A Balanced Diet

Vitamins & Minerals
Fibre
Water
A Balanced Diet
L.O.1: Learn what a balanced diet is.
L.O.2: Learn what food groups contain
carbohydrates, proteins and fa...
Carbohydrates
Carbohydrates are the body’s main source of energy. They come in two kinds:

Simple carbohydrates (sugars)
T...
Foods Containing Carbohydrates
Rice

Breads

Fruit

Biscuits
Pasta

Breakfast
cereals

Potatoes
Root vegetables
Fats
Fats can be used for energy, but only when stores of carbohydrate run low.

However, lots of oxygen is required
to re...
Foods containing fats
Butter

Cooking oil

Margarine

Meat

Sausages

Cakes
Cream
Cheese
Foods containing proteins
Eggs

Meat

Fish

Lentils

Chick peas

Nuts
Proteins
• Proteins are very important in the body.

• Our muscles and other tissues are made from proteins.
• Protein is ...
Vitamins and Minerals
Your body needs vitamins and minerals to help it work normally.
Vitamins are needed for many functio...
Fibre

Fibre is required to aid the smooth working of our digestive system.

People who eat too little fibre often suffer ...
Water
The body is mainly composed of water.

Approximately 60% of an
adult’s weight and
approximately 80% of a child’s
wei...
Water
The more you exercise, the more water you should

drink.
Performers exercising in hot climates may need to drink
up ...
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  1. 1. A Balanced Diet Vitamins & Minerals Fibre Water
  2. 2. A Balanced Diet L.O.1: Learn what a balanced diet is. L.O.2: Learn what food groups contain carbohydrates, proteins and fats. Literacy: Use correct spelling of new vocabulary
  3. 3. Carbohydrates Carbohydrates are the body’s main source of energy. They come in two kinds: Simple carbohydrates (sugars) These can provide a lot of energy for immediate use, but not for long term use. Complex carbohydrates (starches) These are good sources of energy. They release their energy slowly. They are excellent sources of energy for athletes Starchy foods often also contain lots of useful vitamins, minerals and fibre.
  4. 4. Foods Containing Carbohydrates Rice Breads Fruit Biscuits Pasta Breakfast cereals Potatoes Root vegetables
  5. 5. Fats Fats can be used for energy, but only when stores of carbohydrate run low. However, lots of oxygen is required to release this energy. This means that energy can only be released slowly from fats. Fats supply the energy we need for endurance activities.
  6. 6. Foods containing fats Butter Cooking oil Margarine Meat Sausages Cakes Cream Cheese
  7. 7. Foods containing proteins Eggs Meat Fish Lentils Chick peas Nuts
  8. 8. Proteins • Proteins are very important in the body. • Our muscles and other tissues are made from proteins. • Protein is needed to help our muscles recover repair and grow after training or performing. Proteins are also needed by performers who are recovering from injury in order to repair damaged tissue.
  9. 9. Vitamins and Minerals Your body needs vitamins and minerals to help it work normally. Vitamins are needed for many functions including: releasing energy from food repair and growth of tissues resisting infection and disease regulating chemical reactions in the body. Fruit and vegetables contain a lot of vitamins.
  10. 10. Fibre Fibre is required to aid the smooth working of our digestive system. People who eat too little fibre often suffer from constipation and may run a higher risk of bowel cancer. Fruit, vegetables and wholegrain cereals are good sources of dietary fibre.
  11. 11. Water The body is mainly composed of water. Approximately 60% of an adult’s weight and approximately 80% of a child’s weight is made up of water. 60% It is vitally important that you drink enough water. Dehydration can seriously damage performance. 80%
  12. 12. Water The more you exercise, the more water you should drink. Performers exercising in hot climates may need to drink up to 2 litres of water per hour! If you lose too much water, you could become dehydrated which can cause illness and, in extreme cases, death. Being dehydrated can severely affect performance. Dehydration, equivalent to losing as little as 2% of body weight, can result in impaired performance responses.

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