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  • 1. Feminism & the Family Miss Russell Bilton School
  • 2. To Start: Marxism Critical Commentary Imagine you are a budding sociologist trying to decide whether or not Marxism is an adequate theory of the family. Write a paragraph evaluating the Marxist Approach to the family (No more than 150 words!) It must include 4 good points (strengths) and 4 bad points (weaknesses). Don’t forget to include some evidence (e.g. arguments from Engels etc). And PEEL where you can! Charlotte Russell Bilton School
  • 3. Homework For next Monday! “Assess the Marxist view that the main role of the family is to serve the interests of capitalism.” (24 marks) Charlotte Russell Bilton School
  • 4. Thinking Ladder… To the usefulness of the Marxist Perspective of the family. To & types of Feminism. To Feminism to explaining the family.
  • 5. How will I know if I am learning? By the end of the lesson… E Will be able to define Feminism. C Will be able to explain the different types of Feminism. A Will be able to apply Feminism to explain the family.
  • 6. Good Wife Guide Read the Good Wife Guide. How might Feminists interpret this? CLIP Charlotte Russell Define Feminism, Explain different types, Apply to family Bilton School
  • 7. Charlotte Russell Bilton School
  • 8. Charlotte Russell Bilton School
  • 9. Charlotte Russell Bilton School
  • 10. Why are Feminist’s so Anti-Men? Make a list of possible reasons… Charlotte Russell Define Feminism, Explain different types, Apply to family Bilton School
  • 11. History of Feminism – First Wave • First Wave (1840’s to 1950’s) • The Suffragettes – Womens movement that carried out campaigns to gain the right to vote • Female protestors were imprisoned • Publicity began to grow • In 1918 the act was passed that women over 30 could vote • In 1928 the act was changed that women 21 and over could vote Charlotte Russell Define Feminism, Explain different types, Apply to family Bilton School
  • 12. Patriarchy = Conflict • Central to the feminist approach is the idea of patriarchy or male dominance of society. • It is argued that patriarchy is established and reinforced in family relationships - “the personal is political” • Feminists argue that men benefit from families at the expense of women - both in their personal experience and broadly because the family sustains patriarchy in society Charlotte Russell Define Feminism, Explain different types, Apply to family Bilton School
  • 13. The Family? So what might Feminists say about the Family? Charlotte Russell Define Feminism, Explain different types, Apply to family Bilton School
  • 14. Four types Marxist Feminism Liberal Feminism Radical Feminism Each pair will take responsibility for one type of feminism. You must answer the following questions and be prepared to tell the rest of the class about that perspective. You may do this in any way you like (i.e. you can use the board if you wish, poster, pictures or just verbal feedback!) 1) How do your type of feminists explain the family? 2) What is the main source of female oppression? Difference Feminism Charlotte Russell 3) What do they think needs to happen in order to remove this oppression? Define Feminism, Explain different types, Apply to family Bilton School
  • 15. Liberal feminism Liberal feminists are concerned with campaigning against sex discrimination and for equal rights and opportunities for women. They argue that: • Women’s oppression is being gradually overcome • We are moving towards greater equality but that full equality depends on further reforms. Studies have suggested that men are now doing more domestic labour and parents are socialising their sons and daughters equally. Charlotte Russell Define Feminism, Explain different types, Apply to family Bilton School
  • 16. Marxist feminism Marxist feminists argue that the main cause of women’s oppression in the family is not men, but capitalism. Women’s oppression performs several functions for capitalism: • Women reproduce the labour force • Women absorb anger (Fran Ansley: ‘takers of shit’) • Women are a ‘reserve army’ of cheap labour The oppression of women in the family for Marxists is linked to the exploitation of the working class. Charlotte Russell Define Feminism, Explain different types, Apply to family Bilton School
  • 17. Radical feminism Radical feminists argue that all societies have been founded by patriarchy (rule by men). For these feminists the key division in society is between men and women: • Men are the enemy • The family and marriage are the key institutions in patriarchal society The only way for the oppression of women to be overturned is by abolishing the family, as it is the root of the patriarchal system. This can only be done through separatism. Political feminists such as Germaine Greer argues for the creation of ‘matrilocal’ households (living near the wife’s family – female dominant.) Charlotte Russell Define Feminism, Explain different types, Apply to family Bilton School
  • 18. Radical feminism Germaine Greer Interview Clip Charlotte Russell Define Feminism, Explain different types, Apply to family Bilton School
  • 19. Difference feminism Difference feminists argue that we cannot generalise about women’s experiences as if they are all from a conventional nuclear family. For example, black feminists argue that white feminists neglect black women’s experience of racial oppression. Black feminists argue that black families are a positive course of support and resistance against oppression. Others dispute this arguing that women share many of the same experiences when compared with men, they face greater risk of domestic violence, sexual assault, low pay etc. Charlotte Russell Bilton School
  • 20. Types of Feminism How do the different types of feminism compare to each other? How do they compare and contrast? Charlotte Russell Define Feminism, Explain different types, Apply to family Bilton School
  • 21. Draw something… Draw something to represent how Feminists view the Family Charlotte Russell Define Feminism, Explain different types, Apply to family Bilton School
  • 22. How far do you…? How far do you agree with the Feminist view of the family? Most importantly why do you think that? 100% disagree with their view on the family. 100% agree with their view on the family. Charlotte Russell Define Feminism, Explain different types, Apply to family Bilton School
  • 23. Learning Journal 1) Heading: Today’s Date, Unit & Topic 2) Write a summary of your learning today in less than 100 words. What have you learned ? 3) Considering what you have written in stage 2, which of the success criteria have you met? Write down them down along with the grade! Charlotte Russell Define Feminism, Explain different types, Apply to family Bilton School
  • 24. Starting Point… All men are the corrupt. Agree or Disagree? Why? Charlotte Russell Define Feminism, Explain different types, Apply to family Bilton School
  • 25. Thinking Ladder… To & evidence for and against Feminism. To Feminism using strengths and weaknesses. To Feminism using alternative perspectives.
  • 26. How will I know if I am learning? By the end of the 2 lessons… E Will be able to describe evidence for and against Feminism. C Will be able to evaluate Feminist theories of the family using strengths and weaknesses. A Will be able to evaluate Feminism by comparing and contrasting other perspectives.
  • 27. Research & Presentation task. In your pairs/groups you are now going to investigate your type of Feminism in more detail. You must produce a short (5-10 min) presentation on your type of Feminism. Importantly it must include a critique of how it explains the family. Use the following as a guide: 1) How does this type of feminism explain the family? 2) How does it differ from other types of feminism? 3) What evidence and examples are there from real life? What evidence/examples agree and disagree with it? E.g. Are there any legal policies or acts? Are there any examples from real family life? 4) What are the strengths and weaknesses of the theory? You will present it to the rest of the class next lesson! Describe evidence, Charlotte Russell Evaluate using strengths/weaknesses, other perspectives. Compare and contrast to Bilton School
  • 28. Liberal Feminism Strengths • Successful campaigns have meant women can now vote • Legislations: - Equal Pay Act - Gender Discrimination Act Describe evidence, Charlotte Russell Weaknesses Ignores the point that some women choose their expressive role and part time/flexible work Evaluate using strengths/weaknesses, other perspectives. Compare and contrast to Bilton School
  • 29. Marxist Feminism Strengths • Backs up Marxist ideas of the family by recognising how the family serves capitalism. Identifies how unpaid domestic labour benefits men and capitalism • Uncovers some issues related to the ‘dark side of the family’ e.g. abuse Describe evidence, Charlotte Russell Weaknesses Based on traditional ideas of the nuclear family. Ignores the idea of women as breadwinners Ignores the point that women can abuse men within the family too Evaluate using strengths/weaknesses, other perspectives. Compare and contrast to Bilton School
  • 30. Radical Feminism Strengths Weaknesses • Patriarchy is the cause of female exploitation want the idea of matriarchy • Identify how women became dependent on men through child rearing Based on traditional ideas of the nuclear family, not all households are patriarchal Not all family households experience sexual/domestic violence Describe evidence, Charlotte Russell Evaluate using strengths/weaknesses, other perspectives. Compare and contrast to Bilton School
  • 31. Difference Feminism Strengths • More of a focus on females as individuals and how their experiences will be different Describe evidence, Charlotte Russell Weaknesses Difficult to research and generalise. E.g. Black Feminism Evaluate using strengths/weaknesses, other perspectives. Compare and contrast to Bilton School
  • 32. Black Feminism: Alice Walker “Man corrupt everything, say Shug. He on your box of grits, in your head, and all over the radio. He try to make you think he everywhere. Soon as you think he everywhere, you think he God. But he ain't.” “All my life I had to fight. I had to fight my daddy. I had to fight my brothers. I had to fight my cousins and my uncles. A girl child ain't safe in a family of men. But I never thought I'd have to fight in my own house. She let out her breath. I loves Harpo, she say. God knows I do. But I'll kill him dead before I let him beat me.” Describe evidence, Charlotte Russell Evaluate using strengths/weaknesses, other perspectives. Compare and contrast to Bilton School
  • 33. Feminist Perspectives of the Family... How can we evaluate the whole of the feminist perspective of the family? Are they good? Are they accurate? Read the article about Alice Walker’s daughter for ideas. When you have read it, try to come up with some overall strengths and weaknesses of the Feminist Perspective of the family… Charlotte Russell Bilton School
  • 34. Evaluation of all of Feminism • Strengths • Weaknesses • Give an idea of family life through the view of women • Uncovers some issues related to the ‘dark side of the family’ e.g. abuse • Liberal, Radical and Marxist base their arguments on traditional ideas of the nuclear family • Ignores the idea of women as breadwinners • Identify the patriarchal nature of families and society • Black feminists identify diversity of family life through class, age and ethnicity Charlotte Russell  Hakim Ignores the point that some women choose their expressive role and part time/flexible work  Ignores the power of women to abuse men within the family too Bilton School
  • 35. Evaluation of all of Feminism How would functionalism criticise feminist ideas of the family? Charlotte Russell Bilton School
  • 36. Examine the feminist view that families are patriarchal (24) Plan out the following essay using the mark scheme. Think about what you need to do to hit your target… Reflect upon previous targets form essays… and build on them. Charlotte Russell Bilton School
  • 37. Examine the feminist view that families are patriarchal (24) • Intro- Define feminism (looking at world from women’s viewpoint), define patriarchy…Explain to examiner that there are different types of feminism, but all agree that families are patriarchal. • Explain a feminist perspective and what it says about patriarchy. E.g. Liberal feminists believe patriarchy exists in society and families and exists because of socialisation etc… (include a writer) • Then talk about how liberal feminists argue patriarchy should be overcome eg changes in laws, attitudes • Add strength weakness of liberal. Charlotte Russell Bilton School
  • 38. Examine the feminist view that families are patriarchal (24) • Explain another perspective. Eg however/on the other hand radical feminists also argue… (include a writer!) • Talk about how patriarchy should be overcome families should be matriarchal, and women don’t need men. • Add strengths & weakness of radical. • For C grades choose one more feminism do the same! • For A/B grades include the other two. Charlotte Russell Bilton School
  • 39. Examine the feminist view that families are patriarchal (24) • Conclusion/A02: • Finish with overall strengths and weaknesses they all recognise patriarchy and traditional families etc. • Add lots of criticism (link back to question) not all families are patriarchal, e.g. families are no longer nuclear, women are breadwinners, women have choice, society and families have changed, women not just victims are powerful too etc. Charlotte Russell Bilton School
  • 40. Examine the feminist view that families are patriarchal (24) Complete for homework. 1 week today! Charlotte Russell Bilton School
  • 41. Learning Journal 1) Heading: Today’s Date, Unit & Topic 2) Write a summary of your learning today in less than 100 words. What have you learned ? 3) Considering what you have written in stage 2, which of the success criteria have you met? Write down them down along with the grade! Describe evidence, Charlotte Russell Evaluate using strengths/weaknesses, other perspectives. Compare and contrast to Bilton School

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