1.
TYPO TALLY: TASK TIME: 10 MINS
STARTER: Correlations
WORDSEARCH REVIEW: THINKING ABOUT LITERACY…
The key termsI need to know the definition are…
COVARIABLE:_____________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________
2.
TYPO TALLY: TASK TIME: 5 MINS
WEEK5: CORRELATIONS
OBJECTIVES:
1. Describethecorrelational methods used in psychological research.
2. PC-Evaluatethe correlational methods used in psychological research.
OUTCOMES: TARGET GRADE ___
ASSESSING YOUR PROGRESS
Before you start the lesson do you know already know how to OUTLINE…? CIRCLE ONE
WHAT CORRELATION MEANS? Y / N
WHAT A COVARIABLE IS? Y / N
WHAT A POSITIVE RELATIONSHIP MEANS? Y / N
WHAT IS A NEGATIVE RELATIONSHIP MEANS? Y / N
HOW TO CONSTRUCT A SCATTERGRAPH? Y / N
STRETCH AND CHALLENGE
WHAT ARE THE STRENGTHS AND WEAKNESSES OF CORRELATIONAL RESEARCH? Y / N
Homework:
Complete Revision resources for the psychological concepts from the lesson. This will be checked
by teacher in next lesson.
Must (GRADE D students):
Create revision resources that outlinecorrelational methods
Create revision resources that P-Evaluatecorrelational methods
Attempt to answer the ‘identify/ outline’ questions; with extra guidance from the teacher how to structure your
answer.
Should (GRADE C students):
Create revision resources that describecorrelational methods
Create revision resources that PE-Evaluatecorrelational methods
Attempt to answer the ‘describe/ evaluate’ questions; with extra guidance from the teacher on how to structure
your answer.
Could (GRADE A/B students):
Create revision resources that describecorrelational methods
Create revision resources that PEW-Evaluatecorrelational methods
Attempt to answer the ‘describe/ evaluate’ questions; with no extra guidance from the teacher how to structure
your answer.
STRETCH AND CHALLENGE:
Work with a student who is using a less advanced resource sheet and tutor them as they create their revision
resources
Attempt the questions using ONLY the revision resources you created, and NONE of the information sheets.
3.
TASK TIME: 30 + 10 MINS
TASK ONE: Constructing revision resources on the topics of correlations
By the end of this task you should be able to: TARGET TASK _______
MUST (Grade E/D):
Create revision cards that outline the key points of correlational data analysis
Create revision resources that P-Evaluatecorrelational methods
SHOULD (Grade C):
Create revision cards that describe the key points of correlational data analysis
Create revision cards that PEevaluate correlational data analysis
COULD (Grade A/B):
Create revision cards that describe the key points of correlational data analysis
Create revision cards that PEW evaluate correlational data analysis
CORRELATIONAL ANALYSIS
GRADE E/D: Outline and P Evaluate
Outline the term ‘correlation’
A correlation is how 2 number measurements relate. It is a research technique that looks for relationships
such as ‘as x increases so does y’ or ‘as x increases y decreases’
Outline the term positive correlation
A positive correlation is a relationship between 2 number measurements. It suggests as participants’ scores
on the first measurement increases so do their scores on the second measurement.
Outline the term negative correlation
A negative correlation is a relationship between 2 number measurements. It suggests as participants’ scores
on the first measurement increases their scores on the second measurement decrease.
Correlations on a graph
Identifyone strength and one weakness of a correlation study.
One strength of a correlation study is it allows psychologists to identify relationships between things.
One weakness of a correlation study is it does not show which variable is the cause and which variable is
affected by it.
GRADE C: Describe and PE Evaluate
4.
Describe the term ‘correlation’
A correlation is how 2 number measurements relate. It is a research technique that looks for relationships
such as ‘as x increases so does y’ or ‘as x increases y decreases’. A correlation is often used in self-reports
and observations as a way of collecting data. Correlations do not tell a psychologist which variable is the
cause and which is the effect, it simply states that they have a relationship.
Describe the term positive correlation
A positive correlation is a relationship between 2 number measurements. It suggests as participants’ scores
on the first measurement increases so do their scores on the second measurement. A positive relationship
can be strong, average or weak. A strong relationship suggests that the two variables increase at almost
exactly the same rate. A weak relationship suggests that the two variables increase but at different rates.
Describe the term negative correlation
A negative correlation is a relationship between 2 number measurements. It suggests as participants’ scores
on the first measurement increases their scores on the second measurement decrease. A relationship can be
strong, average or weak. A strong relationship suggests that the variable that increases increases at the
same rate as the variable that decreases. A weak relationship suggests one variable increases and the other
decreases but at different rates.
Outline one strength and one weakness of a correlation study
One strength of a correlation study is it allows psychologists to identify relationships between things. This is a
strength as knowing variables are related can lead to useful applications in everyday life. A simple example is
there is a positive relationship between the number of hours you revise and the number of marks you get on
a psychology exam.
One weakness of a correlation study is it does not show which variable is the cause and which variable is
affected by it. This is a weakness as psychologists try to isolate causes of behaviour and alter them to
improve them. A simple example is intelligence and learning. If a person spends more hours studying then
their IQ should increase, but it could also be likely that a person has a high IQ they may want to spend more
time studying.
GRADE A / B: Describe and PEW Evaluate
5.
Describethe term ‘correlation’
A correlation is how 2 number measurements (co-variables) relate. It is a research technique that looks for
relationships such as ‘as x increases so does y’ or ‘as x increases y decreases’. A correlation is often used in
self-reports and observations as a way of collecting data. Correlations do not tell a psychologist which
variable is the cause and which is the effect, it simply states that they have a relationship.
Describe the term positive correlation
A positive correlation is a relationship between 2 number measurements. It suggests as participants’ scores
on the first measurement increases so do their scores on the second measurement. A positive relationship
can be strong, average or weak. A strong relationship suggests that the two variables increase at almost
exactly the same rate. A weak relationship suggests that the two variables increase but at different rates.
Describe the term negative correlation
A negative correlation is a relationship between 2 number measurements. It suggests as participants’ scores
on the first measurement increases their scores on the second measurement decrease. A relationship can be
strong, average or weak. A strong relationship suggests that the variable that increases increases at the
same rate as the variable that decreases. A weak relationship suggests one variable increases and the other
decreases but at different rates.
Discussone strength and one weakness of a correlation study
One strength of a correlation study is it allows psychologists to identify relationships between things. This is a
strength as knowing variables are related can lead to useful applications in everyday life. A simple example is
there is a positive relationship between the number of hours you revise and the number of marks you get on
a psychology exam. In the Dement and Kleitman study there was a positive relationship between eye
movement and dream content. This allowed them to identify that dreaming is connected to REM sleep.
One weakness of a correlation study is it does not show which variable is the cause and which variable is
affected by it. This is a weakness as psychologists try to isolate causes of behaviour and alter them to
improve them. A simple example is intelligence and learning. If a person spends more hours studying then
their IQ should increase, but it could also be likely that a person has a high IQ they may want to spend more
time studying. In the Dement and Kleitman study, horizontal movement of eyes during rem was identified as
being associated with dream content such as watch 2 people throw tomatoes at each other. Identifying a
relationship does not say whether dreams cause rem sleep or rem causes dreaming. This is very vague.
TASK TWO: Outcome Review
6.
Circle one of the outcomes that shows your PROGRESS in this activity (CIRCLE ONE)
MUST SHOULD COULD NONE
EVIDENCE OF PROGRESS: Using the revision resources you created, can you…?
1. OUTLINE WHAT A CORRELATION MEANS IN PSYCHOLOGY? Y / N
_______________________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________________
2. DESCRIBE WHAT A NEGATIVE CORRELATION MEANS? Y / N
_______________________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________________
3. OUTLINE WHAT ARE THE STRENGTHS AND WEAKNESSES OF A CORRELATION? Y / N
_______________________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________________
ASSESSING PROGRESS: did you show OBVIOUS progress in this activity?
YES I COMPLETED MY TARGET TASK AND LEARNED SOMETHING NEW
I MADE SOME PROGRESS AS I LEARNED SOMETHING NEW BUT DID NOT
COMPLETE MY TARGET TASK
I DID NOT MAKE ANY PROGRESS AS I HAVE NO EVIDENCE OF NEW
UNDERSTANDING
TYPO TALLY: TASK TIME: 35 MINS
7.
TASK TWO: Answer exam questions on CORRELATIONAL methods
By the end of this task you should be able to: TARGET TASK ________
MUST (Grade E/D):
Answer ‘IDENTIFY AND OUTLINE’ exam questions with help from the teacher on how to structure the answers.
SHOULD (Grade C/B):
Answer ‘DESCRIBE AND EVALUATE’ exam questions with help from the teacher on how to structure the
answers.
COULD (Grade A):
Answer ‘DESCRIBE AND EVALUATE’ exam questions with no help from the teacher on how to structure the
answers.
CORRELATIONAL methods
Synoptic study
Psychologists want to investigate if there is a relationship between how interested a
person is in cars and their driving skills.
GRADE E/D: IDENTIFY AND OUTLINE QUESTIONS
1. identify the co-variables for this study [2]
2. Describe a positive correlation that could be found for this study [3]
3. Describe a negative correlation that could be found for this study [3]
4. The psychologist decides to rate a persons interest in cars on a scale of 1 to 10 and a person’s
driving skill on a rating of 1 to 10. Construct a suitable graph to show results he could have collected [4]
GRADE C TO A: DESCRIBE AND EVALUATE QUESTIONS
1. Describe one strength and 1 weakness of using a correlationin this study [6]
2.Stretch and challenge: Describe and evaluate an appropriate procedure for the synoptic study [10]
Typo grade: __ TASK TIME: 5 MINS
8.
PLENARY: OUTCOME REVIEW
TARGET GRADE PROGRESS
The outcome you achieved today was…
Must (Grade E/D): Tick
Create revision cards that outline the key points of correlations □
Create revision cards that P-evaluate correlations □
Answer ‘IDENTIFY &OUTLINE’ exam questions with help from the teacher on how to structure answers. □
Should (Grade C/B):
Create revision cards that describe the key points of correlations □
Create revision cards that PE-evaluatecorrelations □
Answer ‘DESCRIBE & EVALUATE’ exam questions with help from the teacher □
Could (Grade A):
Create revision cards that describe the key points of correlations □
Create revision cards that PEW-evaluatecorrelations □
Answer ‘DESCRIBE AND EVALUATE’ exam questions with no help from theteacher □
EVIDENCE OF PROGRESS
COULD YOU ANSWER THE PROGRESS QUESTIONS BEFORE THE LESSON?
YES ALL OF QUESTIONS SOME OF THE QUESTIONS NONE OF THE QUESTIONS
CAN YOU ANSWER THE PROGRESS QUESTIONS AT THE END OF THE LESSON?
WHAT CORRELATION MEANS? Y / N
WHAT A COVARIABLE IS? Y / N
WHAT A POSITIVE RELATIONSHIP MEANS? Y / N
WHAT IS A NEGATIVE RELATIONSHIP MEANS? Y / N
HOW TO CONSTRUCT A SCATTERGRAPH? Y / N
STRETCH AND CHALLENGE
WHAT ARE THE STRENGTHS AND WEAKNESSES OF CORRELATIONAL RESEARCH? Y / N
DID YOU MAKE OBVIOUS PROGRESS?
YES AS I HAVE LEARNED SOMETHING NEW NO AS I HAVE NOT LEARNED SOMETHING NEW
IMPROVING ON YOUR PROGRESS
DO YOU NEED A TUTORIAL ON THIS TOPIC? YES / NO
Yes I need to arrange a tutorial with the teacher to progress further on this topic □
Yes I need to arrange a tutorial with another student to progress further on this topic □
Clipping is a handy way to collect and organize the most important slides from a presentation. You can keep your great finds in clipboards organized around topics.
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