How will I know if I am learning?
By the end of the lesson…
Will be able to define key terms of the
Will be able to describe the Cognitive
Approach and the role of a Cognitive
Will be able to explain how Cognitive
Approach explains human behaviour.
on computer metaphor i.e. we try to
understand the mind by comparing it to a
information processing model is used by the
cognitive approach to explain how we receive,
The information flows through the system from
input to processing to output.
human mind is seen as being similar to a
computer (as an information processer).
We input information through a keyboard, the
information is processed and can be stored on a
hard drive. An output could be sound, print out or
Can you make the cogs turn?
Take each of the
cogs and assemble
them to make them
The only rule is you
must use all of the
Did you make the cogs turn?
How did you decide how to
put the cogs together?
List all the different mental
processes that were
What are the mental processes
we use to ‘process’ information?
Focus on the task and maintain
Communication & team work.
Collate information to solve the
Use stored memory of how
Visualising. Your own personal
Making sense of the problem.
Cognitive = Mental Processes
Cognitive refers to all these mental processes that
we use in order to make sense of the world.
Simple tasks require many cognitive processes.
What mental processes are
involved when we cross the
road and how do we use
In the cog task what would be the input,
processing and output?
What would be the input, processing and
output for crossing the road?
Complete the first three boxes on the
first page of your workbook on the
Summarise the approach, define any
key terms and draw out the
information processing diagram.
Considering what you
have learned so far…
What might a
• Believe that behaviour is influenced by our cognitions.
The way we behave is determined by how we think.
• Cognitive psychologists try to understand cognitive
processes and suggest theories to help explain how
we process information.
• Cognitive psychologists are particularly interested in
brain damaged patients, including those who have
suffered trauma or brain tumours.
• They will study the impaired parts of the brain and try
and link this to any changes in behaviour, personality
or mental ability.
your teams your aim is to get a complete set of
correct notes without looking at your textbook or
workbook and without consulting each other.
Decide on an order in which each team member
will have a turn.
The first team member starts with the paper and
writes down the first required note. They fold over
their answer and pass the note to the next
nominated team mate. They write down the next
note and fold theirs over and pass it on…. Etc.
Player 1: Write down what term ‘Cognition’ refers to.
Player 2 : Write down 3 examples of mental processes that we use
during every day tasks.
Player 3: Draw the computer ‘information processing’ analogy.
Player 4: Explain why the cognitive approach compares the human
mind to a computer.
Player 5: Explain one thing that a Cognitive Psychologist does.
Player 6: Write down what kind of patients Cognitive Psychologists
are interested in.
Player 7: Write down why Cognitive Psychologists are interested in
brain damaged patients.