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Market Research India - Higher Education Market in India 2009
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Market Research India - Higher Education Market in India 2009

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Market Research India - Higher Education Market in India 2009 Market Research India - Higher Education Market in India 2009 Presentation Transcript

  • Higher Education ‐Higher Education IndiaAugust 2009
  • Executive Summary  Higher education space is regulated by University Grants Commission (UGC)   Market valued at USD 6.5 bn in 2008;  Expected to grow at 12% p.a. to USD 10.3 bn Market  77% of the institutes in higher education are privately owned  Engineering is the predominant course offered by colleges in India Engineering is the predominant course offered by colleges in India  Fundamental shortcomings in the higher education space  Low Gross Enrolment Ratio   Low public spending on higher education Current   Not‐for‐profit mandate of the government and the approach adopted by private players Not for profit mandate of the government and the approach adopted by private players Scenario  Lack of co‐operation between public and private sector  Lack of large players in the market   Introduction of National Commission For Higher Education and Research (NCHER) as the apex  regulatory body in education regulatory body in educationGovernment   Foreign Educational Institutions Bill of 2007 Initiatives  Provisions for higher education under the 11th Five Year Plan  Passing of the Right of Children to Free and Compulsory Education Bill  GGrowing middle class with the ability to afford a private education i iddl l i h h bili ff d i d i  India’s demographic advantagesFundamental   India: Services dominated economy Drivers  Poor perception towards alternative education streams  Growing private players due to large demand‐supply gap  Expenditure on foreign education  HIGHER EDUCATION – INDIA.PPT 2
  • •Education System in India•Market Overview•Current Scenario•Fundamental Drivers•Government Initiatives•Competition•Key Developments•Key Developments•Appendix HIGHER EDUCATION – INDIA.PPT 3 View slide
  • Indian education system comprises of formal and informal  network of educational institutes Indian Education System Formal Education System Informal Education System Higher  Coaching  Vocational  Schools (K12) Pre‐ Schools Education* Classes Training Multimedia  Public  Private Public  Private in schools  Books and colleges • Under the purview of the Ministry of Human Resource  Development • Higher education comprises graduate/ diploma/  • Informal Education system is free of any regulations professional courses regulated by University Grants  • Not governed by any regulatory body Commission (UGC)  • Professional colleges must operate as not‐profit institutes  set up under a Trust/ SocietyNote: * Graduate and Post‐graduate courses HIGHER EDUCATION – INDIA.PPT 4 View slide
  • Major developments over the years has allowed India to have a well structured regulatory system in place University Education Commission constituted in 1948 UGC established by an Act of Parliament in 1956 UGC established by an Act of Parliament in 1956 Establishment of National Council of Education Research and Training in 1961 Indira Gandhi National Open University (IGNOU) established by an Act of Parliament in 1985 In 1988, the AICTE bill made AICTE the statutory body for planning and development of technical education NCTE vested with statutory status by an Act of Parliament in order to educate teachers in 1993 Establishment of National Assessment and Accreditation Council to access and accredit HEIs in 1994 In 2004, Education Cess levied for raising additional funds. EDUSAT, a satellite dedicated to education, launched In 2009, the government plans on introducing the Foreign Education Bill allowing FDI inflow in higher education HIGHER EDUCATION – INDIA.PPT 5
  • Indian higher education is decentralized with separate councils responsible for the regulation of different institutions Ministry of Human  Resource Development Department of Higher  University Grants  Education Commission (UGC) All India Council of  Indian Council for  Dental Council of India  Bar Council of India Technical Education  Agricultural Research  Medical Council of  di l il f National Council for  i l il f Pharmacy  Council of  h il f India  Teacher Education  India  Central Council of  Central Council of India Nursing Council  Council of Architecture  Rehabilitation Council  Homeopathy  Distance Education  State Councils of Higher  Central Council for  Council  Council Education Indian Medicine  HIGHER EDUCATION – INDIA.PPT 6
  • University Grants Commission is the major regulatory body for education in India and receives assistance from various councils University Grants Commission (UGC) • Responsible for the coordination, determination and maintenance of standards of teaching, examination and research in universities • Manages the disbursement of grants obtained from the central government • Monitors developments in the field of collegiate and university education • Constantly advises the Union and State governments on development measures that can be undertaken to improve the higher education system Central Government  Major  Bodies • Provides grants to UGC • Establishes central universities • Responsible for the declaration of education institutions as ‘Deemed to be University’ on the  recommendation of the UGC State Government  • Establishes State Universities and colleges • Provides plan grants for development and non‐plan grants for maintenance of these State  institutions The Central Advisory Board of Education acts as a bridge allowing for coordination and cooperation between  The Central Advisory Board of Education acts as a bridge allowing for coordination and cooperation between the Union and the States with respect to education  HIGHER EDUCATION – INDIA.PPT 7
  • Major Councils (1/5) All India Council of Technical Education (AICTE)  • Establishes, maintains and regulates the norms and standards in technical education • Its purview includes training and research in engineering, technology, architecture, town p g g g gy planning, management, pharmacy, applied arts and crafts, hotel management and catering technology • Comprises of various bureau’s namely: Faculty Development, Undergraduate Education, Postgraduate Education and Research, Quality Assurance, Planning and Co‐ordination, Research and Institutional Development Administration Finance and Academic Bureau Development, Administration, Major  Council Medical Council of India (MCI)  s • Maintains uniform standards in medical education for undergraduate and postgraduate  programmes • Responsible for recognition/de‐recognition of medical qualifications of medical institutions  in India or those beyond the purview MCI (foreign institutions)  • Registers doctors (permanent/provisional) with recognized medical qualifications Indian Council for Agricultural Research (ICAR)  • Apex body coordinating, guiding and managing research and education in agriculture  including horticulture, fisheries and animal sciences HIGHER EDUCATION – INDIA.PPT 8
  • Major Councils (2/5) National Council for Teacher Education (NCTE)  • Established as a statutory body in 1995 under the National Council for Teacher Education Act, 1993 • Plans and coordinates development of the teacher education system in India • Its mandate includes equipping teachers to teach at pre‐primary, primary, secondary and senior secondary stages in schools, and non‐formal education, part‐time education, adult education and distance (correspondence) education courses Major  Council s Dental Council of India (DCI)  • Established as a statutory body in 1949 under an Act of Parliament ‐ the Dentists Act, 1948 • Maintains uniform standards of dental education for undergraduate and postgraduate levels  Its roles includes the inspections/visitations of existing Dental Colleges. They must be consulted during  the establishment of new colleges, increase of seats and during the introduction of new P.G. courses  • Prescribes the standard curricula and examinations to be conducted during the training  programme HIGHER EDUCATION – INDIA.PPT 9
  • Major Councils (3/5) Pharmacy Council of India (PCI)  • Established as a statutory body with the passage of the Pharmacy Act in 1948 g g p g • It regulates graduate level education programmes in Pharmacy y • Its functions include   Maintaining a uniform education standard  Prescribing minimum standard of education required for qualifying as a pharmacist  Setting conditions for the establishment of new pharmacy institutions  Institutions require their approval regarding the study material and examination pattern   Major   Approves qualifications granted outside the territories to which the Pharmacy Act extends i.e. the  Council approval of foreign qualification s  Maintains the Central Register of Pharmacists Indian Nursing Council (INC)  • Established under the Indian Nursing Council Act, 1947 of parliament • Establishes and monitors a uniform standard of nursing education for nurses midwife, Auxiliary Nurse‐Midwives and health visitors Nurse Midwives • Responsible for the registration of Indian and Foreign Nurses possessing foreign qualification • Prescribes the syllabus & regulations for Nursing programs • Power to withdraw the recognition of qualification from an institution maintaining low standards t d d HIGHER EDUCATION – INDIA.PPT 10
  • Major Councils (4/5) Bar Council of India (BCI)  • Established under the Advocates Act, 1961 as the Apex Body for regulating the legal  profession as well as supervise the standard of legal education in India • Promote legal education and maintains standards in consultation with the Universities in  India and the State Bar Councils Central Council of Homeopathy (CCH)  Major  • Established by the adoption of The Homoeopathic Central Council Bill in 1973 Council • Maintains uniform standards of education in Homoeopathy  s • Registers all practitioners of Homoeopathy in order to maintain the quality of services  provided • Regulates diploma, degree, graduate and post graduate courses • Establishes minimum requirements for the development of such educational institutions Central Council for Indian Medicine (CCIM)  Central Council for Indian Medicine (CCIM) • Established in 1971 under the Indian Medicine Central Council Act • Prescribes minimum standards of education in Indian Systems of Medicine with regard to   Ayurved, Siddha, Unani Tibb • Advises the Central Government in matters relating to recognition (inclusion/withdrawal) g g ( ) • Maintains a Central Register on Indian Medicine which is constantly updated HIGHER EDUCATION – INDIA.PPT 11
  • Major Councils (5/5) Council of Architecture • Established under the provisions of the Architects Act in 1972 p g p p g • Responsible for the regulation of education and practice of the profession throughout India • The Council overseas the registration of architects, standards of education, recognized  qualifications and standards of practice to be complied with by the practicing architects • Empowered to make recommendations to the Government of India with regard to  recognition and de‐recognition of a qualification Major  Distance Education Council  Council s • Develops a network of open universities/distance education institutions across India  • Establishes an innovative system of University level education by creating an open and Establishes an innovative system of University level education by creating an open and  flexible system with regard to courses offered, eligibility for enrolment, age of entry and  examination system  • Identifies  specific client groups and the types of programmes to be organized  • Decides on the basis upon with financial assistance is received by open universities/ distance Decides on the basis upon with financial assistance is received by open universities/ distance  education institutions  • Co‐ordinates and develops instruction material and designs the fee structure • Sets‐up a Review Committee to asses the performance of various institutions • Oversees procedures and practices of admission evaluation completion of course Oversees procedures and practices of admission, evaluation, completion of course  requirements and transfer of credits HIGHER EDUCATION – INDIA.PPT 12
  • •Education System in India•Market Overview•Current Scenario•Fundamental Drivers•Government Initiatives•Competition•Key Developments•Key Developments•Appendix HIGHER EDUCATION – INDIA.PPT 13
  • The education industry in India has been growing strongly with major contributions from K‐12 and higher education segmentsOverview Total Education Market Size and Growth• The education industry in India is valued at USD 50  bn in 2008 USD bn +12% 80 80• It is expected to grow at a 12% CAGR to USD 80 bn by  70 63 2012 60 50 56• Current public spending on education in India is ~  40 3.5% of GDP 20  Central government accounts for 15% of the total Central government accounts for 15% of the total  expenditure while State government accounts for 85% 0• India’s literacy rate stands at 61% 2008 2009e 2010e 2011e 2012eHigher Education Segmented Education Industry (USD 50 bn) Total Expenditure (USD 20 bn) K-12 20% Higher Education Informal Education 40% Foreign  Foreign Indian institutions  Capitation Fee*  institutions  (USD 6.5 bn) (USD 1.5bn)  (USD 12 bn) 40% *Note: Capitation fee are cash transaction between students and  institutes giving the student direct admission without  any evaluation procedure HIGHER EDUCATION – INDIA.PPT 14
  • The higher education market is expected to develop further due to large scale private and public participationOverview Higher Education Market Size and Growth• The expenditure on higher education in India is  estimated to be USD 6.5 bn in 2008 USD bn 12 +12%• Expected to grow at 12% CAGR to reach USD 10.3 bn  10.3 10 9.2 by 2012 8.2 8 7.3 6.5• Private institutions have been focusing on the area of  6 professional courses like engineering and medical as  4 well as post graduation courses like MBA well as post graduation courses like MBA 2  Private set‐ups account for ~50% of the total medical seats  0 and ~80% of the engineering seats available to students 2008 2009e 2010e 2011e 2012eGrowth in Higher Education Institutions Market Segmentation ‘000 Private Institutes Engineering 23%25 Public Institutes MBA +9% 20.6720 18.81 Medical 17.20 15.75 Others15 14.50 14 50 77% 13.30 11.14 12.15105 1.5% 75.0% 16.7%0 7.8% 2000-01 01-02 02-03 03-04 04-05 05-06 06-07 07-08 HIGHER EDUCATION – INDIA.PPT 15
  • The institutes located in southern and western India account for  the largest intake..  Master of  Bachelor  Master of  Bachelor of  Master of  Bachelor of  Master of  Region  States Engineering/  of  Business  Engineering Pharmacy Architecture Architecture Technology Pharmacy Administration  Andhra Pradesh Andhra Pradesh 170897 19320 15160 625 310 80 10158 Karnataka 58977 12627 10176 2117 360 NA 21270 Kerala 83470 4599 NA NA 180 NA 3960 SOUTH Orissa 20810 3526 1005 416 116 NA 3724 Pondicherry 3201 304 NA NA NA NA 240 Tamil Nadu 132562 28605 2490 906 300 NA 20370 Gujarat G j 16276 1642 NA NA 220 60 540 WEST Maharashtra 76070 9178 7705 1062 NA NA 12225 Rajasthan 25021 2509 2880 390 120 NA 6620 Chhattisgarh 11520 538 NA NA 40 NA 300 CENTRAL Jharkhand 3100 242 60 30 NA NA 180 Madhya Pradesh 52100 4191 NA NA 140 NA 4080NOTE: Data refers to the intake of students for 2008‐09  All States in India have not been covered HIGHER EDUCATION – INDIA.PPT 16
  • .. of students in the higher education sector Master of  Bachelor  Master of  Bachelor of  Master of  Bachelor of  Master of  Regions States Engineering/  of  Business  Engineering Pharmacy Architecture Architecture Technology Pharmacy Administration  Delhi 5708 1499 216 58 138 345 1280 Haryana 34630 3340 2040 106 74 NA 6085 Himachal Pradesh 2010 282 670 NA NA NA 630 NORTH Jammu & Kashmir J &K h i 2995 438 30 NA NA NA 600 Punjab 22286 3192 NA NA NA NA 1740 Uttar Pradesh 68367 2140 NA NA 210 210 4480 Uttarakhand 3660 312 NA NA NA NA 300 Arunachal Pradesh 180 78 NA NA NA NA NA Assam 1190 351 100 20 NA NA 180 EAST Bihar 2075 324 45 NA 22 NA 730 West Bengal 19408 3289 730 84 54 NA 2425NOTE: Data refers to the intake of students for 2008‐09  All States in India have not been covered HIGHER EDUCATION – INDIA.PPT 17
  • •Education System in India•Market Overview•Current Scenario•Fundamental Drivers•Government Initiatives•Competition•Key Developments•Key Developments•Appendix HIGHER EDUCATION – INDIA.PPT 18
  • Summary Fundamental shortcomings in the higher education space Low Gross Enrolment Ratio Low public spending on higher education Current  Scenario ` Lack of co‐operation between the government and the private sector  Mandate of the government and the approach adopted by private players Lack of large players in the market HIGHER EDUCATION – INDIA.PPT 19
  • Fundamentally, this segment is encompassed by bureaucracy and inefficiency which is deterring growthFundamental shortcomings in the higher education space• The regulatory bodies for higher education in India are perceived to be extremely corrupt and with bureaucratic  complexities ingrained in them• The situation is a case of over‐regulation but under‐governance• This makes the entry of new players and the expansion of operations for existing players difficult• Involvement of politicians with respect to ownership and the large scale lucrative cash transactions due to the shortage  of quality institutes has led to sub‐standard education being imparted to students of quality institutes has led to sub standard education being imparted to students  75% of the educational institutes in Maharashtra are operated by politicians• The curriculum for various professional courses is outdated and is incomparable to global standards• Examination system looks at testing a students capabilities at memorizing information rather than application of the Examination system looks at testing a students capabilities at memorizing  information rather than application of the  discipline learnt• Focus has always been on mechanical learning with minimal inclination towards developing a link with industrial  applications of the subject• Most institutions lack a good faculty which is primarily due to the lack of incentives and the meager salary earned by  teachers in comparison to their counterparts around the world• This is an oversubscribed sector, consisting of many small institutions, with most colleges providing low quality  education which is thus unable to lead to employment generation   80% of the graduates in general streams (B.Sc./ B.A.) are unemployable which has made students weary of enrolling into  professional courses HIGHER EDUCATION – INDIA.PPT 20
  • India’s low gross enrolment ratio provides opportunity for new and existing players in the marketLow Gross Enrolment Ratio (GER)• India has the third largest volume of enrollments in higher education, after China and the US• However, India’s GER compares poorly to its global counterparts • Furthermore, high dropout rates in primary education has affected the enrolments in higher education   Grade 1‐5 : 29%; Grade 6‐8: 50%; Grade 9‐12: 62%• The planning commission is targeting a GER of 15.5% by 2012 which is an increase from 11% in 2008  National Knowledge Commission has recommended that the Government will need to establish ~1500 universities to  meet their GER target t th i GER t t  The expenditure required in higher education will have to increase to 1.5% of the GDP from the existing level of 0.7%• This translates into a huge potential for about 22 mn students enrolling in higher education institutions by  2012 Enrolment GER (2008) GER (2008) mn % 60% 25 +16% 22.0 60 20 18.6 40% 16.1 15 13.9 40 12.0 10 21% 20 11% 5 0 0 2007‐08 2007 08 08‐09 08 09 09‐10 09 10 10‐11 10 11 11‐12 11 12 India BRIC Developed  US & Canada Developed US & Canada European Countries  HIGHER EDUCATION – INDIA.PPT 21
  • Public expenditure focussing on primary education has led to an underdeveloped higher education sectorLow public spending on higher education• Public spend on education in India amounts to ~5.2% of the world’s cumulative public spend, but India is  home to 20% of the population in the target group• The investment in the higher education sector increased from 0.67% of the total GDP in FY07 to 0.7% of the  total GDP in FY08 • The share of higher education expenditure as a percentage of total education expenditure has  declined to   19.1% in FY08 from 19.4% in FY06• L k f hi h Lack of higher education infrastructure has made it extremely difficult for India to act as a hub for  d ti i f t t h d it t l diffi lt f I di t t h bf professional education   The current higher education infrastructure can admit only 7‐8% of the college‐age students  India attracts ~ 20,000 foreign students yearly, whereas China attracts more than 0.15 mn students annually• Even though public expenditure on education has been rising the investment per student is one of the Even though public expenditure on education has been rising, the investment per student is one of the  lowest among other major countries Annual public expenditure on higher education per student USD 15,00015 000 11,790 9,62910,000 8,502 4,830 3,986 5,000 2,728 1,024 406 0 Malaysia USA UK Japan  Brazil China Russia India HIGHER EDUCATION – INDIA.PPT 22
  • Lack of co‐operation between government and private sector entities has hampered public private partnerships  The ‘not‐for profit’ policy of the government has drastically affected scalability in this sector  Issue leading to lack of public private partnerships • Real Estate/Infrastructure partnerships – Building new institutions can be used by private  players in order to generate third party revenue • Technical Partnerships – Link between industries and educational institutions in order to  impart skills in accordance with the needs of the industries addressing the large  i t kill i d ith th d f th i d t i dd i th l employability gap  Media Institute with studio facilitiesOpportunities  Fashion Institute in partnership with a leading retail brand  Engineering college in a tie up with an IT Product company Engineering college in a tie up with an IT Product company • Commercial Partnerships – Creating a self sustaining revenue generation stream which  would fund various capacity building initiatives within educational institutions • Foreign University Partnerships – Collaboration with foreign institutes and universities  towards ensuring high quality education meeting global standards • The unavailability of large scale commercial return has led to an untapped market which  Impact has strong potential HIGHER EDUCATION – INDIA.PPT 23
  • Private players are working around the governments policies towards generating profits and disbursing dividendsMandate of the government and the approach adopted by private players• The ‘not for‐profit’ mandate of the government towards the establishment of institutions requires  educational institutions to operate as a Society or a Public Trust wherein the profits accrued must be  invested back into the institution with no scope of a profit sharing model i t d b k i t th i tit ti ith f fit h i d l• This has acted as a deterrent for major corporates from investing in this segment  Multi‐layered regulatory approach in this industry has led to 80% of opportunities in the formal education space to be  elusive to commercial activity• Players in the industry are addressing this challenge by using a two‐level structural approach in order to Players in the industry are addressing this challenge by using a two level structural approach in order to  extract profits accumulated by the Trust through an indirect channel Revenue Channel 1: The payment of lease rentals to S1 which provides land, services and infrastructure to the trust 1 Subsidiary 1 (S1) Tuition Fee Trust: non‐profit body generating a Parent Company surplus Teachers Salary Subsidiary (S2) S b idi (S2) Trust need not be directly related  to the subsidiaries 2 Revenue Channel 2: The payment of management fees to S2 which operates the trust providing IP/ content and management services such as content, delivery, canteen, transportation, text books etc.• This allows players to distribute dividends or use it to fund other ventures towards scaling up operations HIGHER EDUCATION – INDIA.PPT 24
  • In comparison with international markets, India lacks large players due to domestic policiesLack of large players in the market• In comparison to the US which boasts of some of the largest private players in the globe such as Apollos or  Devrys  India lags considerably with the largest private player being namely Manipal University Comparison of revenue figures USD mn 3,000 3 000 2,700 2 700 2,000 993 1,000 180 0 Apollo Devyrs Manipal  University Manipal University• The governments mandate which requires these establishments to operate as not‐for‐profit trusts coupled  with over‐regulation by various bodies has not created any incentive for players to enter or expand  operations towards generating high revenues• The infrastructure required to develop a higher education institute is very capital extensive which deters  players from entering and expanding operations  A medical college requires an investment of ~ USD 5 bn • Long gestation period is a major problem. It has been estimated that it takes approximately 6 years to build  brand equity in this space HIGHER EDUCATION – INDIA.PPT 25
  • •Education System in India•Market Overview•Current Scenario•Fundamental Drivers•Government Initiatives•Competition•Key Developments•Key Developments•Appendix HIGHER EDUCATION – INDIA.PPT 26
  • Summary Growing middle class with the ability to afford a private education Demographic advantages India: Services dominated economy Drivers ` Poor perception of alternative education streams Growing private players due to large demand‐supply gap High expenditure on foreign education  HIGHER EDUCATION – INDIA.PPT 27
  • The rising income levels among the middle class coupled with their willingness to spend on education will drive the marketGrowing middle class with the ability to afford a private education Impact• Education is the second largest expenditure  Distribution of expenditure among the middle class group for the middle class• Economic growth is expected to drive   0 5 10 15 20 25 household income among the middle class  % Food & Grocery 24.5• These two factors namely the willingness to  Education 8.9 spend on education and the rise in purchasing  Entertainment 8.3 power will allow the growing middle class to  power will allow the growing middle class to Mobile Phones 7.7 bid for an education from private institutes Fuel & Transportation 4.3 Stationery 4.3 Aggregate Annual Disposable Income (INR tn) Personal Care 4.2 Communication 3.7 Globals >1000 90 Healthcare 3.2 Strivers 500‐1000 24% Footware 3.1 Seekers 200‐500 90 200 90‐200 Toys & Gifts 3.0 Aspirers 23% Deprived <90 44 Apparels 2.8 15% Loan Repayment 9% 2.3 24 9% 34% 34% Cable & Internet 7% 2.2 49% 13% 33% 15% Household Help 2.2 23% 9% 3% Others 15.4 2005 2015 2025 HIGHER EDUCATION – INDIA.PPT 28
  • The population breakdown in India suggests that it is one of the most promising global destinations for higher educationDemographic advantages Impact• A large section of the Indian population is at  the age at which an individual would enroll into  Population aged 15‐24 a higher education course a higher education course 0 100,000 200,000 300,000• This number is expected to increase further in  the future driving demand for more institutes ‘000 543• In comparison with other major destinations for  Singapore 689 higher education, India has the strongest  higher education India has the strongest opportunity for growth due to its population  2,815 distribution Australia 2005 2,917 2010 7,841 Distribution of population opting for higher education UK 8,147 mn 42,935 500 449 USA 423 44,880 388 20 24 20‐24 400 353 121 120 112 25‐29 101,544 300 104 111 118 30‐34 Europe 200 94 103 92,976 101 110 35‐39 82 92 100 218,813 73 81 91 100 India I di 0 233,977 2005 2010 2015 2020 HIGHER EDUCATION – INDIA.PPT 29
  • Dominance of services sector and the perception among individuals towards other forms of learning India: Services dominated economy Impact• The Indian economy has been growing substantially with an average GDP of 8% over the last 3  years• The growing  services sector has led to a large demand for skilled manpower which is expected  to induce growth in the higher education sector 1996‐97 2007‐08 Services 100 100 Industry 44% Agriculture 53% 28% 29% 28% 18%Poor perception of alternative education streams• Individuals prefer to invest in traditional forms of learning, namely professional courses, in order  to attain employment rather than enrolling into vocational training courses• Individuals are not keen on vocational training courses as a diploma course in India is not  comparable to a degree course at the time of employment Share of labour force receiving vocational training % 96 85 86 88 100 50 25 8 0 India Korea Japan Germany Canada Mexico HIGHER EDUCATION – INDIA.PPT 30
  • The potential in the market is being tapped by private players capitalizing on the demand supply gapGrowing private players due to large demand‐supply gap Impact• The demand supply gap in the market has led to large scale private participation in the higher  education sector in order to tap into the opportunities presented by the ever increasing  demand d d• Over the period 2002‐07, the share of enrollments in private higher education institutions has  risen from ~ 33% to over 50%• Private institutes account for over half the medical and engineering colleges in India and this  share is expected to grow  share is expected to grow• The aversion among students towards institution established by the government will further  the growth achieved by the private players• Large scale private expansion is expected in the higher education space by 2012  800 more private engineering colleges 800 more private engineering colleges  60 medical colleges   300 MBA colleges HIGHER EDUCATION – INDIA.PPT 31
  • Every year a large fraction of Indian students spend huge sums on a foreign education due to a better system of education High expenditure on foreign education  Impact• Approximately 450,000 Indian students spend ~ USD 13 bn every year on higher education in  the overseas market• Major foreign destinations include Major foreign destinations  include  US: Accounts for 56% of the total students going outside the country to study  France: Accounts for 8.8% of the total  Other major destinations are Australia, Canada, Singapore, China, Korea , Italy, Japan, New Zealand and  South Africa• Thi This creates a strong opportunity for existing players and new entrants to develop quality  t t t it f i ti l d t t t d l lit educational institutions so as to capture a substantial share of investment made on education  abroad Distribution of fields opted for by international students  in the US (2007‐08) Others 100% 13% Education, humanities and agriculture 8% English Language 5% 5% Health professions 6% 8% Fine and applied arts Fine and applied arts 9% Mathematics and computer science 9% Social sciences 17% Physical and life sciences Engineering 20% Business and management B i d HIGHER EDUCATION – INDIA.PPT 32
  • •Education System in India•Market Overview•Current Scenario•Fundamental Drivers•Government Initiatives Go e e a es•Competition•Key Developments•Key Developments•Appendix HIGHER EDUCATION – INDIA.PPT 33
  • Introduction of  the National The Right of Children to Free and  Compulsory Education Bill  Commission For Higher Education  and Research Government  InitiativesProvisions for higher education  Foreign Educational Institutions  under the 11th Five Year Plan Bill of 2007 HIGHER EDUCATION – INDIA.PPT 34
  • Establishment of an independent apex body in India will lead to a major transformation in the higher education spaceIntroduction of an independent National Commission For Higher Education and Research (NCHER) as  the apex body in education  • Oversee the functioning of universities and act as a facilitator for growth in higher Oversee the functioning of universities and act as a facilitator for growth in higher  education and research Role • Responsibilities will entail regulation of quality standards in all branches of higher  education • Universities are expected to become completely autonomous, guarded from interference  by external agencies allowing then to establish good governance, transparency and quality  in education • Universities will   Act as self‐regulatory bodies  Design and the function and structure of programmes Impact  Institutions will be empowered to offer various courses including medical and engineering  programmes • Ending the current regime of multiple regulators thus streamlining the entire education  system • Abolishment of other regulatory bodies namely University Grants Commission (UGC), All  India Council of Technical Education (AICTE) and Medical Council of India (MCI) India Council of Technical Education (AICTE) and Medical Council of India (MCI) HIGHER EDUCATION – INDIA.PPT 35
  • The bill will allow for a high standard of professional education due to the operational flexibility given to foreign institutions Foreign Educational Institutions (Regulation of Entry and Operation, Maintenance of Quality and  Prevention of Commercialization) Bill of 2007 This bill was proposed in order to allow foreign educational institutions to enter the Indian  This bill was proposed in order to allow foreign educational institutions to enter the Indian Purpose market independently • Allows for profit‐making,  towards making this segment attractive for foreign investors. Major AspectMajor Aspect However, the law does not allow the capital to be taken out of India. • Foreign institution will be in a position to pursue their own methodology and evaluation  system  system • They will have complete freedom to choose the faculty as well as to decide the salary  packages, allowing them to rope in experienced teachers from across the globe • High quality foreign education is expected to lead to the retention of investments in the  Impact country which is otherwise spent on educational institutions abroad country which is otherwise spent on educational institutions abroad • Stronger focus on practical industry oriented learning against the theoretical form of  education in existence • Major repercussions in the Indian education system, domestic (private and government)  q p y g , y institutions will be required to provide better education by revising curricula,  syllabi and  changing the teaching methodology to meet international standards HIGHER EDUCATION – INDIA.PPT 36
  • Provisions for higher education under the 11th Five Year Plan • Increased the budget for the expansion of higher education facilities to INR 850 bn from  INR 96 bn allocated during the 10th Five Year Plan Budgetary  • Setting up 30 central universities ‐ including one in each of the 16 States so far uncovered Expansion • Expanding and upgrading 200 State Technical Institutions, 8 IITs, 7 IIMs, 10 NITs and 20 IIITs to  accommodate a larger fraction of students in the higher education space d t l f ti f t d t i th hi h d ti • Create a common platform for admission through a Common Entrance Test and/or other  relevant criteria for professional courses under central universities  Admission,  • Adoption of the semester system across institutionscurriculum, and curriculum, and • Ch i th Changing the method of assessment from annual examination to internal evaluation th d f tf l i ti t i t l l ti assessment • Introduction of the Credit System making the system flexible for students  • Dynamic curriculum expected to change every 3 years with industry developments • Introduction of a mandatory accreditation system for all educational institutions y y Accreditation  • Creation of multiple rating agencies with a body to rate these rating agencies and ratings • Department‐wise ratings in addition to institutional rating • Restructuring teacher training programmes towards creating good quality teachers Teachers  T h • C t tl Constantly upgrading the capabilities of teachers through short and long term courses di th biliti f t h th h h t dl t Training • Expansion of research programmes/projects and creating incentive for growth in research  faculty through publicly funded projects/research • Provide quality education in rural areas focusing on skill development by encompassing  Macro  Macro 10 mn students every year and making them  industry ready 10 mn students every year and making them ‘industry ready’Considerations • Plans on reducing the drop out rates to 20% and increase literacy rates to 85% HIGHER EDUCATION – INDIA.PPT 37
  • The passage of the bill is expected to directly lead to larger demand for professional courses The Right of Children to Free and Compulsory Education Bill  The passage of this bill in 2009 has made education a fundamental right for children in the  Purpose age group of 6‐14  age group of 6‐14 • Provide elementary education to the economically and socially underprivileged class of  y y y p gMajor AspectsM j A t society • Elementary education forms the basis upon which a child is in a position to generate  employment in the long run • Larger enrollments in higher education is expected as a result of a growing fraction of  Impact students who will receive elementary education • This is e pected to lead to a fall in drop o t rates This is expected to lead to a fall in drop out rates  • Restructuring of basic education will make students equipped for higher education system HIGHER EDUCATION – INDIA.PPT 38
  • •Education System in India•Market Overview•Current Scenario•Fundamental Drivers•Government Initiatives•Competition•Key Developments•Key Developments•Appendix HIGHER EDUCATION – INDIA.PPT 39
  • Many other private players are also scaling up their operations in   order to capitalize on the strong opportunities in the… Current  Institute Established Streams Offered Business Outlook Network • Plans on investing between INR 3‐4 bn on  developing campuses in Dubai, US and  Amity University Singapore Engineering, Management,  2003 38 colleges • Plans on developing a campus in Ethiopia  Law, Biotechnology with the support of Ethiopian Government • Tie‐ups with international educational  institutions to build brand value Apeejay Education  Management, Engineering,  • Strong associations with industry leaders Society Information Technology,  • Major emphasis on enhancing soft skills 1967 15 colleges Architecture, Fine Arts,  • Encourages student exchange programmes  Communication giving students a global perspective  Gyan Vihar Universe Engineering,  Management  • Creating job oriented courses with constantly  (ISBM), Hotel Management,  1994 6,000 students developing course material through  Pharmacy, College of Post  interactive studies and extensive research Graduation Indian Institute of  Planning and  Management (IIPM) 9 colleges, 5,100  Management and Corporate  • Plans further expansion in their international  1973 students Trainings operationsNote: This list is not exhaustive HIGHER EDUCATION – INDIA.PPT 40
  • … higher education segment which is being driven by the  demand for professional courses by students in India Current  Institute Established Streams offered Business Outlook network Institute of Chartered  • Plans on expanding operations to 9 States at  Financial Analysts of  an investment of INR 10 bn by 2010 an investment of INR 10 bn by 2010 India  (ICFAI) Engineering, Law,  1984 7 campuses • Foraying into the distance learning segment  Management by offering courses such as MBA , CFA, MCA,  PG, Master in Retail and Pharma Manipal University Medicine, engineering, g g • Plans include building its own campus in Plans include building its own campus in  information sciences, allied  Dubai by 2010 20 colleges, 195  health sciences,  1993 courses across  • Strong focus on research and is the largest  management, mass  14 streams private recipient of funds for research from  communication, hotel  management, fashion design the government Rai University • Strong industry  partnerships towards  25 campuses  developing hands‐on‐learning for students (across India,  13 under‐grad and post‐grad  2005 • Allowing students to access training modules  UK, USA and  courses  through their Rai Open Courseware initiative  Dubai) free of cost Sikkim Manipal  University Diploma, Bachelors • Focusing largely on distance education  550 learning  programmes and Masters courses in  1995 centres, 100,000  InfoTech, Management, Allied  • India’s first university to be built on PPP  students Health ModelNote: This list is not exhaustive HIGHER EDUCATION – INDIA.PPT 41
  • •Education System in India•Market Overview•Current Scenario•Fundamental Drivers•Government Initiatives•Competition•Key Developments•Key Developments•Appendix HIGHER EDUCATION – INDIA.PPT 42
  • Key DevelopmentsDate Development The Tamil Nadu Government plans on constituting  a committee to draft a charter for upgrading Government and aided Jul  ‐ 2009  colleges to Universities and enacting a legislation on setting up a Common University.  The HRD Ministry has forwarded certain guidelines allowing for transparency and accountability in deemed universities.  The HRD Ministry has forwarded certain guidelines allowing for transparency and accountability in deemed universities They have proposed that all institutes granted deemed to be university status by the University Grants Commission Jul – 2009  (UGC) must come up with a website with full and complete disclosure of information‘. This move will act as a check  against educational institutions imparting low quality education with inadequate infrastructural capabilities. The Orissa government plans on formulating a new education policy by 2010 to streamline the higher education system.  Policies are expected to include recommendations for curriculum, research, publication, inter‐university synergy,  p , ,p , y y gy,Jul –Jul 2009 rationalization of courses, fee structure, self financing courses, skill development, resource generation, faculty  improvement, programmes with public private partnership.  AICTE approved 85 new self‐financing engineering institutes in Tamil Nadu. This takes the tally of total private engineering Jul – 2008 colleges in the State to 420.Jul Jul – 2008 The incorporation of the the Gujarat Private Universities Bill, 2009 has allowed private universities to enter the State.  The incorporation of the the Gujarat Private Universities Bill, 2009 has allowed private universities to enter the State. Manipal Education, with the introduction of EduNxt, plans on imparting skill development training. EduNxt is a new Jun – 2008 technology infused learning system, which enables a collaborative and interactive environment for learning and includes  small group mentoring, virtual classroom, stimulation and other interactive content. New Zealand has become one of the preferred destinations for Indian students pursuing higher education. Over the last Jun – 2008 six years the number of students going from India to New Zealand has seen a three‐fold increase.  six years the number of students going from India to New Zealand has seen a three fold increase Haryana state government enacted the Private University Act to encourage private sector investment in higher education. Oct – 2008 HIGHER EDUCATION – INDIA.PPT 43
  • •Education System in India•Market Overview•Current Scenario•Fundamental Drivers•Government Initiatives•Competition•Key Developments•Key Developments•Appendix HIGHER EDUCATION – INDIA.PPT 44
  • Appendix I – Key Aspects of the bills initiated by the governmentForeign Educational Institutions Bill of 2007• All foreign universities are expected to become Deemed Universities, regulated by UGC• Regulate the entry, operation and maintenance of foreign education providers in order to  protect the  students from sub‐standard quality of education • Foreign education providers a re expected to take an undertaking to maintain a corpus fund of not less than  INR 100 mn and certificate of validation from Embassy or High Commission of IndiaThe Right of Children to Free and Compulsory Education Bill Th Ri ht f Child t F dC l Ed ti Bill• Private schools are required to allocate 25% of seats to the weaker sections of society• Children of the specified age are entitled to be enrolled in the vicinity in their domicile y y g p p p y• For the first five years of the elementary stage, as far as possible, teachers are expected to employ the  childs mother tongue as the mode of instruction • Development of an independent accreditation body for elementary education and major reforms in  examinations conducted • Establishment of a fixed student‐teacher ratio• It is applicable to all of India except Jammu and Kashmir• School teachers are required to obtain an adequate professional degree within 5 years or else will be  dismissed• School infrastructure must improve (if required) within 3 years else recognition will be cancelled• No child shall be held back, expelled, or required to pass a board examination until completion of  elementary education HIGHER EDUCATION – INDIA.PPT 45
  • Appendix II – State‐ wise segregated information of the students enrolled into various courses in higher education  Bachelor of Engineering Master of Engineering/Technology Index ` Bachelor & Master of Pharmacy Bachelor and Master of Architecture  Master of Business Administration  HIGHER EDUCATION – INDIA.PPT 46
  • The institutes located in southern and western India account for  the largest intake..  Master of  Bachelor  Master of  Bachelor of  Master of  Bachelor of  Master of  Region  States Engineering/  of  Business  Engineering Pharmacy Architecture Architecture Technology Pharmacy Administration  Andhra Pradesh Andhra Pradesh 170897 19320 15160 625 310 80 10158 Karnataka 58977 12627 10176 2117 360 NA 21270 Kerala 83470 4599 NA NA 180 NA 3960 SOUTH Orissa 20810 3526 1005 416 116 NA 3724 Pondicherry 3201 304 NA NA NA NA 240 Tamil Nadu 132562 28605 2490 906 300 NA 20370 Gujarat G j 16276 1642 NA NA 220 60 540 WEST Maharashtra 76070 9178 7705 1062 NA NA 12225 Rajasthan 25021 2509 2880 390 120 NA 6620 Chhattisgarh 11520 538 NA NA 40 NA 300 CENTRAL Jharkhand 3100 242 60 30 NA NA 180 Madhya Pradesh 52100 4191 NA NA 140 NA 4080NOTE: Data refers to the intake of students for 2008‐09  All States in India have not been covered HIGHER EDUCATION – INDIA.PPT 47
  • .. of students in the higher education sector Master of  Bachelor  Master of  Bachelor of  Master of  Bachelor of  Master of  Regions States Engineering/  of  Business  Engineering Pharmacy Architecture Architecture Technology Pharmacy Administration  Delhi 5708 1499 216 58 138 345 1280 Haryana 34630 3340 2040 106 74 NA 6085 Himachal Pradesh 2010 282 670 NA NA NA 630 NORTH Jammu & Kashmir J &K h i 2995 438 30 NA NA NA 600 Punjab 22286 3192 NA NA NA NA 1740 Uttar Pradesh 68367 2140 NA NA 210 210 4480 Uttarakhand 3660 312 NA NA NA NA 300 Arunachal Pradesh 180 78 NA NA NA NA NA Assam 1190 351 100 20 NA NA 180 EAST Bihar 2075 324 45 NA 22 NA 730 West Bengal 19408 3289 730 84 54 NA 2425NOTE: Data refers to the intake of students for 2008‐09  All States in India have not been covered HIGHER EDUCATION – INDIA.PPT 48
  • Bachelor of Engineering HIGHER EDUCATION – INDIA.PPT 49
  • Course: Computer Science Developed Market Nascent Market  0 10,000 20,000 30,000 40,000 50,000 0 1,000 2,000 3,000 4,000 Andhra Pradesh 45,344 West Bengal West Bengal 3,990 3 990 Tamil Nadu 30,025 Gujarat 2,715 Kerala 18,370 Chhattisgarh 2,470 Uttar Pradesh Uttar Pradesh 15,970 5,9 0 Delhi 1,250 Maharashtra 14,985 Pondicherry 720Madhya Pradesh 13,110 Jammu & Kashmir 690 Karnataka 13,010 13 010 Jharkhand 660 Haryana 8,670 Bihar 580 Rajasthan 6,223 Himachal Pradesh Himachal Pradesh 420 Punjab 5,760 Orissa 4,840 Assam 170 Others 13,695 Arunachal Pradesh 30NOTE: Data refers to the intake of students for 2008‐09  HIGHER EDUCATION – INDIA.PPT 50
  • Course: Electronics & Communication Developed Market  Nascent Market 0 10,000 20,000 30,000 40,000 50,000 0 500 1,000 1,500 2,000 2,500 3,000 Andhra Pradesh 45,374 Gujarat 2,820 Tamil Nadu 31,678 Orissa 2,473 Kerala 19,785 Chhattisgarh 1,140 Uttar Pradesh Uttar Pradesh 14,590 ,590 Delhi 1,100 1 100 Karnataka 12,710 Uttarakhand 930Madhya Pradesh 9,210 Pondicherry 780 Haryana 7,890 7 890 Jharkhand h kh d 660 Haryana 7,700 Maharashtra 420 Rajasthan 6,400 Jammu & Kashmir 390 Punjab 5,801 Himachal Pradesh 360 West Bengal 3,568 Assam 120 Others 11,223 Arunachal Pradesh 30NOTE: Data refers to the intake of students for 2008‐09  HIGHER EDUCATION – INDIA.PPT 51
  • Course: Electrical & Electronics Developed Market Nascent Market 0 10,000 20,000 30,000 0 300 600 900 Andhra Pradesh Andhra Pradesh 27,869 Rajasthan j 840 Chhattisgarh 840 Tamil Nadu 21,461 Pondicherry 570 Kerala 8,375 Uttarakhand 570 Uttar Pradesh 7,530 West Bengal 450 Punjab 450 Karnataka 5,565 Delhi 420Madhya Pradesh 4,410 Bihar 360 Haryana 1,500 Jharkhand 240 Gujarat G j t 180 Orissa 1,490 Himachal Pradesh 180 Others  5,160 Assam 60NOTE: Data refers to the intake of students for 2008‐09  HIGHER EDUCATION – INDIA.PPT 52
  • Course: Information Technology Developed Market Nascent Market 0 10,000 20,000 30,000 40,000 0 500 1,000 1,500 2,000 Andhra Pradesh Andhra Pradesh 34,730 34 730 Guja at Gujarat 1,995 , Tamil Nadu 23,557 Chhattisgarh 1,990 Uttar Pradesh 12,365 Delhi 900 Maharashtra 11,600 11 600 Uttarakhand 870 Madhya Pradesh 10,230 Karnataka 600 Haryana 7,020 Pondicherry 555 Rajasthan 4,650 Himachal Pradesh 360 Punjab 3,750 Jammu & Kashmir 360 Kerala 3,405 Jharkhand 220 West Bengal 3,320 Orissa Assam 120 3,100 Others 6,015 Bihar 40NOTE: Data refers to the intake of students for 2008‐09  HIGHER EDUCATION – INDIA.PPT 53
  • Course: Civil Developed Market Nascent Market 0 1,500 3,000 4,500 6,000 0 200 400 600 Kerala 5,617 Orissa 540 Andhra Pradesh 4,450 Chhattisgarh 450 Maharashtra 4,190 Jammu & Kashmir 340 Karnataka 3,3 5 3,325 Delhi 270Madhya Pradesh 2,510 Bihar 270 Uttar Pradesh 2,025 Jharkhand 180 Gujarat 1,430 1 430 Uttarakhand 150 Rajasthan 988 Assam 120 West Bengal 810 Himachal Pradesh Himachal Pradesh 60 Haryana 810 Punjab 720 Pondicherry 60 Others 2,470 Arunachal Pradesh 30NOTE: Data refers to the intake of students for 2008‐09  HIGHER EDUCATION – INDIA.PPT 54
  • Course: Mechanical Developed Market Nascent Market 0 5,000 10,000 15,000 0 300 600 900 1,200 Tamil Nadu 13,488 , West Bengal West Bengal 960 Kerala 12,466 Delhi 800 Maharashtra 11,760 Uttar Pradesh 9,355 Jharkhand 630 Karnataka 8,785 Uttarakhand 630Andhra Pradesh 7,720Madhya Pradesh Bihar 615 6,005 Haryana Har ana 5,940 5 940 Jammu & Kashmir 525 Punjab 3,920 Himachal Pradesh 390 Gujarat 2,633 Chhattisgarh 2,260 Pondicherry 240 Rajasthan 2,255 Assam 180 Orissa 2,175 Others Arunachal Pradesh 30 5,000 HIGHER EDUCATION – INDIA.PPT 55
  • Courses: Bio Medical & Bio Technology  Bio Medical Bio Technology 0 300 600 900 1,200 0 500 1,000 1,500 2,000 Tamil Nadu Tamil Nadu 1,020 1 020 Tamil Nadu 1,605 , Kerala 1,420 Maharashtra 390 Andhra Pradesh 1,350 Kerala 330 Karnataka 1,180 Uttar Pradesh d h 570 Haryana 180 Maharashtra 420Andhra Pradesh 120 Haryana 300Madhya Pradesh 120 West Bengal 180 Punjab 165 Punjab 120 Rajasthan 120 Rajasthan 90 Orissa 100 West Bengal West Bengal 90 Madhya Pradesh Madhya Pradesh 90 Chhattisgarh 60 Pondicherry 60 Jharkhand 60 Orissa 52 Delhi 28 HIGHER EDUCATION – INDIA.PPT 56
  • Courses: Chemical & Electrical  Chemical Electrical 0 400 800 1,200 1,600 0 1,000 2,000 3,000 Maharashtra 1,345 Maharashtra 2,340 Tamil Nadu 835 Rajasthan 2,304 Uttar Pradesh West Bengal 2,235 730 Gujarat 1,844 Kerala 690 Orissa 1,650 Andhra Pradesh 620 Uttar Pradesh Uttar Pradesh 1,383 1 383 Gujarat 604 Punjab 960 Karnataka 430 Madhya Pradesh 855 West Bengal 380 Haryana 840 Madhya Pradesh 170 Kerala 480 Orissa 150 Jammu & Kashmir 410 Chhattisgarh 120 Chhattisgarh 390 Delhi 350 Haryana 100 Bihar 210 Punjab 95 Himachal Pradesh Himachal Pradesh 180 Rajasthan 60 Jharkhand 180 Assam 60 Assam 180 Pondicherry 30 Uttarakhand 120Jammu & Kashmir 25 Arunachal Pradesh 30NOTE: Data refers to the intake of students for 2008‐09  HIGHER EDUCATION – INDIA.PPT 57
  • Courses: Aeronautical, Automobile, Production & Industrial and  Instrumentation & Control Aeronautical Automobile 0 200 400 600 800 0 1,000 2,000 3,000 Kerala 630 Tamil Nadu Tamil Nadu 2 549 2,549 Tamil Nadu l d 540 Andhra Pradesh 870 Karnataka 420 Kerala 270 Maharashtra 220 Gujarat 210 Karnataka 120 Uttar Pradesh 120 Uttar Pradesh 90 Madhya Pradesh 120 Gujarat 60 Rajasthan 90 Andhra Pradesh 60 Haryana 60 West Bengal 60 Rajasthan 55 Punjab 30 Production & Industrial  Instrumentation & Control 0 400 800 1,200 1,600 0 200 400 600 800 Kerala 1,240 Tamil Nadu 698 Karnataka 1,100 Maharashtra 1,050 Gujarat 415 Gujarat 360 Rajasthan 300 Madhya Pradesh 270 Andhra Pradesh 240 Tamil Nadu Tamil Nadu 250 West Bengal West Bengal 240 Andhra Pradesh 220 Delhi 240 Uttar Pradesh 135 Pondicherry 120 West Bengal 110 Haryana 120 Punjab 105 Rajasthan Punjab 70 90 Chhattisgarh 60 Karnataka 60 Jharkhand 60 Maharashtra 30 Delhi 30 Uttarakhand 30 Assam 20 Madhya Pradesh 30NOTE: Data refers to the intake of students for 2008‐09  HIGHER EDUCATION – INDIA.PPT 58
  • Courses: Electronics, Electronics & Instrumentation, Electronics &  Telecommunication and Applied Electronics & Instrumentation Technology Electronics Electronics & Instrumentation  0 2,000 4,000 6,000 8,000 0 1,000 2,000 3,000 Maharashtra Tamil Nadu 2,846 6,570 , Uttar Pradesh d h 2,536 Madhya Pradesh 480 Andhra Pradesh 1,390 Madhya Pradesh 1,290 Chhattisgarh 270 West Bengal 660 Haryana 210 Orissa 300 Punjab 270 Jammu & Kashmir Jammu & Kashmir 110 Uttarakhand 240 Rajasthan 105 Rajasthan 150 Pondicherry 66 Jharkhand 60 Electronics & Telecommunication   Applied Electronics & Inst. Technology 0 5,000 10,000 15,000 0 1,000 2,000 3,000 Maharashtra 14,730 Maharashtra 2,570 Madhya Pradesh 2,940 Orissa 840 Orissa 2,820 West Bengal 760 Chhattisgarh g 1,210 1 210 Gujarat 540 Haryana 450 Uttar Pradesh 300 Chhattisgarh 180 West Bengal 270 Rajasthan 151 Delhi 120 Jammu & Kashmir 120 Uttarakhand 120 Haryana 120 Jharkhand 60 Assam 60 Assam 60NOTE: Data refers to the intake of students for 2008‐09  HIGHER EDUCATION – INDIA.PPT 59
  • Other Courses (1/2) Course Leading State Other Major States Offering the Course Total Intake (08‐09)Agricultural Uttar Pradesh West Bengal, Arunachal Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra  365 Bio Chemistry Uttar Pradesh NA 30Ceramic & Cement Rajasthan West Bengal, Kerala, Karnataka 190 Kerala, Karnataka, Construction Tech West Bengal  220 Madhya PradeshDairy Tech West Bengal NA 30Electronics & Control  Andhra Pradesh NA 60SystemElectronics & Telematics Andhra Pradesh NA 60Environmental  Kerala, Karnataka Maharashtra, Delhi, Orissa, Gujarat 600Fashion Technology Haryana Tamil Nadu, Rajasthan, Kerala, Karnataka 550Footware Technology West Bengal NA 70Food Technology West Bengal Tamil Nadu, Uttar Pradesh, Haryana, Gujarat, Kerala, Punjab 610Health & SafetyHealth & Safety Tamil Nadu Tamil Nadu NA 30Instrumentation Maharashtra Karnataka, West Bengal, Tamil Nadu, Assam 2650Leather Technology Madhya Pradesh Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal  90 Kerala, Karnataka, Manufacturing NA 90 Orissa HIGHER EDUCATION – INDIA.PPT 60
  • Other Courses (2/2) Course Leading State Other Major States Offering the Course Total Intake (08‐09)Marine Tamil Nadu West Bengal, Andhra Pradesh, Orissa, Uttar Pradesh 1080Material West Bengal NA 18 Medical Electronics Karnataka Kerala  750Metallurgy  West Bengal Tamil Nadu, Gujarat, Jharkhand, Maharashtra, Chhattisgarh 545Mining Orissa Gujarat, Rajasthan, Kerala, Karnataka, Maharashtra 390Oil Technology Uttar Pradesh West Bengal 40Paint Technology  Uttar Pradesh NA 30 Maharashtra, Petroleum  Uttar Pradesh 140 Tamil Nadu yPlastic & Polymer  Maharashtra Kerala, Karnataka, Tamil Nadu, Delhi, Orissa, Uttar Pradesh 513Power  Maharashtra Arunachal Pradesh, Delhi 630Power Plant West Bengal NA 40Printing Maharashtra Haryana, West Bengal  170RubberR bb Tamil Nadu T il N d Gujarat G j 40Silk Technology Karnataka NA 20Telecommunication Kerala  Karnataka 3660Textile Tamil Nadu Maharashtra, Kerala, Gujarat, Haryana, Karnataka 1785Tool Delhi NA 40 HIGHER EDUCATION – INDIA.PPT 61
  • Master of Engineering/Technology HIGHER EDUCATION – INDIA.PPT 62
  • Courses: Mechanical Engineering, Structural Engineering, Environment  Engineering and Geo Technical Engineering Mechanical Engineering Structural Engineering 0 50 100 150 200 250 0 100 200 300 Maharashtra 214 Tamil Nadu 290 Haryana 96 Karnataka 224 Rajasthan 96 Kerala 217 Orissa 90 Gujarat 36 Maharashtra 203 Madhya Pradesh 36 Gujarat 97 Punjab 36 Andhra Pradesh 95 Tamil Nadu 36 Madhya Pradesh 68 West Bengal 33 Assam 18 West Bengal 26 Chhattisgarh 18 Punjab 25 Delhi 18 Rajasthan 25 Karnataka 18 Chhattisgarh 18 Kerala 18 Uttar Pradesh  18 Orissa 13 Jharkhand 12 Jharkhand 12 Environment Engineering Geo Technical Engineering 0 20 40 60 80 100 120 140 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 Maharashtra 139 Andhra Pradesh 56 Kerala 138 Maharashtra 51 Gujarat 115 Karnataka 108 Gujarat 36 Tamil Nadu Tamil Nadu 90 Delhi 31 Madhya Pradesh 86 Rajasthan 31 Chhattisgarh 48 Jharkhand 36 Punjab 25 Rajasthan 31 Karnataka 18 Delhi 26 Madhya Pradesh 18 Bihar 18 Uttar Pradesh  Uttar Pradesh West Bengal 13 18 West Bengal 18 Kerala 12NOTE: Data refers to the intake of students for 2008‐09  HIGHER EDUCATION – INDIA.PPT 63
  • Courses: Electronics & Communication Engineering, Information  Technology, Power System and Thermal Engineering  Electronics & Communication Engineering Information Technology 0 50 100 150 200 250 0 30 60 90 120 150 Andhra Pradesh 216 Tamil Nadu 126 Haryana H 198 Maharashtra 115 Maharashtra 158 Andhra Pradesh 108 West Bengal 126 Madhya Pradesh 90 Madhya Pradesh West Bengal 54 90 Delhi 30 Orissa 90 Arunachal Pradesh 18 Punjab 54 Assam 18 Tamil Nadu 53 Haryana 18 Rajasthan 36 Jammu & Kashmir 18 Pondicherry 35 Karnataka 18 Delhi 18 Kerala 18 Gujarat 18 Rajasthan 18 Power System Thermal Engineering  0 40 80 120 160 200 0 40 80 120 160 Maharashtra 165 Tamil Nadu 151 Kerala 97 Andhra Pradesh 90 Karnataka 72 West Bengal 70 Kerala 61 Orissa 48 Gujarat j 36 Gujarat G j t 43 Rajasthan 37 Madhya Pradesh 36 Punjab 25 Punjab 36 Chhattisgarh 18 Maharashtra 31 Delhi 18 Haryana 18 Rajasthan 25 Karnataka 18 Bihar 18 Madhya Pradesh 18 Chhattisgarh g Tamil Nadu Tamil Nadu 18 18 Jharkhand 12 Uttarakhand 18NOTE: Data refers to the intake of students for 2008‐09  HIGHER EDUCATION – INDIA.PPT 64
  • Courses: Computer Science Engineering, Software Engineering, Computer  Aided Design and VLSI & Embedded Systems Computer Science Engineering Software Engineering 0 500 1,000 1,500 0 50 100 150 200 250 300 350 Tamil Nadu 1,477 Andhra Pradesh 349Andhra Pradesh 1,256 Kerala 431 Tamil Nadu 144 Karnataka Maharashtra 311 399 Karnataka 72Madhya Pradesh 274 West Bengal 204 Kerala 72 Haryana Rajasthan 162 198 Madhya Pradesh 72 Orissa 151 West Bengal 72 Chhattisgarh 54 Gujarat 36 Haryana 36 Punjab 36 Uttarakhand Delhi 18 Jharkhand 32 36 Delhi 18 Rajasthan 18 Pondicherry 18 Jharkhand 12 Uttar Pradesh  18 Computer Aided Design (CAD/CAM) VLSI & Embedded Systems 0 200 400 600 0 100 200 300 400 500 600 700 800 Tamil Nadu 525 Andhra Pradesh 799 Andhra Pradesh  338 Tamil Nadu 446 Maharashtra 133 Kerala 180 Gujarat 90 dh d h Madhya Pradesh 151 West Bengal 25 Karnataka 126 Chhattisgarh 18 Maharashtra 72 Pondicherry 18 Delhi 54 Delhi 18 West Bengal 54 Orissa 18 Punjab  P j b 18 Punjab 18 Chhattisgarh 18NOTE: Data refers to the intake of students for 2008‐09  HIGHER EDUCATION – INDIA.PPT 65
  • Courses: Communication Engineering, Communication Systems, Control  System, Digital Communication Communication Engineering Communication Systems 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 0 150 300 450 600 Kerala 54 Tamil Nadu Tamil Nadu 539 West Bengal 38 Karnataka 36 Andhra Pradesh 61 Tamil Nadu 36 Gujarat 25 Bihar 18 Delhi 18 Madhya Pradesh 18 Madhya Pradesh 18 Orissa 18 Maharashtra 18 Control System Digital Communication  0 100 0 100 200 West Bengal 83 Madhya Pradesh 108 Maharashtra 73 Andhra Pradesh 36 Rajasthan 67 Madhya Pradesh 36 Andhra Pradesh 25 Rajasthan 19 Delhi 18 Delhi 18 Tamil Nadu 18 Karnataka 18 Jharkhand 12 Kerala 12 Uttarakhand 18NOTE: Data refers to the intake of students for 2008‐09  HIGHER EDUCATION – INDIA.PPT 66
  • Courses: Electronics, Power Electronics, Design Engineering and Energy  System Engineering Electronics Power Electronics 0 100 200 300 400 500 600 700 800 0 100 200 Tamil Nadu 769 Andhra Pradesh 169 Maharashtra 263 Kerala 61 West Bengal 40 Karnataka 36 Gujarat 36 Orissa 25 Karnataka 36 Tamil Nadu 18 Chhattisgarh 18 Chhattisgarh 18 Kerala 18 Madhya Pradesh 18 Rajasthan 18 Haryana 18 Design Engineering Energy System Engineering 0 30 60 90 120 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 Maharashtra 100 Tamil Nadu 72 Karnataka 61 Madhya Pradesh 36 Kerala 61 Assam 18 Andhra Pradesh 60 Delhi 18 Haryana 36 Kerala 18 Assam 18 Maharashtra 18 Madhya Pradesh 18 West Bengal 18 Rajasthan 7 Pondicherry 17NOTE: Data refers to the intake of students for 2008‐09  HIGHER EDUCATION – INDIA.PPT 67
  • Courses: Electrical, Industrial Engineering, Instrumentation & Control and  Chemical Engineering  Electrical Industrial Engineering 0 15 30 45 60 75 0 50 100 150 200 Maharashtra 73 Rajasthan 198 Punjab 54 Kerala 104 Haryana 36 Madhya Pradesh 90 Orissa 36 West Bengal 58 Rajasthan 36 Andhra Pradesh 36 West Bengal 36 Orissa 36 Assam 18 Delhi Gujarat 18 18 Gujarat 18 Maharashtra 18Madhya Pradesh 18 Tamil Nadu 18 Instrumentation & Control Chemical Engineering  0 30 60 90 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 Maharashtra 72 West Bengal 61 Tamil Nadu 54 Andhra Pradesh 54 Haryana 36 Gujarat 54 Delhi 18 Maharashtra 54 Gujarat 18 Tamil Nadu 54Madhya Pradesh 18 Delhi 30 Punjab 18 Karnataka 18 Rajasthan 18 Kerala 18 Jharkhand 12 Madhya Pradesh 18NOTE: Data refers to the intake of students for 2008‐09  HIGHER EDUCATION – INDIA.PPT 68
  • Courses: Construction, Machine Design, Manufacturing Science &  Engineering ,Production  Construction  Machine Design  0 15 30 45 60 75 90 105 120 0 50 100 150 Tamil Nadu 108 Kerala 138 Maharashtra 66 Karnataka 108Madhya Pradesh 61 Andhra Pradesh 97 Gujarat 18 West Bengal 31 Karnataka 18 Gujarat 18 Kerala 18 Haryana 18 Orissa 18 Punjab Madhya Pradesh 18 18 Uttar Pradesh  18 Bihar 15 Pondicherry 17 Orissa 12 Manufacturing Science & Engineering  Production   0 30 60 90 120 150 0 20 40 60 80 100 120 140 160 180 200 220 Maharashtra 212 Tamil Nadu 144 Tamil Nadu 97 Maharashtra 54 Kerala 72 Karnataka 54 Karnataka 36 Chhattisgarh 38 Madhya Pradesh 36 Kerala 36 West Bengal 34 Punjab 25 Haryana 18 Delhi 18 Gujarat j 18 Uttar Pradesh  18 Orissa 12NOTE: Data refers to the intake of students for 2008‐09  HIGHER EDUCATION – INDIA.PPT 69
  • Courses: Textile Engineering, Transportation Engineering, Polymer Science,  Hydraulics Engineering  Textile Engineering  Transportation Engineering  0 15 30 45 60 75 90 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 Tamil Nadu 90 Gujarat 54 Gujarat 43 Madhya Pradesh 43 Andhra Pradesh 18 Maharashtra 36 Karnataka 18 Haryana 18 Kerala 18 Karnataka 18 Rajasthan 18 Kerala 18 Orissa 13 West Bengal 10 West Bengal 13 Polymer Science   Hydraulics Engineering   0 10 20 30 40 0 20 40 60 80 100 120 140 160 Delhi 36 Gujarat 142 Karnataka 18 West Bengal 28 Kerala 18 Orissa 18 Assam 18 Punjab 18 Maharashtra 18 West Bengal 18 Orissa 18 Gujarat 12 Maharashtra 10 Kerala 12NOTE: Data refers to the intake of students for 2008‐09  HIGHER EDUCATION – INDIA.PPT 70
  • Course: Master of Computer Application  Developed Market Nascent Market  0 5,000 10,000 15,000 20,000 25,000 0 250 500 750 1,000 Tamil Nadu Tamil Nadu 21,275 21 275 Punjab 900 Andhra Pradesh 13,920 Delhi 800 Karnataka 10,198 Jammu & Kashmir 420 Maharashtra 5,683 5 683 Gujarat 360 Orissa 2,777 Bihar 240 Haryana 2,560 Uttarakhand 240 Madhya Pradesh 2,310 Assam 210 Uttar Pradesh 1,960 Chhattisgarh 180 West Bengal 1,775 Himachal Pradesh 120 Kerala 1,590 Pondicherry 120 Rajasthan 1,575 Arunachal Pradesh 60 Others 3,690 Jharkhand 40NOTE: Data refers to the intake of students for 2008‐09  HIGHER EDUCATION – INDIA.PPT 71
  • Other Courses (1/8) Course Leading State Other Major States Offering the Course Total Intake (08‐09)Advanced Electronics Maharashtra NA 13Advanced Manufacturing  Andhra Pradesh Jharkhand, Tamil Nadu, Gujarat 115Systems Kerala, Karnataka, Aeronautical Engineering Jharkhand 66 Tamil NaduAerospace Engineering Andhra Pradesh NA 18Apparel TechnologyApparel Technology Tamil Nadu Tamil Nadu NA 18Applied Electronics Kerala NA 50Automobile Engineering Maharashtra West Bengal  53 Uttar Pradesh, Automation & Robotics NA 36 Gujarat G j tBio Medical Tamil Nadu  West Bengal, Delhi, Maharashtra 132Bio Technology Tamil Nadu  NA 54Ceramic West Bengal NA 10Civil Engineering Maharashtra NA 250Computer Application in  Karnataka NA 36Industrial DrivesComputer Aided Power  Andhra Pradesh Andhra Pradesh NA 18Systems HIGHER EDUCATION – INDIA.PPT 72
  • Other Courses (2/8) Course Leading State Other Major States Offering the Course Total Intake (08‐09)Computer Aided  Karnataka, Uttar Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, Madhya Pradesh, Tamil Structural Analysis &  Kerala 237 Nadu, GujaratDesign Computer & Communication  Tamil Nadu  Gujarat 212EngineeringComputer Integration &  Karnataka Kerala 133ManufacturingComputer Network &  Andhra Pradesh NA 18Information SecurityComputer Network  Kerala, Karnataka NA 126Engineering  g gCommunication Control &  Madhya Pradesh NA 43Networking Communication & Signal  Kerala Andhra Pradesh, Delhi 108Processing Cryogenics Gujarat NA 15Dairy West Bengal NA 5Digital Communication &  Kerala, Karnataka NA 144NetworkingDigital Computer &  Andhra Pradesh NA 18Computer Electronics HIGHER EDUCATION – INDIA.PPT 73
  • Other Courses (3/8) Course Leading State Other Major States Offering the Course Total Intake (08‐09)Digital Electronics Kerala Maharashtra, Karnataka, West Bengal, Chhattisgarh  384Digital Electronics &  Andhra Pradesh NA 198Computer SystemsComputer SystemsDigital Electronics &  Karnataka Andhra Pradesh  273Communication SystemDigital System Maharashtra Delhi 54Electrical MachinesElectrical Machines Kerala NA 12Electronics Design &  Maharashtra NA 25TechnologyElectronics & Digital  Andhra Pradesh NA 18CommunicationElectronics &  Orissa NA 115Telecommunication Pondicherry, Tamil Electronics & Drives West Bengal, Andhra Pradesh 86 NaduElectronics  Chhattisgarh  Orissa, Tamil Nadu 56Instrumentation Pondicherry, Tamil Electrical Drive & Control West Bengal 68 NaduElectrical Energy System Karnataka Kerala 126 HIGHER EDUCATION – INDIA.PPT 74
  • Other Courses (4/8) Course Leading State Other Major States Offering the Course Total Intake (08‐09)Electrical Power  Andhra Pradesh Maharashtra 139EngineeringEmbedded SystemEmbedded System Andhra Pradesh Andhra Pradesh Tamil Nadu  Tamil Nadu 468Engineering Analysis &  Tamil Nadu Karnataka, Kerala 259Design Fashion Tech Tamil Nadu NA 40Food TechnologyFood Technology Punjab  Punjab West Bengal West Bengal 31Fracture Mechanics Gujarat NA 18Ground Engineering Kerala, Karnataka NA 50Guidance & Navigation  Kerala NA 12ControlHealth Science & Water  Kerala, Karnataka NA 36EngineeringHeat Power Madhya Pradesh NA 72High VoltageHi h V l Madhya Pradesh M dh P d h Tamil Nadu  T il N d 54 Andhra Pradesh, Highway Engineering NA 36 Karnataka Andhra Pradesh, Image Processing  NA 36 Maharashtra HIGHER EDUCATION – INDIA.PPT 75
  • Other Courses (5/8) Course Leading State Other Major States Offering the Course Total Intake (08‐09)Industrial Automation &  Karnataka  NA 18Robotics  Delhi, Karnataka,  Delhi, Karnataka,Industrial Electronics NA 54 KeralaIndustrial Drives & Control Maharashtra NA 18Industrial Maintenance &  Kerala NA 68ReliabilityIndustrial Process  Punjab Gujarat 54Equipment DesignIndustrial Safety  Tamil Nadu  NA 54Engineering  Delhi, Pondicherry, Information Security NA 54 Tamil NaduInfrastructure Tamil Nadu NA 18Internal Combustion  Kerala Delhi, Jharkhand, Tamil Nadu, Gujarat Delhi, Jharkhand, Tamil Nadu, Gujarat 136SystemSJet Propulsion & Gas  Gujarat NA 18TurbineLeather Technology West Bengal Bihar 40Machine & Drivers Maharashtra NA 18 HIGHER EDUCATION – INDIA.PPT 76
  • Other Courses (6/8) Course Leading State Other Major States Offering the Course Total Intake (08‐09)Maintenance Engineering Karnataka NA 18Manufacturing  Delhi, Haryana, Engineering & Engineering & NA 54 Maharashtra h hAutomationMan‐made Fibres Gujarat NA 18Manufacturing System  Punjab Kerala 1861ManagementMaterial Technology West Bengal  Madhya Pradesh, Gujarat 69Mechanical Design Maharashtra Delhi 86Microprocessor System &  Gujarat NA 18Application Microwave Madhya Pradesh Delhi, Maharashtra, West Bengal, Kerala 99Mining  Rajasthan West Bengal 37Mobile Technology Tamil Nadu Delhi, Madhya Pradesh, West Bengal  100Molecular MedicineM l l M di i Kerala K l NA 18Nano Technology Tamil Nadu Madhya Pradesh, West Bengal, Delhi 90Networking Karnataka Tamil Nadu, Pondicherry 72Neural Networks Andhra Pradesh NA 18Parallel Computing  Andhra Pradesh NA 18 HIGHER EDUCATION – INDIA.PPT 77
  • Other Courses (7/8) Course Leading State Other Major States Offering the Course Total Intake (08‐09)Petroleum Engineering Maharashtra Gujarat, West Bengal  40Physical Metallurgy Maharashtra NA 18Plastic Technology Tamil Nadu NA 18Process Metallurgy  Maharashtra NA 18Process Instrumentation  Maharashtra NA 18Power Electronics &  Tamil Nadu Tamil Nadu Andhra Pradesh, West Bengal Andhra Pradesh West Bengal 601Electric DrivesPower & Industrial Drives Andhra Pradesh NA 87Power Electronics &  Tamil Nadu Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, West Bengal 248power systemsPower System Control &  Andhra Pradesh NA 18Automation Printing Engineering Maharashtra NA 18Production & Industrial  Rajasthan Assam 42Process Control Kerala NA 36Product Design Tamil Nadu NA 54Production Design &  Karnataka Kerala, Pondicherry, Tamil Nadu 90ManufacturingPropulsion Engineering Kerala NA 12 HIGHER EDUCATION – INDIA.PPT 78
  • Other Courses (8/8) Course Leading State Other Major States Offering the Course Total Intake (08‐09)Public Health Engineering Madhya Pradesh NA 12Real‐time Analysis Andhra Pradesh NA 18Refrigeration & Air‐ Tamil Nadu  NA 18conditioningRemote Sensing Tamil Nadu, Delhi NA 36Renewable Energy Tamil Nadu NA 18Signal Processing  Kerala, Karnataka NA 36Soil Mechanical  Tamil Nadu NA 18Thermal Science  Andhra Pradesh NA 18Engineering SystemsTool Design Andhra Pradesh NA 25Town & Country Planning Maharashtra NA 31Turbine Machines Gujarat NA 25Water Resources & Hydro Water Resources & Hydro Kerala K l West Bengal, Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh, Delhi W B l R j h M dh P d h D lhi 120InformaticsWeb Technology Andhra Pradesh NA 36Welding Tech Tamil Nadu Gujarat 61Wireless TechWireless Tech Tamil Nadu Tamil Nadu NA 18 HIGHER EDUCATION – INDIA.PPT 79
  • Bachelor & Master of Pharmacy HIGHER EDUCATION – INDIA.PPT 80
  • Courses: Bachelor of Pharmacy, Master of Pharmacognosy, Master of  Pharmaceutical Chemistry and Master of Pharmaceutics B.Pharmacy M.Pharm – Pharmacognosy   0 5,000 10,000 15,000 20,000 0 50 100 150 200 Andhra Pradesh 15,160 Karnataka 187 Karnataka 10,176 10 176 Maharashtra 7,705 Maharashtra Rajasthan 124 2,880 Tamil Nadu 2,490 Tamil Nadu 66 Haryana 2,040 Orissa 1,005 Orissa 48 West Bengal 730Himachal Pradesh 670 Assam Delhi 216 6 Assam 100 Jharkhand Jharkhand 6 60 Bihar 45Jammu & Kashmir Haryana 5 30 M. Pharm – Pharmaceutics  M.Pharm – Pharmaceutical Chemistry  0 100 200 300 400 500 0 100 200 300 400 500 Karnataka 432 Karnataka 446 Maharashtra 242 Maharashtra 299 Tamil Nadu 117 Andhra Pradesh 251 Andhra Pradesh 101 Tamil Nadu 224 Orissa 50 Rajasthan 30 Orissa 106 Haryana 30 Rajasthan 20 West Bengal 20 Jharkhand 12 West Bengal 6 Delhi 8 Assam 5 Assam 6NOTE: Data refers to the intake of students for 2008‐09  HIGHER EDUCATION – INDIA.PPT 81
  • Courses: Master of Bio Pharmaceutics, Master of Pharmacology, Master of  Industrial Pharmacy and Master of Quality Assurance M.Pharm – Bio Pharmaceutics M.Pharm – Pharmacology  0 10 20 30 40 0 200 400 600 Karnataka 514 Haryana 40 Tamil Nadu 185 West Bengal 36 Maharashtra 173 Orissa 66 Maharashtra 12 Andhra Pradesh 58 West Bengal 28 Assam 8 Rajasthan R j th 10 Delhi 8 Delhi 8 Haryana 5 M. Pharm – Industrial Pharmacy  M.Pharm – Quality Assurance 0 100 200 300 0 40 80 120 160 Rajasthan 300 Maharashtra 156 Karnataka 128 Karnataka 50 Andhra Pradesh 20 Tamil Nadu 22 Tamil Nadu 18 Rajasthan 20 Maharashtra 13 Haryana 8 Delhi 18NOTE: Data refers to the intake of students for 2008‐09  HIGHER EDUCATION – INDIA.PPT 82
  • Other Courses Course (M.Pharmacy) Leading State Other Major States Offering the Course Total Intake (08‐09)Bulk Drugs Tech Karnataka NA 10Pharmacy  Administration Karnataka NA 24Bio‐Tech Karnataka Orissa, Tamil Nadu 130Clinical Pharmacy Orissa Delhi, Maharashtra  54Pharmaceutical Analysis Tamil Nadu Karnataka, Maharashtra  199Pharmaceutical Analysis &  Andhra Pradesh Andhra Pradesh Rajasthan 152Quality Assurance Andhra Pradesh, Pharmaceutical Bio Tech NA 20 Maharashtra Pharmaceutical Marketing Karnataka Tamil Nadu  54Pharmaceutical Tech Andhra Pradesh Karnataka, Orissa 75Pharmacognosy &  Andhra Pradesh  Maharashtra 80PhytochemistryPhytopharmacy &  Tamil Nadu  Tamil Nadu NA 20PhytomedicinePh di iPharmacy Practice Karnataka Tamil Nadu 198Hospital & Clinical  Orissa, Andhra  Delhi 28Pharmacy  PradeshRegulatory Affairs Rajasthan NA 18 HIGHER EDUCATION – INDIA.PPT 83
  • Bachelor & Master of Architecture HIGHER EDUCATION – INDIA.PPT 84
  • Courses: Bachelor and Master of Architecture   Bachelor of Architecture Major Destination: State of Delhi 0 100 200 300 400 Bachelor  Students Master  Students Karnataka Applied Arts 80 Architecture 18 360 Sculpture  15 Andhra Pradesh 310 Applied Arts 10 Visual Communication 23 Tamil Nadu 300 Graphic Print Making 23 Painting 10 Gujarat 220 Art History  22 Sculpture 10 Uttar Pradesh Uttar Pradesh 210 Visual Communication 11 Kerala 180 Industrial Design 18 Graphic Print Making 11 Madhya Pradesh 140 Graphic Print Making 11 Urban Design 12 Delhi 138 Other Destinations Rajasthan 120 Orissa 116 BFA ‐ BFA ‐ BFA ‐ Interior  BFA ‐ Construction  States Landscape Planning Design Tech Haryana 74 West Bengal Andhra  54 40 40 NA NA Pradesh Chhattisgarh 40 Gujarat NA NA 30 30 Bihar 22 Uttar  NA 70 70 70 Pradesh Delhi 18 40 13 NANOTE: Data refers to the intake of students for 2008‐09  HIGHER EDUCATION – INDIA.PPT 85
  • Master of Business Administration  HIGHER EDUCATION – INDIA.PPT 86
  • Course: Master of Business Administration  Developed Market Nascent Market  0 5,000 10,000 15,000 20,000 25,000 0 400 800 1,200 1,600 Karnataka 21,270 , Delhi 1,280 1 280 Tamil Nadu 20,370 Bihar 730 Maharashtra 12,225 Himachal Pradesh 630 Andhra Pradesh 10,158 Rajasthan 6,620 Jammu & Kashmir 600 Haryana 6,085 Gujarat 540 Uttar Pradesh 4,480 Chhattisgarh 300 Madhya Pradesh 4,080 Kerala 3,960 Uttarakhand 300 Orissa 3,724 Pondicherry 240 West Bengal 2,425 Assam 180 Punjab 1,740 Others 4,980 Jharkhand 180NOTE: Data refers to the intake of students for 2008‐09  HIGHER EDUCATION – INDIA.PPT 87
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