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### Resourcd File

1. 1. G541Psychological InvestigationsQuiz!
2. 2. 1. An experiment where theindependent variable is notmanipulated by the experimenter.a) Quasi experimentb) Field experimentc) Controlled observation
3. 3. 2. When the two groups / conditionsin an experiment consist of the sameindividuals.a) Independent measures designb) Repeated measures designc) Matched pairs design
4. 4. 3. A statement to be tested, predictsthere will be a relationship betweentwo variables.a) Correlational hypothesisb) Null hypothesisc) Experimental hypothesis
5. 5. 4. A variable which has anunintentional effect on the dependentvariable.a) Confounding variableb) Extraneous variablec) Independent variable
6. 6. 5. High values of one variable areassociated with low values of theother.a) Positive correlationsb) Negative correlationc) No correlation
7. 7. 6. Any method which involves askingthe participant a question of someform.a) Self-reportb) Observationc) Experiment
8. 8. 7. A type of observational study wherethe observer is also a participant in theactivity being studied.a) Naturalistic observationb) Covert observationc) Participant observation
9. 9. 8. The group of people from whom thesample is drawn.a) Target populationb) Stratified samplec) Random sample
10. 10. 9. Every member of the target population has anequal chance of being chosen to participant inthe study.a) Stratified sampleb) Random samplec) Opportunity sample
11. 11. 10. This involves alternating the order inwhich participants do the conditions of theexperiment to avoid order effects.a) Independent measures designb) Counterbalancingc) Repeated measures design
12. 12. 11. Stating a clear way that the independentvariable is going to be manipulated and thedependent variable is to be measureda) Operationalising variablesb) Procedurec) Design
13. 13. 12. Refers to how consistent ameasuring device is.a) Reliabilityb) Validityc) Ethnocentrism
14. 14. 13. A study carried out over a veryshort period of time such as hours anddays.a) Snap-shot studyb) Longitudinal studyc) Observational study
15. 15. 14. Predicts a difference between two variables but notthe direction or in terms of correlational analysis itdoes not predict either a positive or negativecorrelation.a) Directional/one-tailed hypothesisb) Non-directional/two-tailed hypothesisc) Null hypothesis
16. 16. 15. Is this an alternate or a null hypothesis?“There will be no significant difference betweengirls and boys in their performance in this quiz.”a) Alternateb) Null
17. 17. 16. Is this a one-tailed or a two-tailedhypothesis?“Students who spend time revising will achievesignificantly higher grades in their exams thanthose who spend time updating their Facebookstatus.”a)One-tailedb)Two-tailed
18. 18. 17. What experimental design involves participantscompleting only one condition of the experiment?
19. 19. 18. What research method involvesresearchers watching and recordingbehaviour?
20. 20. 19. What research method involvesfocusing on an individual or small group?
21. 21. 20. Which term refers to how well a study canbe related to or reflects everyday, real life?
22. 22. 21. Which term refers to participantswanting to portray themselves in a goodlight?
23. 23. 22. What type of study is carried outover a long period of time such asweeks, months or years?
24. 24. 23. What is the name given to asmaller version of a study carriedout before the main research?
25. 25. 24. Define inter-rater reliability
26. 26. 25. Identify one way youcan improve the validity of anobservation?
27. 27. 26. How is the mean calculated?
28. 28. 27. True or False: In correlations,no conclusions about cause andeffect can be drawn.a)Trueb)False
29. 29. 28. What type of data consists ofnumerical values?a)Qualitativeb)Quantitative
30. 30. 29. Identify 1 strength of thecorrelational method.
31. 31. 30. Identify 1 strength & 1 weaknessof laboratory experiments.
32. 32. 31. Identify 1 strength of self-report method.
33. 33. 32. Which of the following is aclosed question?a) How are you getting on with your psychologyrevision?b) Do you like psychology?c) Are mock exams helpful?d) Do you like psychology? Yes or No
34. 34. 33. Which of the following is anopen question?a) How are you getting on with yourpsychology revision?b) Do you like psychology? Yes or Noc) Are you good at psychology? Yes or Nod) What grade do you hope to get: A B C D E
35. 35. 34. What is meant by the term‘observer bias’?a) Observers may interpret the behaviours tosuit their aimsb) Participants may not behave naturallyc) Participants may find out they are beingobservedd) Observers acting unethically
36. 36. 35. What is the name given to thevariable measured by theexperimenter?a)Dependent variableb)Confounding variablec)Independent variabled)Co-variable
37. 37. 36. Which of the followingCANNOT be concluded fromcorrelation research?a) How one variable affects anotherb) The strength of the relationship between twovariablesc) The direction of a relationship between twovariablesd) The relationship between two variables
38. 38. 37. Which of the following is adefinition of a negative correlation?a) As one variable increases so does the otherb) As one variable increases, the otherdecreasesc) One variable causes a change in the otherd) A significant result
39. 39. 38. Which of the following is acorrelation hypothesis?a) Time of day will affect scores on a psychology testb) Chewing gum will affect scores on a psychology testc) There will be a relationship between students’ self-assessment of ability in psychology and their testscoresd) Students who do 3 hours of revision every night willdo better than those who do no revision
40. 40. 39. Why is observational researchso difficult to replicate?a) It is expensiveb) It is almost impossible to find the samesituation againc) It takes so much timed) It is no worth it
41. 41. 40. Which of the following is adefinition of the experimentalmethod?a) Measuring two variablesb) Manipulating one variable to see its effect onanother variablec) Categorising behaviourd) Asking questions
42. 42. 41. How can you obtain a randomsample?
43. 43. 42. Name 5 ethical issuesa)b)c)d)e)
44. 44. 43. Using a coding system todocument behaviour every time ithappens is an example of what typeof sampling?
45. 45. 44. You have been asked toproduce a questionnaireinvestigating the relationshipbetween stress and health. Suggesthow each variable could bemeasured.
46. 46. 45. Evaluate (strength & weakness)the validity of the measurement ofone of the variables from question44.
47. 47. 46. Define structured observation.
48. 48. 47. Describe how to calculate themedian.
49. 49. 48. Define participant variable.
50. 50. 49. Define situational variable.
51. 51. 50. Correlations range from:_____ to _____