“If you expect to get
what you want 100% of
a time in a relationship,
you are setting yourself
up for disappointment.”
of Dissolution using
reasons for Relationship
Duck’s (2006) Breakdown
How will I know if I am learning?
By the end of the lesson…
Will be able to use evidence to analyse Duck’s
C Will be able to evaluate Duck’s reason for
Will be able to evaluate Duck & Rollie’s
breakdown model using synoptic A02.
have 5 minutes to write a short story
based on Rollie & Duck’s model of
can be based on personal experience or
a fictional story. However I want to see
clear evidence of all stages of the model!
Marriages in which partners were very
2. Early parenthood
3. Being in a lower socioeconomic group
4. Poor education
5. Partners are of different race / religion
6. A greater number of sexual partners
8. People have a change of attitudes /
9. Relationship becomes routine and boring
– lack of stimulation
10. Lack of sexual satisfaction
11. Lack of social skills – poor at conversation,
may seem uninterested.
12. Extra marital affairs – may be a direct
reaction to the other reasons discussed.
1) Long Distance Relationships?
2) Extramarital affairs? Have another look
3) What are women more likely to
at Duck’s reasons
find dissatisfying in a relationship
in comparison to men?
How might we
Relationships do break down due to affairs. Boekhout
etl al. (1999) – affairs happen as a reaction to lack of skills
or stimulation in a current relationship.
LDR are more common today and can work. Rohlfing
(1995) – 70% of students had experienced one. Holt &
Stone (1988) – there was less relationship dissatisfaction
as long as couples could reunite regularly.
Gender differences: Women = likely to stress
unhappiness and incompatibility as reasons, however for
men it is sexual withholding (Brehm & Kassin, 1966).
Which of these is a synoptic IDA point?
two minutes to think about
What have we learned about the
breakdown of relationships so far?
2) What do we need to do next to
advance our learning?
3) Why are we learning about this?
and Frazier (2003) surveyed undergraduates
who had recently broken up with a romantic
partner. They typically reported that they had not
only experienced emotional distress, but also
personal growth. These students reported that
breaking up with their partner had given them new
insights into themselves and a clearer idea about
future partners. Through grave-dressing and
resurrection processes they were able to put the
original relationship to rest and get on with their
Rephrase not as an outline of the study but as a
PEEL AO2 point.
On your whiteboards try to write an extended
piece of critical commentary either positive
or negative of Rollie & Duck’s model. Try to
think of 2 strengths and 2 weaknesses of the
model and write in a paragraph.
Use your synoptic
toolkit to help
theory has face validity as it is an account of
relationship breakdown that we can relate to our
own and/or others’ experiences.
The view of dissolution as a process, rather than an
event, is widely accepted. However, the theory
applies mainly to romantic relationships, because
these are exclusive in a way that friendships
generally are not.
Stresses the importance of communication in
relationship breakdown. Paying attention to the
things that people say.
with all stage theories, Rollie and Duck’s six
phases do not apply in every case of relationship
breakdown; nor do they always occur in the order
model does not take into account why
dissatisfaction occurred in the first place; its starting
point is where dissatisfaction has already set in.
Therefore, it fails to provide a complete picture of
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need one positive and one negative point
here. Take a walk around and have a read of
Take a picture of the two you would want in your