PLANNING & RESEARCH This section is worth 20 marks.It needs to identify theaspects that have a directeffect on your sportingperformance remember thiscould be physiological orpsychologicalSlide 2
What type of DevelopmentalPlan?Pyschological http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=u2vXKSppk9I&feature=related http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=UTuk5Uloyjg&featureTactics and techniques http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=jf7NMSwFvw0PhysiologicalBiomechanicalSlide 3
Performance Analysis Unit 2 What performance role and sports activityyou are going to be assessed on year 2 Your strengths and weaknesses –physiological v. technical Components – of the proposed Plan K & U of practices and trainingSlide 4
Topics from last year that willhelp you… Principles of training Analysis – use it Fitness tests Periodisation TechnicalSlide 5
Slide 6The plan should include…• Your aims• Analysis of performance – linked from Unit 2• Use of recognised methodologies (SCAT/ NCF)• The correct use of sports science• Correct use of technical support• Referenced and extensive bibliography!!
Detailed information on thedemands of your sport e.g….. Cross country running – developing strength and endurance The high aerobic demands of cross-country running mean that you willhave to include lots of steady running to develop a sound aerobic base,improve cardiac output, assist capillarisation (the oxygen carryingcapacity of tiny blood vessels in the cardiovascular system) and train thebody to convert chemical energy in the form of stored glycogen in themuscles and liver into the mechanical energy which stimulates theefficient, rotational movement of the arms and legs around the shoulderand hip axes. However, aerobic endurance is not just acquired by steady running. Itcan be developed by running long repetitions at 5K/10K pace with shortrecoveries. If you run too fast during these aerobic intervals, you defeatthe objective of the session by accumulating lactic acid and oxygendebt. Oxygen debt and lactic acid reduce the contractile efficiency of themuscle groups responsible for motion and eventually result in the athleteslowing down and coming to a stop. Rest days and easy recovery running to allow the regeneration of mentaland physical energy resources as well as consolidating training gains
Details of the programme/background Do you know theequipment? Do you know how touse the equipmentsafely? What muscles are youusing? PAR-Q What are your limits? Have you had a gyminduction?
Planning considerations Time Facilities Training principles Length of programme Motivation Assessment (formative & summative) Attainable goalsSlide 10
How will you design yourprogramme?Look at almost any training schedule and it willrevolve around a seven-day cycle. This is becausemost athletes and coaches find it convenient towork in weekly blocks.The planning of training is often done in a cyclicalfashion. But it appears there is little reason for this,apart from habit. To cover all aspects of fitnessand training in a week, you could find you areputting in either too many sessions, or not allowingsufficient recovery between them. The end resultis that you may not perform all the sessions thatyou would like or need.Therefore you need to focus your training… what isyour aim?
Your programme 12 weeks (14 weeks in total) Week 1-5 fitness session Week 6 retest fitness level Week 7-12 fitness sessions Week 13 retest fitness Week 14 evaluation You must perform your DP – worth 12 marks Could be given time in practical lessonsSlide 12
PLANNING & RESEARCH The main questions you need to address in yourplan are: How do the principles of training affect mysuggested programme? What type of training will I need to undertake? How can I measure my progress on theprogramme with validity? What frequency, intensity and time do I need totrain for? What facilities and resources do I need to traineffectively?Slide 13
How to start this section.. Begin by working out the exact element of fitness youneed to work on This should be followed by some baseline fitness tests sothat you have an idea of what level you are at currently.(More, importantly , it will enable you to set some realistictargets - you could also set a target for half way. It isequally important that in terms of testing, again youapply specificity – only conduct tests that link to yourchosen fitness component. Add a brief description of each test, the test protocoland a brief explanation of the results. Remember thatmost tests only predict your level of fitness. To help withthe word count these could be include in the appendix
How to continue this section.. If you are already a member of a sports club or team it is useful toinclude discussions with your coach, trainer or teacher. You shouldalso include information about your sports background, for example; What level you are playing at? Fitness level and experience of serious training – physiological andtechnical Injury, illness – what does the student do? a PARQ (physical activity readiness questionnaire) possibly includingresting heart rate, blood pressure and vital capacitySlide 15
Research for this section.. Next you will need to do some research on thetype of fitness you want to develop and anyspecific links to your sport. This is where youstart to develop your bibliography. The aim is toproduce comprehensive overview notes,which you will then summarise in your final Dev.Plan. How does your intended programme link totheories of periodisation? Can you identify micro-, meso andmacrocycles within you intended plan? Simply copying and pasting huge chunks isNOT allowedSlide 16
Final section for the plan.. Should identify what sessions you are going to undertake.This includes; The timing The content Corresponding repetitions, sets and cycles - periodisation You should also identify how you are going to record eachof your sessions (diary, record sheets, electronic records.Make this as specific as possible. Leave space to recordcomments on how you feel both physically and mentallyafter each session – this will give you more information foryour evaluation.)Slide 17
Final section for the plan.. You should also identify how you are going torecord each of your sessions (diary, record sheets,electronic records. Make this as specific as possible.Leave space to record comments on how you feelboth physically and mentally after each session –this will give you more information for yourevaluation.)Slide 18
The Top Marks: The candidate: has been able to devise and research their DevelopmentPlan to a proficiently high standard. The planning hasestablished clear aim(s) based on a thorough analysis oftheir own performance strengths and weaknesses. The candidate has full taken account of their presentperformance levels through recognised methodologies. Theprogramme is extensively researched and reflects currentliterature and trends in sports science, for example the useof heart rate monitoring equipment. The candidate has been able to offer extensive verbalinsight to the formulation of their plan and the finisheddocument contains appropriate references and anextensive bibliography.Slide 19
To gain top marks… You need to show an understanding ofhow to plan a personal exerciseprogramme Have clear set out aims Have current fitness levels recordedusing recognised tests and/or otherrelevant informationSlide 20
Exam boards view… The student will be able to discuss theprogramme with theteacher/moderator and show anunderstanding of what they have setout to doSlide 21
Examiner’s tip… The exam reports from previous years identifyone area that appears to consistently causeconcern. This is the selection and devising ofworkloads and recovery periods that arerealistic and manageable, so make sure youchoose the right figures.Slide 22