Rollie & Duck’s (2006)
model of breakdown.
the stages of the model
and how it explains
How will I know if I am learning?
By the end of the lesson…
Will be able to describe Rollie & Duck’s Model.
C Will be able to explain the stages of Rollie &
Using what you already know about Formation,
Maintenance and other areas of the course what do
you think are the top ten reasons for relationship
Use your whiteboards in
pairs to get a definitive
top ten… the pair who
match the closest to the
model gets something
from the treat box
Marriages in which partners were very young
Being in a lower socioeconomic group
Partners are of different race / religion
A greater number of sexual partners before marriage.
People have a change of attitudes / beliefs
Relationship becomes routine and boring – lack of
10. Lack of sexual satisfaction
11. Lack of social skills – poor at conversation, may seem
12. Extra marital affairs – may be a direct reaction to the other
findings were from longitudinal studies,
he established there were factors that
threatened a relationship both dispositional
(personal) and Situational (environmental)
and could be classified as predisposing and
What do these two words mean?
What is the difference between them?
A liability or tendency to
suffer from a particular
condition, hold a
particular attitude, or act
in a particular way.
Therefore beliefs or
attitudes that the person
holds which make
breakup more likely
Cause (an event or
situation, typically a bad
one) to happen suddenly,
contribute to the
Dissatisfaction with relationship
Threshold: I can’t stand this anymore
Social withdrawal; ‘rumination’
Resentment. Brooding on partner’s faults
& relational costs.
Re-evaluation of alternatives to relationship.
Threshold: I’d be justified in withdrawing
Uncertainty, anxiety, hostility, complaints.
Discussion of discontents/issues.
Talk about ‘our relationship’; equity, roles
Reassessment of goals, possibilities,
Threshold: I mean it
Going public; support seeking from others
Denigration of partner,
Social commitment, outside forces create
Cohesion (‘group together’)
Threshold: It’s now inevitable
Tidying up memories; making relational
histories (deciding how you feel, etc.)
Stories prepared for different audiences
Threshold: Time to get a new life
Recreating sense of own social value
Defining what to get out of future relationships
Preparation for future relationships & reframe
What I learned and how things will be different
Thresholds 2: I
One of the partners/friends becomes
more and more dissatisfied with the
relationship. They do not tell their
If the dissatisfaction is great enough
there is progression to the next phase…
Thresholds 3: I
Here the other person becomes involved.
If the dissatisfaction is not acceptably
resolved, there is progression to the
This is where
is ‘aired’ and
e.g. to family
It is also where the social implications (such as care
of children) are negotiated.
If the relationship is not saved here (perhaps by the
intervention of family) it goes to the final stage…
Here the ex-partners begin the organization of
their post-relationship lives.
Time to get a
They begin publicizing their own accounts of
the breakdown and what (if any) is the nature of
the new relationship with the ex-partner.
Partners who develop their own versions of
where the blame for breakdown actually lies,
frequently employ self-serving attributional bias
i.e. the failure of the relationship was out of their
partner prepares themselves for new
relationships by defining themselves and
building on past mistakes and experiences.
What I Learned
and how things
will be different
One of the partners/friends becomes more
and more dissatisfied with the relationship.
I mean it
Here the other person becomes involved; it
is now a two way discussion
This is where the break-up is ‘aired’ and
made public, and social implications are
Time to get
a new life
Here the ex-partners begin the
organisation of their post-relationship lives,
publicising their own accounts of the
Resurrection Things will
Each partner prepares themselves for new
relationships by redefining themselves and
building on past mistakes and experiences
a storyboard which shows the
breakdown of one couple’s
relationship. It can be fictional or
based on reality… but it must include
all of Rollie & Duck’s stages!
Topic 03- Dissolution of Relationships: Lesson 07
and Frazier (2003) surveyed undergraduates
who had recently broken up with a romantic
partner. They typically reported that they had not
only experienced emotional distress, but also
personal growth. These students reported that
breaking up with their partner had given them new
insights into themselves and a clearer idea about
future partners. Through grave-dressing and
resurrection processes they were able to put the
original relationship to rest and get on with their
Rephrase not as an outline of the study but as AO2
Topic 03- Dissolution of Relationships: Lesson 07
On your whiteboards try to write an extended piece
of commentary either positive or negative of the
model. If you get stuck put your hand up and I will
give you a hint to get you unstuck…
theory has face validity as it is an account of
relationship breakdown that we can relate to our
own and/or others’ experiences.
view of dissolution as a process, rather than an
event, is widely accepted. However, the theory
applies mainly to romantic relationships, because
these are exclusive in a way that friendships
generally are not.
with all stage theories, Rollie and Duck’s six
phases do not apply in every case of relationship
breakdown; nor do they always occur in the order
model does not take into account why
dissatisfaction occurred in the first place; its starting
point is where dissatisfaction has already set in.
Therefore, it fails to provide a complete picture of
need one positive and one negative point
here. Take a walk around and have a read of
Take a picture of the two you would want in your