Newswriting

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Newswriting

  1. 1. Newswriting Style <ul><li>What is AP style? </li></ul><ul><li>Writing guidelines based on the Associated Press Stylebook - the ultimate desktop reference for print reporters. It's often called a reporter's bible. Reporters, editors and others use the AP Stylebook as a guide for grammar, punctuation and principles and practices of reporting. </li></ul><ul><li>AP style highlights </li></ul><ul><li>Exercises </li></ul><ul><li>Numbers </li></ul><ul><li>Titles </li></ul><ul><li>Caps </li></ul><ul><li>Abbreviations </li></ul>
  2. 2. Reporting Basics <ul><li>Where do stories come from? </li></ul><ul><li>Stuff happens all the time. So how does it become a story? </li></ul><ul><li>Breaking news – events are that are sudden and unpredictable </li></ul><ul><li>Example: Sept. 11, storms </li></ul><ul><li>Scheduled events </li></ul><ul><li>Example: Elections, city council meetings </li></ul><ul><li>News releases </li></ul><ul><li>Example: New birth at zoo, Bears coach retires </li></ul><ul><li>Your own story ideas – or suggestions from editors, readers </li></ul><ul><li>Tips pop up everywhere </li></ul>
  3. 3. Reporting Basics <ul><li>When a Chicago Tribune editor spotted this photo a Northwestern University Lacrosse team visiting Pres. Bush at the White House, she noticed that some of the girls were wearing flip-flops. </li></ul><ul><li>It led to this story. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Reporting Basics <ul><li>Finding and using sources </li></ul><ul><li>To write a story, you must gather information. All stories require sources. </li></ul><ul><li>So what are sources? </li></ul>Official records Spokespeople Social media Reference material Experts Internet
  5. 5. Reporting Basics <ul><li>Attribution - what does it mean to attribute something? </li></ul><ul><li>Attributing facts and opinions to their sources shows readers that you're reporting what's been said, not saying it yourself. When you write stories you must clearly indicate where those facts, opinions and quotes came from. </li></ul><ul><li>Example: </li></ul><ul><li>Home Prices Climb </li></ul><ul><li>Attribution exercise - handout </li></ul>
  6. 6. Reporting Basics <ul><li>On the record – Off the record </li></ul><ul><li>What does it mean when? </li></ul><ul><li>On the record </li></ul><ul><li>Your source agrees that anythings said during the interview can be printed, and the source's name cannot be used. </li></ul><ul><li>Example: “Obama plans to veto the tax bill,” Roy Reed, secretary of commerce. </li></ul><ul><li>Off the record </li></ul><ul><li>The information cannot be published in any form. That means you have to confirm it from a separate source before printing it. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Reporting Basics <ul><li>On Background </li></ul><ul><li>The information can be used in a story – and it can even run as a quote – but the sources cannot be identified by name. </li></ul><ul><li>Example: “Obama plans to veto the tax bill,” a high-ranking commerce department official said. </li></ul><ul><li>On Deep Background </li></ul><ul><li>The information can be used, but the source cannot be revealed. </li></ul><ul><li>Example: President Obama is expected to veto the tax bill. </li></ul><ul><li>(Keep in mind that publishing unattributed speculations may be risky.) </li></ul>
  8. 8. Newswriting Basics <ul><li>Importance of an interview </li></ul><ul><li>Talk to the right person </li></ul><ul><li>Avoid yes or no questions </li></ul><ul><li>Keep the questions brief </li></ul><ul><li>Ask one question at a time </li></ul><ul><li>Try not to interrupt </li></ul><ul><li>Listen carefully </li></ul><ul><li>Repeat the question </li></ul><ul><li>Ask why, how, what </li></ul><ul><li>Make it clear that the interview is over </li></ul>
  9. 9. Newswriting basics <ul><li>Organizing your facts exercise </li></ul><ul><li>Deadly Fire Kills Man </li></ul>
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