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  • 1. TYPO TALLY: TASK TIME: 10 MINS STARTER: Correlations WORDSEARCH REVIEW: THINKING ABOUT LITERACY… The key termsI need to know the definition are… COVARIABLE:_____________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________________
  • 2. TYPO TALLY: TASK TIME: 5 MINS WEEK5: CORRELATIONS OBJECTIVES: 1. Describethecorrelational methods used in psychological research. 2. PC-Evaluatethe correlational methods used in psychological research. OUTCOMES: TARGET GRADE ___ ASSESSING YOUR PROGRESS Before you start the lesson do you know already know how to OUTLINE…? CIRCLE ONE WHAT CORRELATION MEANS? Y / N WHAT A COVARIABLE IS? Y / N WHAT A POSITIVE RELATIONSHIP MEANS? Y / N WHAT IS A NEGATIVE RELATIONSHIP MEANS? Y / N HOW TO CONSTRUCT A SCATTERGRAPH? Y / N STRETCH AND CHALLENGE WHAT ARE THE STRENGTHS AND WEAKNESSES OF CORRELATIONAL RESEARCH? Y / N Homework: Complete Revision resources for the psychological concepts from the lesson. This will be checked by teacher in next lesson. Must (GRADE D students): Create revision resources that outlinecorrelational methods Create revision resources that P-Evaluatecorrelational methods Attempt to answer the ‘identify/ outline’ questions; with extra guidance from the teacher how to structure your answer. Should (GRADE C students): Create revision resources that describecorrelational methods Create revision resources that PE-Evaluatecorrelational methods Attempt to answer the ‘describe/ evaluate’ questions; with extra guidance from the teacher on how to structure your answer. Could (GRADE A/B students): Create revision resources that describecorrelational methods Create revision resources that PEW-Evaluatecorrelational methods Attempt to answer the ‘describe/ evaluate’ questions; with no extra guidance from the teacher how to structure your answer. STRETCH AND CHALLENGE: Work with a student who is using a less advanced resource sheet and tutor them as they create their revision resources Attempt the questions using ONLY the revision resources you created, and NONE of the information sheets.
  • 3. TASK TIME: 30 + 10 MINS TASK ONE: Constructing revision resources on the topics of correlations By the end of this task you should be able to: TARGET TASK _______ MUST (Grade E/D): Create revision cards that outline the key points of correlational data analysis Create revision resources that P-Evaluatecorrelational methods SHOULD (Grade C): Create revision cards that describe the key points of correlational data analysis Create revision cards that PEevaluate correlational data analysis COULD (Grade A/B): Create revision cards that describe the key points of correlational data analysis Create revision cards that PEW evaluate correlational data analysis CORRELATIONAL ANALYSIS GRADE E/D: Outline and P Evaluate Outline the term ‘correlation’ A correlation is how 2 number measurements relate. It is a research technique that looks for relationships such as ‘as x increases so does y’ or ‘as x increases y decreases’ Outline the term positive correlation A positive correlation is a relationship between 2 number measurements. It suggests as participants’ scores on the first measurement increases so do their scores on the second measurement. Outline the term negative correlation A negative correlation is a relationship between 2 number measurements. It suggests as participants’ scores on the first measurement increases their scores on the second measurement decrease. Correlations on a graph Identifyone strength and one weakness of a correlation study. One strength of a correlation study is it allows psychologists to identify relationships between things. One weakness of a correlation study is it does not show which variable is the cause and which variable is affected by it. GRADE C: Describe and PE Evaluate
  • 4. Describe the term ‘correlation’ A correlation is how 2 number measurements relate. It is a research technique that looks for relationships such as ‘as x increases so does y’ or ‘as x increases y decreases’. A correlation is often used in self-reports and observations as a way of collecting data. Correlations do not tell a psychologist which variable is the cause and which is the effect, it simply states that they have a relationship. Describe the term positive correlation A positive correlation is a relationship between 2 number measurements. It suggests as participants’ scores on the first measurement increases so do their scores on the second measurement. A positive relationship can be strong, average or weak. A strong relationship suggests that the two variables increase at almost exactly the same rate. A weak relationship suggests that the two variables increase but at different rates. Describe the term negative correlation A negative correlation is a relationship between 2 number measurements. It suggests as participants’ scores on the first measurement increases their scores on the second measurement decrease. A relationship can be strong, average or weak. A strong relationship suggests that the variable that increases increases at the same rate as the variable that decreases. A weak relationship suggests one variable increases and the other decreases but at different rates. Outline one strength and one weakness of a correlation study One strength of a correlation study is it allows psychologists to identify relationships between things. This is a strength as knowing variables are related can lead to useful applications in everyday life. A simple example is there is a positive relationship between the number of hours you revise and the number of marks you get on a psychology exam. One weakness of a correlation study is it does not show which variable is the cause and which variable is affected by it. This is a weakness as psychologists try to isolate causes of behaviour and alter them to improve them. A simple example is intelligence and learning. If a person spends more hours studying then their IQ should increase, but it could also be likely that a person has a high IQ they may want to spend more time studying. GRADE A / B: Describe and PEW Evaluate
  • 5. Describethe term ‘correlation’ A correlation is how 2 number measurements (co-variables) relate. It is a research technique that looks for relationships such as ‘as x increases so does y’ or ‘as x increases y decreases’. A correlation is often used in self-reports and observations as a way of collecting data. Correlations do not tell a psychologist which variable is the cause and which is the effect, it simply states that they have a relationship. Describe the term positive correlation A positive correlation is a relationship between 2 number measurements. It suggests as participants’ scores on the first measurement increases so do their scores on the second measurement. A positive relationship can be strong, average or weak. A strong relationship suggests that the two variables increase at almost exactly the same rate. A weak relationship suggests that the two variables increase but at different rates. Describe the term negative correlation A negative correlation is a relationship between 2 number measurements. It suggests as participants’ scores on the first measurement increases their scores on the second measurement decrease. A relationship can be strong, average or weak. A strong relationship suggests that the variable that increases increases at the same rate as the variable that decreases. A weak relationship suggests one variable increases and the other decreases but at different rates. Discussone strength and one weakness of a correlation study One strength of a correlation study is it allows psychologists to identify relationships between things. This is a strength as knowing variables are related can lead to useful applications in everyday life. A simple example is there is a positive relationship between the number of hours you revise and the number of marks you get on a psychology exam. In the Dement and Kleitman study there was a positive relationship between eye movement and dream content. This allowed them to identify that dreaming is connected to REM sleep. One weakness of a correlation study is it does not show which variable is the cause and which variable is affected by it. This is a weakness as psychologists try to isolate causes of behaviour and alter them to improve them. A simple example is intelligence and learning. If a person spends more hours studying then their IQ should increase, but it could also be likely that a person has a high IQ they may want to spend more time studying. In the Dement and Kleitman study, horizontal movement of eyes during rem was identified as being associated with dream content such as watch 2 people throw tomatoes at each other. Identifying a relationship does not say whether dreams cause rem sleep or rem causes dreaming. This is very vague. TASK TWO: Outcome Review
  • 6. Circle one of the outcomes that shows your PROGRESS in this activity (CIRCLE ONE) MUST SHOULD COULD NONE EVIDENCE OF PROGRESS: Using the revision resources you created, can you…? 1. OUTLINE WHAT A CORRELATION MEANS IN PSYCHOLOGY? Y / N _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ 2. DESCRIBE WHAT A NEGATIVE CORRELATION MEANS? Y / N _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ 3. OUTLINE WHAT ARE THE STRENGTHS AND WEAKNESSES OF A CORRELATION? Y / N _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ ASSESSING PROGRESS: did you show OBVIOUS progress in this activity? YES I COMPLETED MY TARGET TASK AND LEARNED SOMETHING NEW I MADE SOME PROGRESS AS I LEARNED SOMETHING NEW BUT DID NOT COMPLETE MY TARGET TASK I DID NOT MAKE ANY PROGRESS AS I HAVE NO EVIDENCE OF NEW UNDERSTANDING TYPO TALLY: TASK TIME: 35 MINS
  • 7. TASK TWO: Answer exam questions on CORRELATIONAL methods By the end of this task you should be able to: TARGET TASK ________ MUST (Grade E/D): Answer ‘IDENTIFY AND OUTLINE’ exam questions with help from the teacher on how to structure the answers. SHOULD (Grade C/B): Answer ‘DESCRIBE AND EVALUATE’ exam questions with help from the teacher on how to structure the answers. COULD (Grade A): Answer ‘DESCRIBE AND EVALUATE’ exam questions with no help from the teacher on how to structure the answers. CORRELATIONAL methods Synoptic study Psychologists want to investigate if there is a relationship between how interested a person is in cars and their driving skills. GRADE E/D: IDENTIFY AND OUTLINE QUESTIONS 1. identify the co-variables for this study [2] 2. Describe a positive correlation that could be found for this study [3] 3. Describe a negative correlation that could be found for this study [3] 4. The psychologist decides to rate a persons interest in cars on a scale of 1 to 10 and a person’s driving skill on a rating of 1 to 10. Construct a suitable graph to show results he could have collected [4] GRADE C TO A: DESCRIBE AND EVALUATE QUESTIONS 1. Describe one strength and 1 weakness of using a correlationin this study [6] 2.Stretch and challenge: Describe and evaluate an appropriate procedure for the synoptic study [10] Typo grade: __ TASK TIME: 5 MINS
  • 8. PLENARY: OUTCOME REVIEW TARGET GRADE PROGRESS The outcome you achieved today was… Must (Grade E/D): Tick Create revision cards that outline the key points of correlations □ Create revision cards that P-evaluate correlations □ Answer ‘IDENTIFY &OUTLINE’ exam questions with help from the teacher on how to structure answers. □ Should (Grade C/B): Create revision cards that describe the key points of correlations □ Create revision cards that PE-evaluatecorrelations □ Answer ‘DESCRIBE & EVALUATE’ exam questions with help from the teacher □ Could (Grade A): Create revision cards that describe the key points of correlations □ Create revision cards that PEW-evaluatecorrelations □ Answer ‘DESCRIBE AND EVALUATE’ exam questions with no help from theteacher □ EVIDENCE OF PROGRESS COULD YOU ANSWER THE PROGRESS QUESTIONS BEFORE THE LESSON? YES ALL OF QUESTIONS SOME OF THE QUESTIONS NONE OF THE QUESTIONS CAN YOU ANSWER THE PROGRESS QUESTIONS AT THE END OF THE LESSON? WHAT CORRELATION MEANS? Y / N WHAT A COVARIABLE IS? Y / N WHAT A POSITIVE RELATIONSHIP MEANS? Y / N WHAT IS A NEGATIVE RELATIONSHIP MEANS? Y / N HOW TO CONSTRUCT A SCATTERGRAPH? Y / N STRETCH AND CHALLENGE WHAT ARE THE STRENGTHS AND WEAKNESSES OF CORRELATIONAL RESEARCH? Y / N DID YOU MAKE OBVIOUS PROGRESS? YES AS I HAVE LEARNED SOMETHING NEW NO AS I HAVE NOT LEARNED SOMETHING NEW IMPROVING ON YOUR PROGRESS DO YOU NEED A TUTORIAL ON THIS TOPIC? YES / NO Yes I need to arrange a tutorial with the teacher to progress further on this topic □ Yes I need to arrange a tutorial with another student to progress further on this topic □

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