oversimplified and there are a range of identities in modern society. Liberal feminism Radical feminism Postmodern feminism Dual systems Functionalism Marxist feminism Now think of three questions relating to these approaches that you would like to have answered by the end of the lesson. For example, how would a radical feminist like to see society?
  2. 2. HOMEWORK Take notes on Walby and patriarchy. Collect evidence for each of the six forms of stratification. Type up your notes from the lesson and print enough copies for everyone.
  3. 3. SOCIOLOGICAL EXPLANATIONS OF GENDER STRATIFICATION TO UNDERSTAND AND MEMORISE SOCIOLOGICAL EXPLANATIONS FOR GENDER STRATIFICATION TO EVALUATE SOME OF THESE EXPLANATIONS LITERACY – TO PLAN 40 MARK QUESTION
  4. 4. SOCIOLOGICAL EXPLANATIONS The six theoretical approaches that we recapped for the starter are key when answering 40 mark questions. To effectively answer an essay question, you should use all of these explanations, although you may focus on one that may be given in the title. • Outline and assess sociological explanations of gender inequality in the workplace. [40] • Outline and assess radical feminist explanations of gender inequality in the workplace. [40] You will also need to provide evidence to either back up or refute the theory that you are discussing, and also evaluation.
  5. 5. WONDER WOMEN! Feminism personified. Read over the article for five minutes. Pick out any interesting bits, consider any questions that you have and then write one way that you could use the information in an essay (20 or 40 mark question.)
  6. 6. ACTIVITY In pairs, you will be given a sociological approach. You will become experts in this approach by completing the worksheet provided and using evidence from the previous four lessons.
  7. 7. DUAL SYSTEMS APPROACH Dual systems approach. Delphy (1977) argues that housework is highly important to society and that men only dominate the home because of their financial power (employment.) Key concepts – The domestic mode of production is a term used to describe housework, which is seen as vital to society. Evidence – The Joseph Rowntree (1995) foundation found that women experience poverty more than men, as men are more likely to spend money on themselves. ONS statistics show that there is an average 17% pay gap between men and women. Criticisms – It’s too similar to radical or Marxist feminism. Most approaches consdeir the points that Delphy talks about. The Rowntree research is almost 20 years old and so may no longer be valid. Links – Inequality within the family, social class and poverty, socialisation.
  8. 8. STARTER Write down a three-sentence summary of the sociological approach that you were studying last lesson. Liberal feminism Radical feminism Postmodern feminism Dual systems Functionalism Marxist feminism
  9. 9. LIBERAL FEMINISM We are socialised through the family, the media, education and so forth into gender roles. Women are seen as submissive and males as dominant. Ann Oakley argues that women are seen as mothers/housewives by society and so there is inequality in many walks of life, especially employment. Many LFs believe things are improving - Sue Sharpe found that girls now prioritise careers and education. Laws are improving, dual-career families are now becoming the norm and there is evidence for more equally shared conjugal roles. Socialisation, conjugal roles, family. Evidence for – the pay gap is decreasing. Evidence against – the pay gap still exists. Not radical enough. People may not simply accept the gender roles that are presented to them. There are differences in terms of race and social class. Summary and key sociologists Key concepts Evidence Criticisms
  10. 10. RADICAL FEMINISM Gender inequality is more important than class inequality. All aspects of our society (culture, the media, government, law religion and so forth) reflect patriarchy. Radical feminists believe that all personal relationships are political as they influence our society and that men tend to dominate these personal relationships and so therefore are dominant in most walks of life. RFs also argue that women's’ sexuality is controlled by men and their patriarchal ideology (such as the sexualisation of girls in the media) and that women live under the constant threat of male aggression and sexual violence. Sexuality, the private and public spheres, socialisation. Socialisation, conjugal roles, family. Rape and conviction statistics, domestic violence stats, representation of females in the media. Too radical. Ignore progress. Reductionist to men. Ignore racism and class inequality. Summary and key sociologists Key concepts Evidence Criticisms
  11. 11. MARXIST FEMINISM Summary and key sociologists Key concepts Evidence Criticisms Women provide vital services to capitalist societies, and so therefore suffer double inequality. Benston (1972) argues that women provide free domestic work and they also raise the future workforce. Ansley argues that women are ‘takers of shit’ – they keep their men happy and so therefore prevent the bourgeoisie from being overthrown. Women are also a reserve army of labour – they step in when needed and are the first to be let go during recessions and so forth. Social class inequality, reserve army of labour. Employment figures during wars and recessions. Women at home may not necessarily benefit capitalism. Patriarchy can exist in non-capitalist societies. They do not explain how we are given these gender roles.
  12. 12. POSTMODERN FEMINISM Summary and key sociologists Key concepts Evidence Criticisms There are two strands. One argues that feminism is no longer relevant as women have largely won equality – for example Faludi argues that women went too far in criticizing men and this created a backlash. The second strand is more postmodern, and Brooks argue that the ideas of ‘women’ and ‘patriarchy’ are no longer relevant in modern societies as we have a much greater choice over our identities. They acknowledge the idea that different women experience inequality in different ways. Consumption, meta narratives and choice. Improving equality, choice, increased consumption, cultural diversity and varying experiences. Ignoring inequality and over emphasizing the idea of choice.
  13. 13. FUNCTIONALISM & HUMAN CAPITAL Summary and key sociologists Key concepts Evidence Criticisms There are gendered roles within society and these exist because they are functional. Men have more ‘human capital’ as they do not have to raise children and so are more available for employment. Parsons gave us the idea of the expressive and instrumental needs of society, and how women and men fall into their roles due to these needs. Olsen and Walby studied the British Household Panel Survey and argued that women are generally paid less because they work part time or take career breaks due to childcare responsibilities. Functional roles, expressive and instrumental needs, human capital. Horizontal segregation, statistics on women and part time work. Ignoring inequality, ignoring socially constructed gender identities, ignoring average hourly pay inequalities..
  14. 14. DUAL SYSTEMS Summary and key sociologists Key concepts Evidence Criticisms The household is an important and underrated place of work and work performed by women is highly important for society (similar to Marxist feminists.) It is also noted that men have more power in the household because they generally work more and so have financial authority. This approach is similar to both radical feminism and Marxist feminism. Sexuality, the private and public spheres, socialisation. Socialisation, conjugal roles, family. Pay, power relations in the household. Ignores difference and too similar to the other feminisms.
  15. 15. EXAM QUESTION – CIRCLE TIME! Outline and assess sociological explanations for gender inequality. [40] You will plan this answer as a class, in a circle. Cooperation is the key, and you must all contribute to the discussion.
  16. 16. EXAM QUESTION • Outline and assess feminist explanations of gender inequality in the workplace. [40]
  17. 17. PLENARY Look back at your questions form the beginning of the lesson. Have you answered them? If not let me know and we can ask around the class.

×