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  • 1. Evaluation of attachment types: Match up the following statements: Validity A correlation of 0.94 was found (Ainsworth et al., 1978) Predictive validity Research supports the notion of distinctly different categories of attachment. Construct validity The extent to which the experiment measures what is intended to be measured i.e. agrees with the aims. Hazan & Shaver (1987) ‘Love Quiz’ Reliability Later relationships showed characteristics of early attachment types, therefore supporting Bowlby’s Theory.
  • 2. Research: Cooper et al; 2005. ‘The circle of security’. What is it and what were the findings? Design a leaflet which explains how caregivers might treat their babies to form the best attachments. Main and Weston (1981) found that children behave differently with each parent therefore how does this research validate the different attachment types? What is the difference between ‘The temperament hypothesis’ and ‘Sensitivity of the caregiver’? What are the findings of Ainsworth’s Maternal Sensitivity Scale?
  • 3. Evaluation of attachment types: ANSWERS Match up the following statements: Validity A correlation of 0.94 was found (Ainsworth et al., 1978) Predictive validity Research supports the notion of distinctly different categories of attachment. Construct validity The extent to which the experiment measures what is intended to be measured i.e. agrees with the aims. Hazan & Shaver (1987) ‘Love Quiz’ Reliability Later relationships showed characteristics of early attachment types, therefore supporting Bowlby’s Theory.
  • 4. Research: Cooper et al; 2005. ‘The circle of security’: A programme to help caregivers to respond/understand signals of distress in their babies. The project showed a decrease in the number of classified ‘disordered’ from 60% to 15% and an increase in infants classified as securely attached from 32% to 40% Design a leaflet which explains how caregivers might treat their babies to form the best attachments. Main and Weston (1981) found that children behave differently with each parent therefore how does this research validate the different attachment types? The research suggests that the classification of an attachment type may not be valid as it is only measuring the relationship between the two (baby and parent), rather than something that is internalised within the individual. What is the difference between ‘The temperament hypothesis’ and ‘Sensitivity of the caregiver’? Temperament hypothesis is referring to the temperament of the baby rather than the primary caregiver, meaning maybe the baby is innately unfriendly/clingy/insecure etc., Whereas the caregiver might not pick up on the babies needs and so respond slowly( or ignore) behaviours. What are the findings of Ainsworth’s Maternal Sensitivity Scale? Mothers of securely attached babies were more sensitive, accepting, cooperative and accessible. Mothers of insecurely attached babies were more unresponsive to crying and less affectionate. Mothers of resistant infants tended to be occupied with routine activities when holding the infant.