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OpenData in France - A fight for transparency

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Presentation of the current state of Open Data in France by Regards Citoyens. By Benjamin Ooghe-Tabanou at OKCon 2011 in Berlin on …

Presentation of the current state of Open Data in France by Regards Citoyens. By Benjamin Ooghe-Tabanou at OKCon 2011 in Berlin on 07/01/11

http://okcon.org/2011/programme/open-data-in-france-an-updated-state-of-the-art


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  • 1. OpenData in France A fight for transparencyBenjamin Ooghe-Tabanou – Open Knowledge Conference Berlin – July 1st 2011
  • 2. 1978 CADA Law : early start... ● A democratic and pro-transparency law ● One of the first right to access public documents in Europe ● An independant authority created to help citizens (on the juridic side and institutionnal one)Regards Citoyens – Benjamin Ooghe-Tabanou Open Knowledge Conference Berlin 2011 2
  • 3. … but a limited one (1978)● Need to improve the CADA law: ● No existing list: citizens need to identify the documents ● No investigation power for the CADA ● No coercive power (yet...) ● No re-use recognition (yet...)Regards Citoyens – Benjamin Ooghe-Tabanou Open Knowledge Conference Berlin 2011 3
  • 4. The 80s data gold rush● Public institutions start closing their data: ● IGN (the french ordnance survey) – stops respecting the law: « all material paid by public should be freely available » theyre not – private fundings more and more important in their budget ● Legal information – owned by Reuters or book publishersRegards Citoyens – Benjamin Ooghe-Tabanou Open Knowledge Conference Berlin 2011 4
  • 5. Early 2000s: the legal battle● Access to law should be a public service → LegiFrance.gouv.fr● Strong oposition from editors & publishers → Inside job to confront with the situation● A compromise : ● Open access to law ● Data Re-use to be paidRegards Citoyens – Benjamin Ooghe-Tabanou Open Knowledge Conference Berlin 2011 5
  • 6. 2005: Creation of the APIE● Promotion of the States Immaterial Property● Make the country a trademark● Sell data as often as they can: ● Gas prices database (originally created to make prices more transparent to the consumers) 38k€ ● Cities budgets 46k€Regards Citoyens – Benjamin Ooghe-Tabanou Open Knowledge Conference Berlin 2011 6
  • 7. 2005: PSI Directive transposition● Better recognition of re-use● Cultural data excluded, thanks France!...● Does not include data from private or semi-public companies exercing public servicesRegards Citoyens – Benjamin Ooghe-Tabanou Open Knowledge Conference Berlin 2011 7
  • 8. Transparency rises back Civil society pushing for Open DataRegards Citoyens – Benjamin Ooghe-Tabanou Open Knowledge Conference Berlin 2011 8
  • 9. First initiatives : national level● Transparency projects● 1st national OpenDataCamp in Paris (12/2009)● Data Catalogs ● Citizen project based on CKAN http://www.NosDonnees.fr ● Commercial project http://Data-Publica.fr● First experiences of data-journalismRegards Citoyens – Benjamin Ooghe-Tabanou Open Knowledge Conference Berlin 2011 9
  • 10. Local civil initiatives● Petitions / Open Letters: ● LiberTIC Nantes ● Toulouse citizens● Barcamps ● Bourgogne citizens● Grassroot lobbying (Twitter, blog articles, ...) ● ParisRegards Citoyens – Benjamin Ooghe-Tabanou Open Knowledge Conference Berlin 2011 10
  • 11. Local official initiatives● Pioneer: Rennes ● Non-commercial licence at first ● Opening its licence but still not OpenData licence● Paris in ODbL after discussion with the community● Montpellier, Bordeaux currently under NC... → ongoing discussion to be continued...Regards Citoyens – Benjamin Ooghe-Tabanou Open Knowledge Conference Berlin 2011 11
  • 12. Current situation over FranceRegards Citoyens – Benjamin Ooghe-Tabanou Open Knowledge Conference Berlin 2011 12
  • 13. On the national level: EtaLab● Governmental initiative for data.gouv.fr ● An open data team created on january 2011 ● Preparation of a public OpenData platform ● New legal framework limiting paying data ● General hearings about an OpenData licence ● Draft of the future chosen licence by the summer ● Beta platform by the end of the yearRegards Citoyens – Benjamin Ooghe-Tabanou Open Knowledge Conference Berlin 2011 13
  • 14. EtaLab for data.gouv.fr Lots of news (mostly good...) ... but no gov dataset published as OpenData yet :(Regards Citoyens – Benjamin Ooghe-Tabanou Open Knowledge Conference Berlin 2011 14
  • 15. We need help: Sign with us! http://DonneesLibres.infoRegards Citoyens – Benjamin Ooghe-Tabanou Open Knowledge Conference Berlin 2011 15
  • 16. Follow the progresses http://RegardsCitoyens.org/open-data-en-france/ @RegardsCitoyens http://libertic.wordpress.com/ @LiberTICRegards Citoyens – Benjamin Ooghe-Tabanou Open Knowledge Conference Berlin 2011 16