TO UNDERSTAND SEGREGATION IN TERMS
OF GENDER AND EMPLOYMENT
The idea that men and women are employed in different
sectors of the economy. This could be linked to Parson’s
theory of the expressive and instrumental needs of society.
Men are ten times more likely to be employed in skilled
One fifth of women are employed in secretarial positions, in
comparison to four percent of men.
However… use the idea of the changing job market and DEA
to evaluate the idea of horizontal segregation
Complete the worksheet on vertical segregation
independently. Input the evidence that you gathered for
Now write a paragraph explaining how, if you were the PM,
you would deal with the issues of vertical and horizontal
segregation. You have complete control over the state
You must use the following key concepts:
• Socialisation (secondary and primary)
• Mass media
• Gendered roles
This task is designed to
encourage you to use synoptic
skills, and to introduce key
concepts from your AS year.
GENDER, LIFE CHANCES
Read over the research section on page 274. Complete the
worksheet by inputting evidence for each of the key sections,
and then use your synoptic skills to outline how these facts
may influence the socialisation of boys or girls.
The vast majority of
are male (86%), as
are top executives of
Evidence Possible influence
Large media organisations may continue to
over-represent male interests, thereby
socialising females into positions of little or
no authority. There is also the issue of the
‘sexualisation’ of females in the media.
Plan answers, using the information from todays lesson, for
the following questions. Use only very brief, concise notes
and ensure that you have evidence, theory and key concepts
in each paragraph.
Outline the evidence that the UK is a patriarchal society 
Outline and assess sociological explanations of gender
inequality in the workplace