How will I know if I am learning?
By the end of the lesson…
Will be able to define the parts of the model.
Will be able to describe the multi store
Will be able to explain how the parts link
together to explain memory.
Can you create the model??
Using the cards in front of you, try and
put the model together.
Think about what we know already
Be prepared to explain your decisions.
The sensory store is composed of
several stores – eyes, ears, nose,
fingers, etc and corresponding areas
of the brain.
These stores constantly receive
information but most of this receives
no attention and remains there for a
If attention is focused on this
information, then it will be transferred
to the next store… STM.
• Information here will disappear
(decay) if it isn’t rehearsed.
• Information will also disappear if
new information enters STM and
pushes out the original
information due to STM’s limited
capacity. This is called
• Recap: What’s the capacity
of STM again?
• Information is moved from STM to
LTM via rehearsal.
• Initially rehearsal just maintains the
information in STM but the more
something is rehearsed the lasting
the memory will be.
• This is called ‘maintenance
rehearsal’ which is verbal.
• Remember: LTM has an
Memory according to this
model is a series of three
separate stores. Attention
and rehearsal explain how
information flows through
the memory stores.
Use the materials around the
room to create your very
own representation (model)
of the Multi Store Model of
Be as creative as you like but
ensure that you consider how
you will represent:
1)The capacity of the stores.
2)The nature of the stores.
3)How information is
transferred between them.
In your workbooks, annotate the
diagram of the MSM to help you
understand how it works and explains
Pick one of the following practice exam questions to
1) Jamie wanted to contact his doctor. He looked up the
number in his telephone directory. Before he dialled the
number, he had a short conversation with his friend. Jamie
was about to phone his doctor, but he had forgotten the
Use your knowledge of the multi-store model to explain why
Jamie would not remember the doctor’s number. (4 marks)
2) The multi-store model of memory proposes that there are
separate short-term and long-term stores.
Explain two differences between short-term memory and
long-term memory in this model. (4 marks)
According to the MSM rehearsal is needed to keep
information in the STM or transfer it to LTM.
The conversation with his friend will prevent Jamie
from rehearsing the phone number.
Reference to the limited capacity and duration of
STM would also be relevant. Candidates may
explain one of these in reasonable detail or refer to
more than one more briefly.
1 mark for a very brief or muddled explanation e.g.
He can’t rehearse it. Further marks for elaboration.
Candidates are likely to identify capacity, duration
and encoding as ways in which STM and LTM differ.
Processes are acceptable e.g. putting information
into the stores or keeping information in the stores.
For each difference:1 mark for identifying the difference e.g. STM holds
less than LTM or LTM lasts longer than STM.
2nd mark for accurate elaboration eg the capacity
of STM is limited to 7 +/- 2 items whereas the
capacity of LTM is unlimited.