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How will I know if I am learning?
By the end of the lesson…
Will be able to identify evidence for the three
Will be able to describe the research
evidence and understand how it supports the
multi store model.
Will be able to evaluate the multi store model
using research evidence.
I will press the start button. You need to stare
at the blue cross on screen.
A table of 12 letters and numbers will appear
for 50 milliseconds (a blink of an eye).
You then need to write down as many of the
letters and numbers as you can.
Did you recall a larger percentage
of correct items when you had to recall
the whole grid or just one row?
What do you think this experiment is
What do you think it shows or
If you got approximately 3 items from the row,
that suggests that you took in 9+ from the whole
array...but they fade faster than you can write
Sperling conducted this experiment. Participants
saw a grid of digits for 50 milliseconds. They were
either asked to write down all 12 items, or that
they would hear a tone immediately after and
they would have to recall that particular row.
Whole Thing = 5 items recalled about 42%
One Row = 3 items recalled about 75%
Theoretically participants should have been able
to remember 4 items from a row, however
approximately only 3 were remembered.
This suggests that sensory memory cannot hold
information for long.
Information decays rapidly in the sensory store!
This supports the existence of a sensory store!
are about to see 20 words on the screen
They will appear one at a time
They will stay on screen for 3 seconds each.
You need to try and remember as many of these
words as you can.
Once the screen goes blank recall the words
This is a free recall test (any order)
SILENT AS YOU SEE THE WORDS AND RECALL
As we go through the results, shade in the squares
on the graph in your workbook. This is to show how
many people remembered each word.
1 square = 1 person!
Which words were recalled the most? Which
were recalled the least?
Look at the position of the words. Is there a link
between the position in the list and likelihood of
What could this suggest about memory?
Showed participants a list of 20 words, presented one at a
time and then asked them to recall.
does this support the
The primacy effect occurs because the first words are
best rehearsed and transferred to LTM.
The recency effect occurs because these are the last
words to be presented. Therefore they are fresh and in
STM at the start of recall.
Therefore this supports the STM Store and the importance
Now summarise in your workbook
5) How this supports the MSM
Complete the table in your workbook to show
which research supports which memory store in