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1. 1. 2012M. ReynoldsPsychologyAS levelExam date: 10thJanuary 2013Investigation designMethods and techniquesData analysis and presentationPSYA1: Research Methods(workbook)
2. 2. Name: If found please return to F48!Welcome to research methods. This is the workbook we’ll be using for this topic. Usethe books to improve your knowledge, if you don’t catch something in class look it upin your text book.Wherever you see “key words” make sure you have noted down the meaning of theword!Aims and hypotheses (p90-93)Key words:HypothesisAimExperimentVariableExperimental hypothesisAlternative hypothesisA hypothesis is......The different types of hypothesis are:1. .2. .3. .1.2.3.
3. 3. Name: If found please return to F48!One tailedhypothesis.Directionalhypothesis.Hypothesis has adefinite direction – theoutcome/direction ispredicted.Ppts will recallmore trigrams inthe visualinterference group.Two tailedhypothesis.Non-directionalhypothesis.Hypothesis has nodefinite direction. Theresults could turn outeither way.There will be adifference in therecall of trigramsfor ppts in thevisual interferencegroup.Null hypothesis. Hypothesis is veryprecise stating thatnothing will happen.There will be nodifference in therecall of trigrams inthe visualinterference group.What does it mean to make variables operationalised?Internal validity VS external validity. Explain the difference.What are the three types of validity?Activity: Answer questions 2-5 on p94.
5. 5. Name: If found please return to F48!Key wordsIndependent variable______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________Dependent variable______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________Extraneous variable______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________Define the key words shown above.What kinds of extraneous variables do we encounter?Explain the term “demand characteristics” and how it affects psychologicalexperiments.Investigator effects are......
6. 6. Name: If found please return to F48!Single blind technique is when you________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________Double blind technique is when you_________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________SamplingName the three types of sample:Type ofsamplingDefinition Method Population validityRandomOpportunityVolunteer
7. 7. Name: If found please return to F48!EthicsWhat 9 aspects of ethics does the BPS (British Psychological Society) cover?1.2.3.4.5.6.7.8.9.The main ethical issues in psychology revolve around deception, informed consentand protection of participants.Explain these issues:DeceptionInformed consentProtection ofparticipants
8. 8. Name: If found please return to F48!What methods can we use to try and deal with these issues?DeceptionInformed consentProtection of participantsActivity: answer questions 12-14 on p103Choosing a research method