1) What are the reasons he is
unappealing to Rachel?
2) Do we have a set of criteria we
use when choosing a partner?
3)How far do you agree that the
statement ‘out of my league’ applies
features of the Filter
the Filter Model explains
To be able to
Filter Model to explain
How will I know if I am learning?
By the end of the lesson…
Will be able to explain key concepts of the Filter
C Will be able to explain how the Filter Model
explains formation of relationships.
Will be able to apply the Filter Model to real life
examples of relationships.
Fill in the blanks, using the words. Try to work them
out on your own. You can use words more than
People_________ possible mates from a range of eligible
candidates. The theory suggests that people use___________
methods at different levels of the process.
We start with__________ variables such as _______ or class.
We then move to more individual and __________ values such
as people’s ______________.
For__________ variables we are likely to seek ____________
whereas for ___________ values it may be more important to
seek ___________________ characteristics.
1) Using the cards in front of you, try to work out the five factors
Kerckhoff and Davis highlighted as being important in the
filtering process. Match up the key term, the definition, and the
symbol to help you remember.
2) Put the filters in order of importance, most important first!
Most people will form a relationship with people close to
them geographically. This is mainly due to chance they will
meet, speak or generally become aware of one another.
How good looking someone is has been found to be one of
the most important factors in initial relationship formation,
as well as longer lasting relationships.
Most people will come into contact with people from the
same social or cultural background. This can also be the
case for internal characteristics such as attitudes, or
Not all personality characteristics need to be the same, we
are often attracted to people who can give us what we lack.
A dominating person may like a submissive person.
How intelligent and competent one appears can be
influential in how attractive they are.
The first filter revolves around
the fact that we only meet a
very small fraction of people
living in our area (proximity
filter). Most of those we meet
tend to be of a similar social
class, education level and
maybe even the same ethnicity
or racial group (2nd similarity
filter). The third filter is based
on psychological (internal)
factors. The chances of a short
term relationship becoming
more permanent depended
most on shared beliefs and
values, and personality
Field of desirables
To study the model, Kerkoff and Davies
conducted a study using students in a
relationship for less than 18 months (short term)
with those in a relationship for over 18 months
(long term). Using self-report questionnaires, the
study found that attitude similarity was the most
important factor up to 18 months. However in the
long term couples complimenting each others
needs became the most important factor.
Based on the Filter Model…
Create a facebook profile for the
perfect match to Rebecca Smith.
Annotate the blank template with
your ideas. You MUST explain
your decisions in relation to the
Use phrases such as..
‘We’ve picked this because…’
‘This supports ____ filter...’
Get out your description of Rebecca’s partner from the
Reward/Need Satisfaction theory.
Compare the two.
1) Did you create two similar matches? Why or why not?
2) How do the two theories compare?
1) Look at these celebrity couples. Try to explain why their
relationship was formed according to the Filter Model. Write
your explanation on a post it note with the names of the
celebrities, and stick it on the board.