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Role of
Public Health
in America
Regan Orman
HLST 2001
Spring 2014
The goal of public health is the prevention of
heath crises through education and
awareness.
Preventative measures, based ...
At the Federal, State, and Local levels,
implementation of Public Health initiatives
should be a primary concern (Williams...
The Role of Public Health in America
While the United States spends more on
health care than any other nation in the
world, it lags behind many developed natio...
The History of Public Health

 Hippocrates (460 BC-380 BC)
is often considered the father of
Western medicine, and was th...
1798- Marine Hospital Service
Created to address health issues concerning
maritime trade, such as scurvy and yellow
fever,...
In the early 20th century,
EPIDEMICS struck America,
and took a painful toll on the
country’s population.

1909- Bubonic ...
Child Labor
Laws

Vaccinations

Tobacco
Hazards

Family
Planning

Water
Fluoridation
Why is this a concern of public health? Higher mortality rates
occur when children are forced to work. Employee safety and...
•

Margaret Sanger (18791966) published two
controversial pamphlets
concerning basic
knowledge “every woman
should know” a...
In 1946, the Center for Disease Control and Prevention
(CDC) was established in Atlanta.
Just two short years later, in 19...
In 1964, Surgeon General Luther Terry
released the first Report on Smoking and
Health, which was the first government
publ...
Vaccines may be one of the most controversial movements associated
with government implemented public health initiatives.
...
In the 20th Century

Courtesy of www.whatispublichealth.org.
Strengths

 In the 20th century, the rate of
people who smoked dropped
from 45% in 1965 to 19% in
2010 (APHA, n.d.).

 V...
Minimal investment is no longer going to work. The dramatic
increase in life expectancy achieved through public health eff...
Conclusion

The Role of Public Health
in America is critical to the
health and prosperity of
our nation in the future. It
...
Resources
APHA: American Public Health Association. (n.d.). APHA: American Public Health
Association. Retrieved February 1...
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The Role of Public Health in America

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The History, Current Strengths and Weaknesses, and Future of Public Health as it applies to Healthcare Reform in the United States

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Transcript of "The Role of Public Health in America "

  1. 1. Role of Public Health in America Regan Orman HLST 2001 Spring 2014
  2. 2. The goal of public health is the prevention of heath crises through education and awareness. Preventative measures, based on research, are taken in order to avoid spreading disease amongst a population. Anything from water purification to community sanitation departments encompass the idea of “public health”.
  3. 3. At the Federal, State, and Local levels, implementation of Public Health initiatives should be a primary concern (Williams and Torrens, 2008).  VACCINATIONS  SANITATION  HEALTH EDUCATION  VITAL STATISITICS  FOOD SAFETY
  4. 4. The Role of Public Health in America
  5. 5. While the United States spends more on health care than any other nation in the world, it lags behind many developed nations in important health measures (APHA, n.d.). For example, doctors frequently treat diseases related to poor diet and exercise, obesity, smoking, HIV/AIDS, etc. Instead of treating the symptoms, the focus should be on educating the public on SAFETY and PREVENTION.
  6. 6. The History of Public Health  Hippocrates (460 BC-380 BC) is often considered the father of Western medicine, and was the first widely recognized figure to recognize the need for public health. “We must also consider the qualities of the waters and the mode in which the inhabitants live, and what are their pursuits, whether they are fond of drinking and eating to excess and given to indolence, or are fond of exercise and labor, and not given to excess in eating and drinking” (Public health timeline, n.d.).
  7. 7. 1798- Marine Hospital Service Created to address health issues concerning maritime trade, such as scurvy and yellow fever, it later became the US Public Health Service (Public health timeline, n.d.) 1863- New York Sanitation Movement New York is the first state to conduct a sanitation survey, examining the poor living conditions of those in the city (Public health timeline, n.d.). 1872- American Public Health Assn. Foundation of the APHA. Now the oldest and largest association of public health professionals in the world (Public health timeline, n.d.).
  8. 8. In the early 20th century, EPIDEMICS struck America, and took a painful toll on the country’s population. 1909- Bubonic Plague in San Francisco, CA finally diminishes after causing many deaths (Public health timeline, n.d.). 1918- Influenza outbreak Events like this led to implementation of public health standards by the national government to prevent the spread of disease. kills over 600,000 people and does not subside until the 1950s (Public health timeline, n.d.). For a complete timeline, utilize this link: http://www.sphtc.org/timeline/flash%20timeline/player.html
  9. 9. Child Labor Laws Vaccinations Tobacco Hazards Family Planning Water Fluoridation
  10. 10. Why is this a concern of public health? Higher mortality rates occur when children are forced to work. Employee safety and health is also compromised. Developmental risk factors for children include: • Rapid skeletal growth • Development of organs and tissues • Greater risk of hearing loss • Developing ability to assess risks • Greater need for food and rest • Higher chemical absorption rates • Smaller size • Lower heat tolerance The National Child Labor Committee’s work to end child labor was combined with efforts to provide free, compulsory education for all children, and culminated in the passage of the Fair Labor Standards Act in 1938, which set federal standards for child labor (Health issues, n.d.).
  11. 11. • Margaret Sanger (18791966) published two controversial pamphlets concerning basic knowledge “every woman should know” about menstruation and sexual tendencies (Public health timeline, n.d.). • She also highly advocated the use of birth control. • This was the first step toward women’s health initiatives.
  12. 12. In 1946, the Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) was established in Atlanta. Just two short years later, in 1948, many North American municipalities began to add fluoride ions to the public water supply (Public health timeline, n.d.). Not only did this action reduce the overall tooth decay of the population, but it proved that improving public health was beneficial to everyone- improving the quality of life, not just the health, of Americans.
  13. 13. In 1964, Surgeon General Luther Terry released the first Report on Smoking and Health, which was the first government publication concerning the negative effects of smoking on one’s health. In the last 50 years, 31 Surgeon General’s Reports have been released. We now know that smoking causes a host of cancers and other illnesses and is still the leading preventable cause of death in the United States, killing 443,000 people each year (Tobacco, n.d.).
  14. 14. Vaccines may be one of the most controversial movements associated with government implemented public health initiatives. However…Programs of population-wide vaccinations resulted in:  The Eradication of Smallpox  Elimination of Polio in the Americas  Control of measles, rubella, tetanus, diphtheria, and other infectious diseases in the United States and other parts of the world (What is public health?, n.d.).
  15. 15. In the 20th Century Courtesy of www.whatispublichealth.org.
  16. 16. Strengths  In the 20th century, the rate of people who smoked dropped from 45% in 1965 to 19% in 2010 (APHA, n.d.).  Vaccines, such as the flu shot, have drastically decreased the occurrence of epidemics.  Every dollar spent on prevention saves about $5.60 in health care costs (APHA, n.d.). Challenges  The amount of money spent by the government to promote public health is still very low compared to the money spent of treating preventable diseases, such as obesity, heart disease and diabetes.  Natural disaster, terrorism, population control, and drug misuse are areas of public health that have yet to be addressed (Williams and Torrens, 2008).
  17. 17. Minimal investment is no longer going to work. The dramatic increase in life expectancy achieved through public health efforts contributes to one of the greatest challenges facing our health care system and public health — an aging population (The future of public health, n.d.). Public health is a sleeping giant. Its ability to make significant strides in the future is unlimited, provided we muster the political will to support it (The future of public health, n.d.).
  18. 18. Conclusion The Role of Public Health in America is critical to the health and prosperity of our nation in the future. It is our job to promote all aspects of preventative health care to lessen costs of treatment and increase awareness of disease.
  19. 19. Resources APHA: American Public Health Association. (n.d.). APHA: American Public Health Association. Retrieved February 18, 2014, from http://www.apha.org/ Google Images (2014). The most comprehensive image on the web. Retrieved February 12, 2014 from http://images.google.com/ Health issues. (n.d.). The child labor education project. Retrieved February 19, 2014, from http: www.continuetolearn.uiowa.edu/laborctr/child_labor/about/ health_issues.html Public health timeline. (n.d.). The North Carolina institute for public health. Retrieved February 19, 2014, from http://www.sphtc.org/timeline/ flash%20timeline/player.html The future of public health. (n.d.). Center for Disease Control and Prevention. Retrieved February 19, 2014, from http:// www.cdc.gov/nceh/ehs/ephli/Resources/ CARE_public_health_suppl.pdf Tobacco. (n.d.). Surgeon General. Retrieved February 19, 2014, from http://www.surgeongeneral.gov/initiatives/tobacco What is public health?. (n.d.). What is public health?. Retrieved February 19, 2014, from http://www.whatispublichealth.org/ Williams, S. J., & Torrens, P. R. (2008). Introduction to health services. New York: Delmar, Cengage Learning.
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