Broadcast news


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Broadcast news

  1. 1. Broadcast News <ul><li>Broadcast vs print journalism </li></ul>Which is better, TV and radio or print journalism? <ul><li>Print journalism provides a level of depth, context and information that television and radio can't supply.
  2. 2. Through to power of dramatic video and audio, broadcast journalism offers an emotional appeal, realism and immediacy that printed stories can't match.
  3. 3. Watching, listening to news stories also requires less intellectual effort than reading a complex news story in the paper or online. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Broadcast News <ul><li>Some critics of broadcast journalism say it treats news as entertainment, evading complex issues while sensationalizing conflicts , crimes , car chases , etc.
  5. 5. Both print and broadcast journalism have their strengths and weaknesses, and do stories a differently.
  6. 6. Examples:
  7. 7. Penn State scandal </li><ul><li>USA Today
  8. 8. PBS Newshour
  9. 9. WBRE </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. Broadcast News <ul><li>Broadcast journalists produce great in-depth reports, such as the stories you hear on NPR or or watch on a news magazine such as “60 Minutes.”
  11. 11. But those are exceptions. Because most broadcast news stories are brief. Extremely brief.
  12. 12. Instead of in inches, broadcast journalists measure stories in minutes and seconds. They boil issues down to their basics – and write as tightly as they can. </li></ul>
  13. 13. Broadcast News <ul>What's really in a half-hour newscast? <li>According to results from two major surveys: </li><ul><li>Roughly 70 percent of all stories were under a minute long.
  14. 14. The most common topic was crime, by a 2-to-1 margin.
  15. 15. Most stories that involved controversies gave only or mostly one point of view.
  16. 16. 14 minute of news – crime, fire, accidents, disasters
  17. 17. 6.4 minutes of sports,weather
  18. 18. 1.6 minutes of teasers/chat
  19. 19. 8 minutes of advertising </li></ul></ul>
  20. 20. Broadcast News <ul><li>Writing for Broadcast
  21. 21. In different media, stories require different styles </li><ul><li>Writing for broadcast is not the same as writing for print.
  22. 22. Broadcast news is written for the eyes and ears, print news is written for the eyes.
  23. 23. A story with compelling audio or video becomes more newsworthy than one without—no matter how well-written that story is.
  24. 24. Example: Grave Injustice – video .... print </li></ul></ul>
  25. 25. Broadcast News <ul><li>Ten Tips for Broadcast Newswriting </li><ul><li>Use a friendlier, more conversational tone.
  26. 26. Keep it short, simple, and easy to follow.
  27. 27. Important facts first.
  28. 28. Use the present tense as often as possible.
  29. 29. Contractions are acceptable, even for hard news stories.
  30. 30. Attributions comes at the beginning of the sentence.
  31. 31. Add phonetic pronunciation wherever necessary.
  32. 32. Use punctuation to help—not hinder—the delivery.
  33. 33. Avoid abbreviations and symbols.
  34. 34. Numbers: Round them off and spell them out. </li></ul></ul>
  35. 35. Broadcast News <ul><li>The elements of a TV news broadcast: </li><ul><li>Anchor lead: The introductory portion of a reporter's story that the news anchor reads live on the air – introducing the reporter's story.
  36. 36. Package: A self-contained report that includes the recorded narration of the reporter and the recorded excerpts of interviews with the people featured in the news story.
  37. 37. Reader: News copy that the anchor reads on camera without illustrative video
  38. 38. SOT: Stands for sound on tape. Refers to the recorded image and voice of an interviewee on tape. Also known as a soundbite. </li></ul></ul>
  39. 39. Broadcast News <ul><li>The elements of a TV news broadcast cont'd. </li><ul><li>Stand-up: The place within the reporter's story where he or she appears on camera and addresses the audience directly.
  40. 40. Super: The writing that appears on the TV screen below the head and shoulders shot of the person talking. Also called a c.g. Or chyron.
  41. 41. Talking Head: Another name for a soundbite or SOT.
  42. 42. Voiceover: The voice of the anchor as he or she reads news copy over video. Also called a VO.
  43. 43. VO/SOT: Short for voiceover/sound on tape </li></ul></ul>