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Ict policy for Networked Society - GCC Dec 2013
Ict policy for Networked Society - GCC Dec 2013
Ict policy for Networked Society - GCC Dec 2013
Ict policy for Networked Society - GCC Dec 2013
Ict policy for Networked Society - GCC Dec 2013
Ict policy for Networked Society - GCC Dec 2013
Ict policy for Networked Society - GCC Dec 2013
Ict policy for Networked Society - GCC Dec 2013
Ict policy for Networked Society - GCC Dec 2013
Ict policy for Networked Society - GCC Dec 2013
Ict policy for Networked Society - GCC Dec 2013
Ict policy for Networked Society - GCC Dec 2013
Ict policy for Networked Society - GCC Dec 2013
Ict policy for Networked Society - GCC Dec 2013
Ict policy for Networked Society - GCC Dec 2013
Ict policy for Networked Society - GCC Dec 2013
Ict policy for Networked Society - GCC Dec 2013
Ict policy for Networked Society - GCC Dec 2013
Ict policy for Networked Society - GCC Dec 2013
Ict policy for Networked Society - GCC Dec 2013
Ict policy for Networked Society - GCC Dec 2013
Ict policy for Networked Society - GCC Dec 2013
Ict policy for Networked Society - GCC Dec 2013
Ict policy for Networked Society - GCC Dec 2013
Ict policy for Networked Society - GCC Dec 2013
Ict policy for Networked Society - GCC Dec 2013
Ict policy for Networked Society - GCC Dec 2013
Ict policy for Networked Society - GCC Dec 2013
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Ict policy for Networked Society - GCC Dec 2013

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Formulating and Implementing …

Formulating and Implementing
National Broadband & Digital
Economy Plans in GCC

Published in: Technology, Economy & Finance
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  • 1. ICT POLICY FOR THE NETWORKED SOCIETY Formulating and Implementing National Broadband & Digital Economy Plans in GCC RENE SUMMER
  • 2. The Networked society How are public governance objectives linked to technological progress and how can societies benefit from ICT led transformations? ICT POLICY FOR THE NETWORKED SOCIETY | Public | © Ericsson AB 2013 | 2013-12-06 | Page 2
  • 3. Economic impact of broadband (BB) & ICT + 1000 BB USERS > + 80 Jobs + 10% POINTS BB PENETRATION > + 1% POINT GDP + 2 x BB SPEED > + 0.3% increase in GDP +1% POINT increase in BB Penetration > 3,5% INCREASE IN new business registration Sources: Chalmers Institute of Technology, Arthur D Little, Stockholm School of Economics ICT POLICY FOR THE NETWORKED SOCIETY | Public | © Ericsson AB 2013 | 2013-12-06 | Page 3 ICT TRANSFORMING BASIC VALUE CREATING CONDITIONS › BUILDING KNOWLEDGE SOCIETY (IMPROVING QUALITY OF LABOUR) › NEW JOB CREATION › WEALTH CREATION › PRODUCTIVITY › EFFICIENCY
  • 4. Economic Significance of BB & IT (ICT) Changing Economic Thinking > ICT  Increased global market reach expanding trade but also intensified competition,  General increase in economic efficiency and labor productivity,  Increased pace of knowledge diffusion and increased positive spill-over effects,  Revised view of the role of innovation (innovation-led growth). Source: Jati Sengupta, Understanding Economic Growth, Springer 2011 Economic Impact of ICT DIRECT INDIRECT INDUCED Sources: Chalmers Institute of Technology, Arthur D Little, OECD Broadband and the Economy, Future of Internet 2008 ICT POLICY FOR THE NETWORKED SOCIETY | Public | © Ericsson AB 2013 | 2013-12-06 | Page 4
  • 5. Transformational power of technology: ICT Competitiveness of Nations Characteristics of a factor-driven economy Characteristics of a efficiency-driven economy Impact from ICT BASIC REQUIREMENTS • Institutions • Infrastructure • Macroeconomic environment • Health and primary education DIRECT IMPACT Availability and quality of ICT Infrastructure Digital Rreadiness EFFICIENCY ENHANCERS • Higher education and training • Goods market efficiency • Labor market efficiency • Financial market development • Technological readiness • Market size INDIRECT IMPACT FROM ICT Improving development of human capital, eeducation Increased access to knowledge Increasinge market efficieny/ reach Increase efficiency in existing processes/value chains INDUCED IMPACT ICT Decreasing barriers to creating of new knolwedge (inventions) Decreasing barriers to innovation in new products, services, processes, and markets Characteristics of an INNOVATION & SOPHISTICATION • Business sophistication Innovation -driven • Innovation economy Source: World Economic Forum, Global Competitiveness Report 2010-11 Source: Jati Sengupta, Understanding Economic Growth, Springer 2011, OECD Broadband and the Economy, Future of Internet 2008; Lipsey, Richard; Kenneth I. Carlaw & Clifford T. Bekhar, Oxford Press 2005; Brynjolfsson, Erik, and Adam Saunders (2010) MIT Press and Ericsson Analysis ICT POLICY FOR THE NETWORKED SOCIETY | Public | © Ericsson AB 2013 | 2013-12-06 | Page 5
  • 6. TOWARDS THE NETWORKED SOCIETY MOBILITY BROADBAND CLOUD DIGITIZATION FUNDAMENTAL TECHNOLOGY DRIVERS ICT POLICY FOR THE NETWORKED SOCIETY | Public | © Ericsson AB 2013 | 2013-12-06 | Page 6
  • 7. KEY Networked Society TRENDS Global Markets & Dematerialization Competition Knowledge Urbanization Society/Economy Power of US Orchestration Economy Digital Values Mosaic Lifestyle Instant CULTURE Everyone Non-Market Production Transactions Networks & Peer Demographical changes Scarce resources Production ICT POLICY FOR THE NETWORKED SOCIETY | Public | © Ericsson AB 2013 | 2013-12-06 | Page 7 Everything Everywhere Connected
  • 8. Networked society transforming sectors of the economy ICT POLICY FOR THE NETWORKED SOCIETY | Public | © Ericsson AB 2013 | 2013-12-06 | Page 8
  • 9. Networked society driving long term growth reshaping basic VALUE Creating conditions EMPOWER INDIVIDUALS TRANSFORM BUSINESS & PUBLIC SERVICE + CHANGE GOVERNANCE + Collective mind shift > changed end user, business and public sector behaviors and practices ICT POLICY FOR THE NETWORKED SOCIETY | Public | © Ericsson AB 2013 | 2013-12-06 | Page 9
  • 10. key components of a technology-led change INVENTION INNOVATION DIFFUSION & ADOPTION Incremental, Radical and Disruptive Innovations Economic performance Growth Change ICT POLICY FOR THE NETWORKED SOCIETY | Public | © Ericsson AB 2013 | 2013-12-06 | Page 10
  • 11. Key public policy issues What are the most important universal public policy challenges linked to the rise of the Networked Society? ICT POLICY FOR THE NETWORKED SOCIETY | Public | © Ericsson AB 2013 | 2013-12-06 | Page 11
  • 12. Mastering transformations a strategic societal capability CHANGE UNTAPPED OPPORTUNITIES TECHNOLOGY Growth Opportunities MARKET Reform Opportunities INSTITUTIONS (GOVERNANCE) Source: Manuel Castells, The Rise of the Network Society, Second Edition, 2010 . ICT POLICY FOR THE NETWORKED SOCIETY | Public | © Ericsson AB 2013 | 2013-12-06 | Page 12 TIME
  • 13. Every transformation also comes with governance challenges › Not every one or even most › Benefits from ICT are not automatic › Build it they might not come › Don’t forget demand side policies › Private vs. public benefits… SOURCE: Race Against The Machine, Brynjolfsson and McAfee 2011, Economic Transformations, GPT and Long Term Economic Growth, Lipsey,Carlaw & Bekar, Oxford 2005 and Ericsson Analysis. ICT POLICY FOR THE NETWORKED SOCIETY | Public | © Ericsson AB 2013 | 2013-12-06 | Page 13
  • 14. public policy challenges (I) Why do we underestimate the power of technology-led long-term growth? › Stage of development of economic theory › Technology advancement is taken for granted › Weakness of growth › Dilemma of growth TEMPORAL ASYMMETRY IN COST AND BENEFIT DISTRIBUTION ICT POLICY FOR THE NETWORKED SOCIETY | Public | © Ericsson AB 2013 | 2013-12-06 | Page 14 SOURCE: Economic Transformations, Lipsey et al. 2005 and Ericsson Analysis.
  • 15. Key public policy Challenges (II) Why do we sacrifice benefits of technology-led long-term growth? A self-interested contemporary driven incumbent interest will be against transformational changes when private short term or long term gains are at stake regardless of the size of the long term private and/or socio-economic benefit HOW ABOUT INSTITUTIONS & PUBLIC AGENCIES ? SUNK COSTS, RISK AVERSION OR LACK OF ORGANIZATIONAL INCENTIVES LIMIT THE INCUMBENT TO APPROPRIATE PRIVATE NET BENEFIT FROM A TRANSFORMATIONAL CHANGE ICT POLICY FOR THE NETWORKED SOCIETY | Public | © Ericsson AB 2013 | 2013-12-06 | Page 15
  • 16. Key public policy Challenges (III) WHAT needs to be fixed to benefit FROM technology-led long-term growth? NECESSARY BUT NOT SUFFICIENT PRECONDITIONS Mastering a structural change in the most advantageous societal direction includes addressing: - Market Failures - Government/Regulatory Failures - Systemic failures STRATEGIC GOVERNANCE CAPABILITY: ADEQUATE AND EFFECTIVE SOLUTIONS TO ADDRESS FAILURES IDENTIFIED ABOVE SOURCE: Industrial Policy After the Crises (Bianchi & Labory) and Ericsson Analysis. ICT POLICY FOR THE NETWORKED SOCIETY | Public | © Ericsson AB 2013 | 2013-12-06 | Page 16
  • 17. policy makers’ fundamental Role in the transformation of the society act as socio-economic accelerators › to enable transformations e.g. new productive shifts in economies associated with the rise of the networked society › mastering this change in the most advantageous societal direction should be at the center stage of a progressive policy agenda ICT POLICY FOR THE NETWORKED SOCIETY | Public | © Ericsson AB 2013 | 2013-12-06 | Page 17
  • 18. Key Ict policy issues What are the most important ICT specific public policies issues relevant to the rise of the Networked Society? ICT POLICY FOR THE NETWORKED SOCIETY | Public | © Ericsson AB 2013 | 2013-12-06 | Page 18
  • 19. Key ICT policy issues overview 1. National Broadband Plans 2. Network Regulation 3. Spectrum Management Roll-out of ICT infrastructure Market Efficiency Scares resource management ICT supply side ICT demand side 4. Industrial Internet /Internet of things ICT empowerment for increased innovation and efficiency in industrial sectors Horizontal frameworks Impacting ICT D/S 5. Media & Content Regulation New consumer expectations, value-chain shifts and new business models 6. Data Protection Privacy Protection 7. Internet governance 8. Trade Policies 9. IPR Meta Regulation Market access, Digital Services, Cross Border Data Flows, Investment Incentives, Licensing, Diffusion ICT POLICY FOR THE NETWORKED SOCIETY | Public | © Ericsson AB 2013 | 2013-12-06 | Page 19
  • 20. Key ICT policy issues Ericsson’s Key Messages 1. National Broadband Plans ICT demand side 2. Network Regulation 3. Spectrum Management Private and/or Public Technology Neutral Supply and Demand ICT supply side Promote: efficient, innovative and investment friendly markets More harmonized and licensed spectrum to efficiently meet data demand 4. Industrial Internet /Internet of things Stimulate digitization of sectors with increased choice, efficiency and new value propositions Horizontal frameworks Impacting ICT D/S 5. Media & Content Regulation Stimulate increased availability of lawful digital content 6. Data Protection Accountable companies with freedom to transfer data 7. Internet governance 8. Trade Policies 9. IPR Multi-stakeholder model fueling continued innovation Promote open and liberal global markets SEP licensing and FRAND Key to global mobile voice and data success ICT POLICY FOR THE NETWORKED SOCIETY | Public | © Ericsson AB 2013 | 2013-12-06 | Page 20
  • 21. maximizing impact by connecting supply and demand side policies › Economic impact is realized with broad adoption › ..increases and endures longer with broad diffusion across many sectors of economy › ...is sustained and reinforced when it leads to changes or new innovations in process, product and service Connecting Supply & demand side policies to increase economic impact ICT POLICY FOR THE NETWORKED SOCIETY | Public | © Ericsson AB 2013 | 2013-12-06 | Page 21
  • 22. Cohesive reform strategy FIRM AND DURABLE POLICY COMMITMENT › ICT Supply side REFORMS › Spectrum › Broadband plan › Network regulation › ICT Demand Side REFORMS Digital Readiness/affordability Media & Content Digital SERVICES & e-commerce E-health, -EDUCATION, -Work, energy. › SMART CITY › E-GOVERNMENT › › › › OBJECTIVES NATIONAL DIGITAL ECONOMY PLAN ICT POLICY FOR THE NETWORKED SOCIETY | Public | © Ericsson AB 2013 | 2013-12-06 | Page 22 Source: Copenhagen Economics, Booz&Co, Ericsson Analysis
  • 23. How to do it? How to best address key ICT policy issues? ADVANCING A TRANSFORMATIONAL ICT POLICY FRAMEWORK ICT POLICY FOR THE NETWORKED SOCIETY | Public | © Ericsson AB 2013 | 2013-12-06 | Page 23
  • 24. policy OBJECTIVES for an transformational Ict policy › › › › › › Sustained economic long term growth Increase competitiveness of nations and industries Create new jobs/business Minimize exclusion and poverty, Increase equality Increase public sector efficiency Address climate change, environment and ageing population › Manage scare resources more efficiently › Cope with increasing level of urbanization This is not a destination but a continuous journey ICT POLICY FOR THE NETWORKED SOCIETY | Public | © Ericsson AB 2013 | 2013-12-06 | Page 24
  • 25. Creating an ICT reform AGENDA PLAN Illustrative Telecom Internet Broadcast Broadcast Content Commerce Advertising Education Utility & Energy Transport Health Public Services Etc. Etc. CONTEXT Align converging sector specific framework objectives Align innovation & industry policy objectives Align objectives in trade policy and competition law Align government spending & procurement including innovation procurement POLICY OBJECTIVES & OUTCOMES IMPLEMENTATION PLAN ICT POLICY FOR THE NETWORKED SOCIETY | Public | © Ericsson AB 2013 | 2013-12-06 | Page 25 Economic Maturity Society & Culture Institutional Capability ICT Readiness Competitivne ss & innovation capilities
  • 26. SWOT: Illustrative ICT-led TRANSFORMATION STRENGTHS High: working ethics, educational system, entrepreneurship, human capital, access to capital, high readiness, agile institutions, support by the pubic, positive attitudes towards ICT, effective innovation system. OPPORTUNITIES Socio-economic benefits, national competitiveness, well being, standard of living long term sustained, sustainable and re-enforcing growth, structural reform capability, ability to create new opportunities as conditions change & develop. WEAKNESS Excessive optimism and/or pessimism, lack of political will, short term perspective, window dressing, growing gap between goals, strategy and results, institutional resistance, political/budget cycles, silo thinking . THREATS Slow reaction to global/regional change, inability to reform structures and operating models, fragmented/disconnected approach, reduction in investments, innovations, entrepreneurship, equality. Source: Ericsson Analysis inspired by, Transforming Government and Building the Information Society, Hanna 2010. ICT POLICY FOR THE NETWORKED SOCIETY | Public | © Ericsson AB 2013 | 2013-12-06 | Page 26
  • 27. Implementation plan illustrative COOPERATION & INCLUSION ORGANIZE PARTNERSHIPS & ACCOUNTABILITY COORDINATE & ALIGN STAKEHOLDERS STIMULATE INNOVATION, ADOPTION & TRANSFORMATION NATIONAL COMPETITIVENESS STRATEGY FORMULATE OBJECTIVES & IDENTIFY STAKEHOLDERS FORMULATE STRATEGIES PRIORITIZE ACTIONS & PROJECTS READINESS ASSESSMENT Incl. SWOT ESTABLISH GOVERNING MECHANISMS FORMULATE SECTOR STRATEGIES REVIEW & UPDATE POLICY FRAMEWORKS MOBILIZE RESOURCES MONITORING IMPLEMENTATION PROCESS Source: Ericsson Analysis inspired by, Transforming Government and Building the Information Society, Hanna 2010. ICT POLICY FOR THE NETWORKED SOCIETY | Public | © Ericsson AB 2013 | 2013-12-06 | Page 27
  • 28. ICT POLICY FOR THE NETWORKED The future of ICT POLICY SOCIETY

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