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    Power insight dec11 jan_12_facing pg Power insight dec11 jan_12_facing pg Document Transcript

    • RNI No.:MAHENG/2010/39548 ` 100 Vol.2 s No.5 s December 2011 - January 2012 s Mumbai ti o N s eC sP R NuClea Nuclear o N s oR – Road to cheaper power Increasing dependency on nuclear generated power seems to be the only answer for a power starved India which aims at providingNext issue: cheaper and cleaner energy for the 1.2 billionsector Focus population 22Coalspecial FeatureBudget 2012-13 We will reach the planned capacity 26 aggressive plans in NuclearCurtain Raiser s. K Malhotra Dr. eric lowenRenewable Feature Head Public Awareness Division, President Department of Atomic Energy American Nuclear Society.solar Power 24
    • SI MULA TI ONS AS REAL AS THE NE E D FOR SAFETYL-3’s superior training environments use Orchid® simulation products to give plant operators theskills to handle any emergency response situation. No matter how complex or dangerous, any scenariocan be reproduced, monitored and varied — realistically and in real time. To see how over 35 yearsof expertise in advanced simulation can make a very real difference to you today and tomorrow, visitwww.L-3com.com/MAPPS.L-3 MAPPS L-3com.com
    • Editor’s dEskStrong Political Will Withclear ViSion!E very country needs uninterrupted power to sustain its eco- nomic and industrial growth and India is no different. How- Editor-In-Chief: Pankaj V Chauhan ever, India’s power sector seems to be clutched amidst issues Consulting Editor: Renjini Liza Varghesethat hinder country’s smooth growth and development. With looming Editorial Team:global economic crises - it is high time to take necessary steps so as to P Khode, Rahul Vyas, Devendra Mittalovercome the issues and get ready with strong foundation to meet the Research Team:uncertainties of the future. Santosh Kaushik, Deepti Mishra Vipul Singh, Priya Nair, Sonal ShahWhere are we heading? With every five year plan GoI sets huge capac- Marketing & Sales:ity addition targets but fails to meet them at the end, Eleventh five yearplan period is no different... thanks to so many reasons viz. delay in Pankaj Chauhan – CEO pankaj@vision-media.co.inallotment of projects, fuel linkage, environment issues, land acquisitionproblem, slow reforms, safety and many more leading to delay in imple- Sudhakar Chittru – Head Marketingmentation and commissioning of projects. Of initially planned capacity sudhakar@vision-media.co.inaddition targets of 78,000 MW (2007-12) which was curtailed during Sameer Shaikh – GMmidterm to 62,000 MW, the country is expected to add only around sameer@vision-media.co.in45,000 MW during the XIth plan period ending March 2012. Every sec- K. Pushpageetha – Regional Managertor is prey to one or the other reason for sluggish growth momentum. If geetha@vision-media.co.inwe talk of thermal power sector which accounts for more than two third Naveen Bharadwaj – North Regionof country’s power generation, it is going through a phase of acute fuel delhi@vision-media.co.inshortage and along with this any new project in thermal space raises Subscription & Circulation Team:the eyebrows of many environmentalists - since it is not environment Geetha, Sunil, Ajay, Vidyafriendly. Among clean power options, the country is blessed with im- Creative Head:mense hydro potential but to a large extent untapped. Hydro sector is the Prashant S. Kharatsecond biggest contributor to the country’s energy basket. However, the Grahic Designer:sector is also moving at a slower pace on account of more or less similar G. Sanjayissues. Wind and Solar are two viable options with clean energy but per Production Head:unit cost is dearer as compared to other sources. Nuclear is cheaper and Shantanu Singhcleaner but post Fukushima nuclear disaster the country has seen major All right reserved while all efforts are made toprotest from locals for shutting down the nuclear projects over safety ensure that the information published is correct, Power Insight holds no responsibility for anyissue, though India was quick to review its safety standards post Japan unlikely errors that might have occurred. Thenuclear accident. information on products & projects is being provided for the reference of the readers.We are just few months away to step in the XII five year plans. India However, readers are cautioned to make inquires & consult experts before taking any decision onneeds to add around 100 GW during these five years 2012-17 in order purchase of equipment or investment. Powerto meet the growing demand of power to feed its burgeoning population Insight holds no responsibility for any decision taken by readers on the basis of informationand growing industrial sector. We need to find solutions for the prevail- provided herein. All disputes are subjected toing issues. The call of the hour is - a clear vision and a strong political Mumbai Jurisdiction only.will to move ahead in right direction to achieve better future - in order Printed, Published, Edited and Owned by PANKAJ V CHAUHAN, Printed at MAGNAto sustain our economic and industrial growth momentum. GRAPHICS (INDIA) LTD.,101, C & D GOVT. IND. ESTATE, KANDIVLI (WEST), MUMBAI 400 067With best wishes to all our reader’s and associates for a very happy and and Published from G-3A, JUNGLEE PEER DURGAH, K.A.GAFFARKHAN ROAD, WORLI,prosperous year 2012! MUMBAI 400 018.Editor - in - Chief Editor: PANKAJ V CHAUHANPankaj V Chauhan RNI. NO. : MAHENG/2010/39548Email : editor.scribe@gmail.com Power Insight | December 2011 - January 2012 | 1
    • Contents Featured Interview 20 Draft guide for Micro Grid - implementation We will reach the planned capacity 26 Aggressive plans in Nuclear 22 Srikanth Chandrasekaran S. K Malhotra Dr. Eric Lowen Chair- India SIG Head Public Awareness Division, President - American IEEE-SA. Department of Atomic Energy Nuclear Society. 24 EPR reactor has im- Indian Nuclear Power Tremendous oppor- proved safety standards Sector - Commitments tunity for onshore Patrick Teyssier & Challenges development Nuclear Director Marketing & Strategy, G. R. Srinivasan Chintan Shah AREVA INDIA Advisor, Nuclear Power VP & Head Strategic 28 31 Business, GMR Energy Ltd. 54 Business Development, Suzlon – Road to cheaper power special report 40 events Calender 46 ELECRAMA 2012 Jan - Dec 2012 Product showcase 42 Advrtisers Index : Cover New Product & Technology L3 MAPPS IFC story Vol.2 s No.5 s December 2011 - January 2012 s Mumbai Uniflex Cables 7 IWES 9 50 DNE Transformer 11news Gold Stone Infra 13 Presswell 15national news 04 34 Wind Power Pentagon 17 37 Bikaner 39Global news 18 Inhouse Ad. KEI 53 IBCrenewable 48 Industry Feature renewable Feature Patel Engineering BCUpdates - Switchgears Wind Technology Ps.: Pictures are for reference only and bears no resembelance to any project or company.2 | December 2011 - January 2012 | Power Insight Power Insight | December 2011 - January 2012 | 3
    • NatioNal NEws NatioNal NEwsPower sectorEnergy consumption must be increased: PM Indian nuclear plants to bolster safety measures India’s atomic energy regu- lator has decided to renew nuclear Power The regulator is also plan- ning to levy a licence fee have been suggested. The NPCIL (Nuclear Power Atomic Power Station (MAPS) and the first two the operational licence of as well as charge for other Corporation of India Ltd) units at Tarapur AtomicIndia needs to rapidly in- “We have set for ourselves servation Day celebrations. country relies on imports all the 20 atomic power services to be financially has to give us the road Power Station (TAPS) –crease energy consumption an ambitious target of 9% for a large component of its self-sufficient. “Every nu- map for implementing the plants in the country on are being issued limited annual growth in GDP in The government has target- clear power plant in Indiato achieve the ambitious energy requirement, it is vi- a short term basis till the same,” SS Bajaj, chairman period licence to operate the 12th Five-Year Plan. ed 9% annual expansion in has to renew its operationaltarget of 9% economic tal to “re-double” efforts to of Atomic Energy Regula- since December 31, 2010, the country’s GDP over the installation of additional licence once in five years. This high rate of economic tory Board (AERB), said.growth in the 12th Five- next five years, even though enhance energy efficiency safety measures as suggest- With the accident in Fu- and March 31, 2011, when growth would require ourYear Plan (2012-17), Prime energy consumption also to the country’s economy is as a step toward reducing ed after the disastrous Fu- kushima reactors in Japan, As a result, two of NPCIL’s their licence came up forMinister Manmohan Singh increase rapidly,” he said at passing through a difficult the energy intensity of the kushima accident in Japan. additional safety measures power stations – Madras renewal.said. the National Energy Con- phase. Singh said since the national GDP. India needs N-power to meet growing demandsGMR adds 384 Mw from its sub- NTPC to offer maintenance ser- The Government has as- setting up of nuclear plant energy sources and said sured the Parliament that at Kudankulam, Tamil several countries were go-sidiary to Andhra grid vices to Bangladesh nuclear energy is safe and Nadu, Minister of State in ing ahead with nuclearGMR Group has said that at Vemagiri. The first unit State-run NTPC said it has would offer O&M services clean and India needs nu- Prime Minister’s Office power plants. Citing thethe first unit of subsidiary inked a pact with Electric- for the 2x120 Mw Gas- clear energy to meet pro- V Narayanasamy said the has been commissioned in example of China, the Min-GMR Rajahmundry Energy based Siddhirganj Peaking jected power demand of Government is also con- a record time of 24 months. ity Generation CompanyLimited’s combined cycle more than 50,000 MW in scious of its corporate so- ister said the eastern neigh- of Bangladesh (EGCB) Power Plant near Dhaka.power plant at Vemagiri, The second unit is expect- the next couple of years. cial responsibility. bour will have the capac- to provide operation andin Andhra Pradesh, was ed to be commissioned by “Services to be provided by ity to produce more than maintenance services Stating this in the Question As regards nuclear energy,synchronised to the state’s NTPC includes Transition February, 2012, GMR said (O&M) for a power plant Hour in the Rajya Sabha on he said it is cheaper than 50,000 MW of nuclear en-power grid on December 9, Management & Take Over in a statement. This GMR in the neighbouring nation. the issue of protest against several non-conventional ergy in the next few years.adding 384 Mw capacity to services, O&M of owner’s project was identified as a The contract is worth about facility, Recruitment &the grid. XI Plan project and accord- Rs. 43 crore. It is also the Training of owner’s staff,The GMR Group is setting ingly, was shortlisted for single largest overseas or- Health, Safety, Quality and PM to focus on Russia, Japan N-deals after retail FDI setbackup the 2x384 Mw com- der received by NTPC, Environment Management Prime Minister Dr Manmo- Russia on a 3-day trip from at Koodankulam nuclear hold following Fukushimabined cycle power plant ad- gas allocation by the gov- making its foray as an over- for a period of six years,” han Singh is now focusing December 15 while Japa- power project in Tamil Daiichi power plant crisisjacent to its existing plant ernment of India. seas O&M operator. NTPC NTPC said in a statement. that was caused by a tsu- on the nuke deals with Rus- nese Premier Yoshihiko Nadu due to protests, Dr. sia and Japan to push for Noda is visiting India in the Singh is expected to sign nami and earthquake onGovernment confident of generating surplus power for export new nuclear power stations last week of December. The new contracts for the third March 11 this year. Sources said increase in the num- that has been stagnating for prime minister wants to use and fourth reactors at theWith half a dozen power export. will not face any power Sabha. the past few months, after both opportunities to nego- same site during his visit. ber of nuclear plants in theequipment firms slated to problem. I am confident his government failed to tiate nuclear cooperation country is on the top of Dr.set up units in India, the “We had only Bharat that the country will export The country’s total power Papers are also being pre- evolve consensus to allow pacts. Singh’s agenda in dealinggovernment expressed Heavy Electricals Ltd power to other countries,” generation is about 185,000 pared to sign a civil nuclear with all nuclear power na- global retail chains to doconfidence of meeting the (BHEL). Now, six big com- Power Minister Sushilku- Mw, of which 108,000 Mw Despite the delay in the cooperation pact with Ja- tions, as he knows that is business in the country.domestic power demand panies are coming in joint mar Shinde said during the goes for consumption, he scheduled commissioning pan to import nuclear tech- the only way India can meetand generating surplus for ventures and the country Question Hour in the Rajya said. Dr. Singh will be off to of the first two reactors nologies that were put on its growing energy needs.4 | December 2011 - January 2012 | Power Insight Power Insight | December 2011 - January 2012 | 5
    • NatioNal NEwsnuclear PowerIndia, US seeking common Kudankulam plant delay costsground on civil nuclear issue pegged at Rs 2,653 croreIndia and the US are ex- issued the Gazette noti- The delay in commission-pected to seek a common fication last month, the ing of two nuclear powerground on the implemen- Obama Administration plants at Kudankulam hastation of civil nuclear deal led to escalation in cost to has decided to not to comewhen Deputy Secretary of the tune of Rs 2,653 crore. out with its view. IndiaState William Burns trav- The approved completionels to New Delhi in De- and the US appear to have cost of the Kudankulamcember second half amid agreed to avoid finger- Nuclear Power projectattempts by two sides to pointing in public on the was Rs 13,171 crore, of-avoid rhetoric in public. contentious nuclear li- ficials said.The issue which has been ability issue and are inter- “The completion costa matter of contention nally working to find out is now expected to be The total expenditure ondue to India’s nuclear li- a common ground. The Rs 15,824 crore and the the project till Septem-ability law is expected to project is expected to be ber this year has been Rs consequence of the newdominate the discussions completed in 2012-13,” 14,122 crore. As per the approach is that the US they added. The delay hasthat Burns will have with original plan, the first unitForeign Secretary Ranjan government has officially been attributed to various was to be commissionedMathai and with other of- held off any public com- reasons including delivery in December 2007, whichficials. ment on the Implementa- schedule of certain com- was revised to mid-2010. ponents from Russia and This was further revisedDespite strong reserva- tion Rules, preferring to the ongoing protests in to September 2011 whentions on this issue, after work with India through Kudankulam against the the anti-nuclear proteststhe Indian Government quiet diplomacy. nuclear power plant. broke out in Kudankulam.Australia uranium sales to India ‘will improve ties’Australia’s strategic ties Prime Minister Julia Gil- a deeply significant deci- of exporting uranium to thewith India are set to ben- lard had pushed for the sion so far as our strategic South Asian nation, whichefit from the ruling Labor scrapping of the ban on ex- relationship with India is has fought three wars withParty’s decision to lift a ban ports to the nuclear power, concerned,” Smith told Sky neighbour Pakistan sinceon exporting uranium to which is not a signatory to News. independence from Britainthe growing Asian power, the Nuclear Non-Prolifera- in 1947. “This will advanceDefence Minister Stephen tion Treaty, to help meet its Smith said he had no Australia’s interests,” heSmith said. energy needs. “This will be qualms about the prospect told.6 | December 2011 - January 2012 | Power Insight Power Insight | December 2011 - January 2012 | 7
    • NatioNal NEws India Wind Energy Summit, 2012 19th – 20th April, 2012 – New Delhi, IndiaCoal & Gas -Coal ministry rejects Coal India’s proposal to cut output target monsoon. According to However, production has Coal secretary Alok Perti Prominent Speakers at the event include: picked up to some extent the target of 447mt pro- Dr. PramodDeo duction was cleared by the in the month of December. Chairman Planning Commission and During 2010-11, the com- that the ministry does not pany produced 431mt and want to reduce it. The coal ministry also fears that giv- supplied 424mt to its cli- Director –Renewables ing consent to such a de- ents. It is to be noted that CLP Power India Pvt. Ltd mand could have a bearing the power sector which is on global prices. already reeling under coal Mr. Sunil JainThe coal ministry has state-run miner wanted its Coal India has produced supply shortage will be af-turned down Coal India’s production target to be cut 248mt till November, about Green Infra Ltd.request to cut its produc- to 440mt owing to flood- 20mt less than the eight- fected greatly if targets aretion target for the year. The ing in its mines during the month target of 274mt. reduced further. Exclusive Opportunities Available!India to seek special status from Indonesia on coal blocksThe government said that The Ministry of Coal will Ministry has said. to pursue the matter.it will seek Indonesia’s co- “… Impress upon the - provisional government/ Seeking the allocation of The decision to approachoperation for the accord of“special status” to Indian regional government to coal blocks on a “nomi- the Indonesian govern-companies in the grant of allocate blocks under nation basis”, an official ment was taken in a meet-coal blocks, a move aimed their special status (most document of the ministry ing of an India-Indonesia Testimonials from our other eventsat bridging the widening favoured nation type) to has said it will be sending Joint Working Group on “It gave the delegates a great opportunity to learn about the wind business as well as meet interesting people.”demand-supply gap for Indian government coal a team from the Coal Min- Coal on November 24 and Terexthe dry fuel at home. companies…,” the Coal istry and CIL to Indonesia 25. “The event was good in organization and rich in content” XEMC NTPC receives 9 wagons of soil instead of coal NTPC’s Kahagaon unit Bihar’s Bhagalpur district pal Krishnan said. asked to visit Kahalgaon to For further information on the summit, please visit: received nine wagons of via the merry-go-round investigate the matter, he soil instead of coal from rail route from Ukhra in While the coal consign- said. The 2340 MW Kah- Eastern Coal India (ECL) West Bengal. During un- ment from 50 wagons have alhgaon plant receives 11 For more information please contact: Raniganj colliery, a senior loading, nine wagons were been unloaded, the nine to 15 rail rakes per day to Marketing Communication official of the power major found to have soil in them wagons filled with soil meet coal demand, but this said today. A rail rake con- instead of coal, Assistant have been left untouched. was the first time that such taining 59 wagons had ar- General Manager (AGM), ECL has been intimated an incident took place, rived at the NTPC plant in Fuel Management, T Go- about the incident and Krishnan added.8 | December 2011 - January 2012 | Power Insight Power Insight | December 2011 - January 2012 | 9
    • NatioNal NEwstransmission & DistributionBS TransComm gets orders worth Rs. 244 croreBS TransComm has bagged bined value of these orders Power Transmission Ltd Crompton Greaves develops DNE TRANSFORMERSorders worth Rs 244 crore was Rs 244 crore. The com- for setting up of two sub-for construction of trans- pany has got an order for stations of 132/33KV in indigenous 1,200mission line, tower and engineering, procurement Raipur. Further, BS Trans-substations related to pow- and construction of a 765 Comm has bagged an order kV transformer ? Transformers upto 5000 KVA and 33 KV class are Computer Aided Design and DNE manufactured under strict supervision by our qualified and experienced Engineers toer projects in different parts KV Quad S/C transmission from Power Grid for sup- Global electrical solutions comply with the requirements of IS : 2026, 1180, BSI: 171of the country. The entity line for Raichur Sholapur ply of tower package for provider Crompton Greavesoffers turnkey service and Transmission Company 765KV S/C Jaipur – Lakha (CG), part of the USD 4 bil-technology solutions to Ltd. The contract is to be ka Nangal Transmission lion Avantha Group, said it executed by July 2013. Ac- line spanning 126 kilo- has successfully designed, de-power and telecom sectors. cording to the statement, metre, associated with the veloped and tested its first in-In a statement today, BS the firm has bagged orders Phase I Generation project digenous 1,200-kV class auto-TransComm said the com- from Chhattisgarh State in Orissa. transformer. Our Range of Products Oil Cooled Transformer • Power and DistributionProjects “The engineering major an- Rating 5 KVA to 5,000 KVA ? nounced the dispatch of its Transformers. first 1,200 kV transformer to Standard IS 2026 / IS 1180 / IEC - 76 ? Power Grid Corporation of In- • Special Purpose Transformers. Temp. Class : Up to 105 0C ?Reliance Power commissions another 300-MW dia Ltd (PGCIL) in Bina, Mad- Voltage Class : 0.441 KV, 11 KV, 22 KV, 33 KV ? hya Pradesh. The transformer • Auto Transformers.unit at Rosa was tested successfully in Oc- Dry Type TransformerReliance Power has com- ecutive Officer J P Chalsani commissioned, electricity tober at CG’s Transformer di- • Dry Transformers.missioned another 300- said the plant was operating generated from the Rosa vision in Mandideep, Madhya Rating 63 KVA to 1,000 KVA ?MW unit under its Rosa at 85% capacity and Chi- plant would meet about 15 Pradesh,” the company said in Application: Standard IS 2026 / IS 11171 / IEC - 726 ?project in Uttar Pradesh, nese equipment, sourced per cent of Uttar Pradesh’s a statement.taking the company’s to- power requirement. Since ? HT Consumers All Temp. Class : 900C - 1150C ? from the Shanghai Electrictal capacity to 900 MW of Company, was functioning UPPC is in a difficult finan- ity utility in case there are pay- ?Power Calibration Voltage Class : 11 KV ?the 1,200-MW Rosa power well. cial position, pointing over ment issues. He further added ?Industrial Transformersproject. The remaining 300 the payment issues Chala- that Reliance Power expects to Types : Resin Cast / Resin Impregnated With an investment outlay ?Domestic TransformersMW of the Rosa project sani stated that the compa-is expected to be commis- of over Rs 6,000 crore, the ny has the necessary secu- have a total installed capacity ?Multystory Complexes Special Features : No partial discharge, Low noisesioned in March, 2012. Rosa project is the largest rity mechanism, including a of 5,000 MW by December, ?Colonizers level, Maintenance free, Compact for indoorSpeaking on the occasion private sector investment in Letter of Credit (LC), with 2012, including thermal, gas Installation, Over loading ?Electricity boardsReliance Power Chief Ex- Uttar Pradesh. Once fully the Uttar Pradesh electric- and renewable energyL&T plans to invest in West BengalEngineering major Larsen mega watt power plant in ect. “We have got three- first phase,” said Shailendra DNE Transformers& Toubro (L&T) which West Bengal. However, the four options with us. The Roy, senior vice president Key Personhas recently, announced a location of the project is yet area will be decided based and head of corporate initia- Jagdish Chandra Joshi : ProprietorRs 83,000 crore investment to be identified. on the availability of water Admin. Office Factory tives, Larsen & Toubro.plans in state of Orissa, in- The company officials had a coal and land. It would be R-1/11, Jay Shree Colony, 1st Street, Opp. Bhasker School, H-161, RIICO Ind. Area,cluding a 2,000 MW ther- a 2x800 (1600 MW) power The firm will construct and Udaipur - 313 001, Rajasthan, India Dhoinda, Infront of MIning Office, meeting with the state chiefmal power plant has now minister Mamata Banerjee plant which will see an in- run the plant and also has Ph.: +91 294 2494408 +91 294 2494408 , Bhilwara Road Bypass Road, plans to add another 2x800 Mobile: +91 94141 56892 +91 94141 56892 Kankroli, Rajsamand - 313 326, Rajasthan, Indiaplans to invest Rs 10,000- in December 2011to decide vestment between Rs 10,000 Email: dne@dnetransformers.com ; Web: www.dnetransformers.com Ph: +91 2952 223852 +91 2952 223852Rs 11,000 crore for a 1600 on the location of the proj- to Rs 11,000 crore in the MW in the second phase.10 | December 2011 - January 2012 | Power Insight Power Insight | December 2011 - January 2012 | 11
    • NatioNal NEwsFinanceFunds raised to expand, not for margin call: TantiFounding investors of Su- over other motives. is expanding by 40 per- international climate talks.zlon Energy Ltd. (SUEL), cent annually, according to There’s “nothing wrong”India’s biggest wind-tur- Suzlon needs to invest in Chairman Tulsi Tanti. with founding investors,bine maker, sold a stake to property for wind farms and power distribution “We need some liquidity” known in India as “promot-raise cash for the companyto invest in land and in- equipment to maintain its to fund expansion, he said ers,” selling small stakesfrastructure, the chairman dominant share of the In- in an interview this week that will bring big benefits,said, rebuffing speculation dian wind market, which in Durban, South Africa, at he said. Tata Power secures funding forPower trading triples in 3 25Mw solar project in Gujaratyears: K C Venugopal Tata Power said that it has Mithapur project is beingVolume of power trading between distribution com- tied up funds for its 25-MW developed by Tata Powerin the country tripled to solar project in Gujarat, Renewable Energy Ltd, a panies Central Electricity which is to see an invest- subsidiary of Tata Power.10.25 billion units dur- Regulatory Commission ment of about Rs 365 crore.ing 2008-09 and 2010-11. has granted licenses to The solar photovoltaic (PV) “Tata Power RenewableAbout 3.31 billion units 44 entities and permitted power project at Mithapur Energy Limited has suc-of electricity was traded power exchanges for trad- will be funded through a cessfully tied up the entireduring 2008-09, minister ing in electricity. Traders debt equity mix of 70:30. debt requirement throughof state for power K C had started operations in The plant is expected to a consortium of domesticVenugopal informed Ra- 2004-05. Power exchang- start power generation by lenders, namely State Bankjya Sabha. es India Energy Exchange end-December. of India and Export ImportPower trading in the commenced operations Bank of India with SBI “The project financingcountry is undertaken in June 2008 and Power Capital Markets Ltd acting comprises equity of Rs 110through traders, power Exchange of India began as the sole financial advi- crore and rupee term loansexchanges and directly trading in October, 2008. of Rs 255 crore,” Tata Pow- sor and arranger,” the state- er said in a statement. The ment said.Delhi government agrees for bailout package to BSES discoms.Delhi government has Rs.500 crore. The deci- deliberation with the Cen- though the company hasn’tagreed to provide bailout sion was taken at a cabinet tre,” Dikshit said, without demanded a bailout pack-package to Reliance Infra- meeting chaired by Delhi spelling out any details. age yet. A source said thestructure-backed private chief minister Sheila Dik- government had agreed todiscoms BSES Yamuna and shit. “We have taken the She added that the state help the discoms on theBSES Rajdhani. The gov- decision to ensure there are government may also pro- condition that they investernment will help them out no power cuts in the city. It vide financial assistance around the same amount onwith fresh equity of around was decided after extensive to the Tata backed NDPL, infrastructure12 | December 2011 - January 2012 | Power Insight Power Insight | December 2011 - January 2012 | 13
    • NatioNal NEwsHydro PowerTata Power, SN Power scout for hydro projects in India, NepalTata Power, along with at Tamakoshi in Nepal. and Nepal… The Tamako- provals. Earlier this year,its Norwegian partner SN shi hydro power project in they had bagged the 240 When asked whether thePower, is scouting for hy- Nepal is at an early stage of MW Dugar hydroelectric two entities are looking fordroelectric projects in India development and is await- project in Chenab Valley other opportunities, Tataand Nepal. The company in ing government approvals.” in Himachal Pradesh. Tata Power Executive Directorpartnership with SN Power (Finance) S Ramakrishnan According to him, the com- Power has an installed ca-already has two hydro proj- said, “Yes, the joint ven- missioning date would be pacity of 3,648 MW, outects in its kitty, including ture is scouting for other decided after receiving of which 500 MW is fromthe 880 Mw project coming opportunities both in India necessary government ap- hydro projects.Anjaw district of Arunachal excels in Mizo hydel projectshydro power sector await Centre nodThe remote Anjaw district of ects. The 2X100 KW Yapak, Two major hydro projects in Mizoram - 815Arunachal Pradesh is marching 2X50 KW Khrowtipani, 2X250 MW Lungreng hydro-power project andahead to notch a record in the KW Matinala and 2X250 KW 635 Chimmtuipui hydro-power project -arehydropower sector and is being Teepani projects were commis- stuck for the time-being as they await a nodhailed as the future powerhouse sioned recently while 2X50 KW from the Centre.The Mizoram governmentof the country with a 58,000 Hatipani, 2X30 KW Ashapani, is awaiting the clearance of the ministry ofMW hydropower potential. 2X100 KW Kachopani, 2X30 external affairs because going ahead with the KW Maipani and 2X200 KW project could have ramifications at the inter-The district which has total hy-dropower potential of above Langpani at Gamliang - are like- national level with the catchment and sub-7,000 MW is the first of the 17 ly to be commissioned within a mergence areas of both the dams falling indistricts in the state to commis- neighbouring Myanmar as India and Myan- month.sion many of its ongoing proj- mar do not have a water-sharing treaty. The The 16 MW Haleipani project, North Eastern Electric Power Corporation which is at an advanced stage, is (Neepco) signed an MoU with the Mizoram likely to be commissioned with- government for the two project in 2010. in 2012. However, according to The hydro-power potential of the north- official sources, no steps have east is estimated to be 59,000 MW, which been initiated so far for erecting is about 40% of India’s total hydro-power transmission lines for evacuation potential, however only 2% of the total of excess power to be generated potential has been exploited so far. While by the Haleipan project. Once increasing concern over the environmental the transmission lines are com- impact of hydro-power projects in the region missioned the state would be is being raised by various civil societies and almost self-sufficient and would social activists, many of the projects are fac- not need to purchase power at ing stiff opposition from the public. high prices from outside.14 | December 2011 - January 2012 | Power Insight Power Insight | December 2011 - January 2012 | 15
    • NatioNal NEws WIndFaLL oF oPPortUnItIes In WInd PoWer IndUstrYthermal Power Sponsor The Event Showcase Your Product And Services Book The Stall Early And Get 10% Early Bird DiscountRaichur Thermal Power Station is again facing Ennore to get Sponsor Delegates, Enrich & Updatecoal shortage new 600 MW Advertise In Souvenir, Exhibition DirectoryKarnataka Power Cor- ever; only 1,200 MW is be- used to run the remaining power plantporation owned Raichur ing generated from opera- units. The reason cited byThermal Power Station is tional six units. While the the officials is non avail- Joinagain facing coal short- station needs 25,000 metric ability of wagons, for whichage crisis. The station has tonne of coal per day to run letters have been written toeight units and two of them all the eight units, the pres- the Railway Department to The five-unit Ennore ther-have stopped generation for ent stock in the station is seek more wagons. How- mal power plant commis-want of coal. According to only 10,000 metric tonne.sources, Unit 2 and Unit 8 ever, as per media news, sioned 40 years ago is un-are closed. The optimum Only three or four rakes of paucity of funds is the main able to produce power togeneration capacity of the coal is received by the sta- reason for shortage of coal the full capacity due to wearstation is 1,720 MW, how- tion every day and that is supply. and tear. Hence, the chief minister J Jayalalithaa has ordered to decommissionGreen organizations protest Thermal Plants in the plant and go in for anVidarbha ultra modern thermal facil- ity on the 90-acre plot. TheGreen organisations in Vi- Vidarbha. thermal plants would affect chief minister announceddarbha came together to environment drastically. that a new 600 MW high-protest the upcoming large R B Goenka, convenor Vi- While the water table will tech coal-fired electricitynumber of thermal power darbha Environment Ac- further lower, water and air generation station wouldplants on the grounds that tion Group (VEAG) ques- pollution will rise drasti- come up on the same prem- Supported Byit would further degrade tioned the need of more cally. ises by 2015 at a cost ofthe environment of the re- thermal power plants since `3,600 crore. A detailedgion. Their main demand the region is already self- The activists suggested al- project report, environmen- Ministry of New and Renewable Energy es sufficient in power and ternative ways that would atincluded the cancelling tal clearance, coal linkage g elepermissions to 49 power exporting energy. He said have lower environmental guarantee and finalisation Indian Renewable Energy Development Agency + D s 0 torplants slated to come up in impact and would not be bi- of bids are among the key 00 ibi that such a large number of 1 Exh + ased against some region’s tasks involved for setting Centre for Wind Energy Technology 100 kers interests like setting up of up the new power plant. Spea 8 0 + power where there is re- TUV Rheinland, India 100 of Thousands Visitor s According to sources, the quirement of power or near Ennore plant would contin- places having coal reserves World Wind Energy Technology Platform ue to be operated for some and opting for 100 MW more time until the com- plants that use air cooling missioning of new power in order to save water used projects such as the North For more details contact for cooling. Further, setting Chennai Thermal Power up underground transmis- Extension Project (2 x 600 IndIan WInd PoWer assocIatIon sion cables and infrastruc- MW) and the TNEB Limit- Door No. E, 6th Floor, Sakthi Tower-1, No.766, Anna Salai, Chennai – 600 002, India ture corridors were also ed-NTPC joint venture Val- Ph : 0091 44 4550 4036, 4550 4281.E-mail : iwpacno@windpro.org recommended. lur (1,500 MW) plant. www.windpro.org16 | December 2011 - January 2012 | Power Insight Power Insight | December 2011 - January 2012 | 17
    • Global NEws Global NEws Global news ABB Smart Grid “DirectConnect M.O.V.E” arrester for safety of un- Center of Ex- derground systems The new Cooper Power underground system. The by 80%. The expanded cellence ABB, the leading power Systems 33 kV and 36 kV DirectConnect M.O.V.E. M.O.V.E. arrester product and automation technol-China’s State Grid and BYD Launch World’s Largest Battery Energy M.O.V.E.™ arresters pro- arrester installs directly line now ranges from 18 kV ogy group, announced that vide the highest level of onto a 600A 35 kV bushing, up to 36 kV. For durability,Storage Station Temporary Overvoltage replacing three components each arrester features MOV its Raleigh-based Smart Grid Center of ExcellenceState Grid Corporation of 36 MW-Hours (MWh) of This new project with the tery is worth over $500M (TOV) protection available with one. disks that are rigidly bond- facility, is now operationalChina (SGCC) along with energy storage and a smart State Grid has outpaced USD (~3.3 Billion RMB). in the industry to under- This specific design, results ed into a single stack which and open for business. ThisBYD has constructed the power transmission system. other grid projects in China BYD’s battery energy stor- ground collector systems in in a 50% shorter stack- eliminates air pockets, new state-of-the-art Smartworld’s largest battery ener- and, though independently wind and solar applications ing height, reduces clut- moisture, and pinched rub- Grid Center of Excellence The State Grid system is age system provides a solu-gy storage station. Located designed by SGCC, is part against lightning and other ter in the cabinet, and al- ber between the disks that (COE) was created to dem- demonstrating a stable so- tion for the realization ofin Zhangbei, Hebei Prov- of the national “Golden surges. The uniquely high lows more generous fitting could compromise the cur- onstrate ABB’s technologyince, this large utility-scale lution for transferring vast Sun” program. The first energy storage in the smart TOV characteristics of the rent path and overheat the and investment in the smart of cable accessories intoproject combines 140 MW amounts of renewable elec- phase investment with grid that improves renew- M.O.V.E. arrester enable small enclosures. This de- assembly. The MOV stacks grid industry. The recentof renewable energy gen- tricity safely to the grid on 100MW of Wind, 40MW of able energy efficiency by it to survive and continue sign saves material costs, are also buffed smooth for acquisition of Ventyx (aeration (both wind & solar), an unprecedented scale. Solar and 36MWh of Bat- 5%-10%. to protect. This increases and, based on time studies, corona-free performance leading smart grid software the reliability of the entire reduces installation time and improved reliability. firm based in Atlanta), in- vestment in research, andRenewables, natural gas to dom- ABB to double cable production the productization of new France needs massive investment for Nuclearinate US power sector capacity in Sweden technology have allowedAmong key findings from well as to meet state renew- safety work ABB to become the leader ABB, the leading power tems division. in the modernization of theBlack & Veatch’s year-end able portfolio standards. France and its national to be shut down immedi- prime minister, said the and automation technol- distribution grid.Energy Market Perspective Additionally, the presumed This move follows an in- electricity supplier, EDF, ately but demanded a “mas- government would “ensure ogy group, will invest over(EMP) forecast that renew- abundance of a reliable, vestment of about $90 mil- have been told they will sive” investment to ensure that nuclear operators will The Center has functional $400 million to double theable energy capacity will cost-effective domestic lion announced last year to need to spend billions of the sites could withstand conform to all of the re- systems which display the capacity of its high-voltagemore than triple, while dou- natural gas supply supports euros on making their 58 a Fukushima-style natu- quests from the Autorité de end-to-end solution where cables manufacturing facil- build a new cable factorybling its overall percentage continued construction of nuclear reactors conform to ral shock. France has the Sûreté Nucléaire (ASN), to information technologies ity in Karlskrona, Sweden, in the US - in Huntersville,of the U.S. energy mix, by natural gas-fueled power tough new safety standards world’s biggest dependence the calendar they have im- (IT) and operational tech- to meet growing demand North Carolina - for land2036. In addition, natural generation.” deemed necessary after last on nuclear power, which posed”. The scale of new nologies (OT) converge to for subsea cables. The in- cables used in alternatinggas could overtake coal as year’s atomic disaster at supplies about three-quar- spending required is a blow close the loop of automa- The Black & Veatch EMP vestment plan includes con- current (AC) and directthe primary fuel for U.S. Fukushima in Japan. The ters of its electricity, all of to both the cash-strapped tion, control and data ac- is updated semi-annually struction of new buildings current (DC) applications.power generation. Robert French nuclear safety au- it provided by EDF. government and to EDF, quisition. In addition to the and provides a holistic view and installation of addi- The Huntersville plant, cur- thority said in a report thatPatrylak, Managing Direc- which is already struggling demonstration area, ABB of how the energy industry tional manufacturing lines rently under construction, none of the reactors needed François Fillon, the Frenchtor of Black & Veatch’s with cost overruns and de- has invested in a Systems is likely to evolve. The at the existing plant. The is scheduled to open in the lays on a new reactor proj- Verification Center. ThisEMP service said, “Or- subscription-based service expansion will be carried third quarter of 2012. A ma- ect at Flamanville in Nor- new service will allowganizations will continue provides Black & Veatch out in a phased manner and jor upgrade of ABB’s Karl- mandy. EDF estimates that customers to configure, building out electric, natural gas, oil is expected to be completed skrona facility has already the new measures will cost test and install solutions renewable en- and financial clients with by 2015. “This investment been completed earlier this it €10bn. Eric Besson, the which will reduce installa- ergy projects a base case of how key is- will help us to boost pro- year. The new investment French energy minister, is tion time, site acceptance at a furious sues, such as regulation, duction capacity and meet will further strengthen to meet EDF and AREVA, tests and the deployment of pace to take legislation, technology, fuel the growing demand for which makes nuclear reac- new advanced applications. advantage of supply, fuel prices and eco- high-voltage subsea power ABB’s leading position tors, to discuss a timeframe ABB will host an official tax credit in- nomic growth, will impact cables,” said Peter Leupp, in the high-voltage cables for implementing the mea- dedication ceremony for centives as energy markets. head of ABB’s Power Sys- market. sures. the Center in January, 2012.18 | December 2011 - January 2012 | Power Insight Power Insight | December 2011 - January 2012 | 19
    • iNtEractioN iNtEractioN iEEE-sa iEEE-saDraft guiDe for Micro griD - iMpleMeNtatioNThe detailed guide designed for India’s micro grid application by the global standardisation Associa-tion (IEEE-SA) will render their assistance for the implementation and also integration of to the na-tional grid says Srikanth Chandrasekaran, chair- India SIG, IEEE-SA. Excerpts from the interview.Renjini Liza VargheseThrow some light on the highlights I personally, expect the government toof the macro-grid implementation pitch in the initial stages to make sureguide from the association? the technology is available in an af- fordable cost bracket as the target inIEEE 1547.4 is designed especially the initial stages to be the rural areasfor those countries like Indian which of the country.started implementing distributed gen-eration networks with renewable en- Your take on India’s smart gridergy sources. This guide caters to the implementation and adaptation of Srikanth Chandrasekaranintegrities of design, operation and Chair- India SIG newer technologies?integration of the distributed resource IEEE-SA. This is the right point in India to ini-(DR) Island system. The grid operates critical and the right time for India to tiate the national integration process.autonomously with various sources of standardise the micro-grids, as it is This decade, for sure, is the time forgeneration. Generation to storage of in the process of migrating to an in- establishing national grid. Technol-power (UPS) and distribution network tegrated transmission system sooner. ogy applications here include Energy,which is of a smaller size are the main The micro-grids are complex infra- IT and Infrastructure. IT for com-constituents of these independent structure and the connections to and munication is better off as we havegrids. Like that of the national grid, fro from the larger grid must be well advanced in that segment. Smart me-load management, ensuring quality culiarity of India? Which segment, the larger or the tion. However, I would like to bring in key participants planned. While providing background tering- moved fast because of the in-power, heat recovery plays a crucial smaller players will be the target customers? from the energy sector in the country for standardisation. information on the micro-grids, the frastructure in place. But technologyrole in micro-grids as well. There are To capture India, there should be more participation from draft touch upon sections of electrical for generation, storage and distribu- Agree that there will be more of small players in the mi-different types of micro-grids in ex- the industry like the vendors. I strongly believe that for the loads, equipment, operations, protec- tion especially in a distributed system cro-grid segment. That doesn’t mean that the larger playersistence, but they all share the ability success of a national grid, people should understand the tions, controls and system studies. need more attention. Long way to go have no presence. There should be a collaborative effortto generate and distribute electricity need for standardisation. The primary design and structure of in this segment, so developing stan- to bring in both the larger and smaller playersin a defined geographical area. The putting up the micro-grids will play a dards in this level is very important together so that the customer is benefited. Theaim is to standardise this process in crucial role in ensuring the main grid and that is what is IEEE 1547.4 pro- model implanted in Sundarbun in West Bengal planning and engineering of a micro-grid needs spe-the starting level for integration to thenational grid in future. integration. vide through the guide. is a classic example of a project successfully ex- cial attention. What role IEEE-SA play in imple- ecuted. The ministry of new and renewable en- a) A clear map of the electricity loads, electric power system andHow crucial is it for India to im- Any new technology application ergy, West Bengal government and a Canadian the size of micro-grid to be determined mentation?plement the above said guidelines comes with a cost tag. India price company was involved in the above said project. b) Configuration of the electrical equipments (capacitors, voltagewhile setting up the micro-grids? sensitive country like India, how do The role of IEEE-SA will be that of So when we are planning for a larger grid in the regulators etc) you see the implementation without an advisor. The target is to ensure the national level it is imperative to look for bringingIn India, the smart gird implementa- burdening the customer? c) The source of power (in this case –solar, wind bio-mass etc) integration to the main grid without in government-private participation.tion has geared momentum as the reinvestment. This means bringing d) Load management equipments (to ensure quality power andgovernment has accelerated the pro- There is a capital cost involved, but Do we have enough representation in IEEE-SA the micro-grid to a meaningful capac- manage fluctuation)cess of migrating to automated power it is necessary for the country to have while drafting the India specific guidelines? ity. And that we see it happening say e) Parameters like the allowed imbalance of voltage to put in thecontrol systems. The magnitude of a technology oriented approach than between 2025 and 2030. IEEE-SA, while developing standards for a coun- right kind of automation system.opportunity is higher as the govern- the economics of it in this case. Thement has already taken the initia- tariff system will define the route for What are the points taken into ac- try, tries to include the remedial measures for the f) Provision for future expansion of the grid as the demand istives for setting up DR as part of the including the cost, and the regulators count while designing the guide, specified region, the tips for a smooth implemen- growing‘power for all programme.” This is will play the key role here. However, considering the geographical pe- tation, and also the needed regulatory participa-20 | December 2011 - January 2012 | Power Insight Power Insight | December 2011 - January 2012 | 21
    • SPoNSoR SPoNSoR sEctor Focus sEctor Focus Nuclear Power Nuclear PowerNuclear – roaD to cheaper power T Increasing dependency on nuclear generated power seems to be the only answer here are 400 nuclear plants try’s nuclear programme. Recent pro- world over and in India 20 test at Jaitpur and Kudankulam has for a power starved India which aims at providing cheaper and cleaner energy for operational plants put to- delivered a cracking punch giving a the 1.2 billion population. Delay in implementation and resistance from locals is gether produces 4780 Mw. Increas- severe blow to India’s ambitious plan casting a shadow on country’s nuclear programme. Severe protests erupted days ing dependency on nuclear generated to roll out nuclear energy on a large before commericalisation of its first large nuclear project in Kudankulam, in the power seems to be the only answer for scale. southern state of Tamil Nadu send out not so encouraging signal to the global com- a power starved India which aims at Nine years after the project was munity. Bringing the work in KNPP to a standstill makes one wonder why this hue providing cheaper and cleaner energy kicked off and days before attain- for the 1.2 billion population. While and cry after 9 years of the commencement of work in the site? Do we have the ing commercialisation, Kudankulan globally nuclear energy constitutes to Political will to detach electricity from the vote bank politics. Nuclear Power Project (KNPP) in 17 % of the total energy, in India it is southern state of Tamil Nadu hit road 4 per cent. The target is to increase it Renjini Liza Varghese block. Owing to the safety concern from 4 % to 25 % of the total of the surfaced post Fukushima Nuclear ac- country’s energy basket by 2050. cident in Japan following a devastat- Nuclear energy with its carbon-free ing Tsunami. A reason well accepted, emission track record, could benefit but does this means pro-economical countries seeking both power expan- activities be surrendered to a group of sion and winning plaudits for reducing people with vested interests. Follow- greenhouse gas emissions. Sadly, the ing the nuclear disaster in Japan, India disaster of Japan’s six-reactor Daichi along with its global peers was quick Fukushima nuclear power complex to review its safety standards. How- ever, this didn’t seem to satisfy those by an earthquake and subsequent tsu- who were looking for mileage out of nami, has made a number of countries the protests in Kudankulam. TI o N to reconsider their nuclear plans. But S EC it is in rising BRIC economic super-A project which has started its work SP R power India that the ultimate futurein 2002 should have commenced its NuCLEA o N SoR of nuclear power may be decided, as trial run (loading of fuel in this case) current and proposed nuclear power by December 2011. However, the lo- plant facilities come up against grow- cal protest has stalled the work and ing public opposition in the world’sscheduled safety run by Nuclear Pow- largest democracy. However, delay iner Corporation of India (NPCIL), the implementation and resistance from operator of KNPP. One could be left locals is casting a shadow on coun- wondering why this protest in such a late stage of implementation India’s nuclear capacity/ plans when stopping work at this Year wise addition Capacity/ targets point, and putting off plans Current capacity 4780 Mw to set up four more reactors at the same site, will be a big Target by 2020 20,000 Mw blow to both India and Rus- Target by 2033 63,000 Mw sia. The possible answer Target by 2050 Close to 200,000 Mw could be - the easy mileage22 | December 2011 - January 2012 | Power Insight Power Insight | December 2011 - January 2012 | 23
    • SPoNSoR SPoNSoR sEctor Focus sEctor Focus Nuclear Power Nuclear PowerWe will reach the planned capacity: Malhotra Land acquisition has earned protest in Jaitapur. One should un- using thorium. We expect the technology to mature by 2022, derstand, out of the 1000 acres, ¾ of the land ear marked for which will be the take off point for the n-power production.In a conversation with Renjini Liza Varghese, S. K Malhotra , Head Pub- the project are barren land. The 25% agricultural land under Middle of the centuary is what we target to be in the third stagelic Awareness Division, Department of Atomic Energy, emphasis the acquisition is being compensated as per the government rule. i.e; a capacity of 2,00,000 Mw.need for stronger provisions at the government level to disseminate Compensation is given to both barren and agricultural land andright information about nuclear power there is no displacement. There is red is lot of wrong informa- What will happen to the existing power plants, which are tion floating around which triggers unwanted anxieties about more than 40 years old? Are we looking at the decommis-How adversely did the global development post Fukushima be that we failed to read the nuclear power plants. Here is where media is expected to take sioning?casted a shadow on India’s N-power programmes? under current in the right time. a pro-active role in disseminating the right information and the Going forward the dependency on the first stage technology willNot much has changed in Indian nuclear power programme Till date no responsible person useful properties of nuclear power. reduce. The old PHWRs will be decommissioned in next fiftypost the Japan incident. However, the government has taken has expressed shelving of the What are the measures DAE taking to reach out to the peo- years. The oldest plants are working fine and the safety stan-adequate measures to ensure safety measures of the country’s project. ple to wipe out the wrong information? dards were revamped recently. In the case of Tarapur, a 41 year20 operational plants by immediately reviewing the standards. How much delays do we except before the plant go on-We have proceeded with our planned programmes. The Rajas- DAE has started reaching out to the villages through multiple old plant, the safety measure up-gradation recently cost almost stream in Kudankulam? How much cost escalation in case communication chains. This includes, awareness classes, ex- the plant cost.than Plant was launched a couple of months post Fukushima. of further delays? hibitions and interactive session with the aim of changing theWe are confident about the safety measures in place. As Dr. There are reports of Sri Lanka conducting radiation mea-Banerjee says, safety gets priority over production of energy in A delay of two to three months is what is calculated now. perception about nuclear plants. Majority of the nuclear plants surement studies in case of an accident in Kudankulam.the nuclear plants. Though there is protest outside the plant, the work is going on are in the rural areas of the country. So now the awareness How do you addrees a neighbouring country’s concern on inside the plant. There will be escalation of cost as the project programmes are concentrated on the schools and panchayatsBut domestically India is facing a lot of challenges includ- safety? in the beginning was scheduled to be completed in 2007 which in the vicinity.ing resistance from the locals. What went wrong in Ku-dankulam? What made the locals stand against the project was revised to 2010. But giving a figure out will be difficult. (It India has been talking about the three phase implementa- First of all, Sri Lanka doesn’t have a NPP. They have all the rightsin such a late stage of Implementation? is recently reported that the delay led to escalation in cost to tion of the nuclear programme. How far are we from the to conduct studies on the safety concerning their people. I hope the tune of Rs 2,653 crore. The approved completion cost of the third stage of the envisaged third phase? the right people are doing the studies and scientific assess-Kudankula is a typical example of politically motivated protest. Kudankulam Nuclear Power project was Rs 13,171 crore which ments are in the right directions. In future, if Sri Lanka raisesThe plant started its work in 2002. Nine years later, if there is The first phase is successfully implemented and we have is expected to be Rs 15,824 crore) any concern, ministry of external affairs of our county will bethis intense protest that means these are with a vested interest. reached the commercial domain here. In this decade the con-The state, the centre and the locals were upbeat about the plant Again in Jaitapur there is protest going on. Is there any centration is on fast breeder reactors (FBR) for the required plu- backed with scientific facts to clear their concerns. Nothing hasin the beginning. Agree that the protest has baffled DAE, it may review on the implementation of this project as reported? tonium for the next stage. That is the third stage when we start officially happened in this regard till now.that can be gained through the protest though India will reprocess and keep power sector has to grow over almost tic addition would be around 45,000 gap, the country has structured a directions. When it comes to carbonin a short time. the plutonium for its indigenous pro- double of the economic growth. The Mw. India’s per capita consumption combination of thermal, nuclear and emissions India stands third behind gramme. statistics available shows that 40 per of electricity is low compared to its renewable energy capacity additions. China and US with an emission of 38This is the first larger nuclear plant in Thermal segment is marred with fuel cent of the country still has no ac- global peers. In 2010 the per capita % from power sector alone.the country built by Russia’s Atom- Current situation cess to electricity. This means huge consumption grew to 685 units from supply constrain, renewables fail tostroyexport, comprises of two WER- ensure continuous supply. To add to What is the solution to ensure capacity opportunity for in all three segments, 448 units in the year 2000. This is ex-100 reactors. The total capacity of the India which reels under severe power addition without increasing the emis- generation, transmission and distribu- the woes, the supply from both theseplant is 9,200 Mw. In the first stage shortage aim at improving the supply pected to reach 1200 units in the year sion levels? As the power demand is tion and the capital investment could sources has a higher generation costof implementation, it is aimed at 2 X demand gap with aggressive capacity 2020. anticipated to grow in a higher rate, amount to six lakh crore. as fuel cost in the first case and higher1000 Mw. After the protest and road addition plans. Currently, the country plants with higher capacity could be To bring down the demand supply equipment cost in latter. Moreover,blocks by the locals, the Department has a 15 % peak hour deficit. Even af- The government through ministry of emission from thermal the remedy. Taking into account allof Atomic Energy (DAE) expects a ter putting in place the Electricity Act power targeted to provide power to all Per capita consumption power like fly ash and the facts, nuclear power emerges asdelay of three months in the project. of 2003, power continues to remain as by 2012. But seeing the slippage in Country Units of consumption other pollutants increase the one word answer. Words of Dr.The first 1,000 Mw is expected to be a sensitive political issue in the coun- the current Five Year plan in capacity World average 2800 kwh the level of concern as S Banerjee, Chairman, Atomic En-on-stream by March 2012 and the try. For a higher growth, the electric- addition, the aim appears to be a dis- India is fighting to bring ergy Commission resonates India’s United States of America 14000 kwhsecond unit by June 2012. According ity segment has to grow proportion- tant dream. The targeted capacity ad- down the greenhouse- quest for cheaper and less pollutant China 2500 kwhto the agreement, Russia will supply ally. Assuming the country registering dition was 75,000 Mw, now officially gas (GHG) emission ac- power. “In 2017 nuclear power willfuel through the life span of the plant, 8 per cent growth in economy, the revised to 55,000 Mw. And a realis- India 717 kwh cording to the UNFCCC cost Rs 4 per unit,” pointed out Ba-24 | December 2011 - January 2012 | Power Insight Power Insight | December 2011 - January 2012 | 25
    • SPoNSoR SPoNSoR sEctor Focus sEctor Focus Nuclear Power Nuclear Power tee constituted by the government Energy demand projection if the economy grows at 8 per centAggressive plans in Nuclear: Dr. Eric Lowen Year Energy requirement Peak Demand Installed Capacity has reviewed all the plants in India and the report submitted says safePost Fukushima disaster the slowdown in nuclear energy implementa- (Billion units) (GW) (GW) and secure.” NPCIL recently hastion is not going to dither America’s aggressive plans says Dr. Eric Lowen, 2007 761 107 153 expressed its willingness to allowPresident - American Nuclear Society. 2012 1097 158 220 international safety inspection inside nuclear plants in the country. 2017 1524 226 306What are the measures taken by the American nuclear in the nuclear science and technol- 2022 2118 323 425society post Fukushima in terms of enhancing security? ogy community. We fully expect that Civil Nuclear Bill America will embrace these new de- 2027 2866 437 575As a professional society, one of chief roles is education, of our On the one hand, India is fight-members, of the general public, of schoolchildren, and of pol- velopments. 2032 3880 532 778 ing with domestic issues and on theicy makers about nuclear power’s favorable impact on energy India is the only country which went ahead with imple- other hand international suppliers are plants. According to one of the seniorgeneration. Since Fukushima, we have significantly increased menting nuclear energy programme post Japan’s Fuku- The glitches and road keenly watching India’s step on the person who has been part of the coun-our focus on education and have extensively communicated toour constituencies the safety and security aspects of nuclear shima disaster. Your comments? blocks try’s nuclear programme (not wished implementation of nuclear liability I have just returned from leading a delegation of distinguished to be named) gave a very convincing law code. The Parliament passed thefacilities in the United States and worldwide. Lack of supply of fuel (in this case Nuclear Liability Bill in 2010. The in- scientists and engineers associated with the American Nuclear answer for this. “I have been part of uranium) adversely affected the coun- ter-ministerial consultation regardingGermany’s decision to phase out nuclear energy post Fu- Society to the India Nuclear Energy 2011 Summit. We were setting up most of the nuclear power try’s nuclear programme in a larger plants in India, if it is the question of the law code is completed and nowkushima, what impact has it created in America’s nuclear very impressed by what we saw and learned. The Indian way. India can now breathe a sigh of radiation, my body was exposed to waiting to be tabled in Parliament toprogramme? people and government recognize that nuclear energy can be relief as international community has more radiation over the years, if the be enforced as an Act.In fact, Germany’s decision is not new but dates back to 1999 used to raise the standard of living in a way no other technol- agreed to supply Uranium. fears are true, I wouldn’t have beenand is, of course, a chiefly political decision. In the US, we ogy can match by providing stable base load electricity. According to K T Kotwal, Member Let us come back to the areas of con- sitting here and talking to you. So thefocus more on our own energy future than that of the world. Your expectation on the global nuclear energy sector. Also of L&T Board and President of heavy cern which is probably slowing down hue and cry about harmful radiation isWith the American publics’ favorable opinion of nuclear power elaborate on uS programmes. engineering, “the aversion towards the N-plans domestically. In 2011 nu- a voice arising out of sheer ignorancewe have a different political climate regarding nuclear than do nuclear power is because of the visual Plainly, nuclear energy is achieving a renaissance around the clear power constitutes a mere 4 per and little knowledge.”the Germans. We as a Society are pushing hard to achieve effect the Hiroshima and Nagasaki world, as others also recognize its important role. Of course, cent in the energy basket in India, bylicensing for some next generation designs and are supporting Malhotra added to the above said “The nuclear bomb attacks. One should other technologies, such as Small Modular Reactors are just 2050 if things move as per schedule,in every way possible new builds in the US. regulatory body and DAE are positive take the effort to make people under- beginning to be appreciated to advance an even faster rise the target is to attain a 25 per cent with as the safety measures put in place stand the positives of nuclear radia-How much delay has Fukushima created in America’s in standard of living in developing countries and there is no roughly around 2,00,000 Mw. Let us are in line with the IAEA standards tion.” He continued that, Chernobylnuclear programme? reason to think that will stop or even slow. examine the problems faced by In- and guidelines.”The NRC was very aggressive in evaluating plant safety after As a professional Society, we are, within the United States, dian nuclear industry; the prominent And all plantsFukushima, and the Congress remains supportive of nuclear also doing all we can to promote the message and the promise hurdle is the strike or the resistance are safe, butpower. Support among US citizens for inclusion of nuclear in of nuclear science and technology, in order for us, as a nation, by the locals in the areas of nuclear there should beour energy portfolio is still very strong. We’re focusing on new to enhance energy availability and security in the most carbon plant sites. According to S. K Mal- more educationconstruction, new designs, and continuing to lead the world free way possible. hotra, Head Public Awareness Divi- programmes in sion, Department of Atomic Energy this regard, henerjee. He also said that safety will tional fuels like coal and gas. domestic supplier, the state owned (DAE), “the lack of awareness or agreed.be given priority over production in little awareness is the culprit in this Coal India was incapable to meet the According to Energy released by fusion of 1gm of case. The local community tend tothe case of nuclear energy. He reiter- demands from the power plants. The Dr Banerjee,ates that nuclear power is highly cost Uranium 235 is 1Mw-day; to get an believe the distorted picture put in near black out situation echoed the front of them.” “Indian nu-effective even after adding on all the equal amount of energy using thermal necessity of developing nuclear pow- clear projectscost upgraded safety measures in line source requires 3 tonnes of coal. In Now the question is, can India afford are much safer the recent past the country has faced er sector in a faster way. Both domes-with that of the international safety to give into such politically motivat- than Fukushi-standards. Though tariff is a govern- a near black out owing to the short- tic and international experts are of the ed anti-nuclear protests? The major ma plant andment prerogative, it is calculated that age of coal. And ensuring coal supply pinion that India cannot move away concern is how to tackle the fear of post Fukushi-nuclear power will be cheaper than for power plant in was a Himalayan from nuclear energy to meet its ever harmful radiations induced into the ma tragedy thethe power produced using conven- task for the utilities when the sole increasing electricity need. minds of the people living near the safety commit-26 | December 2011 - January 2012 | Power Insight Power Insight | December 2011 - January 2012 | 27
    • SPoNSoR SPoNSoR sEctor Focus sEctor Focus Nuclear Power Nuclear Power What is nuclear liability bill?EPR reactor has improved safety standards: Areva The Bill aims to provide a civil liability for nuclear damage and prompt compensation to the victims of a nuclear inci-The current generation 3+ reactor comes with advanced safety measures dent through a no-fault liability to the operator, appointment of Claims Commissioner, establishment of Nuclear Damagewhich ensures higher tolerance level in case of an earthquake. Claims Commission and for matters connected therewith or incidental thereto.Post Fukushima Daiichi power plant tragedy, nuclear safety and cooling systems. While we After this bill becomes an act, India will become a member of the international convention on liability in the civil nuclearenergy sector is wading through a tough phase as resis- believe that there are sufficient safe- arena.tance have increased. Areva’s take on it? guards already in place, we always work towards meeting any additional The bill effectively caps the maximum amount of liability in case of each nuclear accident at INR1,500 crore (US$300We understand that Fukushima has raised a number of con- million) to be paid by the operator of the nuclear plant.cerns about the safety aspects of nuclear power. We would customer or safety authority require-like to clarify that the plant at Fukushima was a Generation 2 ment. This is one of the last steps needed to activate the 2008 Indo-U.S. civilian nuclear agreement as the United State nuclearreactor. The industry has moved forward by leaps and bounds. Areva’s point of view on India’s nuclear programme as the reactor manufacturing companies will require the liability bill to get insurance in their home state.Generation 3+ technologies have taken into account many country has a very aggressive capacity addition plans byof these aspects. If faced with a Fukushima-like event, the The bill will require amendments in the Atomic Energy Act 1962 allowing private investment in the Indian nuclear power 2050?EPR reactor would have had properly functioning emergency program. The issue of an accident is sensitive in India, where a gas leak in a Union Carbide factory in Bhopal city killed AREVA believes very strongly that India’s proposed capacity about 3,800 people in 1984 in one of the world’s worst industrial disasters.power systems and the water needed to ensure cooling. But addition is very much in line with India’s growing power re-more importantly the imperatives behind nuclear power re- quirements and we welcome the same. While the suppliers are tight lipped 2011, the officials are not upbeat about be in an advantageous position.main. The world has to address the twin issues of growth and on the impact if India implements the it, as typically it takes a longer timeglobal warming. Today, nuclear power and Generation 3+ re- How far have you progressed in the Jaitapur project? And On the other hand has large thorium civil nuclear liability bill act, they also in getting the required clearances foractors are the only ones that help solve both these problems what kind of delay are you expecting in the implementa- deposit which needs to be converted are optimistic that the country will ad- mining. The plan is to go ahead withwith clean, efficient and safe power. tion of the project? to Uranium 233 in a reactor. India put dress the concerns by them with due importing the fuel. The Tumalappalli We do not share specifics of customer negotiations, however in place a three phase programme toWhat consequences do we anticipate on the industry after diligence. mine in Andhra has confirmed 49,000Fukushima? we wish to state that we are in active engagement and dia- achieve the set target and thus con- tonne of ore and there are indications tribute to the country’s clean energyAs the growing demand for electricity around the world and logue with our potential customer, NPCIL on a number of sub- India’s Nuclear Plan that it could hold reserves totalling jects. capacity addition. The officials feelthe need to reduce CO2 emissions are still a reality, nuclear As India doesn’t have the fuel or the three times its current size says the that India will be pioneer in thoriumenergy remains an essential component of the energy mix to Does the local agitation in Jaitapur cause/ pause a threat international fuel supply, the coun- Department of Atomic Energy. This based technology and will be able toprovide low-carbon, affordable and base load electricity. Many to the project, Areva’s view on the same? try started developing its indigenous is estimated to sustain 8,000 Mw of export it to the global peers as therecountries such as China, UK, South-Africa, Czech Republic programme using thorium as a fuel. power for 40 years. is considerable amount of R&D been As you are aware, NPCIL is the owner operator of the pro-have already announced their plans to move forward with India is rich with 25 % of the thori- done in this segment. posed Jaitapur project, while AREVA is just one supplier, albeittheir nuclear programme. Nevertheless, the nuclear industry um deposit in the world. India going an important one. It would be out of place for us to commentwill need to reinforce public confidence in nuclear safety to forward will be in a position to sup- Capacity addition targets on other’s business.emerge as even more robust as the results of Fukushima. ply technology for those countries Type of reactor Operating Projections Projections How do you see the Indian nuclear sector panning out in aiming at developing thorium based 2020 2030Elaborate on the security measures implanted by Areva in comparison to the global scenario? plants. The moratorium imposed onEPR post Fukushima incident? Heavy Water Reactor 4,460 Mw 10,000 Mw 10,000 Mw We strongly believe that India will draw up the most appropri- Uranium import affected India’s nu-The design, and specifically the EPR’s seismic tolerance, Light Water Reactor 320 Mw 9,300 Mw 22,000 Mw ate power strategy. Nuclear we believe will be one of the key clear programme. The ban was liftedwould have allowed it to withstand the earthquake. It would in 2009 which is helping the country Fast breeder Reactor - 1,500 Mw 1,500 Mw elements, as is already envisaged. AREVA will work hard toalso have withstood the tsunami, and all air-cooled diesel gen- in its N-programs considerably. The Total 4,780 Mw 20,800 mw 33,500 Mw support India’s plans.erators would have been operable. An EPR plant in Fuku- country has signed a landmark nucle- The earlier estimates shows that In-shima would have been in a safe shutdown mode following Where do you see the maximum orders coming from? The country has envisaged on a three ar power deal with the United Statesthe normal procedures. The EPR was in fact purpose-designed dia has a uranium reserve of 61,000 phase programme to attain the nuclear AREVA believes that the growth of nuclear will come from the and opened up its estimated US $150to offer maximum resistance to major hazards. tonnes, however it is considered as power production target. The phase- developing world and ASIA. We look forward to being a part of billion nuclear power market to pri- poor quality ore. The calculation is 1 programme emphasised on build-The EPR already has multiple layers of active and passive that growth. vate reactor builders such as GE and that with this reserve, India can sus- ing pressurised heavy water reactors Areva. tain 10,000 Mw PHWR for 40 years. (PHWR) using domestic Uranium.nuclear disaster is brought out as an nuclear power. However, the number radiation is in two digits and not in Though India has found some large So if the latest Andhra find of Urani- Phase -2 which is currently underexample whenever we speak about of casualty in Chernobyl from nuclear thousand as projected. Uranium deposits in the country in um be added up, then the country will way focuses on reprocessing spent28 | December 2011 - January 2012 | Power Insight Power Insight | December 2011 - January 2012 | 29
    • SPoNSoR SPoNSoR sEctor Focus sEctor Focus Nuclear Power Nuclear Power iNDiaN Nuclear power Sector fuel from phase 1 to get Plutonium for India’s nuclear infrastructure time line breeder reactors. And in phase-3, use the U233 (obtained from thorium) and • 1946: The Atomic Energy Research Committee chaired by - coMMitMeNtS & challeNgeS use it with Plutonium. Dr. H. Bhabha was formed • 1948: The Atomic Energy Act was introduced to create an Atomic Energy Conclusion Commission (AEC) and the legal framework for its operation. The country has come a long way • 1952: A four-year plan to develop India’s nuclear infrastructure unveiled. from struggling to find Uranium sup- ply in the starting phase to the making G. R. Srinivasan • 1954: The Department of Atomic Energy (DAE) was created. Advisor, Nuclear Power Business, GMR Energy Limited, the NSG waive NPT clause in allow- Formerly Vice Chairman, Atomic Energy Regulatory Board of India & Director- • 1955: Britain provides India with six kilograms of enriched uranium fuel ing the international community to Projects, Nuclear Power Corporation of India Limited. rods, detailed engineering drawings, and other technical data for the con- trade with India in the nuclear seg- struction of a “swimming pool” type research reactor. Members of the US ment. So in this stage what India is Joint Committee on Atomic Energy visit India to promote the expansion of looking from its global counter parts sumption figure is expected to double Plants should be peaceful applications of atomic energy. The Atomic Energy Commission are a) the availability of fuel (Urani- Necessity of Nuclear by 2020, with 6.3% annual growth, built, what are of the United States agrees to sell ten tons of heavy water to India for use um) b) the permission for reprocess- Power to India and reach 5000-6000 kWh by 2050. specific needs of in the nuclear research reactor under construction at Trombay. ing fuel to produce plutonium for its By 2050 a gap of 80000MWe will our culture and indigenous programme and c) Supply Electricity demand in India is increas- • 1956: Canada agrees to supply India with half the initial uranium fuel exist & this needs to be closed by for our country, of fast breeder reactor (to convert tho- ing rapidly. Coal provides 68% of the required for the CIRUS research reactor, and the United States agrees to Nuclear. which technology, in addition to Pres- rium into Uranium, India needs fast electricity at present, but reserves are sell 18.9 tons of heavy water for the reactor. surized Heavy Water Reactors, should breeder reactor). The debate on whether to have Nucle- limited. Coal Imports are costly and India absorb for domestic use and tap • October 6, 1961: India signs an agreement to cooperate in the peaceful ar Power for India or not is going on large Imports by India & China may Post Fukushima event, countries like huge export potential, what additional uses of atomic energy with the Soviet Union. for the last thirty years. With twenty encourage OPEC like Cartels. Gas Germany had announced a roll back steps should be taken to speed up put- Nuclear Power Plants operating and provides 8%, hydro 14% & Nuclear • September 21, 1962: The Indian government enacts the Atomic Energy on its nuclear plans and decommis- ting Thorium usage into commercial Seven under construction, having Act of 1962, which allows for enhanced secrecy and mandates central sioning of its existing plans. Accord- 3%. The per capita electricity con- domain, how to further accelerate completed 345 re- governmental control over atomic energy. ing to experts, it is purely a political Dr. Bhabha’s Three Stage Program, actor years safe, decision rather than issues connected road map to make India an important • August 8, 1963: The Agreement for Cooperation between US and India to safety concerns. American nuclear For balanced energy mix, energy reliable & viable global nuclear player similar to IT concerning the Civil uses of Atomic Energy is signed. operation with more society agrees that there is a delay of independence and security, climate than 3000 manu- now etc. • October 6, 1967: India’s Defense Minister Swaran Singh announces be- six months in their programme. fore the UN General Assembly that India will not sign the Nuclear Non- change and avoiding green house facturers, 100 EPC For balanced energy mix, energy in- In our country, with the waiver from Contractors and ma- dependence and security, climate Proliferation Treaty (NPT) NSG and agreement with US, the gases, sustainable development, ture industry of five change and avoiding green house • May 18, 1974: India conducts a nuclear test at Pokhran in the Rajasthan sector has been opened up for global tapping 25% of World Thorium be- decades, it is too gases, sustainable development, tap- desert. suppliers like Areva and GE. How- late to ask this ques- ping 25% of World Thorium being in ever, for achieving the set targets, ing in India capable of producing tion. Constructive India capable of producing three lakh • 1978: US Congress passes the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Act which pro- India needs to tackle issues in the criticism and debate Mega Watts for three hundred years hibits nuclear trade with states that have not placed all reactors under three lakh Mega Watts for three domestic front like that of protests, should now be on and the huge potential of India being full-scope safeguards. The United States stops giving India nuclear as- environmental clearance hassles, land hundred years and the huge poten- what additional safe- a major global Nuclear Player in a de- sistance. acquisition, clarity on implementation ty and commercial cade (like IT, auto industries etc now) of civil nuclear liability act etc. The tial of India being a major global upgradation should and many other reasons, Nuclear is • September 2008: The Nuclear Suppliers Group (NSG) removed the ban on India’s participation in international nuclear trade. need of the hour is consensus among Nuclear Player in a decade (like IT, be done to make inevitable for India. Moreover there the suppliers, the operator, and the lo- Nuclear Power safe, is no alternate established bulk energy • October 2, 2008: India signs an agreement with the United States, which cals at the site of the plant. The suc- auto industries etc now) and many secure, reliable, vi- source after exhaustion of Fossil fuels lifts a three-decade US moratorium on nuclear trade with India by provid- cess of India’s nuclear programme other reasons, Nuclear is inevitable able and acceptable as Fusion is still far away. Thus the ing assistance to India’s civilian nuclear energy program and expanding will purely depend on how fast the especially after Fu- Energy mix for India should be on US-Indian cooperation in energy and satellite technology. government address the above said for India. kushima, what type Four pillars, Thermal including Coal, areas of concern. w of Nuclear Power Gas etc, Renewable including Hydro,30 | December 2011 - January 2012 | Power Insight Power Insight | December 2011 - January 2012 | 31
    • SPoNSoR SPoNSoR sEctor Focus sEctor Focus Nuclear Power Nuclear PowerNuclear & fourthly Energy Efficien- not to use oil). Work has commenced clear that poses no threat to society & clude Seismic, flooding (Both due Safety, Convention on Supplementary Act being practiced for 345 reactorcy, Improved energy intensity, Con- in the Third Stage also and India is environment will be accepted by the to heavy rain or upstream dam burst Compensation for Nuclear Damage years & increase in fish catch at allservation, Smart grids, demand side operating a research reactor, the only public. It should be seen so also. and downstream dam not damaged), etc. NPP locations prove that marine lifecontrols etc. Nuclear Industry will one presently in the world, KAMINI TSUNAMI, extreme high velocity is not affected. Reports of the fisherychange but the need for Nuclear will using U-233 from Thorium. The Design against natu- winds etc. All safety equipment are Fears existing in sur- department at each of the six NPP lo-not change. However constructive above indicates why India follows a located above maximum flood levelcriticism and debate is required to fine Closed Cycle. ral disasters including rounding population: cations in India from the time the re- or Tsunami levels taken for about 100 spective plants commenced operationtune the policy. Political consensus is earthquake, tsunami years from historical data and proba- Genration 3+ NPPs which India is im- With the availability of Imported Ura- reinforce this conclusion.a must. Media would continue to play etc: bilistic approach. For earth quakes, porting have features which will re- nium from Areva, Russia & expected sult in none or minimal action in Pub-a major role. The way all these are data around 300km is taken and a de-playing vital roles in the last few years soon from Kazakhstan (First gains of During the application for site, pre- lic domain even in Fukushima type of Economics sign basis earthquake is determined. the global trade made possible due liminary safety details of the NPPon many issues augurs well and gives Each safety equipment is qualified accidents. Proven & Tested reactors When India Imported PHWR from to NSG Waiver) as well as increased need to be submitted including aconfidence that the country would by shake-table tests or if too big by are of Fukushima type and if we want Canada for Rajasthan and BWR from domestic production, NPCIL is antici- guarantee that all AERB limits andchalk out a mature, effective and best calculations and computer modeling. a high degree of safety we have to go USA for Tarapur, it was feared that pating to double its power generation codal requirements will be adheredsuitable Nuclear Road Map for India. Nuclear sites are not located in high for untested reactors. In fact there is those will be uneconomical. Now In- in this fiscal year. The installation cost to. Only such details which are ir- earth quake areas. This is one of the a good possibility of even not writing dia makes cheapest PHWR reactors for indigenous PHWRs is Rs. 7 to 8Indian Nuclear Power reversible later on a detailed future codal requirements. off these reactors after natural disas- in the world. Tarapur sells at less than Crore/MWe and the average tariff for review are seen at this stage. DuringProgramme 2008-09 was 234 paise per kwhr. the period between authorizations Due to the above the Madras Atomic ters that Fukushima faced. After in- a rupee per unit. Thus even though spection & checks there is a possibil-In The Three Stage Indian Nuclear Power Plants stood the Tsunami and the Imported reactors now planned for excavation to commissioning, a ity to restart the Nuclear Power PlantsPower Program, the 1st Stage con- Fukushima Accident & detailed three tier review of each de- the Kakrapara Atomic Plants stood as design features of these Generation could be initially costly, by buildingsisting of Pressurised Heavy Water Impact on Indian Pro- sign detail is performed. For example, the Bhuj earth quake. 3+ reactors may totally protect the re- fast, local manufacturer of maximumReactors is already in the Industrial for Narora Atomic Power Project this equipment (Indian manufacturers candomain. Work is in progress in the gram: Objectives & Ambitions actors. make equipment 30% cheap with review process consumed more than2nd Stage of using Fast Breeder Re- Under the orders from Government, Fear exists in the mind of costal popu- same Quality and Reliability), build-actors. This increases the potential of seven committees have submit- 500000 technical man hours. A simi- of Indian Program- In- lation including tribal population & lar amount of effort has already been ing through Indian EPC Contractors,the 1st Stage which is 10,000MWe ted Post Fukushima reviews on all spent on the review of Russian design dia, a future Global fisherman about damage to environ- Operating for 60 years and efficientlyto 3,00,000MWe. The Second stage Nuclear Power Plants in India and at Kudankulam. Player ment including marine life. The dis- with Plant Load factor greater thanuses recycled Plutonium from 1st implementation is in progress. This charge temperature limits to environ- 90%, the Levellised Tariff will beStage. The energy potential can be includes review of Kudankulam NPP Present Indian NPPs go through elab- India has a flourishing and largely in- ment for NPPs is the same as it is for comparable to the nearest Conven-further increased with the develop- also. Greater openness & transpar- orate review process with respect to digenous nuclear power program and Thermal Plants i.e. 7°C more than in- tional Thermal Power Plant of thement of Thorium in the Third stage ency will be practiced in the decision them being capable of withstanding expects to have 20,000 MWe Nuclear let. For plants installed prior to 1999 capacity on line by 2020 and 63,000 same vintage.using U-233 as fuel (India not using making process. Public Acceptance natural disasters including extreme it is 10°C (It is still so in many coun-Thorium is like asking Arab countries will be given importance. Only Nu- meteorological conditions. These in- MWe by 2032. It aims to supply 25% tries) which is also safe. (In fact in of electricity from nuclear power by many coastal locations in India, at any Private Sector Participa- 2050. spot the daily variation in temperature tion itself is 10°C). These limits, both of India could also become a global res- Private Sector are playing a vital role absolute maximum temperature and ervoir of skilled nuclear manpower, a in equipment manufacture and con- differential rise in temperature, are as manufacturing hub, a pioneer in Tho- struction/EPC contracts for past five per international standards and Indian rium and Fast Breeder technologies, decades. Government has announced stipulations and have been arrived af- a huge Nuclear Service Provider and that they will allow minority share ter intense study. The adverse effects much more. in operation of NPPs. This could be of thermal discharges into coastal wa- Since India will soon assume a global ters & other water bodies have been a first step towards full privatization. role, it should align itself with Inter- widely studied & documented. These Since heavy investment, detailed long national regimes in many areas such will not cause any damage to marine term planning etc are required due to as Export controls, design practices, life or Flora & Fauna. The radioactive uniqueness of Nuclear Industry, Po- Physical protection, Nuclear Security Waste discharged to Environment will litical Consensus & Long term Policy & prevention of proliferation, Nuclear be as per Radioactive Waste Disposal Declaration is a necessity.32 | December 2011 - January 2012 | Power Insight Power Insight | December 2011 - January 2012 | 33
    • iNdustry FEaturE iNdustry FEaturE switchgears switchgearsSwitchgearS cent per year. The LV and MV market switchgear industry in India. HV As an innovation-led technology will reach $4,173.2 million by 2015, (High Voltage) and EHV (Extra High leader, Siemens has opened up a growing at a compound annual growth Voltage) switchgear resulted in a 28% new dimension in the high-volt- rate (CAGR) of 14.2 per cent. The growth due buoyancy in demand from age power transmission technol- two major markets for switchgears iNDuStry with proMiSiNg future Power Grid, IPPs (Independent Power ogy with the introduction of 1200 are the government and private sec- Producer) and some utilities. While kV SF6 Circuit Breaker. Spanning tor. Growth drivers for LV switchgear constrained demand of medium volt- over long distances and with a are building segments, new indus-The Indian switchgear industry is fully geared up to produce, supply and export a wide variety transmission capacity of 8000 tries and infrastructure development age breakers for substation projects megawatts (MW), the new 1200 while for HV and extra high voltage also got a fillip and resulted in hugeof equipments that are required by the expanding industrial and power sector. The industry has kV system will have low transmis- (EHV) segments; growth stems from growth of more than 30% during themoved up to next level to extra high-voltage power transmission technology with the introduc- sion losses. power generation and transmission period. On the other hand low voltagetion of 1200 kV SF6 Circuit Breaker. Amidst challenges and prevailing threat the future holds lot sectors, which are directly linked to switchgear products like contactors,of promise for this industry. generation capacity. For the MV seg- present size of the Indian switchgear MCBs ( Miniatures Circuit Break- industry, is around Rs. 12,000 Crores. ment, this would be the distributionA During the financial year 2010-11 the sector including programmes like n efficient power supply tor and has taken Rajiv Gandhi Grameen Vidyutikaran Currently, the MV & HV switch- industry grew by about 21% in terms system is the key ingredi- various steps to Yojana (RGGVY) and Re-structured gear segments are suffering from of volume however overall exports ent for a country’s economic make the sector at- Accelerated Power Development and overcapacity due to lack of orders. decreased by 8%, whereas imports in-growth; unfortunately, in India short- tractive for inves- Reform Programme (R-APDRP) be- Inadequate demand could be due creased mainly for MV/HV by moreage of electricity is one of the major tors. Ultra mega sides the core sector industries. to insufficient planning by the us- than 25%. The industry is capable tolimitations sustaining our growth power projects ers and delay in finalizing tenders. meet the domestic demand and manu-momentum. With current installed (UMPPs), nuclear factures the entire voltage range from Market Scenario:generating capacity of over 180000 power program, 240 KV to 800 KV. The Indian switchgears industry hasMW, the country recently faced a JVs by public & ers), MCCB’s (Moulded case circuitpeak demand gap of about 16% due Private sector for The industry has moved to higher shown a healthy growth post econom- breakers), etc. continued to witnessto coal shortages. To sustain the eco- manufacture of level with first 1200 KV SF6 circuit ic dip of 2008-09 registering around 15 per cent in 2009-10. Alongside the a growth of more than 20% due tonomic and industrial growth drive plant equipment in- breaker being recently introduced by industry also saw the demand grow- sustained demand from cement, steel,the government is focusing more and cluding supercriti- Siemens for PGCIL 1200Kv Test sta-more on increasing generation capac- ing at a rate of 20-25 per cent during OEMs (Original Equipments Manu- cal 800 MW tur- tion at Bina, MP. The launch of theity to fulfil energy requirement and bines & boilers and 1200 kV SF6 Circuit Breaker is a the period. Financial year 2010-11 facturers), construction and infra-bridge the mounting demand-supply Balance of Plant significant milestone in this journey was a year of positive growth for structure sectors.gap. However, increasing genera- (BOP) equipment contributing towards sustainable de-tion capacity alone will not solve the etc., too are under velopment of the nation’s economysituation since the current installed progress to help by enhancing efficiency of the pow-transmission capacity for evacuation debottleneck the to the rise in demand for switchgears, er sector. If we talk of utilities andis heading bottleneck, further a cause power generation program. Renew- which are indispensable not only for industries, they predominantly useof serious concern is outdated distri- able/Alternative energy initiatives transmission and distribution of pow- vacuum based switchgears, whichbution system with huge AT & C loss- like wind, solar-thermal, biomass, er but anywhere where there is a need is an upgrade from air and oil tech-es. Hence there is an urgent need for to access and control electricity. The nology. In the higher voltage range, mini/micro hydel, etc. are gatheringenhancement and up-gradation of the switchgear industry in India is a de- utilities are now adopting SF6 based steam. This scenario presents a hugetransmission and distribution (T&D) veloped industry, producing and sup- technology for increased safety. Go- opportunity to the Indian electri-infrastructure to evacuate additional plying a wide variety of switchgear ing by current trends, the MV and LV cal equipment industry, particularlypower across the country, which calls needed in the industrial and power segments will continue to grow while Switchgears.for a corresponding investment in sectors. This industry is highly orga- the HV and ultra high voltage (UHV) nized with around 25-30 leading play-transmission & distribution sector. Industry Overview ers, however about 15 of these leading segment has even brighter prospects.The government has pulled out all the Indian industry’s need for continued players, controls more than 90% of the A conservative estimate is that the in-stops to attract investment in this sec- uninterrupted power supply has led market share. It is estimated that the dustry will grow at the rate of 8-10 per34 | December 2011 - January 2012 | Power Insight Power Insight | December 2011 - January 2012 | 35
    • iNdustry FEaturE switchgears Challenges & Threats: test facilities for HV switchgear. • Weak financial position of Electricity Broads (EB’s) • One sided contracts by the user industries / Price Vari- which has worsened over the years adversely affect ation contracts not accepted by many users is cause the switchgear industry since it has to largely depend of deep concern amidst rising input cost. on EBs for its sales. • The industry faces challenges of improper procure- • High input cost is draining away the profit margins ment planning/bunching of orders coupled with entry since the industry has to face stiff price competition. of unproven contractors/ sub-contractors with minimal • In LV & MV segment the industry is facing increased technical knowledge. & unhealthy competition from unorganized sector and • Lack of standard specification and design parameters Chinese imports at cheaper rates. clubbed with increasing trend of customisation is ad- • Since in India allocation of funds & investments in R&D versely impacting the delivery schedule as well as tak- is quite low the industry lacks product innovations. ing away benefits of economies of scale. • There is lack of Integration/Assimilation of new tech- • The new Clause of consequential damages which in nologies into development of new products in the sec- short means an organisation supplying equipment is tor. not only responsible for the supply but also for the damages arising out of the equipment. • Procuring products at lowest price followed by most of the utilities creates a hurdle for bringing good quality • Uncertainty & slow pace of reforms is another area of material in the system. grave concern. • Power Sector, though offers big opportunities ahead • The industry is also moving through phase of underuti- for HV and EHV segment but sadly the country lacks lization of installed capacity.Currently, the MV & HV segments novate and upgrade its products to industry is all ready with products andare suffering from overcapacity due meet the evolving/future needs of its solutions of global standards.to lack of orders. Inadequate demand customers. If we look at the prevail-could be due to insufficient planning ing trends then it is interesting to note Opportunitiesby the users and delay in finalizing that in low voltage category, there had Government planned a capacity addi-tenders. Unfortunately bunching of been shift from electromagnetic to tion of around 1,50,000 MW duringorders also creates supply-delivery numerical relays along with electri- the period of 10 years from 2007-problems, Also L1 ( lowest quoted cal sensors being getting replaced by 2017. However with huge slippage inprice) procurement system followed electronic sensors and there is more capacity addition targets during XI thby all utilities i.e. procuring products and more use of magnetic actuators. five year plan ending 2012, the gov-at lowest price creates a hurdle for It is also quite notable that there has ernment will work more aggressivelybringing good quality material in the been increased use of improved ma- on capacity addition front during thesystem. Further insistence on repeat- terials for cost saving and making XII plan period (2012-17) to compen-ed type testing of products in spite of switchgears environment friendly. sate the shortfall of the previous plan.inadequate type testing laboratories While on the other hand in High and All these efforts will also open upposes additional delays and harm to Extra High Voltage range there are equal opportunities in Transmissionthe equipment. more compact and intelligent switch- sector to evacuate the power. Since gear in use. With package substations HV & EHV switchgears derive theirLatest Trends: and smart grids available now the in- demand from power generation andThe Indian switchgear industry is a dustry is moving to a higher level of transmission sector, the segment hasmature industry and continues to in- 1200Kv range. The Indian switchgear bright prospect for growth in times36 | December 2011 - January 2012 | Power Insight Power Insight | December 2011 - January 2012 | 37
    • iNdustry FEaturE switchgears !"#$%&()&$*")+(,"-$.&(/"*".&0( !"#$%&#(()#*+,-."/# tor are expected to opportunity for switchgear industry. L69.O?16B3;# 1"# )QH@# R3# .43# ."# $%&# 534ST3;# .";# B1UB?/# drive the growth The growth in this segment is likely 43->93;# ,.">M.59>434# +M# -+453?.1"# 1"6>?.9+46@# R19B# in infrastructure to sustain at current/higher levels per- segment which 834S5.??/#1"93U4.93;#5?./#,1"1"U#+-34.S+"6P# cent over the next 4-5 years and is ex- includes modern- pected to support LV and MV switch- # ization of crucial gear market growth, as these products V3# .43# .--4+83;# R19B# 7W*$:@# XE7*@# XY7*@# %9.93# economic and are required for general protection as L?35941519/#0+.4;6#.";#,.A+4#9>4"23/#5+"94.59+46@#R19B#.# social infrastruc- well as switching. The MCCB and ture, such as new 6>--?/# 435+4;# +M# C# ,1??1+"# ;165# 1"6>?.9+46# 3";+463;# O/# MCB markets are expected to benefit hospitals, com- considerably from alternative energy -34M+4,."53#534ST5.936#M4+,#3";#>S?1S36P# mercial com- expansion. # plexes, IT Parks, V19B#."#1"69.??3;#-4+;>5S+"#5.-.519/#+M#,+43#9B."#(((# Shopping Malls, Road Ahead: 9+"6# -34# /3.4@# M>??/# 3Z>1--3;# 1"[B+>63# 936S"U# .";# <]# Ports, railways, Metro, roadways The industry though blessed with im- M.51?1S36@#R3#.43#.#94>693;#.";#5.-.O?3#-.49"34#M+4#-+R34# and schools etc mense potential and loads of oppor- 94."6,1661+"#-4+A3596P# Infrastructure tunities ahead is not free from chal- development is lenges. There is dire need of standard expected to ben- specification and design parameters efit the Ring Main by user segment. The manufacturers Units(RMUs), also need to look into better produc- Intelligent Switch tion efficiencies and economies of Gear, Air insu- scale to fight price competition and lated and Mould- to cut down unhealthy competition ed Case circuit from cheap and sub-standard prod- breakers market ucts. Also L1 (lowest quoted price) for switching, procurement system followed by all control and gen- utilities is bound to creates a hurdle %-.51+>6#,.">M.59>41"U#M.51?19/# %>-341+4#O+;/#5+,-+61S+"#+M# %+-B16S5.93;#9>""3?#21?"6#R19B# eral protection ap- for bringing good quality material in R19B#B1UB#Z>.?19/#,.5B1"34/#.";# 5>69+,#O?3";3;#5?./6#,1"3;#M4+,# 5+"61693"9#T41"U#-4+T?3#.";# plications. to the system. There is much need to ,.9341.?#B.";?1"U#6/693,6# +>4#+R"#B1UB#Z>.?19/#5?./#,1"36# 5+"S">+>6#-4+;>5S+"#ahead. Further power plant modern- take concrete steps to encourage R&D The prices of realization and refurbishment is also ex- activities for innovative products and estate are firming up and continuedpected to additionally support growth growth of the residential sector is to bridge the technological gap.of the switchgear market, since nu- likely to drive the MCBs, ELCBs andmerous power plants in India are The future holds lot of promise for MCCBs market which has alreadynearing the end of their service plan, this industry. The government fo- clocked a growth of more than 20%thus requiring overhauling and mod- cus on the power sector for adding over last fiscal. Also, India’s indus-ernization and the replacement of LV, capacity, improving power quality, trial sector, with most of the indus-MV and HV switchgear. strengthening transmission and initi- trial divisions reporting growth in ating steps for privatisation of SEBs output in the fiscal will pave way forOn the other hand Infrastructure sec- along with rural electrification would the LV & MV switchgear demand.tor is one of the most important thrust ensure continuous growth, both up- *+"S">+>6#Z>.?19/#5+"94+?#.";# %35>43#-.521"U#+M#1"6>?.9+46#R19B# ]165#1"6>?.9+46#>-#9+#)Q(#^X# An increase in process automationsectors in the Eleventh & Twelfth Five stream and down-stream, at least for 936S"U#.6#-34#$%%##$L*#6-351T5.S+"6# S,3?/#;3?1834/#9B4+>UB#43?1.O?3# _X+4,.?#.";#!"S#M+U`#M+4#B1UB# levels at industrial infrastructure isYear Plan of the Government of India the next few years. The current sce- O/#B1UB?/#621??3;#-346+""3?# 94."6-+49#-.49"346# 8+?9.U3#94."6,1661+"#?1"36## set to increase the market for ISGs,with an estimated investment of $475 RMUs, MCCBs, ACBs and C&Rs. nario is marked by capacity buildingbillion over next five years (2012- Further, the renewable energy market in many industries along with real2017); at an average GDP growth of in India which has grown from about estate growth and increased emphasis )123453(678((about 7.6 percent and massive invest- 2400 MW to 20,100 MW, offers big on infrastructure development augurs 012."34#*34.,156#7418.93#:1,193;##ments from the private and public sec- well for the switchgear industry. <."1#0.=..4#$";>6941.?#!43.@#012."34@#<.A.69B."#CCD(()# EF#G)#)H)#IHI)J(#####KF#G)#)H)#IHDJHJ#####LF#1"M+NO534.,156P1"#38 | December 2011 - January 2012 | Power Insight Power Insight | December 2011 - January 2012 | 39
    • sPEcial rEPort sPEcial rEPort ElEcraMa 2012 ElEcraMa 2012 elecraMa 2012 of ELECRAMA-2012, a high profile ELECRAMA 2012 will play a huge 2012 will provide opportunities for event attended by leading luminaries catalyst role in bringing investors, visitors to forge technology partner- of the Indian Power sector including manufacturers and decision makers ships, close business deals, and as- chiefs of key Indian Utilities, regula- together. At IEEMA we are glad to sess vendors’ capabilities. Above all, tory bodies and allied institutions rep- present this ‘India Power Factor’, a ELECRAMA 2012 will bring to the global platform that will position In- fore the value proposition of ‘Made a MoveMeNt Now, resenting and reflecting the breadth and strength of the Indian Power Sec- dia in the right perspective.” January in India’ and of ‘right technology @ tor. Ms. Indra Prem Menon, Chair- 2012 - New Year with new opportuni- right price’. Concurrent conferences person ELECRAMA 2012 said: “In- ties is here to welcome ELECRAMA will throw light on technology trends, beyoND juSt aN exhibitioN! dia is on the cusp of infrastructure 2012 which offers industry profes- O&M, developing smart power revolution and the Power sector has sional across the globe an unparal- grids”. leled experience and lasting value, a key role to play. As per estimates, ELECRAMA as an exhibition fea- beyond just an exhibition. US$ 600 billion (Rs 27,00,000 crore) tures the biggest names in the global The World’s largest convergence of the power transmission and distribution of planned investments in Power gen- Mr. PV Krishna, Director General electrical T&D industry, and a per- eration, transmission and distribution IEEMA and Organizing Secretary fect launch vehicle to introduce latest community and the premier showcase of Indian Electrical Sector is back again are at various stages of progress and of Elecrama said, “ELECRAMA products and technology. The five day with its 10th edition of ELECRAMA 2012 - schedule from 18th – 22nd of January 2012 at Mumbai (India). The event is organized by IEEMA, a 64 year old non- profit industry association representing the Indian electrical & industrial elec- tronics industry with over 750 members with a combined annual turnover over US$22 Billion 2010 Show Pictures2010 Show Pictures E LECRAMA serves as the electrical T&D exhibition held bien- strength. The ninth edition ELEC- largest confluence of the nially in Mumbai, India since 1990. RAMA 2010 hosted 1,243 exhibitors Power T&D sector, ranging From its humble beginnings in 1990 from India and 23 countries, and at- showcases products and technology widest cross section of T&D industry The 10th edition is expected to sur- from 110V to 1200kV, HVDC and which saw 283 exhibitors and 30,000 tracted 1,05,209 footfalls into the ex- through the entire voltage spectrum, giving it a must attend event status pass all previous editions, with over Power Electronics, ELECRAMA of- visitors, it has grown to be the world’s hibition. conforming to global standards and amongst global exhibitions. The event 1250 Exhibitors, along with 30+ VIP fers an international framework for largest one-stop-shop for electri- specifications and also provides a delegations from over 130 countries aims at brings together manufacturers display, discussions and deliberations cal and industrial electronics with Now it is time for ELECRAMA-2012 window to the future by showcasing is expecting around 110,000 footfalls which took off to with a flying start and suppliers to interface with key amongst global T&D fraternity com- 95% of the Indian Electrical Industry concepts, prototypes and innovations during the five day event. ELECRA- prising of business, thought leaders, on July 2011, in splendid ELEC- conjured by young engineers from customer segments like private and MA is an ideal venue for industry pro- manufacturers across the entire T&D technologists and professionals from value chain conforming to global RAMA style when IEEMA and the leading technical institutions. This public T&D Utilities, EPCs, Consul- fessionals, business people and tech- the Utilities, Industry and Academia. standards come together to showcase ELECRAMA-2012 organizing com- enables a healthy interaction inter- tants and members of the government nologists to come together on a single ELECRAMA is the world’s largest their development and manufacturing mittee held a curtain raiser preview face for future professionals with the and policy makers. global platform. 40 | December 2011 - January 2012 | Power Insight Power Insight | December 2011 - January 2012 | 41
    • Product showcasE Product showcasE New Product & technology New Product & technology Victaulic exclusive installation-ready line and Advanced Groove System line Cooper Ecopack Gensets break new ground ! Cooper Corporation Pvt. Ltd. is a pioneering company our valued customers. Today, these gensets already com- to compress project schedules mizing HVAC system performance. which built India’s first diesel engine way back in 1922 ply with future emission norms which are applicable from and remain competitive. It is the “The Victaulic grooved system and is a market leader in centrifugal castings and has July 2013! We are confident of a great market success in fastest and safest pipe-joining works equally well with a variety of added to its very popular Ecopack Range of gensets. The this product range. Not only are they Environmenly friendly method currently available. The piping materials, including carbon company has launch its new range of 4 and 6 cylinder but also save extensively on fuel and maintenance costs.” installation-ready coupling in- and stainless steel, and with a wide Engines which will power the Cooper Ecopack gensets in stalls up to ten times faster than Further these gensets also have a gas variation which range of pipe sizes,” says Pankaj the power range from 100 KVA to 200 KVA. other pipe-joining methods such the company is developing to meet the market require- Soni, Victaulic Country Manager In- as welding, brazing, soldering or The gensets are presently produced at Coopers State of ments using mixture type of gas systems. Available with flanging. dia. “This makes it the ideal choice the Art production facilities in Satara, Maharastra. These rotary fuel pump and CRDI options, the engines will have to compress schedules in the HVAC The Victaulic patented Advanced are developed with Stanadyne mechanical injection sys- 4 valves per cylinder and turbo charged with charge air industry where it offers the com- Groove System (AGS) is the tems using 750 bar injection pressure and achieving cooling. The engines are of compact size which occupies bined advantages of design versatil- strongest and most depend- CPCB II norms which are going to be applicable from June less space per unit output. Euro IV compliant for automo- ity, highly reliable operation, and fast tive application, flexi fuel option (diesel, CNG, LPG) with able mechanical piping joining 2013 onwards. Victaulic, the world’s leading manu- installation.” B10 life of 7,000 hours/ 250,000 kms are some of its sa- system for 350-1525mm size Speaking on the occasion, Mr. Farrokh Cooper, Chairman facturer of mechanical pipe joining piping systems. With a two-piece Founded in 1925, Victaulic is the lient features which is a formula for success and sure to and Managing Director, Cooper Corporation said, “We are systems, has introduced installation- housing and a wedge-shaped groove world’s leading producer of mechan- be a hit in the market. delighted to present our new Ecopack gensets in the In- ready product line and Advanced that delivers pressure ratings up to ical pipe joining systems. Headquar- For Further Information visit: dian market as this is a step towards our commitment to Groove System (AGS) product line at 2,400 kPa, Victaulic AGS couplings tered in Pennsylvania, USA, Victaulic offer state of the art integrated technological solutions to www.coopergenset.com www.coopercorp.in the ACREX trade fair at BIEC, Banga- offer exceptional assembly speed has manufacturing and distribution lore. Both product lines give contrac- and reliability. In addition to simpli- facilities worldwide and employs tors, engineers and owners an un- fied and faster installation, Victaulic more than 3,500 people. The compa- ÖLFLEX® SERVO FD 796 CP – “Seven in One” matched competitive edge, cutting couplings, fittings and valves are ny develops products for a full range lighter in weight yet with higher inte- of industrial, commercial and institu- The new ÖLFLEX® SERVO FD 796 CP motor cable is be- • Low capacitance piping system installation time and gral strength and require less space tional piping system applications. ing launched with the tag line “Seven in One” with good design: Dependent on making installations safer. than traditional products, minimizing reason: The new premium cable can replace seven servo electrical operating Installation-ready technology is de- For more information, motor cables at once, offering users a whole range of ad- conditions of the the plant room footprint while maxi- signed to address the industry’s need visit www.victaulic.com. ditional benefits such as: drive, EMI interfer- • Allows much faster speed and accelerations which ence levels may be increases the economic efficiency of the machines reduced • Multi-standard= fewer part varieties = cost savings • Halogen-free materi- OBO GR Magic Mesh Cable Tray. OBO offer cable support system made by pro- • Suitable for the most important servomotor drive sys- als -Flame retar- fessionals for the professionals. tems of leading manufacturers. dancy and Oil resistant Mesh Cable trays are the ideal solutions for safe and economical cable routing. • Benefit: The modified design of the control pairs brings • UL/CSA: VW-1, FT1. IEC/EN: 60332.1-2 OBO’s patented GR-Magic Cable trays are also quicker to install. The screw less less voltage drop and allows significant higher working Product finds application in connecting cable between quick mounting guarantees the shortest possible installation time even for complex voltage of the associated circuits. servo controller and motor, in power chains or moving installations. The versatile and perfect accessories along with various dimensions High-speed multiple changes of the power chain’s position is exactly where the new premium cable from Lapp shows machine parts, for use in assembling- & pick-and-place of mesh trays ensure that the product range is complete to the smallest detail. The its excellence. The proportional run-up and braking times machines - particularly in wet areas of machine tools and mesh trays as well as accessories are available in electro galvanized for indoor & have been reduced by up to 96%. The new cable offers an transfer lines and for assembly lines, production lines in protected areas, Hot dip galvanized for outdoor and open atmosphere areas, 304 & 316 grade stainless steel for food, tunnel & offshore applications standard sizes exceptionally long service life, is compact and lightweight. all kinds of machines. It establishes the Stuttgart-based available are with side heights 35, 55 & 105mm and width ranging from 50 to 600 Key features include: Lapp Group firmly in the Champions League of international mm . OBO GR Magic Mesh Cable trays are well accepted worldwide due to the above advantages combined with • Dynamic performance in power chains: Accelerations servo cable manufacturers. First dimensions are made the technical properties guaranteed by IEC 61537. E-mail : info@oboindia.com up to 50m/s² available from Dec 2011. The products that will be replaced • Travel speed: up to 5m/s and travel lengths up to 100m can be ordered until end of Feb 2012.42 | December 2011 - January 2012 | Power Insight Power Insight | December 2011 - January 2012 | 43
    • Product showcasE New Product & technologyMOTWANE 5KPI - THE DIAGNOSTIC INSULATION TESTERMotwane introduces its Digital High Voltage Insulation backlit LCD for easy viewing during dim light condition.Tester 5KPI which is a versatile industrial grade diagnostic User defined algorithm for conducting spot insulation test-insulation tester. It is a microprocessor based insulation ing, polarization index, dielectric absorption ratio, dielectrictester for diagnosing insulation of all types of electrical discharge, step voltage and breakdown voltage test withequipments in electrical utility and large industries. 5KPI is three programmable timers. The instrument has internalsuitable for testing insulation resistance of Power Trans- memory for data storage (upto 1000 readings) and PCformers, Distribution Transformers, Motors & Generators, software for data management. Current Transformers, HT Cables, Circuit 5KPI provides Programmable test voltage 250 ~ 5000V, In- Breakers and other switchgears. 5KPI is sulation Resistance upto 10TΩ, leakage current upto 3mA. designed and developed in Motwane DSIR Simultaneous measurement of Voltage, Current and Capaci- accredited research laboratory and is tance, Digital and analog display, Mains / Battery Operation. manufactured under stringent manufac- 5KPI is a fully intelligent insulation tester providing unique turing process. solution for complete insulation testing with 5 diagnostic The instrument comes in an modes PI, DAR, DD, SV and BDV, comes with international easy grip tough industrial grade certification of CE, EMC, IP 65 & CAT IV to ensure equip- casing with detachable lid. ment as well as human safety. Information is displayed on large For further details contact: abhijitjoshi@motwane.com 765 kV Silicone Composite Insulators: Deccan Enterprises is having a state-of-the-art manu- of equivalent Porcelain string. facturing facility at Hyderabad, India. It markets its insu- • DECOSIL Insulators have excellent Pollution lators under the brand name ‘Decosil’. Design and man- performance with its unique hydrophobicity ufacture of Insulators is certified by DNV Nederland to property of Silicone rubber. ISO9001:2008. The company also has a well-equipped in-house R&D facility recognized by Ministry of Science • DECOSIL Insulators does not need any mainte- & Technology, Govt. of India. Deccan has now success- nance- No cleaning required. fully developed 765 kV Silicone Composite Insulators for Earlier this year Deccan became the 1st company the first time in India. These Insulators were designed in the world to design, manufacture and test suc- with the help of 3-Dimentional Electrical Field Modelling cessfully 1200kV Silicone Composite Insulator. Today software and meets all relevant International and Indian Deccan is India’s no. 1 manufacturer of Silicone Com- standards. DECOSIL Insulators have Unique and follow- posite Insulators for transmission lines and railways. ing features: Decosil Insulators up to 400kV are working satisfacto- • DECOSIL Insulator string consists of two long rod in- rily all over India in many utilities like Power Grid, Gu- sulators cascaded with 4 grading rings for the ease jarat Transmission, UP Transmission, AP Transco, TNEB, of installation and stringing. Rajasthan, Maharashtra, West Bengal etc. By install- • DECOSIL Insulators are directly moulded over the ing DECOSIL Insulators, the transmission lines shall be end fittings ensuring positive sealing at the triple largely free from flashovers. junction. For Further information contact: info@deccan.in • DECOSIL Insulators are light in weight- 1/10th weight or visit their website: www.deccan.in44 | December 2011 - January 2012 | Power Insight Power Insight | December 2011 - January 2012 | 45
    • EvENts calENdEr January - december 2012 rENEwablE iNsiGhtsEvent & Proposed Date Proposed Venue OrganisersConferencesELECRAMA 2012 18th-22nd Jan’12 Bombay Exhibition Centre, Mumbai IEEMA3rd International Wind 5th-7th Feb’12 CODISSIA Trade Fair Complex, India Wind Power AssocationConference & Exhibitions CoimbatoreAES 2012 - Alternative 9th-10th Feb’12 Gujarat niSpana Innovative PlatformsEnergy Summit 2012 Pvt LtdEnergy Tech India 2012 10th-12th Feb’12 Pragati Maidan, New Delhi India Trade Promotion OrganisationRenewable Asia 2012 16th-19th Feb’12 Palace Grounds, Bengaluru Triune Exhibitors Private Limited2nd India Solar Energy 23rd-24th Feb’12 New Delhi Noppen (Shanghai) Co LtdSummit 2012India Wind Energy 19th-20th April’12 Chennai Noppen (Shanghai) Co LtdSummit 2012Power Gen India & 19th-21st April’12 Pragati Maidan, New Delhi Inter AdsCentral AsiaWorld Renewable Energy 25th-27th April’12 Convention Centre- NDCC, Energy and EnvironmentTechnology Congress & Parliament Street, New Delhi FoundationExpo’2012Nuclear Energy 2012 25th-27th Sep’12 Bombay Exhibition Centre, Mumbai UBM India Pvt LtdRenewtech India 2012 25th-27th Oct’12 Bombay Exhibition Centre, Mumbai MCO-Winmark Exhibitions Pvt. LtdPower India 2012 6th-8th Nov’12 Bombay Exhibition Centre, Mumbai MCO-Winmark Exhibitions Pvt. LtdIntersolar India 2012 6th-8th Nov’12 Bombay Exhibition Centre, Mumbai MMI India Pvt. Ltd6th Renewable Energy 7th-9th Nov’12 National Capital Region of Delhi Exhibitions IndiaIndia 20124th Renewable Energy 16th Nov’12 The Residency, Coimbatore Exhibitions India2012 ConferenceWind Power India 2012 28th-30th Nov’12 Chennai Trade Centre Complex, WISE Chennai Ps: The above mentioned Venues and Dates are subjected to change depending upon the final call being taken by the Organiser of the event.46 | December 2011 - January 2012 | Power Insight Focus - wiNd tEchNoloGy47 Power Insight | December 2011 - January 2012 |
    • rENEwablE uPdatEs rENEwablE uPdatEs solarAdani Power commissions 40 MW solar power project Suzlon to supply wind turbines Wind Andhra wind power developersAdani Group, with com- Technology and has over from the project site. in the process of commis- for South Africa project seek higher tariffmissioning of a 40 MW 4,00,000 Solar PV modules sioning two more units of Adani Power, a company Suzlon Energy said it had try. South Africa’s Minister Wind power develop- and a 4 per cent evacuationsolar power plant in Kutch mounted on 21,600 struc- 660 MW by March 2012 of Adani Group, which received approval from the for Energy, Dipuo Peters ers in Andhra Pradesh incentive.district, Gujarat has made tures, which are erected on to achieve the final plant plans to become a 10,000 South African government has announced her depart- filed a petition before theit foray in the renewable 1,30,000 foundation. The capacity of 4,620 MW. The Andhra Pradesh, in terms MW company by March to supply wind turbines for ment’s approval of the Andhra Pradesh Electric-energy sector. The group power generated from this company also plans to com- 2013 is currently operating facility, which will utilise ity Regulatory Commission of wind resources, is a goodplans to expand the capac- solar plant will be evacu- mission 1,320 MW at Tiro- the upcoming Cookhouse 3,300 MW at Mundra with Suzlon’s 2.1 Mw turbines. (APERC), the body that destination. However, theity of this plant to 100 MW ated through a 66 KV line da enhancing operational Wind Energy Facility at four units of 330 MW and fixes power tariffs, for hike lower tariff is making itin future. The Solar Power linked to a substation in capacity of Adani Power to Eastern Cape. It is one of “South Africa needs more 3 units of 660 MW, and is in prevailing power tariff in difficult for the companiesPlant is using Solar PV Netra, located 20 km away 6,000 MW by March 12. the leading renewable en- energy and it also needs the state however it is still here. The sector is not see- ergy projects in that coun- thousands of decent and pending. ing any significant invest-Moser Baer to spend US $1 bil- sustainable ‘green’ jobs. The wind The tariff in Andhra Pradesh ments due to the low tariffs.lion on solar plants in 9 months Solar power gets unexpected energy sector is is among the lowest. The The state has 4,700 mw well positioned state at present allows Rs capacity allotted and of thisMoser Baer Clean Energy, 2011, and would add 300 boost at auction in India to deliver both of 3.50 per unit. Among other 2,000 mw has been sanc-the renewable energy ver- MW more through solar these requirements states, Maharashtra is al- tioned and the remaining India’s move to reduce so- with plenty of sunshine.tical of Moser Baer India, in the next nine months,” and more,” Suzlon lowing Rs 5.37 per unit and 2,700 mw is under consid- lar-power costs by forcing While still higher thansaid it is investing US $1 Moser Baer India Execu- Group Chairman a generation-based incen- eration. About 32 projects companies into auctions conventional power cost,billion (Rs 5,100 crore) for tive Director Ratul Puri and Managing tive of 50 paise. Rajasthan are commissioned in the has paid unexpected divi-setting up solar projects said. which is at Rs 3.50-Rs 4.0/ Director Tulsi R has recently raised the tar- state and 62 are in the pipe- dends both for the govern-with a cumulative capacity kwh, this development is Tanti said . iff from Rs 4.22 to Rs 4.46 line. Biomass ment and for the renewableof 300 Mw in the country These projects would be sector. The cost of solar significant because it showsand abroad in the next nine set up in Gujarat, Orissa, power broke the Rs 10/unit that prices have declined atmonths. West Bengal and Rajasthan barrier in a reverse auction a much faster pace than was“We are well-funded right in India, as well as abroad process conducted recently initially anticipated.now, we raised around US in countries like Germany, by the Government of In-$1 billion in the last 12 Italy, the UK. “It would be dia]. Solar power is hur- Against the regulated tariffmonths. We commissioned half and half, that is, 150 tling towards ‘grid parity’ of Rs 15.39/kwh, the medi- Octant Ind to implement Biomass project in Orissa100 MW in solar projects MW projects in India and – a concept which means an price discovered for 350 Octant Industries Ltd is of Hyderabad have also ap- Further the Company has range of foreign custom-from April-September, the same abroad,” Puri said. parity in costs with conven- implementing the Biomass praised the said project and informed that the castor oil ers who will satisfy with MW of projects is Rs 8.5/ tional fuels. cum Thermal Power Proj- giving necessary financial division is in line with get- Company’s quality prod- kwh and the lowest is Rs ect in the state of Orissa, assistance for the same. The ucts. As a part of forward ting the orders and execut- This has significant impli- 7.49/kwh. Last year under a Sambalpur District. The Project is also appraised by ing the same to meet the integration, the Company cations for India – a coun- similar auction, the median Company is taking all nec- Power Finance Corpora- budgeted revenue for the has already taken adequate try with a growing hunger price discovered was Rs 12/ essary steps and placing tion of India Limited and year 2011-12. steps for building its Agro for energy and faced with orders with various reputed the Company is also taking Farming Division and the significant shortages in fos- kwh and a lowest price Rs agencies for fast implemen- steps to tie up with them for The Company also adopts Government is also giving sil fuels; blessed, however, 10.9/kwh. tation of the proposed pow- financing the Power Proj- global business standard necessary support for the er project. The State Bank ect. to ensure their expanding same.48 | December 2011 - January 2012 | Power Insight Power Insight | December 2011 - January 2012 | 49
    • rENEwablE FEaturE rENEwablE FEaturE wind technology wind technologybigger eNergy capacity turbines are an imperative ity globally stands at 194,000 Mw. By smaller size turbines,” said one of the part of the installations now. The ad- 2020 the country is expected to attain developers who do not wished to be vanced/ bigger capacity turbines are a capacity of 25,000 Mw in wind en- named. definitely a boon, increases the com- ergy. China leads in wind generated mercial viability of the project signifi- electricity in the world. For a country like India where land cantly. acquisition invites a lot of resistance, World’s Wind Capacity one would say, it should look at op- turbiNeS, More According to Tulsi Tanti, chairman of tions, which is more viable. However, Country Capacity Suzlon, the home grown turbine man- with the offshore technology in place, Global 194,000 Mw ufacturer, “Wind energy in India is wind would continue to dominate the expected to grow between 30 and 40 China 44,733 Mw renewable energy segment. The cost A journey that started in the second half of 19th century progressed through sea change per cent in the coming years.” How- US 40,180 Mw of wind energy is a reasonable Rs when reached the 21st century. From the low capacity wind turbine, believed to be first ever, he added that India is far away Germany 27,215 Mw 4.2. The offshore wind will cost a bit from having offshore farms. He con- Spain 20,676 Mw higher owing to the increase in instal- developed by Professor James Blyth of Anderson College Glasgow (now Strathclyde tinued that technology wise, India is lation cost. “Developers like OGCPL University), to say 5 Mw and above offshore turbines now, the sector has witnessed a sea India 14,158 Mw on par with the global peers; however while developing a wind farm, uses change in technology development it may take another five years before The accessed wind potential in the the ground (space between the tur- India gets into offshore wind farms. bines) to grow the fuel of bio-fuel,” Renjini Liza Varghese country is 50,000 Mw with a hub said R Kulothungan, VP Projects, Ori-T The uncertainties prevailing over height of 50 m and with 2% land us- he upward swing in the oil fed electricity to the grid. A transition get the parts they needed. This power the availability of conventional fuel age. And there are recent studies ent Green Power Company Limited. prices in the current century from powering water pumps to cater- plant was capable of delivering 2Mw, sources have forced the countries to which revised the potential higher This is a viable solution for intermit- starting 2003 compelled both ing to larger purpose of electrifying had a tubular tower, pitch controlled harness the sustainability of wind- with 80 m height and 6-7% land tent power supply, if the developerthe developed and the developing homes. This wind turbine was differ- wings and three blades. It was built by powered electricity, good news in- use, to onshore capacity of 676,000countries to explore the green energy ent from the earlier wind mills which the teachers and students of the Tvind can implement the hybrid use of two deed, as a higher level of dedication Mw and offshore -214,000 Mw. Thesources. If the crisis in the 1970’s were in use, 75 foot blades, which is School. source of generation. This will ensure towards research and development numbers appears appealing in a big-paved the way for intense research in 10 times as powerful as the largest the continuous supply to the grid. activities seen in this sector. The end ger way; however, intermittent power In 1980’s and 1990’s Europe made Here comes in the use of smart gridwind technology, the post 2003 period turbine existed then and 1000 times result of the ever climbing oil prices supply is a concern. a significant advancement in wind technology, by which the developeris entrusted the need to reduce carbon powerful than majority of the turbines and hassles involved in finding coal energy with larger farms. The world Wind energy sector also had initial will be able to realise the low inten-emission. One of the best ways to in use at that point of time. This ma- supply for power projects is that the realised the possible deployment of glitches in terms of lack of data on sity wind time and device the use ofachieve the target of reducing the im- chine a 1.25 Mw ran successfully for majority of the global countries have wind energy globally and started ex- wind speed, elevation, geographical second source fuel to supply power.pact on global warming is to harness a period of 1100 hours. increased their target on renewable ploring the potential. If what we saw specification in particular locationthe renewable energy segment. The energy. Wind energy was a viable option even in the 1990’s was close to 1 Mw tur- and so on. 1 Mw and smaller capac- In India, with the government aggres-technology maturity, the regulations in the early period in the scattered geo- bines, currently the world is installing European Union pointed out that in ity turbines still remains the favourite sively proceeding with the Nationalin place in different countries, in wind graphical populated area where grid 2 Mw and above capacity turbines on- 2010, 40 per cent of the investments choice list of Indian wind farm de- Solar Mission, the developers feelenabled the developers to choose was non-existent. The earlier form of shore and 5 Mw and 7 Mw turbines in power sector was in renewable en- velopers owing to the inadequate in- that the growth in wind segment canwind power. single tower windmills gave way to in offshore wind farms. The redesign ergy segment and out of which wind frastructure in the country and lower take a back seat in the medium term.From a single turbine installed in a higher kw turbines in the second half and improvement in shape figured in energy had a sizable 17 %. They are wind density. “Wind farms typically However, they are optimistic aboutcourtyard of a house in Glasgow in of the 20th century. Europe being the the volatility of wind speed, and de- optimistic that the rate of investment are located in the remote areas in a the growth and feels that wind powerScotland by James Blyth to large off- first to make inroads in developing veloped to capture maximum wind in renewable energy and in wind sec- state. Road accessibility and other will continue to find its prominentshore wind farms, technology has re- wind energy, UK was successful in at any given point. Though India is tor in particular will see a healthy connectivity to these areas are still plays while developing renewablefined this sector in a major way. The connecting the wind-generated power far behind from developing offshore growth in the coming years. Wind a constrain. Connectivity to the grid energy as a whole. The best example,earlier use of windmills was to power to the grid in 1951. The turning point wind farms in the country, it can still energy grabs the attention because of will be another area of concern, as one of the developers pointed out, isbatteries, divert water to the agricul- in the history of wind power occurred boasts of being the fifth largest wind the fast phased R&D results and up- you require grid connection in case Gujarat the state gives equal thrust totural land also in cargo ships. Large in 1978 when the world’s first multi- energy producer in the world. In the of a large wind farms. Now we have wind and solar. gradation in technology.numbers of windmill water pumps megawatt wind turbine was construct- last two decades country has made its 2.1 Mw and above turbines available,were introduced in United States in ed. It pioneered many technologies foot prints in wind energy with wind India’s current installed capacity in but the Indian roads are not capable The break-up of projects imple-the 1940. Along that in 1941, a wind used in modern wind turbines and al- farm installations in the southern state wind is 14,158 Mw as on March 31, of transporting this huge shipment. So mented in prominent wind poten-machine developed by Smith-Putnam lowed Vestas, Siemens and others to of Tamil Nadu. Undoubtedly, large 2011 while the total installed capac- Indian developers are contained with tial states (as on March 31, 2011)50 | December 2011 - January 2012 | Power Insight Power Insight | December 2011 - January 2012 | 51
    • rENEwablE FEaturE rENEwablE FEaturE wind technology wind technology increases the cost of production. ing the potential onshore. According State-wise Wind Power Installed Capacity In India to experts India has an ability to uti- The existinrbines ity of 3.8Mw. WState Gross Potential Total Capacity (MW) Darrieus wind turbine lise the existing opportunity before it • The Enercon E-126 has a rated • The turbines currently operat- (MW) till 31.03.2011 moves to offshore technology. Though capacity of 7.58 Mw,[ has an ing closest to the South Pole are “Eggbeater” turbines, or Darrieus tur- Andhra Pradesh 8968 200.2 offshore ensures a minimum wind overall height of 198 meters, a three the Enercon E-33 in Ant- bines named after the French inven- density at any given point, the capital diameter of 126 m, and is the arctica, powering New Zealand’s Gujarat 10,645 2175.6 tor, Georges Darrieus have higher ef- intensity in the segment could pause a world’s largest-capacity wind Scott Base and the US McMurdo ficiency. However, the less reliability Karnataka 11,531 1730.1 hurdle in the coming years. The best turbine since its introduction in Station since December 2009. and the need for an external power Kerala 1171 32.8 thing, which happened in Indian wind 2007. Although a modified HR3 turbine source to run the turbines make it less sector, was the interest among private from Northern Power Systems Madhya Pradesh 1019 275.5 popular. • At least five companies are work- investors/developers in setting up of operated at the Amundsen-Scott Maharashtra 4584 2310.7 ing on the development of a Small wind turbines may be used for commercial wind power projects. The South Pole Station in 1997 and 10Mw turbine onshore: American Orissa 255 - a variety of applications including on- gross potential is 48,561 Mw and a 1998. In March 2010 CITEDEF de- Superconductor or off-grid residences, telecom tow- total of about 14,158.00 Mw of com- signed, built and installed a wind Rajasthan 4858 1524.7 ers, offshore platforms, rural schools mercial projects have been established • Wind Power Ltd are developing a turbine in Argentine Marambio Tamil Nadu 5530 5904.4 until March 31, 2011. 10 Mw VAWT, the Aerogenerator Base. and clinics, remote monitoring and Others - 4 other purposes that require energy • Sway AS announced the pro- • Four turbines at Rønland wind Globally, offshore wind power be- Total (All India) 48,561 14,158 where there is no electric grid, or gan to expand beyond fixed-bottom, posed development of a prototype farm in Denmark share the re- where the grid is unstable. shallow-water turbines beginning late 10 Mw wind turbine with a height cord for the most productive wind An unusual high speed wind can dam-The Types of Wind Tur- John O’Halloran, president, technol- in the first decade of the 2000s. The of 162.5 m (533 ft) and a rotor di- turbines, with each having gener- age the blades. The safety features- ameter of 145 m (475 ft). ated 63.2 GWh by June 2010bines the wind sensor- ensure the protection ogy, Suzlon Energy says “The wind world’s first operational deep-water energy segment has reached satura- large-capacity floating wind turbine, • Astralux Ltd are developing verti- • The world’s highest-situatedWorld over there are three types of of the blades by applying the inbuilt tion in the high wind terrains. Now Hywind, became operational in the cal axis magneto levitated 10 Mw wind turbine is made by DeWindwind turbines commonly in operation. brakes and blades terminates its ro- the concentration is to tap high energy North Sea off Norway in late 2009 turbine with 230 m height and installed by the Seawind GroupThe turbines can rotate either vertical- tation. Utmost care is taken to over- yield in lower wind density areas. at a cost of around US $62 million to 260 m rotor diameter and located in the Andes, Argen-ly or horizontally. The most common come the turbulence while the blade build and deploy. These floating tur- World over wind turbine manufactur- • Clipper Windpower were develop- tina around 4,100 metres (13,500and popular are the horizontal axis rotates. Majority of the horizontal bines are a very different construction ers are coming out with more yield ing the Britannia 10 Mw HAWT, ft) above sea level. The site useswind turbine (HAWT towered), then turbines are kept in upward wind po- technology—closer to floating oil rigs machines for this segment.” but terminated the project due to a type D8.2 - 2000 kW / 50 Hz the vertical axis (VAWT Savonius) sition. There are down ward wind po- rather—than traditional fixed-bottom, financial challenges. turbine. This turbine has a newand the VAWT Darrieus. sition turbines are also in use, which, The current century marked the rise shallow-water monopile foundations drive train concept with a spe- incase of a high speed wind situation of floating offshore wind farms. The that are used in the other large off- • The turbine with the largest swept cial torque converter (WinDrive)HAWT allows the blades to bends and facili- late 10190’s and the beginning of the shore wind farms to date. area is a prototype installed by made by Voith and a synchronous tates the wind to pass through. The century concentrated on the fixed off- Gamesa at Jaulín, Zaragoza,The oldest type of turbine in the world generator. The WKA was put into latest E 126 7.5 Mw capacity turbine shore wind farms. The reliability in From US and Europe now Asian Spain in 2009. The G10X – 4.5upgraded to the latest capacity with operation in December 2007 and in Estinnes Windfarm in Blegium has the source of wind density is what at- countries are making its footprints Mw has a rotor diameter of 128m.increase energy output. These tur- has supplied the Veladero mine of a unique 2 part blades. in floating technology. In the later tracts the companies to look at float- • The tallest wind turbine is Barrick Gold with electricity sincebines in the commercial production part of 2011, Japan announced its ing wind farms. While in onshore Fuhrländer Wind Turbine Laa- then.domain have the following features.A three bladed-the length of the blade VAWT the highest installed capacity is that plan to build a multiple-unit floating sow. Its axis is 160 meters above wind farm. This farm will be with six  The world’s largest—and also Unlike the HAWT, the key difference of 5 Mw turbine however, there are ground and its rotor tips canvaries from 20 to 40 meters- tower 2-megawatt turbines that will be off the first operational deep-water is that the turbine need not be in place researches on to develop a 10Mw tur- reach a height of 205 meters. It is(tower height between 60 to 90 me- the Fukushima coast of northeast Ja- large-capacity—floating wind bine. As far as the capacity goes up, the only wind turbine in the worldters) with a computer controlled mo- pointing to the wind flow direction. pan where the 2011 tsunami and nu- turbine is the 2.3 MW Hywind the higher yield from the same area of taller than 200 meters.tors. A gearbox is put in use to step up The motor and the shafts are arranged clear disaster has created a scarcity of currently operating 10 kilometres vertically in these turbines. These tur- land. • Le Nordais wind farm in Cap-the speed of the generator. In a normal electric power. The evaluation pahse (6.2 mi) offshore in 220-meter-scenario, the turbines are retained at bines are favourite choice for a geo- of the project is expected to be com- Chat, Quebec has a vertical axis deep water, southwest of Karmøy,a constant speed; but variable-speed graphical terrain where there is high The future plete in 2016. Japan also has plans to wind turbine (VAWT) named Éole, Norway. The turbine began oper-turbines that use a solid-state power volatility in wind directions. Because While the world is fast moving to- build as many as 80 floating wind tur- which is the world’s largest at ating in September 2009 and uti-converter to interface to the transmis- of the rotational speed owing to the wards floating turbine technology, bines off Fukushima by 2020 at a cost 110 m. It has a nameplate capac- lizes a Siemens 2.3 Mw turbinesion system can collect more energy. 360 degree movement of the aerofoil India is far away from even explor- of some 10-20 billion Yen.52 | December 2011 - January 2012 | Power Insight Power Insight | December 2011 - January 2012 | 53
    • iNtErviEw iNtErviEw suzlon suzloniNDia haS treMeNDouS speed, while minimizing mechanical interest in the same. In parallel, we India and would continue to be so. stresses on the turbine during gusts of understand that the Government has Also, conducive policy environments wind. initiated the creation of a conducive created in newer states like Madhya policy framework for opening up off- Pradesh, Andhra Pradesh would also opportuNity for oNShore Why is India still opting for smaller shore wind energy utilization in the see wind energy installations increas- capacity turbines? future. Though there is still some way ing in these states to go before it materializes - we need DevelopMeNt The prevalence of smaller capacity In comparison to China, where turbine is often dependent on inves- several ancillary services and a robust does India lacking in developing the tors as well as technology suppli- supply chain. Also, with an estimated wind energy? ers/manufacturers. In India, several 100,000 MW of onshore wind po- smaller investors prefer to invest in tential in India, and just over 15,000 India and China have very different smaller capacity – and hence cheaper MW harnessed - there is tremendous priorities and it would be unfair to – wind turbines. However, with the opportunity for onshore development. compare them. Unlike China, wind entry of utility/IPP players and corpo- energy in India is fully dominated by Elaborate on India wind segment? rate investments this trend is rapidly private sector players and offer com- With an expertise in the field of policy & power sector regula- Which all states do you see the shifting to multi-MW wind turbines in pletely different economies of scale. tory frameworks encompassing renewable energy & climate maximum business coming in for India. Several manufacturers/technol- China has indeed emerged as the larg- Suzlon in the domestic market? change coupled with an extensive experience in tariff set- ogy providers are offering wind tur- est player in wind energy in the world, ting, financial modeling etc. - Chintan Shah, Vice President bines with capacity of more than 1.5 India has one of the best public and the growth has been phenomenal. MW to 2 MW for the past few years. policy regime for renewable energy On the other side, India has had a & Head Strategic Business Development & State Head for - NAPCC (National Action Plan on steady growth approach for more than Maharashtra & MP at SUZLON Group of Companies Limited How far is India from offshore wind Climate Change), CERC Tariff Reg- a decade. In any growth economy, - shares his views with Power Insight over technological evo- farms? ulations , and market based instru- there are challenges and both China lution in wind power sector and future prospects. Excerpts For India, offshore wind farms are ments like REC (Renewable Energy and India are no exception to this. from the interview: definitely not a distant dream. How- Certificates) – that are helping drive In India a very solid public private ever, harnessing offshore wind energy demand for wind energy which could partnership to address the infrastruc- potential requires in-depth research. reach 4,000 – 5,000 MW per annum. tural challenges both on the logistics The government agencies have al- States such as Rajasthan, Gujarat, and the transmission front will helpCould you compare the technology detecting any uneven operational mal- challenges. Several optimized blade ready started several studies and nu- Maharashtra, Tamil Nadu, and Kar- us move forward in the wind energywhich India used in the 90’s when function (controllers are programmed designs with advanced aerodynamic merous private players have shown nataka are leading wind markets in space.the first wind farms were set up and accordingly), and reacts aptly, reduc- capabilities delivering higher energythe current technology? ing machine downtime and enhancing yields and lower dynamic stresses are design life of the machines. Reliabil- now available.There is indeed a shift in the technol- ity of the components is amplified byogy. Most evident is the shift towards What is the latest equipment from means of appropriate national andhigher capacity turbines – from a few Suzlon’s folder? Give the specifics? international test standards such askilowatts to Multi MW machines. “With an estimated 100,000 MW of onshore IEC, DEWI etc. There is increased At Suzlon we have recently launchedTechnology has improved in almost emphasis on power conditioning and our new S9X series wind turbine gen-all aspects of the turbines – earlier machines incorporate power condi- erators based on Doubly Fed Induc-machines were stall controlled, con-trols were located in the nacelle, they tioning systems such as LVRT (Low tion Generator (DFIG) technology, wind potential in India, and just over 15,000 Voltage Ride Through) or FRT (Fault which features larger rotor diameterwere more electro-mechanical opera- Ride Through) harmonics controller. and higher hub height for enhanced MW harnessed - there is tremendous oppor-tion oriented. But now most of the ma-chines have advanced pitch controlled Even in terms of towers, the earlier performance in medium to low wind tunity for onshore development. erected lattice type structures are now regimes. It also offers better gridand have in-built controllers for safety replaced majorly by tubular towers. compatibility in line with grid com-purposes. Advanced power electron- Chintan Shah Concrete towers for bigger machines pliance norms in India. The DFIGics and condition monitoring software are also being tested primarily for technology facilitates extracting max-are also now an integral part of the cost effectiveness (in certain places) imum energy from the wind at lowsystem. SCADA connectivity helps in and to address logistic/transportation wind speeds by optimizing the turbine54 | December 2011 - January 2012 | Power Insight Power Insight | December 2011 - January 2012 | 55
    • last word Renjini Liza Varghese Consulting Editor P ower sector continue to wade through troubled gana protests and strike in Singareni Collieries waters. Last October it was a near black out in Andhra for prolonged period also resulted in which created night mare for both the power supply shortage. The last minute juggleing from minsitry and the utilities. In the winter session of parlia- various ministries like coal, railway and power ment, a seemingly worried Power Minister Sushil Ku- ensured coal supply to power plants on a priority mar Shinde’s stated that the generation cost is climbing basis eased the situation. up owing to fuel cost and logistical cost. Can we read it as an indication of a tariff revison? However, polls in The distribution companies breathed a sigh of relief different states may keep a status quo for the time being. as the situation didn’t last long. Not surprisingly, Recalling here that majority of the states in the country the whole and soul supplier of coal in the country, have not revised the tariffs in many years. Coal India tried to pass the buck. The blame game started when the Western Coal Fields ltd (subsid-Government, though had an ambitious plan of adding iary of Coal India Ltd) accused Mahagenco, the75,000 Mw in the current Five Year Plan, is expected Maharashtra state owned generation company, ofto add only 45,000 Mw. This itself is a commendable not clearing the coal stock in time. Mahagenco re-achievement as the number is larger than what India taliated with highlighting the poor quality of coalachieved post-independence period put together. The supplied by CIL. It also came to light that majorityintensity of the alarm raised by the Power Minister is of the generation companies did not meet the man-higher, when given to understand that the government datory stock requirement of thirty days. The genera-had already scaled down the capacity addition target for tion utilities pointed fingure at the the fluctuation inthe next Five Year Plan (2012-2017) even before com- price to non-availability coal for this. In some casesmencing (the planned capacity addition is 1,00,000 Mw). the generation utilities had stocks to run the plant as low as four days.Thermal power generation sector- marred with severefuel shortage, nuclear power facing resistance in the Adding to the fire the CIL expressed its inability toplant area, hydro- slower development of projects, Re- meet the demand owing to reduced output. The dipnewbales- yet to be a sizable contributor (now contrib- in domestic supply has forced the utilities to increaseutes between 5-10 per cent of the total energy basket). their dependency on imported coal. From Indonesia toIn short the states which have resorted to power cuts in Australia and South Africa, the companies are scout-winter months may be forced to continue load shedding ing for mines. While Australian coal comes with morethrough the summer as well. Power cuts a normal feature energy efficiency, the higher shipping cost made thein summer has arrived as early as October with 2 to 5 IIPs to settle with the Indonesian coal. However, thehours of load shedding a day. change in mining rules and royalty payment in Indone- sia makes it a costly affair for them.Was it lack of foresight which led to such a crisis in Oc-tober? The highlight of the fiasco was that the price of Why the companies were not complying with the man-exchange traded power which stayed in the lower price datory requirements stock? Why is Coal India not ablerange rose substancially. Needless to say, it added pres- to meet the demands? Will the country face similar situ-sure on the margins of the distribution utilities whose ation repeatedly?health is already in a deteriorated state. The IIP’s whicheyed the bigger pie in the government’s aggressive ca- While the industry is lobbying for commercial coal min-pacity addition plans is pulling all strings to complete the ing to address the problem, there is too much of resis-projects. Any delay will spirall the project costs. tance. According to experts, it may take a longer time before we see commercial mining in the sector. Not for-Shortage of coal forced the thermal plants to either shut getting there are newer technologies available in the mar-down or reduce generation drastically. The excess mon- ket to increase the energy efficiency of coal. But surelysoon, delay in coal mining, employees strikes, shortage will add on to the cost. So let us wait and see and be readyof rail rakes, delay in getting environment clearance for more power cuts in the coming months!!!!!for mines culminated into this severe crisis. The Telen- 56 | December 2011 - January 2012 | Power Insight