What is social facilitation?
Norman Triplett (1898) noticed that cyclists would cycle
faster when they were with other people than if they were
alone. He believed that if there was a competitive element to
the environment that it improved a person’s performance.
Co-action: working alongside – not with – another person on
Social facilitation: Facilitation means
to make something easier – social
facilitation is where performance in a
task is improved when there are other
people working on the same task with you.
Allport (1924) didn’t believe that the
improved performance was due to
competition – he found that simply
having another person doing the
same task produced social facilitation.
Dashiell (1930) discovered that simply having an audience
can improve performance – audience effect.