ICANN Update-
  New gTLD Program
New TLD Projects
Online Brand Protection Event
  Milano 18 November 2009

               ...
Top-Level Domains in the Root
                                        gTLDs (generic), some
 test only!
                  ...
New gTLD Program
• Policy developed 2005 – 2007, adopted in June 2008
• Open approach; no pre-defined number limit, applic...
The Applicant
• Any public or private established entity from
  anywhere in the world
• Must follow all application steps ...
The Proposed gTLD
• Community-based:
  – Addresses a clearly identified, organized and pre-
    established community
  – ...
Main Application Paths

                                                  Delegation and
  Application            Evaluati...
The Application Period
•   Expected to last at least 45 calendar days
•   Will follow 4-month communications period
•   Ap...
The Evaluation Processes
• Review of applicant’s organizational,
  operational, technical and financial capability
• Check...
The Objection Processes
• Pre-defined objection filing period
• Processed by Dispute Resolution Provider(s)
• Potential gr...
String Contention Processes
• Two or more qualified applicants for identical
  or similar TLD strings that successfully
  ...
Delegation
• Standard base agreement
• Formal Board approval
• Actual delegation of a new gTLD to a successful
  applicant...
Public comments highlighted:
• Multiple detailed issues, addressed in v.2 and 3
• Some overarching issues: studies and pla...
IDNs - Internationalized Domain Names
• IDNs currently only on the second level
• IDN TLDs needed for a more globally and ...
Thank You!
                    More Information:
• www.icann.org
• Current New gTLD Guidebook :
http://www.icann.org/en/to...
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Icann Presentation @OBP Milano 18 novembre2009

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Icann Presentation @OBP Milano 18 novembre2009

  1. 1. ICANN Update- New gTLD Program New TLD Projects Online Brand Protection Event Milano 18 November 2009 Olof Nordling ICANN Karla Valente Director – New gTLD Program 1
  2. 2. Top-Level Domains in the Root gTLDs (generic), some test only! pre-existing + new ones IDN TLDs added in 2000 and 2004 (non-Latin scripts) rounds 13 21 gTLDs ccTLDs 249 IDNs ccTLDs, two-letter country codes, based on ISO 3166-1 2
  3. 3. New gTLD Program • Policy developed 2005 – 2007, adopted in June 2008 • Open approach; no pre-defined number limit, applicants to propose strings • Clearly defined grounds for objections • Fees to recover costs • Rounds initially, aiming at ongoing process later • Implementation of the policy - proposed “Applicant Guidebook”, Oct 2008, version 2, Feb 2009 • Version 3, Oct 2009, open for comments until 22 Nov! • STILL A DRAFT - additional iteration before adoption by the ICANN Board 3
  4. 4. The Applicant • Any public or private established entity from anywhere in the world • Must follow all application steps and rules as pre- established and published • Must demonstrate organizational, operational, technical and financial capability • Must pay an application fee (185 kUSD) – other fees may apply depending on application path 4
  5. 5. The Proposed gTLD • Community-based: – Addresses a clearly identified, organized and pre- established community – Is endorsed by that community – Nexus between the string and the community – Has a dedicated registration and use policy • Standard (Open): Names generally available to any type of registrant 5
  6. 6. Main Application Paths Delegation and Application Evaluation Approval Period Processes Processes Identical/Similar TLD Objection Period and Strings Selection Dispute Resolution Methods Processes • Voluntary Agreement • Community Priority Eval. • Auction 6
  7. 7. The Application Period • Expected to last at least 45 calendar days • Will follow 4-month communications period • Applications will be reviewed for completeness • Information on all applications will be posted on ICANN’s website at the same time 7
  8. 8. The Evaluation Processes • Review of applicant’s organizational, operational, technical and financial capability • Check of the proposed TLD string – Must not lead to technical instability or unwanted/unexpected results in the DNS – Must not be a reserved name or existing TLD – Must not cause string confusion – Geographic names require gov’t support • Evaluation panels and examiners - Selection process under way • Extended evaluation in some cases – Same baseline criteria 8
  9. 9. The Objection Processes • Pre-defined objection filing period • Processed by Dispute Resolution Provider(s) • Potential grounds for objection – String Confusion (NCDR) • Avoid user confusion – Infringement of Rights (WIPO) • Protection of intellectual property and other pre-existing rights – Morality and Public Order (ICC) • Additional safeguards; interests of governments – Community Objection (ICC) • Protection of community interests (e.g. geographically based, indigenous, religious organizations) • Plus availability of an Independent Objector! 9
  10. 10. String Contention Processes • Two or more qualified applicants for identical or similar TLD strings that successfully passed the evaluation and objection phases • Applicants will be informed about the contention and be given time to mutually resolve it • Proposed selection methods – Community priority (comparative) evaluation – Auction 10
  11. 11. Delegation • Standard base agreement • Formal Board approval • Actual delegation of a new gTLD to a successful applicant is contingent upon the applicant's demonstration, to the extent possible, that it has fulfilled the commitments required to meet the baseline criteria • Pre-determined period of time to make all necessary structural arrangements for the pre-delegation phase • IANA procedure to add the TLD to the root 11
  12. 12. Public comments highlighted: • Multiple detailed issues, addressed in v.2 and 3 • Some overarching issues: studies and plans published together with version 3 - Trademark protection IP Clearinghouse, URS - Malicious conduct Thick WHOIS, High Security Zones - Root zone scaling Study reviewed by SSAC for Board advice - Economic aspects Review of studies, registry/registrar separation • Need to get these aspects right before launch! 12
  13. 13. IDNs - Internationalized Domain Names • IDNs currently only on the second level • IDN TLDs needed for a more globally and culturally inclusive Internet • IDN gTLDs included in the New gTLD round • IDN ccTLDs foreseen, policy development ongoing • ”Fast Track” process to satisfy urgent needs for IDN ccTLDs for non-Latin scripts, final implementation plan published 30 September • ”Fast track” approved by the ICANN Board in Seoul. Launch 16 November 2009! 13
  14. 14. Thank You! More Information: • www.icann.org • Current New gTLD Guidebook : http://www.icann.org/en/topics/new-gtlds/comments-3-en.htm#files • Fast Track Implementation Plan: http://www.icann.org/en/topics/idn/fast-track/idn-cctld-implementation- plan-30sep09-en.pdf 14

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