Australia

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Australia

  1. 1. AUSTRALIA Reesi Sirvi
  2. 2. Important facts <ul><li>Location – Southern Hemisphere </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Area - 7 704 366 km2 </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Population - 20 750 100 (2006) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>National language – English (de facto) </li></ul></ul></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>Capital – Canberra </li></ul><ul><li>Largest city – Sidney </li></ul><ul><li>Currency </li></ul><ul><li>The Australian dollar </li></ul><ul><li>the world's sixth largest nation after Russia, Canada, China, the USA and Brazil. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Government <ul><li>Federal parliamentary democracy </li></ul><ul><li>Constitutional monarchy </li></ul>Prime Minister Kevin Rudd Governor – General Quentin Bryce Queen Elizabeth II
  5. 5. Parliament House in Canberra The Official residence of the Governor-General of Australia
  6. 6. National Symbols <ul><li>Flag </li></ul><ul><li>Coat of arms </li></ul><ul><li>Floral emblem </li></ul><ul><li>National Colours </li></ul><ul><li>National Anthem </li></ul>Golden wattle Green and golden
  7. 7. History <ul><li>Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples inhabited most areas before European settlers </li></ul><ul><li>The first recorded European contact i n March 1606 </li></ul><ul><li>In 1688, William Dampier became the first British explorer to land on the north west coast. </li></ul><ul><li>In 1770 Captain James Cook extended a scientific voyage to the South Pacific in order to further chart the east coast of Australia and claim it for the British Crown </li></ul><ul><li>About 160 000 men and women were brought to Australia as convicts from 1788 until penal transportation ended in 1868. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Lieutenant Cook's ship
  9. 9. Geography <ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>an island </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>a continent </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>a country </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>located in the Southern Hemisphere </li></ul><ul><li>has six states – New South Wales, Queensland, South Australia, Tasmania, Victoria and Western Australia </li></ul><ul><li>and two territories – Northern Territory and Australian Capital Territory </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Highest point Mount Kosciuszko 2,228 m </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Lowest point Lake Eyre 1 5 m </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Longest river Murray River </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Largest lake Lake Eyre </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  10. 10. Flora and fauna <ul><li>99% land and 1% water </li></ul><ul><li>More than 80 per cent of the country’s flowering plants, mammals, reptiles and frogs are unique to Australia </li></ul><ul><li>largest part of Australia is desert </li></ul><ul><li>c overed in rainforest and ferns </li></ul>Rainforest in Tasmania
  11. 11. <ul><li>There are 55 different species of kangaroos </li></ul><ul><li>Emu is the second largest surviving species of bird. </li></ul>
  12. 12. Thank you!

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