Recap: Nature of Memory
Models of Memory
Learning Objectives:
(1) Outline the main features of the Multi-Store Model
of Memory
(2) Understand how ...
Models of Memory
of Memory
Models
LO: (1) Outline the main features of the MSM (2) Understand how this model
explains memo...
Models of Memory
LO: (1) Outline the main features of the MSM (2) Understand how this model
explains memory (3) Provide re...
Models of Memory
LO: (1) Outline the main features of the MSM (2) Understand how this model
explains memory (3) Provide re...
Models of Memory
LO: (1) Outline the main features of the MSM (2) Understand how this model
explains memory (3) Provide re...
Models of Memory
LO: (1) Outline the main features of the MSM (2) Understand how this model
explains memory (3) Provide re...
Models of Memory
LO: (1) Outline the main features of the MSM (2) Understand how this model
explains memory (3) Provide re...
Models of Memory
LO: (1) Outline the main features of the MSM (2) Understand how this model
explains memory (3) Provide re...
Models of Memory
LO: (1) Outline the main features of the MSM (2) Understand how this model
explains memory (3) Provide re...
Models of Memory
LO: (1) Outline the main features of the MSM (2) Understand how this model
explains memory (3) Provide re...
Models of Memory
LO: (1) Outline the main features of the MSM (2) Understand how this model
explains memory (3) Provide re...
Models of Memory
LO: (1) Outline the main features of the MSM (2) Understand how this model
explains memory (3) Provide re...
Models of Memory
LO: (1) Outline the main features of the MSM (2) Understand how this model
explains memory (3) Provide re...
Models of Memory
LO: (1) Outline the main features of the MSM (2) Understand how this model
explains memory (3) Provide re...
Models of Memory
LO: (1) Outline the main features of the MSM (2) Understand how this model
explains memory (3) Provide re...
Models of Memory
LO: (1) Outline the main features of the MSM (2) Understand how this model
explains memory (3) Provide re...
Models of Memory
LO: (1) Outline the main features of the MSM (2) Understand how this model
explains memory (3) Provide re...
Models of Memory
LO: (1) Outline the main features of the MSM (2) Understand how this model
explains memory (3) Provide re...
Models of Memory
LO: (1) Outline the main features of the MSM (2) Understand how this model
explains memory (3) Provide re...
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  1. 1. Recap: Nature of Memory
  2. 2. Models of Memory Learning Objectives: (1) Outline the main features of the Multi-Store Model of Memory (2) Understand how this model attempts to explain memory (3) Apply research in to the nature of memory to support the model’s main assumptions
  3. 3. Models of Memory of Memory Models LO: (1) Outline the main features of the MSM (2) Understand how this model explains memory (3) Provide research to support the model’s main assumptions How does memory work? Two models: - Multi Store Model of Memory (MSM) - Working Memory Model (WMM)
  4. 4. Models of Memory LO: (1) Outline the main features of the MSM (2) Understand how this model explains memory (3) Provide research to support the model’s main assumptions Main features of the MSM Atkinson & Shiffrin, (1968) *Three separate (unitary) stores
  5. 5. Models of Memory LO: (1) Outline the main features of the MSM (2) Understand how this model explains memory (3) Provide research to support the model’s main assumptions The Sensory Store ALL the information we experience enters the sensory store, but not all is attended to. Sperling (1960) demonstrated that: - We cannot control what enters our sensory store - We can actively select items in this store to be passed in to our STM by paying attention to them - The items that are not attended to are lost very quickly
  6. 6. Models of Memory LO: (1) Outline the main features of the MSM (2) Understand how this model explains memory (3) Provide research to support the model’s main assumptions The Sensory Store ALL the information we experience enters the sensory store, but not all is attended to. Capacity: Duration: Encoding: infinite very limited all modalities A&S proposed three separate stores to accommodate different kinds of input: (1) Iconic store – visual input (2) Echoic store – auditory input (3) Haptic store – tactile input
  7. 7. Models of Memory LO: (1) Outline the main features of the MSM (2) Understand how this model explains memory (3) Provide research to support the model’s main assumptions The Sensory Store What’s it for? According to Baddley (1988): it allows us to integrate visual information Alternatively: it acts as a filter
  8. 8. Models of Memory LO: (1) Outline the main features of the MSM (2) Understand how this model explains memory (3) Provide research to support the model’s main assumptions The MSM states that: STM is where information is initially stored. Capacity: limited Duration: limited Encoding: Mainly acoustic Information that we remember is held in LTM Capacity: unlimited Duration: potentially unlimited Encoding: Mainly semantic
  9. 9. Models of Memory LO: (1) Outline the main features of the MSM (2) Understand how this model explains memory (3) Provide research to support the model’s main assumptions
  10. 10. Models of Memory LO: (1) Outline the main features of the MSM (2) Understand how this model explains memory (3) Provide research to support the model’s main assumptions *Attention and rehearsal are needed to pass information from one store to another
  11. 11. Models of Memory LO: (1) Outline the main features of the MSM (2) Understand how this model explains memory (3) Provide research to support the model’s main assumptions *Explanations for forgetting are different for each store
  12. 12. Models of Memory LO: (1) Outline the main features of the MSM (2) Understand how this model explains memory (3) Provide research to support the model’s main assumptions Main features of the MSM • Structural model • STM & LTM are unitary stores • Information passes from store to store in a linear way • Rehearsal is needed to pass information from STM to LTM • Each store has its own characteristics in terms of encoding, capacity and duration • Explanations for forgetting are different for each store
  13. 13. Models of Memory LO: (1) Outline the main features of the MSM (2) Understand how this model explains memory (3) Provide research to support the model’s main assumptions What does MSM stand for?
  14. 14. Models of Memory LO: (1) Outline the main features of the MSM (2) Understand how this model explains memory (3) Provide research to support the model’s main assumptions Name the researchers who proposed the MSM
  15. 15. Models of Memory LO: (1) Outline the main features of the MSM (2) Understand how this model explains memory (3) Provide research to support the model’s main assumptions Outline one research study in to the duration of STM Operationalise the IV and DV in this experiment
  16. 16. Models of Memory LO: (1) Outline the main features of the MSM (2) Understand how this model explains memory (3) Provide research to support the model’s main assumptions What process allows information to be held in STM for longer than 20 seconds?
  17. 17. Models of Memory LO: (1) Outline the main features of the MSM (2) Understand how this model explains memory (3) Provide research to support the model’s main assumptions How is information passed from STM to LTM?
  18. 18. Models of Memory LO: (1) Outline the main features of the MSM (2) Understand how this model explains memory (3) Provide research to support the model’s main assumptions What process allows information to pass from sensory memory to STM?
  19. 19. Models of Memory LO: (1) Outline the main features of the MSM (2) Understand how this model explains memory (3) Provide research to support the model’s main assumptions Do you think the MSM is a good account of how memory works? Explain your answer
  20. 20. Models of Memory LO: (1) Outline the main features of the MSM (2) Understand how this model explains memory (3) Provide research to support the model’s main assumptions An interactive model: http://www.oxfordschoolblogs.co.uk/psychcompanio n/blog/wp-content/custom-uploads/3/start.html

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