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Resourcd File Resourcd File Presentation Transcript

  • Ethnicity & Religion Miss Russell Bilton School
  • Something to think about… What is Ethnicity? Are Ethnic Minority Groups more or less likely to participate in religion? Charlotte Russell Bilton School
  • Thinking Ladder… To & the how ethnicity and religiosity link. To statistics for religious participations among EMG’s. To reasons for differences in EMG’s
  • How will I know if I am learning? By the end of the lesson… E Will be able to explain links between ethnicity and religiosity. C Will be able to analyse statistics. A Will be able to use analyse and explain reasons for differences in religiosity between EMG’s .
  • Ethnic Minority Groups and Religion Arrange the table according to what you think is correct. Charlotte Russell Bilton School
  • Ethnic Minority Groups and Religion Ethnic Differences in Religious Affiliation % rating religion as important. % likely to attend weekly worship. White Anglicans 11 9 White Catholics 32 29 Hindus 43 43 African Caribbean Protestants 81 57 Muslims 74 62 Charlotte Russell Bilton School
  • Ethnic Minority Groups and Religion Ethnic Differences in Religious Affiliation % rating religion as important. % likely to attend weekly worship. White Anglicans 11 9 White Catholics 32 29 Hindus 43 43 African Caribbean Protestants 81 57 Muslims 74 1) What are the patterns we can see here? 62 Charlotte Russell 2) Why do you think this might be? 3) Right a statement on why you think this is the case… You are going to test this now! Bilton School
  • Why do Ethnic Minorities display higher religiosity? Create a fact sheet or presentation to feedback to the class next lesson on ethnicity and religion. Ultimately you must answer the question above. You must however consider the following: 1) Statistical information. What are the main religious differences between ethnicities? 2) Reasons suggested by Bird (1999), Weber (1920), Durkheim (1912), Herberg (1955), Pryce (1979). 3) Are there any patterns between men and women from ethnic minorities? Extension: How can we evaluate these reasons? Are there any strong pieces of evidence? What are the effects of EMG’s greater religiosity? Charlotte Russell Remember to hit on A01, A02 & A02 Evidence/Examples Bilton School
  • What do these words mean? What do we need to do to demonstrate them? Create Transforming information into a new format. Apply Applying your knowledge to examples and questions. Charlotte Russell Evaluate Evaluating usefulness. Strengths & Weaknesses Analyse Presenting evidence. Comparing and Contrasting Understand Remember Explaining key concepts, terms, theories in your own words. Recalling information. Bilton School
  • Why are they important in Sociology? What grades do they relate to? Create Evaluate Analyse A A B Apply C/D Charlotte Russell Understand Remember E E Bilton School
  • The Big Question… Why do ethnic minority groups display increased religiosity? A A B How far up the ladder do you want to climb this lesson? C E Set your own objectives based on the big question. Maximum 3 objectives! E Charlotte Russell Bilton School
  • Over to you… Feedback on your research homework. Create a mind map on the board addressing the big question… Why do ethnic minority groups display increased religiosity? Charlotte Russell Bilton School
  • What can we do to aim for… How can the answers be Create represented in Grade A an alternative form? How might each Apply of the sociological Grade C/D perspectives explain it? Charlotte Russell How can each Evaluate of the theories/ reasons Gradebe A evaluated? What evidence can we Analyse present? What Grade B does it suggest? Understand Remember Grade E Grade E Bilton School
  • Exam Question Identify and briefly explain three reasons why members of minority ethnic groups may seem to be more religious than members of the majority population. (9 Marks) Charlotte Russell Bilton School
  • Mark Scheme One mark for each of three reasons identified, such as: part of cultural transition part of cultural defence the majority population worship privately they are more religious resistant identity/fundamentalism vicarious religion. Two further marks for each of three satisfactory explanations, such as: part of cultural transition: some members of minority ethnic groups may see active religious participation as desirable in adapting to a new culture. part of cultural defence: some minority ethnic groups may practise their religion actively as a way of maintaining their previous culture. the majority population worship privately: changes in the religious habits of the majority population may mean that they practise their religion in a less visible and more private manner, thus it may seem that minority ethnic groups are more actively religious. they are more religious: religion is an inherent and permanent feature of their culture and socialisation. Charlotte Russell Bilton School
  • Exam Question Assess the view that, for minority ethnic groups, the practice of religion and membership of religious groups is mainly a form of cultural defence. (33 marks) Charlotte Russell Bilton School
  • What do I need to do to get to my target? Swap your plan with someone else. Read each others. What do they need to do to get to their target? Which skills have they used? How does this relate to the Assessment Objectives? Read the feedback. What do you need to do to reach your target? Reflect and improve your plan. Refer to AO’s and the mark scheme. Did you meet your objectives for the lesson? Charlotte Russell Bilton School
  • The Big Question… How does religiosity differ between genders? A A B How far up the ladder do you want to climb this lesson? C E Set your own objectives based on the big question. Maximum 3 objectives! E Charlotte Russell Bilton School
  • Gender & Religiosity Who are more religious? Women or Men? Why? Can you offer any explanations from what we have learned on ethnicity? Charlotte Russell Bilton School
  • Trends and participation Traditional world faiths • Holm (1994) the move to the male god of monotheistic religions is the origin of gender inequality in modern religious faiths and their organisations. There are many examples of this male dominance… • Although males and females can hold religious offices in Buddhism, the male monks have a higher status than the female nuns. • In Hinduism, only males can become Brahmins (priests). • Catholics do not allow women to hold office. • Muslim women are not permitted to enter mosques for worship. • Among Orthodox Jews, women are not permitted to participate fully in ceremonies. • Patriarchy in religion was evident in the Hindu practice of sati, where a devout wife is expected to die by throwing herself on her husband’s funeral pyre. • However, Sikhism allows males and females to hold offices, although very few women actually do. Charlotte Russell Bilton School
  • Gender & Religiosity Religious beliefs, by gender Table 1D Percentage believing in: God Sin Evil Women 84 72 Men 75 66 756 The Devil 42 Life after death 57 58 32 39 Source: Davie (1994) Charlotte Russell Bilton School
  • Gender & Religiosity • More women than men participate in religious activities and believe in God, sin, evil, the Devil and life after death . • 2005, 1.8 million women in England were churchgoers, as against only 1.36 million men. • Women express greater interest in religion, have a stronger personal commitment to it this applies to all ages and all religious organisations and faiths. • Bruce (1996) estimates that there are twice as many women as men involved in sects. Charlotte Russell Bilton School
  • Gender & Religiosity But why are women more religious than men? Charlotte Russell Bilton School
  • Gender & Religiosity Explanation (Knowledge & Understanding) Charlotte Russell Apply (Example) Analyse (Evidence) Evaluation Bilton School
  • The Big Question… How & why does age impact on religiosity? A A B How far up the ladder do you want to climb this lesson? C E Set your own objectives based on the big question. Maximum 3 objectives! E Charlotte Russell Bilton School
  • Age and Religion Charlotte Russell Bilton School
  • Age & Religiosity Under 15 15-19 20-29 30-44 45-64 65 and over Charlotte Russell Put the age groups in an order to represent religiosity today. Explain reasons for each of your decisions. Which group would be the most religious? Bilton School
  • Age & Religiosity Table 1F Create a mind map as a group including any reasons you can think of for these trends. Attendance at church services, England: by age (thousands) Ensure you: 1) Summarise the trends in age and religiosity. Age 1979 2005 Under 15 15-19 1,416 624 490 153 20-29 598 231 30-44 870 496 45-64 1,088 907 979 755 65 and over Charlotte Russell 2) Think about the differences in these age groups. 3) Think about any links you can make across the course so far. How would these trends be explained by sociological theories? YOU MAY USE THE Bilton School BOOK!
  • Age & Religiosity Table 1F Read the articles given to you. Attendance at church services, England: by age (thousands) Age 1979 2005 Under 15 15-19 1,416 624 490 153 20-29 598 231 30-44 870 496 45-64 1,088 907 979 755 65 and over Charlotte Russell • Do they confirm previous ideas, elaborate on a point, or reject it? • Use a different colour add ideas onto your the diagram. Reduce each idea to 40 words. • If they rejects previous studies and trends – comment on whether you accept the new evidence or not and why. Bilton School
  • Finally 1. Have your original ideas regarding ‘trend’ been challenged? 2. What evidence supports this (studies, data, newspaper reports, polls etc) and do you trust it? 3. What do you think is the main reason now for trends in age and religiosity? Why? Charlotte Russell Bilton School
  • Item A • • • For some people, religion plays an important role in their lives; for others, its role is minimal. One factor that seems to be important here is that of age, shown clearly by statistics on religious belief and participation. In 2005 the English Church Census showed that the number of people attending church regularly had fallen from 5.4 million in 1979 to 3.2 million in 2005. Over the same period, the average age churchgoers had increased from 37 to 45. The age group that decline the least was 65 years. In fact, 12% of churchgoers were 75 or over. In contrast, the age groups that had declined the most in this period were the 1519 and 20-29 cohort. For these age groups, the numbers had fallen by over 60%. Although there figures apply only to the Christian Churches, other religious groups in the UK also show significant differences between young and old in terms of religious belief, though these differences are less marked among the Pakistani and Bangladeshi communities. Using material from Item A and elsewhere, assess the reasons why the young seem less likely to believe and participate in religion than older people. (18 marks) Charlotte Russell Bilton School
  • What kind of things might you include? • Issues of elderly being closer to end of life's and impact of spirituality (Voas & Crockett) • Elderly more effected by loneliness • Young more susceptible to secularisation (Voas & Crockett) • Young have ‘Cultural Amnesia’ not been socialised into religious stories • Young are exposed to so much spiritual choice ‘spiritual supermarket’ it can make it difficult to stick with one, plus influenced by a range of other factors, such as music, drugs etc, which may replace spirituality • Impact of private sphere – religion can happen at home, young people might be more susceptible to this (e.g. Chat rooms) • Some young are strongly religious – Pakistanis and Bangladeshis Charlotte Russell Bilton School
  • DIRT: Reflection • 1) Which of your objectives have you accomplished today? • 2) What do you need to do next to fulfil them all and how will you do this? Charlotte Russell Bilton School
  • Homework (1 week today): Opportunity to fulfil your objectives.. • • • For some people, religion plays an important role in their lives; for others, its role is minimal. One factor that seems to be important here is that of age, shown clearly by statistics on religious belief and participation. In 2005 the English Church Census showed that the number of people attending church regularly had fallen from 5.4 million in 1979 to 3.2 million in 2005. Over the same period, the average age churchgoers had increased from 37 to 45. The age group that decline the least was 65 years. In fact, 12% of churchgoers were 75 or over. In contrast, the age groups that had declined the most in this period were the 1519 and 20-29 cohort. For these age groups, the numbers had fallen by over 60%. Although there figures apply only to the Christian Churches, other religious groups in the UK also show significant differences between young and old in terms of religious belief, though these differences are less marked among the Pakistani and Bangladeshi communities. Using material from Item A and elsewhere, assess the reasons why the young seem less likely to believe and participate in religion than Charlotte Russell Bilton School older people. (18 marks)