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Payment of-bonus-act-1965

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Rekha Tiwary

Rekha Tiwary
Everonn IIPS..

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Payment of-bonus-act-1965 Payment of-bonus-act-1965 Presentation Transcript

  • PAYMENT OF BONUS ACT 1965 1
  • PAYMENT OF BONUS ACT 1965 Presented By Name of the Student Roll Number  Neelam D. Dungdung 39  Sudhanshu Singh 40  Anup Kullu 41  Rajat R. Kerketta 42  Sudhir Kujur 43  Roger M. Anthony 44  Saransh Shreshtha 45  Prity Bala 46  Pallav Chakravarty 48  Utkarsh 52 Presented To Prof. R.K. Biswas 2
  • Bonus - History The practice of paying bonus in India appears to have originated during First World War when certain textile mills granted 10% of wages as war bonus to their workers in 1917. In certain cases of industrial disputes demand for payment of bonus was also included. In 1950, the Full Bench of the Labour Appellate evolved a formula for determination of bonus. 3
  • IntroductionAn Act to provide for the payment of bonus to personsemployed in certain establishments on the basis of profitsor on the basis of production or productivity and formatters connected therewith. It extends to the whole of India Every other establishment in which twenty or more persons are employed on any day during an accounting year. 4
  • Bonus - Applicability (a) Every factory (as def. in Factories Act), & (b) Every other establishment in which 20 or more persons (less than 20 but 10 or more if appropriate Govt. notifies) are employed on any day subject to certain exemptions. (b) Bonus to be paid within eight months from the expiry of the accounting year. Establishments to include departments, undertakings and branches Where an establishment consists of different departments or undertakings or has branches, whether situated in the same place or in different places, all such departments or undertakings or branches shall be treated as parts of the same establishment for the purpose of computation of bonus 5
  • Definitions Accounting Year “Accounting Year” means- In relation to a corporation, the year ending on the day on which the books and accounts of the corporation are to be closed and balances; In relation to a company, the period in respect of which any profit and loss account of the company laid before it in annual general meeting is made up; In any other case- the year commencing on the 1st day of April; or if the accounts of an establishment maintained by the employer thereof are closed and balances on any day other than the 31st day of March, then, at the option of the employer, the year ending on the day on which its accounts are so closed and balanced. Provided that an option once executed by the employer under paragraph (b) of this sub-clause shall not again be exercised except with the previous permission in writing of the prescribed authority and upon such conditions as that authority may think fit. [Section 2(1)] 6
  • Definitions Employee “Employee” means any person (other than an apprentice) employed on a salary or wages not exceeding Rs.3,500 per mensem in any industry to do any skilled or unskilled, manual, supervisory, managerial, administrative, technical or clerical work or hire or reward, whether the terms of employment be express or implied. [Section 2(13)] Part time permanent employees working on fixed hours are employees. 7
  • Definitions Employer “Employer” includes: In relation to an establishment which is a factory, the owner or occupier of the factory, including the agent of such owner or occupier, the legal representative of a deceased owner or occupier, and where a person has been named as a manager of the factory under clause (f) of Sub-section 7(1) of the Factories Act, 1948, the person so named; and In relation to any other establishment, the person who, or the authority which, has the ultimate control over the affairs of the establishment and where the said affairs are entrusted to a manager, managing director or managing agent, such manager, managing director or managing agent. [Section 2(14)] 8
  • Definitions Salary or Wages: The “Salary or Wage” means all remuneration (other than remuneration in respect of over-time work) capable of being expressed in terms of money, which would, if the terms of employment, express or implied, were fulfilled, be payable to an employee in respect of his employment or of work done in such employment and includes dearness allowance (that is to say, all cash payments, by whatever name called, paid to an employee on account of a rise in the cost of living) but does not include: any other allowance which the employee is for the time being entitled to; the value of any house accommodation or of supply of light, water, medical attendance or any other amenity or of any service or of any concessional supply of foodgrains or other articles; any traveling concession; any bonus (including incentive, production and attendance bonus); any contribution paid or payable by the employer to any pension fund or provident fund or for the benefit of the employee under any law for the time being in force; any retrenchment compensation or any gratuity or other retirement benefit payable to the employee or any ex-gratia payment made to him; any commission payable to the employee [Section 2(21)] 9
  • Definitions MEANING OF ‘ESTABLISHMENT‟ – The word „establishment‟ is not defined in the Act. Normally, „establishment‟ is a permanently fixed place for business. The term „establishment‟ is much wider than „factory‟. It covers any office or fixed place where business is carried out. ESTABLISHMENTS TO INCLUDE DEPARTMENTS, UNDERTAKINGS AND BRANCHES – Where an establishment consists of different departments or undertakings or has branches, whether situated in the same place or in different places, all such departments or undertakings or branches shall be treated as parts of the same establishment for the purpose of computation of bonus under this Act. 10
  • Bonus – Disqualification Eligibility for bonus An employee shall beEvery employee shall be disqualified from receivingentitled to be paid by hisemployer in an bonus under this Act :-accounting (a) fraud; oryear, bonus, in (b) riotous or violentaccordance with the behavior while on theprovisions of this premises of theAct, provided he has establishment; orworked in the (c) theft, misappropriationestablishment for not or sabotage of anyless than thirty working property of thedays in that year. establishment 11
  • Act not to apply to certain classes of employees: Section 32 of the Act provides that the Act shall not apply to the following classes of employees: Employees employed by any insurer carrying on general insurance business and the employees employed by the Life Insurance Corporation of India; Seamen as defined in clause (42) of Section 3 of the Merchant Shipping Act, 1958; Employees registered or listed under any scheme made under the Dock Workers (Regulation of Employment) Act, 1948 and employed by registered or listed employers; Employees employed by an establishment engaged in any industry called on by or under the authority of any department of Central Government or a State Government or a local authority; 12
  • Act not to apply to certain classes of employees: Employees employed by:  The Indian Red Cross Society or any other institution of a like nature including its branches;  Universities and other educational institutions;  Institutions (including hospitals, chambers of commerce and social welfare institutions) established not for the purpose of profit; Employees employed through contractors on building operations; Employees employed by the Reserve Bank of India; Employees employed by:  The Industrial Finance Corporation of India;  Any Financial Corporation established under Section 3, or any Joint Financial Corporation established under Section 3A of the State Financial Corporations Act, 1961; 13
  • Act not to apply to certain classes of employees: a) The Small Industries Development Bank of India established under Section 3 of the Small Industries Development Bank of India Act, 1989; b) The National Housing Bank; Any other financial institution (other than Banking Company) being an establishment in public sector, which the Central Government may by notification specify having regard to (i) its capital structure; (ii) its objectives and the nature of its activities; (iii) the nature and extent of financial assistance or any other concession given to it by the Government; and (iv) any other relevant factor. Apart from the above, the appropriate Government has necessary powers under Section 36 to exempt any establishment or class of establishments from all or any of the provisions of the Act for a specified period having regard to its financial position and other relevant circumstances and it is of the opinion that it will not be in the public interest to apply all or any of the provisions of this Act thereto.14It
  • Act not to apply to certain classes of employees: a) The Small Industries Development Bank of India established under Section 3 of the Small Industries Development Bank of India Act, 1989; b) The National Housing Bank; Any other financial institution (other than Banking Company) being an establishment in public sector, which the Central Government may by notification specify having regard to (i) its capital structure; (ii) its objectives and the nature of its activities; (iii) the nature and extent of financial assistance or any other concession given to it by the Government; and (iv) any other relevant factor. Apart from the above, the appropriate Government has necessary powers under Section 36 to exempt any establishment or class of establishments from all or any of the provisions of the Act for a specified period having regard to its financial position and other relevant circumstances and it is of the opinion that it will not be in the public interest to apply all or any of the provisions of this Act thereto.15It
  • Act not to apply to certain classes of employees: Any other financial institution (other than Banking Company) being an establishment in public sector, which the Central Government may by notification specify having regard to (i) its capital structure; (ii) its objectives and the nature of its activities; (iii) the nature and extent of financial assistance or any other concession given to it by the Government; and (iv) any other relevant factor. Apart from the above, the appropriate Government has necessary powers under Section 36 to exempt any establishment or class of establishments from all or any of the provisions of the Act for a specified period having regard to its financial position and other relevant circumstances and it is of the opinion that it will not be in the public interest to apply all or any of the provisions of this Act thereto. It may also impose such conditions while according the exemptions as it may consider fit to impose. 16
  • Computation for Number of Working Days An employee shall be deemed to have worked in an establishment in any accounting year also on the days on which,- (a) he has been laid off under an agreement or as permitted by standing orders under the Industrial Employment (Standing Orders) Act, 1946, or under the Industrial Disputes Act, 1947, or under any other law applicable to the establishment; (b) he has been on leave with salary or wages; (c) he has been absent due to temporary disablement caused by accident arising out of and in the course of his employment, and (d) the employee has been on maternity leave with salary or wages, during the accounting year 17
  • CALCULATION OF BONUSThe method for calculation of annual bonus is as follows: Calculate the Available Surplus. Available Surplus = Gross Profit – ( deduct) the following : Depreciation admissible u/s 32 of the Income tax Act. Development allowance 18
  • CALCULATION OF BONUS SIMPLIFIED The method for calculation of annual bonus is as follow: 1. Calculate the gross profit in the manner specified in- First Schedule, in case of a banking company, or Second Schedule, in any other case. 2. Calculate the Available Surplus. Available Surplus = A+B, where A = Gross Profit – Depreciation admissible u/s 32 of the Income tax Act - Development allowance - Direct taxes payable for the accounting year (calculated as per Sec.7) – Sums specified in the Third Schedule. B = Direct Taxes (calculated as per Sec. 7) in respect of gross profits for the immediately preceding accounting year – Direct Taxes in respect of such gross profits as reduced by the amount of bonus, for the immediately preceding accounting year. 19
  • CALCULATION OF BONUS SIMPLIFIED 3. Calculate Allocable Surplus Allocable Surplus = 60% of Available Surplus, 67% in case of foreign companies. Make adjustment for „Set-on‟ and „Set-off‟. For calculating the amount of bonus in respect of an accounting year, allocable surplus is computed after considering the amount of set on and set off from the previous years, as illustrated in Fourth Schedule. The allocable surplus so computed is distributed amongst the employees in proportion to salary or wages received by them during the relevant accounting year. 4. In case of an employee receiving salary or wages above Rs. 3,500 the bonus payable is to be calculated as if the salary or wages were Rs. 3,500 p.m. only. 20
  • Allocable & Available Surplus Allocable Surplus: It means (a) in relation to an employer, being a company (other than a banking company) which has not made the arrangements prescribed under the Income-tax Act for the declaration and payment within India of the dividends payable out of its profits in accordance with the provisions of Section 194 of that Act, 67% of the available surplus in an accounting year. (b) In any other case, 60% of such available surplus [Section 2(4)].Available Surplus: It means the available surplus under Section 5. {Section 2(6)}. 21
  • Available Surplus (Deductions) Direct taxes payable for the accounting year (calculated as per Sec.7) – Sums specified in the Third Schedule. Direct Taxes (calculated as per Sec. 7) in respect of gross profits for the immediately preceding accounting year. Allocable Surplus = 60% of Available Surplus, 67% in case of foreign companies. Make adjustment for „Set-on‟ and „Set-off‟. For calculating the amount of bonus in respect of an accounting year, allocable surplus is computed after considering the amount of set on and set off from the previous years 22
  • Set On & Set Off Where in any accounting year any amount has been carried forward and set on or set off under this section, then, in calculating bonus for the succeeding accounting year, the amount of set on or set off carried forward from the earliest accounting year shall first be taken into account. The allocable surplus so computed is distributed amongst the employees in proportion to salary or wages received by them during the relevant accounting year. 23
  • Set On & Set Off Provisions It may happen that in some years, the allocable surplus is more than the amount paid to employees as bonus calculating it @ 20%. Such excess „allocable surplus‟ is carried forward to next year for calculation purposes. This is called „carry forward for being set on in succeeding years‟. The ceiling on set on that is required to be carried forward is 20% of total salary and wages of employees employed in the establishment. In other words, even if actual excess is more than 20% of salary/wages, only 20% is required to be carried forward. The amount set on is carried forward only upto and inclusive of the fourth accounting year. If the amount carried forward is not utilised in that period, it lapses 24 [section 15(1)].
  • Set On & Set Off Provisions Similarly, in a particular year, there may be lower „allocable surplus‟ or no „allocable surplus‟ even for payment of 8.33% bonus. Such shortfall is also carried to next year. This is called „carry forward for being set off in succeeding years‟. Thus, in every year, „allocable surplus‟ is calculated. To this amount, set on from previous years is added. Similarly, set off, if any, from previous years is deducted. This gives amount which is available for distribution as bonus. The amount set off is carried forward only upto and inclusive of the fourth accounting year. If the amount carried forward is not set off in that period, it lapses. [section 15(2)] 25
  • Time-limit for payment of bonus (a) where there is a dispute regarding payment of bonus pending before any authority under section 22, within a month from the date on which the award becomes enforceable or the settlement comes into operation, in respect of such dispute; (b) in any other case, within a period of eight months from the close of the accounting year: 26
  • Recovery of Bonus Due from an Employer (Sec-21)Where any money is due to an employee by way ofbonus from his employer under a settlement or an awardor agreement, the employee himself or any other personauthorized by him in writing in this behalf, or in the caseof the death of the employee, his assignee or heirsmay, without prejudice to any other mode ofrecovery, make an application to the appropriateGovernment or such authority as the appropriateGovernment may specify in this behalf is satisfied thatany money is so due, it shall issue a certificate for thatamount to the Collector who shall proceed to recover thesame in particular employee. 27
  • RIGHTS OF EMPLOYEES Right to claim bonus payable under the Act and to make an application to the Government, for the recovery of bonus due and unpaid, within one year of its becoming due. Right to refer any dispute to the Labour Court/Tribunal. Employees, to whom the Payment of Bonus Act does not apply, cannot raise a dispute regarding bonus under the Industrial Disputes Act. Right to seek clarification and obtain information, on any item in the accounts of the establishment 28
  • Disputes under the Bonus ActWhere any dispute arises between an employer and hisemployees with respect to the bonus payable under this Act orwith respect to the application of this Act to an establishment inpublic sector, then, such dispute shall be deemed to be anindustries dispute within the meaning of the Industrial DisputesAct, 1947 (14 of 1947), or of any corresponding law relating toinvestigation and settlement of industrial disputes in force in aState and the provisions of that Act. 29
  • Maintenance of Register, Records & Inspectors Every employer shall prepare and maintain such registers, records and other documents in such form and in such manner as may prescribed. The appropriate Government may, by notification on the Official Gazette, appoint such person as it think fit to be Inspectors for the purposes of this Act and may define the limits within which they shall exercise jurisdiction. 30
  • Inspectors Duties An Inspector appointed under sub-section (1) may, for the purpose of ascertaining whether any of the provisions of this Act has been complied with – (a) Require an employer to furnish such information as he may consider necessary; (b) At any reasonable time and with such assistance, if any, as he thinks fit enter any establishment or any premises connected therewith and require any one found in charge thereof to produce before him for examination any accounts, books, registers and other documents relating to the employment of persons or the payment of salary or wage or bonus in the establishment. 31
  • OFFENCES AND PENALTIES For contravention of the provisions of the Act or rules the penalty is imprisonment upto 6 months, or fine up to Rs.1000, or both. For failure to comply with the directions or requisitions made the penalty is imprisonment upto 6 months, or fine up to Rs.1000, or both. In case of offences by companies, firms, body corporate or association of individuals, its director, partner or a principal officer responsible for the conduct of its business, shall be deemed to be guilty of that offence, unless the person concerned proves that the offence was committed without his knowledge or that he exercised all due diligence 32
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