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  • 1. PSYA3
  • 2. According to Filter Model, who are likely to form a relationship? “Female, 35, from Yateley- works as a waitress in a pub, friendly, confident and laid back, seeks a soul mate who will take care of me and who is a family man” Female, 23, from London- attractive, slim, tall, loving and sensitive, who is qualified as a teacher, seeks caring, high wage earning man with sense of humour, own home, for genuine relationship” “Male, 25, from London- high wage earner, trained as a doctor, sincere and genuine with a sense of humour, seeks attractive, caring young woman for genuine partnership” “Male, 40, from Camberley- works in a garage, outgoing, very chilled out, seeks attractive, relaxed, positive person who is ready to settle down”
  • 3. Thinking Ladder… To & research evidence for the Filter Model. To the Filter Model using basic A02 points. To be able to Filter Model using a range of synoptic A02 points.
  • 4. How will I know if I am learning? By the end of the lesson… E Will be able to explain research evidence of the Filter Model. C Will be able to evaluate the Filter Model using basic A02 evaluation points. A Will be able to evaluate the Filter Model using synoptic evaluation points.
  • 5. Read each of the studies on your worksheet. Decide which of the filters each of the studies provide support for and why. Proximity Physical Attraction Similarity Extension: How can we criticise these studies in terms of the methods they used? E.g. What are the advantages/disadvantages or using an observation method? Complement of Needs Competence
  • 6.  Festinger et al (1950)  Observed friendships that formed in a block of apartments for married students.  Students lived across 17 buildings.  Students were 10 x‟s as likely to form a friendship with people who lived in their own building.  Interestingly the most popular people lived nearest to the staircases and post-boxes because they were most likely to be „bumped‟ into.  This is called functional distance. A03? How can we evaluate the methods used in this study?
  • 7.         Aronson et al (1966) Using audio tapes they asked subjects to evaluate the attractiveness of four candidates being interviewed for a famous quiz show. First one was nearly perfect, he answered 92% of the questions correctly, was an honours student in high school, editor of the year book and member of the track team. Second one was nearly perfect too but spilt coffee on himself during the interview. Third one was mediocre, he answered 30% of the questions correctly, average grades in high school and a proof reader for the yearbook. Fourth was also mediocre, and also spilt coffee. Order of attractiveness was 2,1,3,4. We like competent people but not too perfect! A03? How can we evaluate the methods used in this study?
  • 8.      Walster et al (1966) Advertised a “computer dance” for students during fresher‟s week. As students arrived, four independent judges assessed each student‟s physical attractiveness. The participants were asked to fill in a questionnaire, for use in the computer pairing. In fact the questionnaire was used to provide data about similarity and the pairing was random. During the dance, participants were asked to complete a questionnaire about the dance and their dates. The more physically attractive students were liked more by their partners than the less attractive students. Attractiveness proved to be the most important factor in liking, above qualities such as intelligence and personality and was also the best predictor of the likelihood that they would see each other again. A03? How can we evaluate the methods used in this study?
  • 9. In pairs you will each have a counter. You need to roll the dice. Each number represents an area that can be used to evaluate the filter model. Each pair will take it in turns to roll. You can only move the number of spaces if you are able to give me a valid evaluation of the filter model, using the prompt that the dice lands on. If you can‟t, you stay where you are. If you land on an IDA square, you need to pick a tool from the tool box and give me an evaluation. For example if you pick out the debates tool from the tool box, you have to give use a debate as an evaluation point. You can discuss it with your partner.
  • 10. In your pairs you now have 5 minutes to prepare as many evaluation points as you can under the following headings. Culture Bias Date Gender Roles Individual Differences Reductionism vs Holism Determinism vs Free will
  • 11. Culture: Based on Western Culture where we can interact with lots of people as we live in an urban setting. There are more opportunities. Gender Roles: Have they changed dramatically in 50 years? How could this influence the filters? This may affect the validity of the theory. Reductionism: What about biological factors? In Evolution, our ancestors chose a mate on the basis of survival. The men would seek a female who could give birth to and nurture their offspring in order to pass on the best genes. Individual differences: Ignores the influence of early childhood experience and attachment style.
  • 12. Individual differences: What about personality factors? Date: Outdated. The theory was created 50 years ago. Have relationships changed since then? There were less transport links and no internet. It is easier to be close in proximity and to be mobile today. Internet dating and long distance relationships common today! Determinism: The theory assumes we make unconscious decisions based on the filters. What about being able to make conscious choices?  But lots of research support!
  • 13. “Describe and evaluate two theories of the formation of relationships” (24 Marks, A01 = 8 marks, A02/A03 = 16 marks)