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Water and Wastewater Mangement in India 2010 - Sample
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Water and Wastewater Mangement in India 2010 - Sample

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Water is one of the most invaluable resources of nature and increasing water consumption is leading to its depletion. Various sectors across India are rapidly increasing and are actively contributing …

Water is one of the most invaluable resources of nature and increasing water consumption is leading to its depletion. Various sectors across India are rapidly increasing and are actively contributing to the pollution of surface as well as groundwater. This calls for the active need of water management. Although water has been one of the most thriving and important issues amongst the government concerns, the private players are actively granting their support to market efficient techniques and equipments to manage water. The wastewater treatment market in India is growing at 20% and techniques like watershed management, rainwater harvesting, desalination, filtration, river-interlinking, effluent treatment and sewage treatment are finding huge importance in major cities which are the major contributors to water pollution in India.

The report begins with an overview of water situation and consumption structure in India across various sectors namely, agriculture, domestic and industries showing the growth in water consumption across the masses in India. This is followed by a section which depicts the amount of wastewater generated across sectors and the level of degradation.
It also highlights the lakes and water bodies that are under threat of depleting and being polluted.

The market overview section gives the size and growth of the wastewater treatment market and shows the various techniques of water and wastewater treatment. It also gives an in-depth analysis of the various techniques and their status in India. The characteristics and trends in the market have been analyzed and include increasing urbanization, initiatives taken at the corporate level, initiatives of various research and training institutes, increasing licensing agreements, various summits and seminars, initiatives for consumer awareness and public private partnerships. A brief analysis of the issues/challenges hindering growth are also highlighted including policy failures and institutional weaknesses, coordination and technological loopholes, multiplicity of organizations and inadequacy in generation of revenue to meet costs.

Various government bodies and programmes as well as initiatives by the NGOs that have been actively involved in conserving water and regulating its consumption and pollution have been showcased.

The competitive landscape provides a look into the nature of the market and the activities of the players and the level of competition between them. It also compares the private players according to the products and services provided by them. Brief profile with short description of the major domestic and foreign players is also included. Furthermore, key developments in the market over the last one year have also been highlighted.

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  • 1. Water and Wastewater Management – India July 2010
  • 2. Executive Summary Water management comprises of 7 techniques – Watershed management, rainwater harvesting, desalination, effluent treatment, filtration, river-interlinking projects and sewage treatment Market Growing concerns over depletion of water resources and increasing consumption of water across various sectors are driving the immediate need for water management LE Increasing urbanization Various summits and seminars Initiatives taken at corporate level Initiatives for consumer awareness P Characteristics Initiatives of various research and Public private partnerships and Trends training institutes Issues & S M Increasing licensing agreements A Policy failures and institutional weaknesses Coordination and technological loopholes Challenges Multiple government organizations Inadequacy in generation of revenue to meet costs Regulatory framework for water management and conservation of water resources by Central Govt. Bodies, Pollution Control Board on National and State level basis with assistance from MoWR Programmes & Mission 1, 2, 3, 4 and 5 have been efficient initiatives to implement wastewater treatment plants NGOs NGOs like NGO 1, NGO 2 have helped the players and Govt. Water treatment industry is highly fragmented with many large, medium and small players concentrated in major cities of India Competition However, many foreign water management companies are foraying into India with efficient technologies and consulting services WATER AND WASTEWATER MANAGEMENT IN INDIA 2010.PPT 2
  • 3. •Water Situation & Consumption •Water Pollution in India •Water Management – Market Overview •Characteristics and Trends •Issues and Challenges •Government Bodies, Programmes & NGOs •Competition •Key Developments WATER AND WASTEWATER MANAGEMENT IN INDIA 2010.PPT 3
  • 4. Growing needs amongst sectors for water is leading to immense pressure on the countries water resources Water in India – Overview Water Consumption in India • Traditionally, India has been endowed with large Annual Precipitation freshwater reserves, but increasing population and Y Tr lts. Total Reserves: X tr litres overexploitation of surface and groundwater over the P% LE years has resulted in water scarcity in some regions Non-Usable Water Q% Domestic • Rainwater has been a predominant source of water P Industrial for the sectors dependant on it M Utilizable • India is the second largest water consuming country B tr lts Water A in the world, after Country 1 A tr lts R% Agriculture S • Government and State Boards have not shown enough concern over storing water and even the wetlands are under being threatened by pollutants • Sectors dependant on water in India are exhibiting C tr lts Un-utilizable Water massive growth leading to greater demand for water • Domestic and industrial sectors are projected to Water consumption constitute a growing share of the total water amongst sectors is consumption between 2000 and 2025 expected to reach X%, • Regional disparities in reserves and replenishment are Y% and Z% respectively by 2025 expected to intensify water scarcity in the country • Growth of the Indian economy is driving increased water usage across sectors Note: Total Usable water = Utilizable water + Un-utilizable water Source: WATER AND WASTEWATER MANAGEMENT IN INDIA 2010.PPT 4
  • 5. Improper treatment and collection of wastewater has led to water pollution which is creating serious problems for India Wastewater Generation – Overview Sector Wastewater generation, 20-- • Wastewater is increasing significantly and with lack of MM litres/day Treated proper measures for treatment and management, the A Untreated existing Freshwater reserves are being polluted LE X% • Collection systems exist for only about A% of B wastewater through sewer line and treatment capacity exists for about C mn litre/day • This also contributes to spread of major water borne MP Y% P% A diseases like cholera, diarrhoea, typhoid, Hepatitis A Q% etc. • Increase in agro-chemical use has contributed significantly to the pollution of both surface and groundwater resources from the agricultural sector S Domestic Industrial Domestic Wastewater Generation, 20-- C MM litres/day Current pesticide use is ~P mn tones Treated • Un-sewered sanitation, mine drainage discharge, tank E% Untreated and pipeline leakage, accidental spills, landfill disposals, solid & hazardous wastes are some of the key reasons for pollution F% D • State 1 treats less than half of the X MM liters of H% G% wastewater it generates every day Class I cities Class II cities Class I cities: Population> AB; Class II cities: Population between BC – CD There is a large gap between generation, collection and treatment of wastewater There is a large gap between generation, collection and treatment of wastewater Source: WATER AND WASTEWATER MANAGEMENT IN INDIA 2010.PPT 5
  • 6. India is a growing market for water management services Overview Market Size – Wastewater Treatment • Wastewater treatment involves collection of sewage and effluent segregated by sectors and treating it INR bn through various techniques to reuse the water for A% D LE 70 different purposes C 60 • With the already limited water resources depleting P rapidly, and increasing demand for consumption has fostered the immediate need M 50 40 B SA • Many industries have been forced to adopt water recycling systems due to the scarcity of water • Growing public concern, media pressure and renewed legislation have left industries with little option but to install water treatment equipment 30 20 10 0 2007 2008 2009e • X water treatment segment is one of the most important sectors for players in the market Wastewater Treatment Water Treatment Techniques Techniques River- Watershed Rainwater Effluent Sewage Desalination Filtration interlinking Management Harvesting Treatment Treatment projects Source: WATER AND WASTEWATER MANAGEMENT IN INDIA 2010.PPT 6
  • 7. Watershed development projects are an efficient tool to manage all the natural resources including water Water Treatment Waste Water Treatment Watershed Management Progress of NWDPRA • Watershed is a water and land area which contributes to No. of Area Treated Expenditure runoff to a common point and comprises of a catchment area, Plan Period Watersheds (000’ ha.) (INR bn) command area and a delta area VIII A E J • Scheme of National Watershed Development Project for IX B F K LE Rainfed Areas (NWDPRA) was launched in 19XX-XX in A States and B Union Territories based on twin concepts of integrated X C G L P watershed management and sustainable farming systems XI (end of II D H M • Currently, it is implemented as a programme of Centrally quarter) States and Y UTs SAM Sponsored Scheme of Macro Management of Agriculture in X • National Rainfed Area Authority (NRAA) in accordance with the Planning Commission formed “Common Guidelines for Watershed Development Projects” which are applicable to all Project Management Phases watershed development projects in all Departments/Ministries of India Phase X Phase Y Phase Z • Financing pattern of NWDPRA programme is: A:B of Central & State Govt. X-Y yrs A-B yrs C-D yrs X% grant and Y% loan to the States For North Eastern States it is Z% grant S% of Budget T% of Budget U% of Budget • Many resource organizations and partnerships have been developed on the state level to support this mechanism The remaining X% of Budget is accounted for by administrative, monitoring and evaluation costs Source: WATER AND WASTEWATER MANAGEMENT IN INDIA 2010.PPT 7
  • 8. Characteristics and Trends - Summary Increasing Urbanization Initiatives taken at the corporate level Initiatives of various research and training institutes Characteristics and Trends` Increasing Licensing agreements Various summits and seminars Initiatives for Consumer awareness Public Private Partnerships WATER AND WASTEWATER MANAGEMENT IN INDIA 2010.PPT 8
  • 9. Issues & Challenges – Summary Inadequacy in generation of Policy failures and institutional revenue to meet costs weaknesses Issues & Challenges Multiple government Coordination & technological organizations loopholes WATER AND WASTEWATER MANAGEMENT IN INDIA 2010.PPT 9
  • 10. Pollution control boards are responsible for prevention and control of water pollution Ministry of Environment and Forest (MoEF) Central Pollution Control Board X State Pollution Control Board (CPCB) (SPCB) • CPCB in collaboration with concerned SPCBs/PCCs established a nationwide network of water quality monitoring stations LE • It has set up X stations in Y States and Z Union Territories P • The monitoring is done on monthly or quarterly basis in surface waters and on half yearly basis in case of ground water • The monitoring network covers A rivers, B lakes, C tanks, D ponds, E creeks, F canals, G drains and H wells among the A groundwater stations S M stations, B are on rivers, C on lakes, D on drains, E on canals, F on tanks, G on creeks, H on ponds and J are A • CPCB also operates “W System” to monitor pollution in costal areas Water quality- monitoring network System 1 System 2 Plan 3 Source: WATER AND WASTEWATER MANAGEMENT IN INDIA 2010.PPT 10
  • 11. Players are scattered in regions across India, primarily focusing on major cities in India Overview Geographical Presence •The industry is highly fragmented and unorganized in nature •It can be split into thee categories: Large Players N Medium Sized Players State 1 LE Small Players which are over X in number P •The government sector is primarily involved in the raw water treatment and the X treatment M E operations W A State 5 On the other hand, the private industrial sector S State 2, 3 ,4 includes equipments for clarification, sludge treatment, aeration, disinfection and filtration •In the last few years, many international majors have also entered the market S State 6, 7 •Indian manufacturers are also looking at export towards building their presence in the overseas markets Treatment plants are being exported to the Major plants and players are concentrated in these regions wherein they provide their services Country 1 and Country 2 Source: WATER AND WASTEWATER MANAGEMENT IN INDIA 2010.PPT 11
  • 12. Major Domestic Players (1/12) Players Locations Business Description Company 1 • State 2 • A water management engineering company that undertakes and executes turnkey solutions for water and waste water management • Provides water solutions for X, Y, Z and A properties • Specializes in providing: B Plants, C Plants - with X Technology, Y systems for Treated Trade Effluent / Treated Z utilizing Ultra Filtration and Z, S /M Water systems, Process Effluent Treatment Plants • It also offers services including consultancy in Environment Impact Assessment (EIA), Environmental Management Plans (EMP) and Water Audits etc. Company 2 • State 1 • Established in 20-- • Is an Environmental Engineering Company involved in conducting EIA studies, executing wastewater treatment projects on turnkey basis and undertaking operation and maintenance of wastewater treatment plants • Provides X plants, Y plants and Z plants based on A Source: Company websites SAMPLE Note: This list is not exhaustive WATER AND WASTEWATER MANAGEMENT IN INDIA 2010.PPT 12
  • 13. Thank you for the attention The Water and Waste Water Management – India report is part of Research on India’s Cleantech Industry Series. For more detailed information or customized research requirements please contact: Gagan Uppal Gaurav Kumar Phone: +91 96191 00122 Phone: +91 98303 09715 E-Mail: gagan.uppal@netscribes.com E-Mail: gaurav.kumar@netscribes.com Research on India is a product of Netscribes (India) Pvt. Ltd. Research on India is dedicated to disseminating information and providing quick insights on “hot” industries in India and other emerging markets. Track our new releases and major updates in these industries on About Netscribes Netscribes is a knowledge-consulting and solutions firm with clientele across the globe. The company’s expertise spans areas of investment & business research, business & corporate intelligence, content-management services, and knowledge-software services. At its core lies a true value proposition that draws upon a vast knowledge base. Netscribes is a one-stop shop designed to fulfil clients’ profitability and growth objectives. Disclaimer: This report is published for general information only. Although high standards have been used the preparation, Research on India, Netscribes (India) Pvt. Ltd. or “Netscribes” is not responsible for any loss or damage arising from use of this document. This document is the sole property of Netscribes (India) Pvt. Ltd. and prior permission is required for guidelines on reproduction. WATER AND WASTEWATER MANAGEMENT IN INDIA 2010.PPT 13