Time & Vision Text , Processing & Software Computers Audio & Telecommunication Video & AnimationPre20th Century1455 Printing Press Gutenberg and Caxton, movable type printing1780 Franklin discovers electricityFRANKLIN1822 Charles Babbage designs theDifference EngineBABBAGE1833 Babbage designs Analytical Machine, often consideredLADY BYRON to be the fist general-purpose computer. Lady Byron writes programs for the machine1837 Telegraph receiver and transmitterMORSE1839 Daguerreotype: photographs produced using a paper negative1854 George Boole: develops binary mathematical languageBOOLE of 1’s and 0’s (Boolean Algebra)1858 Transatlantic cable laid1867 Remington Manual Typewriter1876 telephoneBELL1879EDISON Granted a phonograph patent1886 Burroughs: First commercially successful adding machine.1888 Mood Music for Film: Musical scores sent Film: Sequential photographs with sprockets along for organ accompaniment manually pulled through a projector Gramophone: disks manually rotated @ 70 rpm1890 Tabulating Machine for the U.S. Gov.Census usingHOLLERITH punch cards. The tabulating machine later became IBM.
Time & Vision Text , Processing & Software Computers Audio & Telecommunication Video & Animation1900-19331920 Commercial radio: KDKA Pittsburgh1925 Electronically recorded sound discs AT&T’s Bell labs allow recording of whole symphonies1927 "Talkies": The first commercial talkie film "The Jazz Singer" starring Al Jolsen. using optical sound recording. Juke Box: Automatic Music Instrument First public demonstration of T.V. Company –coin operated phonograph Telephone becomes operational between London and New York.1928 "Steamboat Willie" first cartoon with a fullyDISNEY synchronized soundtrack1931 Conrad ZuseZUSE First calculator.1932 Magnetic tape BASF introduces magnetic tape recording1933 Dudley Vocoder – voice coderTime & Vision Text , Processing & Software Computers Audio & Tele-communication Video & Animation1934 - 19451936 "Turing’s Machine" defined as capable of computingTURING any calculable function1937 "Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs" the first full- length animation is released.1939 John Atanasoff and Clifford Berry design a prototype ofATANASOFF the ABC computer (the first automated digital computer).1940 First colour T.V.broadcast.1941 "Colossus" built for the British military from Alan Turing’s design
1943 Zuse – Z3: First machine to work on a binary system rather than decimal system.1945 "As we may think" in the Atlantic Monthly MemexBUSHTime & Vision Text , Processing & Software Computers Audio & Telecommunication Video & Animation1946 - 19561946 ENIAC Electronic Numerator Integrator and CalculatorMAUCHLY the first successful high speed digital computer. However, it used the same concepts that Atanasoff and Berry used to build the ABC computer.1948 Shockley, Bardeen and Brattain develop Open reel tape recorder by Magnecord the transistor. More reliable and cheaper to run than vacuum tubes.1951 UNIVAC Computer used magnetic tape for buffer memory.1952 IBM 701: First electronic stored computer that used vacuum tubes, RAM, punch cards and was the size of a piano.1953 Electric typewriter1954 Transistor radio: First commercial use of transistor radio developed in 1947 @ Bell labs1956 First Transaltantic telephone cable CBS broadcast First network broadcast using video tape.Time & Vision Text , Processing & Software Computers Audio & Telecommunication Video & Animation1957 - 19641957 Sputnik launched1958 CRAY: Builds the CDC 1604 for Control Data Corporation. The first fully transistorized supercomputer. Texas Instruments develops the first Integrated Circuit. Solves the problems of speed, size and wiring.
1959 Second generation computer introduced by IBM. Used transistors instead of vacuum tubes. 1960 Removable disks Paul Baran sees a communications network different than the traditional point to point links. He envisioned a "fishnet network". 1963 CAD (Computer Aided Design) First home video tape recording Sketchpad uses the first light pen. Phillips first compact audio cassette. 1964 "Understanding Media"postulates the global village. Third generation of computers included the photo McLUHAN printing of conductive circuit boards to eliminate wiring.Time & Vision Text , Processing & Software Computers Audio & Telecommunication Video & Animation1965 - 19741965 Xanadu hypertext projectNELSON1969 Development of hypertext editing system Dolby labs produces Dolby noiseVanDAM reduction for prerecorded tapes1970 Fourth generation computer by IBM uses chips to reduce size and cost.1971 Intel 4004 chip developed by Hoff. Computers can now be owned by individuals.1972 Phillips laserdisc playback only deck PONG, first commercial video game1973 Metcalf outlines ideas for ethernet Kahn &Cerf present ideas for structure of Internet1974 Intel 8080 microprocessor which was to be used in many PC’s.Time & Vision Text , Processing & Software Computers Audio & Telecommunication Video & Animation1975 - 19791975 Microsoft is founded by Bill Gates. DND takes over ARPANET SONY Betamax VCR with a one hour, ½ inchGATES video cassette tape.1976 JVC introduces VHS format.1977 Apple was founded by Steven Jobs and Steve Wozniak Email provided to 100 researchersJOBS & WOZNIAK1978 First commercially available cell phone
1979 VisiCalc: the first spreadsheet Walkman: SONY introduces a portable audio Wordstar: word processing package is cassette player. released. First MUD, MUD1, by Richard Bartle and Roy Trubshaw at U of Essex Beginning of on-line services with CompuServe and The Source.Time & Vision Text , Processing & Software Computers Audio & Telecommunication Video & Animation1980-19891980 Word Processing Machine SONY introduces the consumer camcorder Single purpose machine with limited storage on magnetic material.1981 The MS-DOS, or Microsoft Disk Operating Adam Osborne completed the first portable compute Apollo Computer unveiled the first work station System1982 Lotus 1-2-3, software writes directly into the First digital audio 5’’ compact disc. Computer-generated graphics in movies step video system of the IBM PC forward with Disneys "Tron."1983 First PC clone Musical Instrument Digital Interface (MIDI) introduced Internet is born TCP/IP protocol1984 W. Gibson in Neuromancercoins the term Apple Computers introduces the Macintosh with the first 3 1/2-inch "microfloppy" disketteENGLEBART "cyberspace." mouse driven GUI (Graphical User Interface). DNS: domain name server introduced voicemail developed1985 Desktop publishing NSFNET: linking five universtiy supercomputer Aldus PageMaker for the Macintosh centers (550 mg)CD-ROMs evolve from CDs on which music is recorded.1986 optical transistor patented, a component central to SONY Betamax removed from consumer digital optical computing. shelves1987 Hypercard : Apple (1987) actually First digital audio tape players hypermedia (nonsequential links to documents) includes authoring system -tool for building interactive hypermedia documents (Authorware Model,Linkway)1988 Robert Morris worm flooded the ARPANET. 3D Graphics: 3D graphical supercomputers Pixars "Tin Toy": the first computer-animated film to win an Academy Award,1989 Handwriting recognition is introduced by grid Battery powered ,fully functional notebook computer. Corporation for Research and Education Networking Maxis released SimCity, a sophisticated video with a touch sensitive pad on a lap top (CREN) is formed by merging CSNET into BITNET game launching a new genre simulation. computers.Time & Vision Text , Processing & Software Computers Audio & Telecommunication Video & Animation1990-date1990 IBM, Tandy AT &T, and others announce the IBM, Tandy AT &T, and others announce the hardware The birth of theWorld Wide Web Tim Berners-Lee,
software specifications for multimedia specifications for multimedia platforms. develops HTML ( HyperText Markup Language) platforms. ARCHIE1991 GOPHER National Science Foundation lifts ban on commerce on PGP encryption released by Phillip the Internet. Zimmerman1992 VERONICA World Wide WebBERNERS LEE1993 Mosaic developed by M. Andreessen Internet1994 Internet goes interactive; shopping, banking, live concerts, radio broadcasting, spamming1995 Private ISP becomes big business Netscape goes public Source: http://people.ucalgary.ca/~edtech/688/hist.htm#Beginning
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