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SCLY2: key terms 1

Explain what is meant by the term ‘ethnocentric’.

These are all two mark questions. You will need ...
1

2

Seeing or judging things in a biased way
from the viewpoint of one culture; e.g.
the National Curriculum has been
de...
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  1. 1. 1 SCLY2: key terms 1 Explain what is meant by the term ‘ethnocentric’. These are all two mark questions. You will need to know the definitions of all key terms for the exam. 4 2 3 Explain what is meant by the term ‘bourgeoisie’. Explain what is meant by the term ‘cultural deprivation’. 6 5 Explain what is meant by the term ‘Hawthorne Effect’. Explain what is meant by the term ‘educational triage’. Explain what is meant by the term ‘compensatory education’. 7 9 Explain what is meant by the term ‘feminism’. 8 Explain what is meant by the term ‘material deprivation’. Explain what is meant by the term ‘meritocracy’. EJO 2014
  2. 2. 1 2 Seeing or judging things in a biased way from the viewpoint of one culture; e.g. the National Curriculum has been described as an ethnocentric curriculum since it tends to value white, western literature, languages, history, religion and disregards or does not value black or Asian cultures. 4 3 The theory that many working class and black children are inadequately socialised and therefore lack the ‘right’ culture for educational success; e.g. their families do not instil the value of deferred gratification. 6 5 The process whereby schools sort pupils into ‘hopeless cases’, ‘those who will pass anyway’, and ‘those with the potential to pass’, and then concentrate their efforts on the last of these groups as a way to boost school’s exam league table position. Government education policies such as Pupil Premium, that seek to tackle the problem of underachievement by providing extra support and funding to schools and families in deprived areas. 8 7 Poverty. A lack of basis necessities such as adequate diet, housing, clothing or the money to buy these things. In education material deprivation theory explains working class underachievement as the result of lack of resources; e.g. parents are unable to afford education aids, or students have nowhere to do their homework. A Marxist term for the capitalist class, the owners of the means of production (factories, machinery, raw materials, land). Marx argues the bourgeoisie’s ownership of the means of production also gives them political and ideological power. Where the subjects of a research study know they are being studied and begin to behave differently as a result, therefore undermining the studies validity. 9 An educational or social system where everyone has an equal opportunity to succeed and where individuals’ rewards and status are achieved by their own efforts rather than ascribed by their gender, class or ethnic group. A sociological perspective and political movement that focuses on women’s oppression and the struggle to end it. Feminists argue that sociology has traditionally taken a ‘malestream’ viewpoint that ignores women. Instead they examine women’s experiences and study society from a female perspective. EJO 2014

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