Emergency Management &
Safety Solutions

Hurricane Preparedness:
Getting Ready for the Hurricane
BEFORE it happens!



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Hurricane Preparedness

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Getting Prepared for Hurricane Season in Advance of the Storm!

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Hurricane Preparedness

  1. 1. Emergency Management & Safety Solutions Hurricane Preparedness: Getting Ready for the Hurricane BEFORE it happens! Regina Phelps, EMS Solutions Inc. June 2010
  2. 2. Out of Danger Comes Emergency Management & Safety Solutions Opportunity Agenda • Hurricanes: What are they and their risks. • What you can do to get ready – now. • What to do after a big storm passes through. June 2010 www.ems-solutionsinc.com 2
  3. 3. Out of Danger Comes Emergency Management & Safety Solutions Opportunity Hurricanes – What are they? • A hurricane is a type of tropical cyclone: – The general term for all circulating weather systems (counterclockwise in the Northern Hemisphere) over tropical waters. – In the western Pacific, hurricanes are called "typhoons," and similar storms in the Indian Ocean are called "cyclones." June 2010 www.ems-solutionsinc.com 3
  4. 4. Out of Danger Comes Emergency Management & Safety Solutions Opportunity Tropical Cyclones Classifications 1. Tropical Depression - An organized system of clouds and thunderstorms with a defined circulation and maximum sustained winds of 38 mph (33 knots) or less. 2. Tropical Storm - An organized system of strong thunderstorms with a defined circulation and maximum sustained winds of 39 to 73 mph (34-63 knots). 3. Hurricane - An intense tropical weather system with a well-defined circulation and maximum sustained winds of 74 mph (64 knots) or higher. June 2010 www.ems-solutionsinc.com 4
  5. 5. Out of Danger Comes Emergency Management & Safety Solutions Opportunity What are the hurricane hazards? • Storm Surge • Wind • Inland Flooding • Tornadoes June 2010 www.ems-solutionsinc.com 5
  6. 6. Out of Danger Comes Emergency Management & Safety Solutions Opportunity Storm Surge June 2010 www.ems-solutionsinc.com 6
  7. 7. Out of Danger Comes Emergency Management & Safety Solutions Opportunity Wind The intensity of a land falling hurricane is expressed in terms of categories that relate wind speeds and potential damage. Category Wind Speed Likely Damage 1 74 – 95 mph Minimal 2 96 – 110 mph Moderate 3 111 – 130 mph Extensive 4 131 – 155 mph Extreme 5 156 and up Catastrophic June 2010 www.ems-solutionsinc.com 7
  8. 8. Out of Danger Comes Emergency Management & Safety Solutions Opportunity Inland Flooding June 2010 www.ems-solutionsinc.com 8
  9. 9. Out of Danger Comes Emergency Management & Safety Solutions Opportunity Tornadoes Downtown Miami Looking west from the MacArthur Causeway June 2010 www.ems-solutionsinc.com 9
  10. 10. Out of Danger Comes Emergency Management & Safety Solutions Opportunity Learn the Basic Terms • A Hurricane Watch issued for your part of the coast indicates the possibility that you could experience hurricane conditions within 36 hours. • A Hurricane Warning issued for your part of the coast indicates that sustained winds of at least 74 mph are expected within 24 hours or less. June 2010 www.ems-solutionsinc.com 10
  11. 11. Out of Danger Comes Emergency Management & Safety Solutions Opportunity Category One • Winds 74-95 mph. • No real damage to building structures. Damage primarily to unanchored mobile homes, trees and shrubbery. Some damage to poorly constructed signs. • Also, some coastal road flooding and minor pier damage. • Storm surge generally 4-5 ft above normal. June 2010 www.ems-solutionsinc.com 11
  12. 12. Out of Danger Comes Emergency Management & Safety Solutions Opportunity Category Two • Winds 96-110 mph. Some roofing material, door, and window damage of buildings. Considerable damage to shrubbery and trees with some trees blown down. – Considerable damage to mobile homes, poorly constructed signs, and piers. • Coastal and low-lying escape routes flood 2-4 hours before arrival of the hurricane center. Small craft in unprotected anchorages break moorings. • Storm surge generally 6-8 feet above normal. June 2010 www.ems-solutionsinc.com 12
  13. 13. Out of Danger Comes Emergency Management & Safety Solutions Opportunity Category Three • Winds 111-130 mph. Some structural damage to small residences and utility buildings with a minor amount of curtain wall failures. Damage to shrubbery and trees with foliage blown off trees and large trees blown down. Mobile homes and poorly constructed signs are destroyed. Low-lying escape routes are cut by rising water 3-5 hours before arrival of the center of the hurricane. • Terrain continuously lower than 5 ft above mean sea level may be flooded inland 8 miles or more. Evacuation of low-lying residences near shoreline may be required. • Storm surge generally 9-12 ft above normal. June 2010 www.ems-solutionsinc.com 13
  14. 14. Out of Danger Comes Emergency Management & Safety Solutions Opportunity Category Four • Winds 131-155 mph. More extensive curtain wall failures with some complete roof structure failures on small residences. Shrubs, trees, and all signs are blown down. Complete destruction of mobile homes. Extensive damage to doors and windows. Low-lying escape routes may be cut by rising water 3-5 hours before arrival of the center of the hurricane. • Major damage to lower floors of structures near the shore. Terrain lower than 10 ft above sea level may be flooded requiring massive evacuation of residential areas as far inland as 6 miles. • Storm surge generally 13-18 ft above normal. June 2010 www.ems-solutionsinc.com 14
  15. 15. Out of Danger Comes Emergency Management & Safety Solutions Opportunity Category Five • Winds greater than 155 mph. Complete roof failure on many residences and industrial buildings. Some complete building failures with small utility buildings blown over or away. All shrubs, trees, and signs blown down. Complete destruction of mobile homes. Severe and extensive window and door damage. Low-lying escape routes are cut by rising water 3-5 hours before arrival of the center of the hurricane. • Major damage to lower floors of all structures located less than 15 ft above sea level and within 500 yards of the shoreline. Massive evacuation of residential areas on low ground within 5-10 miles of shoreline may be required. • Storm surge generally greater than 18 ft above normal. June 2010 www.ems-solutionsinc.com 15
  16. 16. Out of Danger Comes Emergency Management & Safety Solutions Opportunity Getting Ready WAY Before a Storm June 2010 www.ems-solutionsinc.com 16
  17. 17. Out of Danger Comes Emergency Management & Safety Solutions Opportunity Assemble Your Family Kit • Water, at least one gallon • Battery Powered Radio per person per day • Extra Batteries • Non-perishable food (and • Cash manual can opener!) • Medications and Eye • First Aid Kit Glasses or Contact • Battery Powered Lenses Flashlight • Extra Keys • Tools • Camping-type supplies June 2010 www.ems-solutionsinc.com 17
  18. 18. Out of Danger Comes Emergency Management & Safety Solutions Opportunity Assemble Your Family Kit (continued) • Extra clothing, rain • Personal hygiene gear, and sturdy shoes items • Change of bed linens • Entertainment items • Specialty items for (books, games, toys) babies, children, • Important papers such people with special as insurance, needs, and senior passports, wills, etc. citizens (in waterproof packaging) June 2010 www.ems-solutionsinc.com 18
  19. 19. Out of Danger Comes Emergency Management & Safety Solutions Opportunity Don’t Forget Pet Planning • Pet Supplies – Water and Bowl – Food and Food Bowl – Identification tags and photograph – Immunization records – Medications – Carrier – Leash June 2010 www.ems-solutionsinc.com 19
  20. 20. Out of Danger Comes Emergency Management & Safety Solutions Opportunity NOAA Weather Radio (NWR) • NWR broadcasts National Weather Service warnings, watches, forecasts and other hazard information 24-hours a day. • NWR requires a special radio receiver or scanner capable of picking up the signal. June 2010 www.ems-solutionsinc.com 20
  21. 21. Out of Danger Comes Emergency Management & Safety Solutions Opportunity Kit Assembly • Pack everything in air tight containers. • Keep supplies all together in a back-pack, duffel bag, or other easy-to-carry receptacle. • Plan on supplies to last 3-14 days. • Date everything so that you know when items must be replaced. June 2010 www.ems-solutionsinc.com 21
  22. 22. Out of Danger Comes Emergency Management & Safety Solutions Opportunity Evacuation Planning • Evacuation – Learn if you live in an evacuation zone. – Look at a map and identify two different routes to evacuate your neighborhood. – Learn two different ways to evacuate your home. Teach and practice with all members of your household. – Identify NOW where you will go if you need to evacuate. – Identify NOW where you will take your pets. June 2010 www.ems-solutionsinc.com 22
  23. 23. Out of Danger Comes Emergency Management & Safety Solutions Opportunity • Know your evacuation plan and routes. • Know where the shelters are and which will take pets. June 2010 www.ems-solutionsinc.com 23
  24. 24. Out of Danger Comes Emergency Management & Safety Solutions Opportunity Develop Your Family Communication Plan • Make sure all members of your family know each others’ phone numbers (landline and cell). • Post emergency numbers in a common area such as the refrigerator. • Identify two meeting places for your family in case you cannot return home: one should be near your house (a tree or mailbox) and one should be in your neighborhood (a school or place of worship). • Identify an out of state contact who will let your friends and family know that you are all right. June 2010 www.ems-solutionsinc.com 24
  25. 25. Out of Danger Comes Emergency Management & Safety Solutions Opportunity Other Preparedness Activities • Know your insurance coverage—flood insurance is often not covered by homeowners insurance. • Make a plan now for your boat. Do NOT ride out a storm in your boat. Make sure your boat AND neighboring boats are tied up properly. • Make sure everyone in your home knows how to use 911. • Take first aid, CPR, and disaster preparedness courses. • Pool-owners—Add extra chlorine and turn off the electricity. June 2010 www.ems-solutionsinc.com 25
  26. 26. Out of Danger Comes Emergency Management & Safety Solutions Opportunity Register with “One Storm” • A free, easy service. – Give them your email address and zip code. – They have a great planning section to build your family plan – no charge. – They will send you notices as a storm progresses. – www.onestorm.org June 2010 www.ems-solutionsinc.com 26
  27. 27. Out of Danger Comes Emergency Management & Safety Solutions Opportunity It’s Coming! June 2010 www.ems-solutionsinc.com 27
  28. 28. Out of Danger Comes Emergency Management & Safety Solutions Opportunity Before the Storm – Its Coming! • Fill up the gas tank in your car. • Bring in all loose items outside of your home, including bicycles, patio furniture, children’s toys, and even satellite dishes. • Turn refrigerator and freezer to coldest settings. – Only open when absolutely necessary and close quickly. • Prepare your windows and doors with shutters or shielding materials. June 2010 www.ems-solutionsinc.com 28
  29. 29. Out of Danger Comes Emergency Management & Safety Solutions Opportunity More “It’s Coming” Activities • If you stay home, have plenty of emergency food and water. • Store water for toilet flushing. • Buy or freeze extra ice. Keep three bags per person if space allows. • Block ice will keep longer in a cooler than crushed or cubed ice. • Do not drain your swimming pool. – Lower the water about 12 inches. June 2010 www.ems-solutionsinc.com 29
  30. 30. Out of Danger Comes Emergency Management & Safety Solutions Opportunity More “It’s Coming” Activities • Moor boat securely or move it to a designated safe place. Use rope or chain to secure the trailer. Use tie downs to anchor trailer to the ground or house. • Monitor local media for evacuation and shelter-in-place orders from emergency officials. • If power is lost, turn off major appliances to reduce power “surge” when electricity is restored. • Avoid open flames, candles, and kerosene lamps as a source of light. Use a flashlight. • If officials order you to evacuate your home, do so immediately. – Never stay in a Manufactured Home if asked to evacuate. June 2010 www.ems-solutionsinc.com 30
  31. 31. Out of Danger Comes Emergency Management & Safety Solutions Opportunity Evacuations June 2010 www.ems-solutionsinc.com 31
  32. 32. Out of Danger Comes Emergency Management & Safety Solutions Opportunity Hurricane Evacuations • If you are electrically dependent or live in a mobile home, you must always evacuate during a hurricane. • If you live in an evacuation zone and there is an evacuation order of that zone, you must evacuate. • If you feel your structure if unsafe in hurricane winds, you should consider evacuating. June 2010 www.ems-solutionsinc.com 32
  33. 33. Out of Danger Comes Emergency Management & Safety Solutions Opportunity Why evacuate? • Prolonged interruption of power, water, and sewer systems • Interuption of communications • Interuption of public services including police, fire, and EMS. • Debris blocked streets: – delayed delivery of food, water, supplies. – employees unable to report to work. – Isolation. • Damage to property and assets. • Injury from hazards: – live downed power lines. – contaminated water/environment. June 2010 www.ems-solutionsinc.com 33
  34. 34. Out of Danger Comes Emergency Management & Safety Solutions Opportunity Evacuations • Once an evacuation order is given, do not wait. Evacuate immediately. • Try to stay with friends or family outside of the evacuation zones. – Hotels will fill up quickly and hurricane evacuation centers (HECs) are a last resort. – If you must go to a HEC, take all of your disaster supplies because it is likely that nothing will be provided. June 2010 www.ems-solutionsinc.com 34
  35. 35. Out of Danger Comes Emergency Management & Safety Solutions Opportunity Hurricane Evacuations …run from the water, hide from the wind • Remember the objective of a hurricane evacuation is to locate a building strong enough to withstand hurricane force winds and to escape storm surge. • The objective of a hurricane IS NOT to escape the storm. – You do not have to travel many miles; this often adds dangers to your evacuation. June 2010 www.ems-solutionsinc.com 35
  36. 36. Out of Danger Comes Emergency Management & Safety Solutions Opportunity Emergency Responder Resources • Fire-Rescue & Police Department Resources will eventually be evacuated from the beach or barrier island when a mandatory evacuation order has been announced. • Water may eventually be cut-off to the beach or barrier island to protect the City’s water supply once a mandatory evacuation order has been announced. • No Fire-Rescue or Police Department resources will remain on the roads once sustained tropical storm force winds arrive. June 2010 www.ems-solutionsinc.com 36
  37. 37. Out of Danger Comes Emergency Management & Safety Solutions Opportunity Shelter-In-Place June 2010 www.ems-solutionsinc.com 37
  38. 38. Out of Danger Comes Emergency Management & Safety Solutions Opportunity Shelter-In-Place • If you do not live in an evacuation zone or unsafe structure, it is safer to shelter-in-place. • Find an interior room with the fewest doors and windows, on the first floor if possible. • Close and lock all doors and windows. • Take your emergency kit and pets with you. • Monitor local media for specific instructions and an all-clear. • If you do not live in an evacuation zone or unsafe structure, it is safer to shelter-in-place. June 2010 www.ems-solutionsinc.com 38
  39. 39. Out of Danger Comes Emergency Management & Safety Solutions Opportunity Shelter-In-Place (continued) • Identify a 1st floor interior room with no windows like a bathroom or closet OR a 1st floor exterior room with load-bearing walls and the fewest windows. • Make sure to bring your Disaster Supply Kit with you. June 2010 www.ems-solutionsinc.com 39
  40. 40. Out of Danger Comes Emergency Management & Safety Solutions Opportunity Be Smart! • When do injuries and deaths occur? – Just before the storm. – During the storm. – Right after the storm. June 2010 www.ems-solutionsinc.com 40
  41. 41. Out of Danger Comes Emergency Management & Safety Solutions Opportunity It’s All Over – Clean Up Begins June 2010 www.ems-solutionsinc.com 41
  42. 42. Out of Danger Comes Emergency Management & Safety Solutions Opportunity After The Storm Has Passed • DON’T DRIVE through floods! • As little as 6 inches of water can take control of your car. • Damaged roads and bridges can collapse. June 2010 www.ems-solutionsinc.com 42
  43. 43. Out of Danger Comes Emergency Management & Safety Solutions Opportunity Water Safety • Monitor the local media for boil water alerts • Throw away all food, cosmetics, or medications that have come into contact with flood waters. June 2010 www.ems-solutionsinc.com 43
  44. 44. Out of Danger Comes Emergency Management & Safety Solutions Opportunity Generator Safety • Follow the instructions that accompany your generator. • NEVER use portable generators indoors, even if you have ventilation. • If you feel sick, dizzy, or weak while using a generator, get fresh air immediately. • Turn the generator off & let it cool before re-fueling. • Plug appliances directly into generator or use heavy-duty outdoor rated extension cord. • Never try to power the house wiring by plugging the generator into a wall outlet. June 2010 www.ems-solutionsinc.com 44
  45. 45. Out of Danger Comes Emergency Management & Safety Solutions Opportunity Health • Monitor health (physical and mental) well being: – Yours – Family members – Neighbors – Friends – Volunteers June 2010 www.ems-solutionsinc.com 45
  46. 46. Out of Danger Comes Emergency Management & Safety Solutions Opportunity Stay Away from Running Water & Large Puddles • There is high risk of drowning and power lines may be down. • Never touch any type of power lines. • Electricity can travel through the water AND through the ground. June 2010 www.ems-solutionsinc.com 46
  47. 47. Out of Danger Comes Emergency Management & Safety Solutions Opportunity Survey the Damage • Use a battery powered flashlight to search through damaged property. • Be vigilant for gas leaks, downed power lines, fragile structures, and animals seeking refuge. • Keep receipts. • Call your insurance company. June 2010 www.ems-solutionsinc.com 47
  48. 48. Out of Danger Comes Emergency Management & Safety Solutions Opportunity Questions? June 2010 www.ems-solutionsinc.com 48
  49. 49. Out of Danger Comes Emergency Management & Safety Solutions Opportunity THANK YOU! Regina Phelps, CEM, RN, BSN, MPA Emergency Management & Safety Solutions San Francisco, California 415-643-4300 www.ems-solutionsinc.com June 2010 www.ems-solutionsinc.com 49
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