Unit 1
Cognitive
Psychology
(Memory)
“What is the
Cognitive
Approach?”

Miss Russell
What could be
the link between
the cognitive
approach and a
computer…?
Thinking Ladder…
How will I know if I am learning?
By the end of the lesson…
E

Will be able to define key terms of the
Cognitive Approach....
Cognitive Psychology
 Based

on computer metaphor i.e. we try to
understand the mind by comparing it to a
computer:

Inpu...
Cognitive Psychology
 The

information processing model is used by the
cognitive approach to explain how we receive,
inte...
Can you make the cogs turn?
Take each of the
cogs and assemble
them to make them
all turn.
The only rule is you
must use a...
Did you make the cogs turn?
How did you decide how to
put the cogs together?
List all the different mental
processes that ...
What are the mental processes
we use to ‘process’ information?
Process

Cog Task

Attention

Focus on the task and maintai...
Cognitive = Mental Processes
Cognitive refers to all these mental processes that
we use in order to make sense of the worl...
Cog Task
In the cog task what would be the input,
processing and output?
Input

Processing

Output

Storage
What would be ...
Task:
Complete the first three boxes on the
first page of your workbook on the
cognitive approach.
Summarise the approach,...
Cognitive Psychologists
Considering what you
have learned so far…
What might a
Cognitive
Psychologist do?
Cognitive Psychologist
• Believe that behaviour is influenced by our cognitions.
The way we behave is determined by how we...
Passing Notes..
 In

your teams your aim is to get a complete set of
correct notes without looking at your textbook or
wo...
Passing Notes..
Player 1: Write down what term ‘Cognition’ refers to.
Player 2 : Write down 3 examples of mental processes...
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  1. 1. Unit 1 Cognitive Psychology (Memory) “What is the Cognitive Approach?” Miss Russell
  2. 2. What could be the link between the cognitive approach and a computer…?
  3. 3. Thinking Ladder…
  4. 4. How will I know if I am learning? By the end of the lesson… E Will be able to define key terms of the Cognitive Approach. C Will be able to describe the Cognitive Approach and the role of a Cognitive Psychologist. A Will be able to explain how Cognitive Approach explains human behaviour.
  5. 5. Cognitive Psychology  Based on computer metaphor i.e. we try to understand the mind by comparing it to a computer: Input Processing Storage Output
  6. 6. Cognitive Psychology  The information processing model is used by the cognitive approach to explain how we receive, interpret information.  The information flows through the system from input to processing to output.  The human mind is seen as being similar to a computer (as an information processer).  We input information through a keyboard, the information is processed and can be stored on a hard drive. An output could be sound, print out or email.
  7. 7. Can you make the cogs turn? Take each of the cogs and assemble them to make them all turn. The only rule is you must use all of the cogs!
  8. 8. Did you make the cogs turn? How did you decide how to put the cogs together? List all the different mental processes that were involved?
  9. 9. What are the mental processes we use to ‘process’ information? Process Cog Task Attention Focus on the task and maintain attention. Language Communication & team work. Problem Solving Collate information to solve the problem. Memory Use stored memory of how cogs work. Perception Visualising. Your own personal outlook. Thinking Making sense of the problem.
  10. 10. Cognitive = Mental Processes Cognitive refers to all these mental processes that we use in order to make sense of the world. Simple tasks require many cognitive processes. What mental processes are involved when we cross the road and how do we use them?
  11. 11. Cog Task In the cog task what would be the input, processing and output? Input Processing Output Storage What would be the input, processing and output for crossing the road?
  12. 12. Task: Complete the first three boxes on the first page of your workbook on the cognitive approach. Summarise the approach, define any key terms and draw out the information processing diagram.
  13. 13. Cognitive Psychologists Considering what you have learned so far… What might a Cognitive Psychologist do?
  14. 14. Cognitive Psychologist • Believe that behaviour is influenced by our cognitions. The way we behave is determined by how we think. • Cognitive psychologists try to understand cognitive processes and suggest theories to help explain how we process information. • Cognitive psychologists are particularly interested in brain damaged patients, including those who have suffered trauma or brain tumours. • They will study the impaired parts of the brain and try and link this to any changes in behaviour, personality or mental ability.
  15. 15. Passing Notes..  In your teams your aim is to get a complete set of correct notes without looking at your textbook or workbook and without consulting each other.  Decide on an order in which each team member will have a turn.  The first team member starts with the paper and writes down the first required note. They fold over their answer and pass the note to the next nominated team mate. They write down the next note and fold theirs over and pass it on…. Etc.
  16. 16. Passing Notes.. Player 1: Write down what term ‘Cognition’ refers to. Player 2 : Write down 3 examples of mental processes that we use during every day tasks. Player 3: Draw the computer ‘information processing’ analogy. Player 4: Explain why the cognitive approach compares the human mind to a computer. Player 5: Explain one thing that a Cognitive Psychologist does. Player 6: Write down what kind of patients Cognitive Psychologists are interested in. Player 7: Write down why Cognitive Psychologists are interested in brain damaged patients.

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